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  1. 02 Oct, 2012 1 commit
  2. 28 Sep, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Refactor the handling of kind errors · 9a058b17
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      * Treat kind-equality constraints as *derived* equalities,
        with no evidence.  That is really what they are at the moment.
      * Get rid of EvKindCast and friends.
      * Postpone kind errors properly to the constraint solver
        (lots of small knock-on effects)
      I moved SwapFlag to BasicTypes as well
  3. 17 Sep, 2012 3 commits
    •'s avatar
      Move tARGET_* out of HaskellConstants · 10cc4224 authored
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Implement 'left' and 'right' coercions · af7cc995
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch finally adds 'left' and 'right' coercions back into
      GHC.  Trac #7205 gives the details.
      The main change is to add a new constructor to Coercion:
        data Coercion
          = ...
          | NthCo  Int         Coercion     -- OLD, still there
          | LRCo   LeftOrRight Coercion     -- NEW
        data LeftOrRight = CLeft | CRight
        * Similar change to TcCoercion
        * Use LRCo when decomposing AppTys
        * Coercion optimisation needs to handle left/right
      The rest is just knock-on effects.
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Add type "holes", enabled by -XTypeHoles, Trac #5910 · 8a9a7a8c
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This single commit combines a lot of work done by
      Thijs Alkemade <>, plus a slew
      of subsequent refactoring by Simon PJ.
      The basic idea is
      * Add a new expression form "_", a hole, standing for a not-yet-written expression
      * Give a useful error message that
         (a) gives the type of the hole
         (b) gives the types of some enclosing value bindings that
             mention the hole
      Driven by this goal I did a LOT of refactoring in TcErrors, which in turn
      allows us to report enclosing value bindings for other errors, not just
      holes.  (Thijs rightly did not attempt this!)
      The major data type change is a new form of constraint
        data Ct = ...
          	  | CHoleCan {
          	      cc_ev       :: CtEvidence,
          	      cc_hole_ty  :: TcTauType,
          	      cc_depth    :: SubGoalDepth }
      I'm still in two minds about whether this is the best plan. Another
      possibility would be to have a predicate type for holes, somthing like
         class Hole a where
           holeValue :: a
      It works the way it is, but there are some annoying special cases for
      CHoleCan (just grep for "CHoleCan").
  4. 28 Aug, 2012 1 commit
  5. 14 Aug, 2012 1 commit
  6. 23 Jul, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Numerous small changes to the constraint solver · 9c0a6bbb
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      The main thing is that we now keep unsolved Derived constraints in the
      wc_flats of a WantedConstraints, rather than discarding them each time.
      This actually fixes a poential (admittedly obscure) bug, when we currently
      discard a superclass constraint, and may never re-generate it, and may
      thereby miss a functional dependency.
      Instead, reportErrors filters out Derived constraints that we don't want
      to report.
      The other changes are all small refactorings following our walk-through.
  7. 16 Jul, 2012 2 commits
  8. 13 Jun, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Simplify the implementation of Implicit Parameters · 5a8ac0f8
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch re-implements implicit parameters via a class
      with a functional dependency:
          class IP (n::Symbol) a | n -> a where
            ip :: a
      This definition is in the library module GHC.IP. Notice
      how it use a type-literal, so we can have constraints like
         IP "x" Int
      Now all the functional dependency machinery works right to make
      implicit parameters behave as they should.
      Much special-case processing for implicit parameters can be removed
      entirely. One particularly nice thing is not having a dedicated
      "original-name cache" for implicit parameters (the nsNames field of
      NameCache).  But many other cases disappear:
        * BasicTypes.IPName
        * IPTyCon constructor in Tycon.TyCon
        * CIPCan constructor  in TcRnTypes.Ct
        * IPPred constructor  in Types.PredTree
      Implicit parameters remain special in a few ways:
       * Special syntax.  Eg the constraint (IP "x" Int) is parsed
         and printed as (?x::Int).  And we still have local bindings
         for implicit parameters, and occurrences thereof.
       * A implicit-parameter binding  (let ?x = True in e) amounts
         to a local instance declaration, which we have not had before.
         It just generates an implication contraint (easy), but when
         going under it we must purge any existing bindings for
         ?x in the inert set.  See Note [Shadowing of Implicit Parameters]
         in TcSimplify
       * TcMType.sizePred classifies implicit parameter constraints as size-0,
         as before the change
      There are accompanying patches to libraries 'base' and 'haddock'
      All the work was done by Iavor Diatchki
  9. 05 Jun, 2012 1 commit
  10. 07 May, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Yet another major refactoring of the constraint solver · dd7522c3
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This is the result of Simon and Dimitrios doing a code walk through.
      There is no change in behaviour, but the structure is much better.
      Main changes:
      * Given constraints contain an EvTerm not an EvVar
      * Correspondingly, TcEvidence is a recursive types that uses
        EvTerms rather than EvVars
      * Rename CtFlavor to CtEvidence
      * Every CtEvidence has a ctev_pred field.  And use record fields
        consistently for CtEvidence
      * The solved-constraint fields of InertSet (namely inert_solved and
        inert_solved_funeqs) contain CtEvidence, not Ct
      There is a long cascade of follow-on changes.
  11. 01 May, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Tidy up a remaining glitch in unification · 67c793a3
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      There was one place, in type checking parallel list comprehensions
      where we were unifying types, but had no convenient way to use the
      resulting coercion; instead we just checked that it was Refl.  This
      was Wrong Wrong; it might fail unpredicably in a GADT-like situation,
      and it led to extra error-generation code used only in this one place.
      This patch tidies it all up, by moving the 'return' method from the
      *comprehension* to the ParStmtBlock. The latter is a new data type,
      now used for each sub-chunk of a parallel list comprehension.
      Because of the data type change, quite a few modules are touched,
      but only in a fairly trivial way. The real changes are in TcMatches
      (and corresponding desugaring); plus deleting code from TcUnify.
      This patch also fixes the pretty-printing bug in Trac #6060
  12. 25 Apr, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      More fixes to kind polymorphism, fixes Trac #6035, #6036 · 2316a90d
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      * Significant refactoring in tcFamPats and tcConDecl
      * It seems that we have to allow KindVars (not just
        TcKindVars during kind unification.  See
        Note [Unifying kind variables] in TcUnify.
      * Be consistent about zonkQuantifiedTyVars
      * Split the TcType->TcType zonker (in TcMType)
         from the TcType->Type   zonker (in TcHsSyn)
        The clever parameterisation was doing my head in,
        and it's only a small function
      * Remove some dead code (tcTyVarBndrsGen)
  13. 02 Mar, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Hurrah! This major commit adds support for scoped kind variables, · 3bf54e78
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      which (finally) fills out the functionality of polymorphic kinds.
      It also fixes numerous bugs.
      Main changes are:
      Renaming stuff
      * New type in HsTypes:
           data HsBndrSig sig = HsBSig sig [Name]
        which is used for type signatures in patterns, and kind signatures
        in types.  So when you say
             f (x :: [a]) = x ++ x
             data T (f :: k -> *) (x :: *) = MkT (f x)
        the signatures in both cases are a HsBndrSig.
      * The [Name] in HsBndrSig records the variables bound by the
        pattern, that is 'a' in the first example, 'k' in the second,
        and nothing in the third.  The renamer initialises the field.
      * As a result I was able to get rid of
           RnHsSyn.extractHsTyNames :: LHsType Name -> NameSet
        and its friends altogether.  Deleted the entire module!
        This led to some knock-on refactoring; in particular the
        type renamer now returns the free variables just like the
        term renamer.
      Kind-checking types: mainly TcHsType
      A major change is that instead of kind-checking types in two
      passes, we now do one. Under the old scheme, the first pass did
      kind-checking and (hackily) annotated the HsType with the
      inferred kinds; and the second pass desugared the HsType to a
      Type.  But now that we have kind variables inside types, the
      first pass (TcHsType.tc_hs_type) can go straight to Type, and
      zonking will squeeze out any kind unification variables later.
      This is much nicer, but it was much more fiddly than I had expected.
      The nastiest corner is this: it's very important that tc_hs_type
      uses lazy constructors to build the returned type. See
      Note [Zonking inside the knot] in TcHsType.
      Type-checking type and class declarations: mainly TcTyClsDecls
      I did tons of refactoring in TcTyClsDecls.  Simpler and nicer now.
      Typechecking bindings: mainly TcBinds
      I rejigged (yet again) the handling of type signatures in TcBinds.
      It's a bit simpler now.  The main change is that tcTySigs goes
      right through to a TcSigInfo in one step; previously it was split
      into two, part here and part later.
      Unsafe coercions
      Usually equality coercions have exactly the same kind on both
      sides.  But we do allow an *unsafe* coercion between Int# and Bool,
      say, used in
          case error Bool "flah" of { True -> 3#; False -> 0# }
          (error Bool "flah") |> unsafeCoerce Bool Int#
      So what is the instantiation of (~#) here?
         unsafeCoerce Bool Int# :: (~#) ??? Bool Int#
      I'm using OpenKind here for now, but it's un-satisfying that
      the lhs and rhs of the ~ don't have precisely the same kind.
      More minor
      * HsDecl.TySynonym has its free variables attached, which makes
        the cycle computation in TcTyDecls.mkSynEdges easier.
      * Fixed a nasty reversed-comparison bug in FamInstEnv:
        @@ -490,7 +490,7 @@ lookup_fam_inst_env' match_fun one_sided ie fam tys
           n_tys = length tys
           extra_tys = drop arity tys
           (match_tys, add_extra_tys)
      -       | arity > n_tys = (take arity tys, \res_tys -> res_tys ++ extra_tys)
      +       | arity < n_tys = (take arity tys, \res_tys -> res_tys ++ extra_tys)
              | otherwise     = (tys,            \res_tys -> res_tys)
  14. 17 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  15. 16 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  16. 25 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Iavor S. Diatchki's avatar
      Add support for type-level "strings". · 5851f847
      Iavor S. Diatchki authored
      These are types that look like "this" and "that".
      They are of kind `Symbol`, defined in module `GHC.TypeLits`.
      For each type-level symbol `X`, we have a singleton type, `TSymbol X`.
      The value of the singleton type can be named with the overloaded
      constant `tSymbol`.  Here is an example:
      tSymbol :: TSymbol "Hello"
  17. 12 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Implememt -fdefer-type-errors (Trac #5624) · 5508ada4
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch implements the idea of deferring (most) type errors to
      runtime, instead emitting only a warning at compile time.  The
      basic idea is very simple:
       * The on-the-fly unifier in TcUnify never fails; instead if it
         gets stuck it emits a constraint.
       * The constraint solver tries to solve the constraints (and is
         entirely unchanged, hooray).
       * The remaining, unsolved constraints (if any) are passed to
         TcErrors.reportUnsolved.  With -fdefer-type-errors, instead of
         emitting an error message, TcErrors emits a warning, AND emits
         a binding for the constraint witness, binding it
         to (error "the error message"), via the new form of evidence
         TcEvidence.EvDelayedError.  So, when the program is run,
         when (and only when) that witness is needed, the program will
         crash with the exact same error message that would have been
         given at compile time.
      Simple really.  But, needless to say, the exercise forced me
      into some major refactoring.
       * TcErrors is almost entirely rewritten
       * EvVarX and WantedEvVar have gone away entirely
       * ErrUtils is changed a bit:
           * New Severity field in ErrMsg
           * Renamed the type Message to MsgDoc (this change
             touches a lot of files trivially)
       * One minor change is that in the constraint solver we try
         NOT to combine insoluble constraints, like Int~Bool, else
         all such type errors get combined together and result in
         only one error message!
       * I moved some definitions from TcSMonad to TcRnTypes,
         where they seem to belong more
  18. 30 Dec, 2011 1 commit
    • Iavor S. Diatchki's avatar
      Add the built-in instances for class NatI. · 4715b871
      Iavor S. Diatchki authored
      Note 1: For the moment, we provide instances only for numbers that
      fit in a Word.  The reason is a quite mundane:  to generate evidence
      for arbitrary integers we need to generate integer literals.
      In the core syntax this is a monadic operation but the function that
      generates the core for evidence is pure.  It would not be hard to monadify
      it but requires changes to a bunch of other functions so I thought it
      is better left for a separate change.
      Note 2: The evidence that we generate for a NatI is just a word.
      Technically, we should be generate a word with two coercions: one to
      turn it into a NatS and another to turn that into a NatI.  Operationally,
      these do not do anything, but it would be better to fix this.  I didn't
      do it yet because I need to look up how to make these coercions.
  19. 22 Dec, 2011 1 commit
  20. 19 Dec, 2011 2 commits
    • Ross Paterson's avatar
      fix #5022: polymorphic definitions inside arrow rec · 4c8e0307
      Ross Paterson authored
      This is quite tricky, with examples like this:
      import Control.Arrow
      pRepeat :: a -> [a]
      pRepeat =
          proc x -> do
              s <- returnA -< f_rec x:s       -- f_rec is monomorphic here
              let f_later y = y               -- f_later is polymorphic here
              _ <- returnA -< (f_later True, f_later 'a')
              let f_rec y = y                 -- f_rec is polymorphic here
            returnA -< f_later s              -- f_later is monomorphic here
      Fixed the typechecking of arrow RecStmt to track changes to the monad
      version.  It was simplest to add a field recS_later_rets corresponding
      to recS_rec_rets.  It's only used for the arrow version, and always
      empty for the monad version.  But I think it would be cleaner to put
      the rec_ids and later_ids in a single list with supplementary info
      saying how they're used.
      Also fixed several glitches in the desugaring of arrow RecStmt.  The fact
      that the monomorphic variables shadow their polymorphic counterparts is a
      major pain.  Also a bit of general cleanup of DsArrows while I was there.
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Tidy up pretty-printing for variables · c492e50b
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      We already have a class OutputableBndr; this patch adds
      methods pprInfixOcc and pprPrefixOcc, so that we can get
      rid of the hideous hack (the old) Outputable.pprHsVar.
      The hack was exposed by Trac #5657, which is thereby fixed.
  21. 05 Dec, 2011 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Allow full constraint solving under a for-all (Trac #5595) · 2e6dcdf7
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      The main idea is that when we unify
          forall a. t1  ~  forall a. t2
      we get constraints from unifying t1~t2 that mention a.
      We are producing a coercion witnessing the equivalence of
      the for-alls, and inside *that* coercion we need bindings
      for the solved constraints arising from t1~t2.
      We didn't have way to do this before.  The big change is
      that here's a new type TcEvidence.TcCoercion, which is
      much like Coercion.Coercion except that there's a slot
      for TcEvBinds in it.
      This has a wave of follow-on changes. Not deep but broad.
      * New module TcEvidence, which now contains the HsWrapper
        TcEvBinds, EvTerm etc types that used to be in HsBinds
      * The typechecker works exclusively in terms of TcCoercion.
      * The desugarer converts TcCoercion to Coercion
      * The main payload is in TcUnify.unifySigmaTy. This is the
        function that had a gross hack before, but is now beautiful.
      * LCoercion is gone!  Hooray.
      Many many fiddly changes in conssequence.  But it's nice.
  22. 28 Nov, 2011 2 commits
    • dimitris's avatar
      Implemented -dsuppress-var-kinds flag to remove silly kinds when dppr-debug is on. · cae91683
      dimitris authored
      Adding commentary, and fixing a knot-tie related bug.
      Commentary only.
    • dimitris's avatar
      Solved goal caching and zonking optimisations. · 4bc84da3
      dimitris authored
      1) Stopped rewriting and caching solveds in the inerts because
      profiling showed that a lot of time was spent on rewriting
      already solved goals.
      2) Optimisations in zonkEvBinds for common-case
      evidence bindings generated from the constraint solver.
      3) Now solved goals cache their evidence terms, so that we can more
      aggressively optimize Refl coercions during constraint solving.
      This patch also includes a rewrite of rewriteInertEqsFromInertEq
      which greatly improves its efficiency.
  23. 25 Nov, 2011 2 commits
  24. 16 Nov, 2011 1 commit
  25. 11 Nov, 2011 1 commit
    • dreixel's avatar
      New kind-polymorphic core · 09015be8
      dreixel authored
      This big patch implements a kind-polymorphic core for GHC. The current
      implementation focuses on making sure that all kind-monomorphic programs still
      work in the new core; it is not yet guaranteed that kind-polymorphic programs
      (using the new -XPolyKinds flag) will work.
      For more information, see
  26. 04 Nov, 2011 1 commit
  27. 31 Oct, 2011 1 commit
  28. 10 Oct, 2011 1 commit
  29. 01 Oct, 2011 1 commit
  30. 06 Sep, 2011 1 commit
    • batterseapower's avatar
      Implement -XConstraintKind · 9729fe7c
      batterseapower authored
      Basically as documented in,
      this patch adds a new kind Constraint such that:
        Show :: * -> Constraint
        (?x::Int) :: Constraint
        (Int ~ a) :: Constraint
      And you can write *any* type with kind Constraint to the left of (=>):
      even if that type is a type synonym, type variable, indexed type or so on.
      The following (somewhat related) changes are also made:
       1. We now box equality evidence. This is required because we want
          to give (Int ~ a) the *lifted* kind Constraint
       2. For similar reasons, implicit parameters can now only be of
          a lifted kind. (?x::Int#) => ty is now ruled out
       3. Implicit parameter constraints are now allowed in superclasses
          and instance contexts (this just falls out as OK with the new
          constraint solver)
      Internally the following major changes were made:
       1. There is now no PredTy in the Type data type. Instead
          GHC checks the kind of a type to figure out if it is a predicate
       2. There is now no AClass TyThing: we represent classes as TyThings
          just as a ATyCon (classes had TyCons anyway)
       3. What used to be (~) is now pretty-printed as (~#). The box
          constructor EqBox :: (a ~# b) -> (a ~ b)
       4. The type LCoercion is used internally in the constraint solver
          and type checker to represent coercions with free variables
          of type (a ~ b) rather than (a ~# b)
  31. 18 Aug, 2011 1 commit
  32. 16 Aug, 2011 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Major improvement to pattern bindings · 49dbe605
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch makes a number of related improvements
      a) Implements the Haskell Prime semantics for pattern bindings
         (Trac #2357).  That is, a pattern binding p = e is typed
         just as if it had been written
              t = e
              f = case t of p -> f
              g = case t of p -> g
              ... etc ...
         where f,g are the variables bound by p. In paricular it's
         ok to say
            (f,g) = (\x -> x, \y -> True)
         and f and g will get propertly inferred types
            f :: a -> a
            g :: a -> Int
      b) Eliminates the MonoPatBinds flag altogether.  (For the moment
         it is deprecated and has no effect.)  Pattern bindings are now
         generalised as per (a).  Fixes Trac #2187 and #4940, in the
         way the users wanted!
      c) Improves the OutsideIn algorithm generalisation decision.
         Given a definition without a type signature (implying "infer
         the type"), the published algorithm rule is this:
            - generalise *top-level* functions, and
            - do not generalise *nested* functions
         The new rule is
            - generalise a binding whose free variables have
              Guaranteed Closed Types
            - do not generalise other bindings
         Generally, a top-level let-bound function has a Guaranteed
         Closed Type, and so does a nested function whose free vaiables
         are top-level functions, and so on. (However a top-level
         function that is bitten by the Monomorphism Restriction does
         not have a GCT.)
           f x = let { foo y = y } in ...
         Here 'foo' has no free variables, so it is generalised despite
         being nested.
      d) When inferring a type f :: ty for a definition f = e, check that
         the compiler would accept f :: ty as a type signature for that
         same definition.  The type is rejected precisely when the type
         is ambiguous.
            class Wob a b where
              to :: a -> b
              from :: b -> a
            foo x = [x, to (from x)]
         GHC 7.0 would infer the ambiguous type
            foo :: forall a b. Wob a b => b -> [b]
         but that type would give an error whenever it is called; and
         GHC 7.0 would reject that signature if given by the
         programmer.  The new type checker rejects it up front.
         Similarly, with the advent of type families, ambiguous types are
         easy to write by mistake.  See Trac #1897 and linked tickets for
         many examples.  Eg
            type family F a :: *
            f ::: F a -> Int
            f x = 3
         This is rejected because (F a ~ F b) does not imply a~b.  Previously
         GHC would *infer* the above type for f, but was unable to check it.
         Now even the inferred type is rejected -- correctly.
      The main implemenation mechanism is to generalise the abe_wrap
      field of ABExport (in HsBinds), from [TyVar] to HsWrapper. This
      beautiful generalisation turned out to make everything work nicely
      with minimal programming effort.  All the work was fiddling around
      the edges; the core change was easy!
  33. 14 Jul, 2011 1 commit
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      Separate the warning flags into their own datatype · 493ea4ab
      Ian Lynagh authored
      The -w flag wasn't turning off a few warnings (Opt_WarnMissingImportList,
      Opt_WarnMissingLocalSigs, Opt_WarnIdentities). Rather than just adding
      them, I've separated the Opt_Warn* contructors off into their own type,
      so -w now just sets the list of warning flags to [].
  34. 12 Jul, 2011 1 commit