1. 06 Sep, 2014 1 commit
  2. 12 Aug, 2014 1 commit
  3. 27 Jul, 2014 1 commit
    • Iavor S. Diatchki's avatar
      Implement OVERLAPPING and OVERLAPPABLE pragmas (see #9242) · 97f499b5
      Iavor S. Diatchki authored
      This also removes the short-lived NO_OVERLAP pragama, and renames
      An instance may be annotated with one of 4 pragams, to control its
      interaction with other overlapping instances:
          this instance is ignored if a more specific candidate exists
        * OVERLAPPING:
          this instance is preferred over more general candidates
        * OVERLAPS:
          both OVERLAPPING and OVERLAPPABLE (i.e., the previous GHC behavior).
          When compiling with -XOverlappingInstances, all instance are OVERLAPS.
        * INCOHERENT:
          same as before (see manual for details).
          When compiling with -XIncoherentInstances, all instances are INCOHERENT.
  4. 15 Jul, 2014 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Entirely re-jig the handling of default type-family instances (fixes Trac #9063) · 9b8ba629
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      In looking at Trac #9063 I decided to re-design the default
      instances for associated type synonyms.  Previously it was all
      jolly complicated, to support generality that no one wanted, and
      was arguably undesirable.
      * The default instance for an associated type can have only
        type variables on the LHS.  (Not type patterns.)
      * There can be at most one default instances declaration for
        each associated type.
      To achieve this I had to do a surprisingly large amount of refactoring
      of HsSyn, specifically to parameterise HsDecls.TyFamEqn over the type
      of the LHS patterns.
      That change in HsDecls has a (trivial) knock-on effect in Haddock, so
      this commit does a submodule update too.
      The net result is good though.  The code is simpler; the language
      specification is simpler.  Happy days.
      Trac #9263 and #9264 are thereby fixed as well.
  5. 30 Jun, 2014 1 commit
    • Iavor S. Diatchki's avatar
      Overlapable pragmas for individual instances (#9242) · 6290eead
      Iavor S. Diatchki authored
      Programmers may provide a pragma immediately after the `instance` keyword
      to control the overlap/incoherence behavior for individual instances.
      For example:
          instance {-# OVERLAP #-} C a where ...
      I chose this notation, rather than the other two outlined in the ticket
      for these reasons:
         1. Having the pragma after the type looks odd, I think.
         2. Having the pragma after there `where` does not work for
             stand-alone derived instances
      I have implemented 3 pragams:
         1. NO_OVERLAP
         2. OVERLAP
         3. INCOHERENT
      These correspond directly to the internal modes currently supported by
      GHC.  If a pragma is specified, it will be used no matter what flags are
      turned on.   For example, putting `NO_OVERLAP` on an instance will mark
      it as non-overlapping, even if `OVERLAPPIN_INSTANCES` is turned on for the
  6. 06 Jun, 2014 1 commit
  7. 25 Nov, 2013 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Another raft of Template Haskell clean-up · 51deeb0d
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      The handling of typed and untyped brackets was extremely convoluted,
      partly because of the evolutionary history.  I've tidied it all up.
      See Note [How brackets and nested splices are handled] in TcSplice
      for the full story
      Main changes:
       * Untyped brackets: after the renamer, HsRnBracketOut carries
         PendingRnSplices for splices in untyped brackets.  In the
         typechecker, these pending splices are typechecked quite
         straigtforwardly, with no ps_var nonsense.
       * Typed brackets: after the renamer typed brackest still look
         like HsBracket. The type checker does the ps_var thing.
       * In TcRnTypes.ThStage, the Brack constructor, we distinguish
         the renaming from typehecking pending-stuff.  Much more
       * The "typed" flag is in HsSpliceE, not in HsSplice, because
         only expressions can be typed.  Patterns, types, declarations
      There is further improvement to be done to make the handling of
      declaration splices more uniform.
  8. 04 Oct, 2013 1 commit
  9. 18 Sep, 2013 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Change role annotation syntax. · f4046b50
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      This fixes bugs #8185, #8234, and #8246. The new syntax is explained
      in the comments to #8185, appears in the "Roles" subsection of the
      manual, and on the [wiki:Roles] wiki page.
      This change also removes the ability for a role annotation on type
      synonyms, as noted in #8234.
  10. 05 Aug, 2013 1 commit
  11. 28 Jun, 2013 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Fix Trac #7939, and add kind inference to closed type families. · 8c5e7346
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      Now, all open type families have result kinds that default to
      *. Top-level type families have all arguments default to *,
      and associated type families have all arguments that are not
      mentioned in the class header default to *. Closed type
      families perform kind inference, but generalize only over
      those kind variables that are parametric in their use.
      This is all a little fiddly and specific, but it seems to follow
      use cases. This commit also includes a large
      Note [Kind-checking strategies] in TcHsType that helps keep all
      of this straight.
  12. 21 Jun, 2013 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Revise implementation of overlapping type family instances. · 569b2652
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      This commit changes the syntax and story around overlapping type
      family instances. Before, we had "unbranched" instances and
      "branched" instances. Now, we have closed type families and
      open ones.
      The behavior of open families is completely unchanged. In particular,
      coincident overlap of open type family instances still works, despite
      emails to the contrary.
      A closed type family is declared like this:
      > type family F a where
      >   F Int = Bool
      >   F a   = Char
      The equations are tried in order, from top to bottom, subject to
      certain constraints, as described in the user manual. It is not
      allowed to declare an instance of a closed family.
  13. 26 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  14. 21 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  15. 09 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  16. 02 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  17. 02 Jan, 2013 1 commit
  18. 01 Jan, 2013 1 commit
  19. 22 Dec, 2012 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Implement overlapping type family instances. · 8366792e
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      An ordered, overlapping type family instance is introduced by 'type
      where', followed by equations. See the new section in the user manual
      ( for details. The canonical example is Boolean equality at the
      type family Equals (a :: k) (b :: k) :: Bool
      type instance where
        Equals a a = True
        Equals a b = False
      A branched family instance, such as this one, checks its equations in
      and applies only the first the matches. As explained in the note
      checking within groups] in FamInstEnv.lhs, we must be careful not to
      say, (Equals Int b) to False, because b might later unify with Int.
      This commit includes all of the commits on the overlapping-tyfams
      branch. SPJ
      requested that I combine all my commits over the past several months
      into one
      monolithic commit. The following GHC repos are affected: ghc, testsuite,
      utils/haddock, libraries/template-haskell, and libraries/dph.
      Here are some details for the interested:
      - The definition of CoAxiom has been moved from TyCon.lhs to a
        new file CoAxiom.lhs. I made this decision because of the
        number of definitions necessary to support BranchList.
      - BranchList is a GADT whose type tracks whether it is a
        singleton list or not-necessarily-a-singleton-list. The reason
        I introduced this type is to increase static checking of places
        where GHC code assumes that a FamInst or CoAxiom is indeed a
        singleton. This assumption takes place roughly 10 times
        throughout the code. I was worried that a future change to GHC
        would invalidate the assumption, and GHC might subtly fail to
        do the right thing. By explicitly labeling CoAxioms and
        FamInsts as being Unbranched (singleton) or
        Branched (not-necessarily-singleton), we make this assumption
        explicit and checkable. Furthermore, to enforce the accuracy of
        this label, the list of branches of a CoAxiom or FamInst is
        stored using a BranchList, whose constructors constrain its
        type index appropriately.
      I think that the decision to use BranchList is probably the most
      controversial decision I made from a code design point of view.
      Although I provide conversions to/from ordinary lists, it is more
      efficient to use the brList... functions provided in CoAxiom than
      always to convert. The use of these functions does not wander far
      from the core CoAxiom/FamInst logic.
      BranchLists are motivated and explained in the note [Branched axioms] in
      - The CoAxiom type has changed significantly. You can see the new
        type in CoAxiom.lhs. It uses a CoAxBranch type to track
        branches of the CoAxiom. Correspondingly various functions
        producing and consuming CoAxioms had to change, including the
        binary layout of interface files.
      - To get branched axioms to work correctly, it is important to have a
        of type "apartness": two types are apart if they cannot unify, and no
        substitution of variables can ever get them to unify, even after type
        simplification. (This is different than the normal failure to unify
        of the type family bit.) This notion in encoded in tcApartTys, in
        Because apartness is finer-grained than unification, the tcUnifyTys
        calls tcApartTys.
      - CoreLinting axioms has been updated, both to reflect the new
        form of CoAxiom and to enforce the apartness rules of branch
        application. The formalization of the new rules is in
      - The FamInst type (in types/FamInstEnv.lhs) has changed
        significantly, paralleling the changes to CoAxiom. Of course,
        this forced minor changes in many files.
      - There are several new Notes in FamInstEnv.lhs, including one
        discussing confluent overlap and why we're not doing it.
      - lookupFamInstEnv, lookupFamInstEnvConflicts, and
        lookup_fam_inst_env' (the function that actually does the work)
        have all been more-or-less completely rewritten. There is a
        Note [lookup_fam_inst_env' implementation] describing the
        implementation. One of the changes that affects other files is
        to change the type of matches from a pair of (FamInst, [Type])
        to a new datatype (which now includes the index of the matching
        branch). This seemed a better design.
      - The TySynInstD constructor in Template Haskell was updated to
        use the new datatype TySynEqn. I also bumped the TH version
        number, requiring changes to DPH cabal files. (That's why the
        DPH repo has an overlapping-tyfams branch.)
      - As SPJ requested, I refactored some of the code in HsDecls:
       * splitting up TyDecl into SynDecl and DataDecl, correspondingly
         changing HsTyDefn to HsDataDefn (with only one constructor)
       * splitting FamInstD into TyFamInstD and DataFamInstD and
         splitting FamInstDecl into DataFamInstDecl and TyFamInstDecl
       * making the ClsInstD take a ClsInstDecl, for parallelism with
         InstDecl's other constructors
       * changing constructor TyFamily into FamDecl
       * creating a FamilyDecl type that stores the details for a family
         declaration; this is useful because FamilyDecls can appear in classes
         other decls cannot
       * restricting the associated types and associated type defaults for a
       * class
         to be the new, more restrictive types
       * splitting cid_fam_insts into cid_tyfam_insts and cid_datafam_insts,
         according to the new types
       * perhaps one or two more that I'm overlooking
      None of these changes has far-reaching implications.
      - The user manual, section, is updated to describe the new type
  20. 05 Dec, 2012 1 commit
  21. 28 Aug, 2012 1 commit
  22. 12 Jul, 2012 1 commit
  23. 10 Jul, 2012 1 commit
  24. 07 Jun, 2012 1 commit
  25. 11 May, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Refactor LHsTyVarBndrs to fix Trac #6081 · fc8959ac
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This is really a small change, but it touches a lot of files quite
      significantly. The real goal is to put the implicitly-bound kind
      variables of a data/class decl in the right place, namely on the
      LHsTyVarBndrs type, which now looks like
        data LHsTyVarBndrs name
          = HsQTvs { hsq_kvs :: [Name]
                   , hsq_tvs :: [LHsTyVarBndr name]
      This little change made the type checker neater in a number of
      ways, but it was fiddly to push through the changes.
  26. 20 Apr, 2012 2 commits
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Do SCC on instance declarations (fixes Trac #5715) · fa9fdc28
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      The trouble here is that given
          {-# LANGUAGE DataKinds, TypeFamilies #-}
          data instance Foo a = Bar (Bar a)
      we want to get a sensible message that we can't use the promoted 'Bar'
      constructor until after its definition; it's a staging error.  Bud the
      staging mechanism that we use for vanilla data declarations don't work
      Solution is to perform strongly-connected component analysis on the
      instance declarations. But that in turn means that we need to track
      free-variable information on more HsSyn declarations, which is why
      so many files are touched.  All the changes are boiler-platey except
      the ones in TcInstDcls.
  27. 24 Mar, 2012 1 commit
  28. 22 Mar, 2012 1 commit
  29. 14 Mar, 2012 2 commits
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Deal with kind variables brought into scope by a kind signature · 431c05b3
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This fixes Trac #5937, where a kind variable is mentioned only
      in the kind signature of a GADT
         data SMaybe :: (k -> *) -> Maybe k -> * where ...
      The main change is that the tcdKindSig field of TyData and TyFamily
      now has type Maybe (HsBndrSig (LHsKind name)), where the HsBndrSig
      part deals with the kind variables that the signature may bind.
      I also removed the now-unused PostTcKind field of UserTyVar and
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Deal with kind variables brought into scope by a kind signature · 54eb0301
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This fixes Trac #5937, where a kind variable is mentioned only
      in the kind signature of a GADT
         data SMaybe :: (k -> *) -> Maybe k -> * where ...
      The main change is that the tcdKindSig field of TyData and TyFamily
      now has type Maybe (HsBndrSig (LHsKind name)), where the HsBndrSig
      part deals with the kind variables that the signature may bind.
      I also removed the now-unused PostTcKind field of UserTyVar and
  30. 02 Mar, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Hurrah! This major commit adds support for scoped kind variables, · 3bf54e78
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      which (finally) fills out the functionality of polymorphic kinds.
      It also fixes numerous bugs.
      Main changes are:
      Renaming stuff
      * New type in HsTypes:
           data HsBndrSig sig = HsBSig sig [Name]
        which is used for type signatures in patterns, and kind signatures
        in types.  So when you say
             f (x :: [a]) = x ++ x
             data T (f :: k -> *) (x :: *) = MkT (f x)
        the signatures in both cases are a HsBndrSig.
      * The [Name] in HsBndrSig records the variables bound by the
        pattern, that is 'a' in the first example, 'k' in the second,
        and nothing in the third.  The renamer initialises the field.
      * As a result I was able to get rid of
           RnHsSyn.extractHsTyNames :: LHsType Name -> NameSet
        and its friends altogether.  Deleted the entire module!
        This led to some knock-on refactoring; in particular the
        type renamer now returns the free variables just like the
        term renamer.
      Kind-checking types: mainly TcHsType
      A major change is that instead of kind-checking types in two
      passes, we now do one. Under the old scheme, the first pass did
      kind-checking and (hackily) annotated the HsType with the
      inferred kinds; and the second pass desugared the HsType to a
      Type.  But now that we have kind variables inside types, the
      first pass (TcHsType.tc_hs_type) can go straight to Type, and
      zonking will squeeze out any kind unification variables later.
      This is much nicer, but it was much more fiddly than I had expected.
      The nastiest corner is this: it's very important that tc_hs_type
      uses lazy constructors to build the returned type. See
      Note [Zonking inside the knot] in TcHsType.
      Type-checking type and class declarations: mainly TcTyClsDecls
      I did tons of refactoring in TcTyClsDecls.  Simpler and nicer now.
      Typechecking bindings: mainly TcBinds
      I rejigged (yet again) the handling of type signatures in TcBinds.
      It's a bit simpler now.  The main change is that tcTySigs goes
      right through to a TcSigInfo in one step; previously it was split
      into two, part here and part later.
      Unsafe coercions
      Usually equality coercions have exactly the same kind on both
      sides.  But we do allow an *unsafe* coercion between Int# and Bool,
      say, used in
          case error Bool "flah" of { True -> 3#; False -> 0# }
          (error Bool "flah") |> unsafeCoerce Bool Int#
      So what is the instantiation of (~#) here?
         unsafeCoerce Bool Int# :: (~#) ??? Bool Int#
      I'm using OpenKind here for now, but it's un-satisfying that
      the lhs and rhs of the ~ don't have precisely the same kind.
      More minor
      * HsDecl.TySynonym has its free variables attached, which makes
        the cycle computation in TcTyDecls.mkSynEdges easier.
      * Fixed a nasty reversed-comparison bug in FamInstEnv:
        @@ -490,7 +490,7 @@ lookup_fam_inst_env' match_fun one_sided ie fam tys
           n_tys = length tys
           extra_tys = drop arity tys
           (match_tys, add_extra_tys)
      -       | arity > n_tys = (take arity tys, \res_tys -> res_tys ++ extra_tys)
      +       | arity < n_tys = (take arity tys, \res_tys -> res_tys ++ extra_tys)
              | otherwise     = (tys,            \res_tys -> res_tys)
  31. 26 Feb, 2012 1 commit
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      Implement "value" imports with the CAPI · ae04bd43
      Ian Lynagh authored
      This allows us to import values (i.e. non-functions) with the CAPI.
      This means we can access values even if (on some or all platforms)
      they are simple #defines.
  32. 22 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  33. 17 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  34. 16 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  35. 06 Feb, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Refactor HsDecls again, to put family instances in InstDecl · f92591de
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This continues the clean up of the front end.  Since they
      were first invented, type and data family *instance* decls
      have been in the TyClDecl data type, even though they always
      treated separately.
      This patch takes a step in the right direction
        * The InstDecl type now includes both class instances and
          type/data family instances
        * The hs_tyclds field of HsGroup now never has any family
          instance declarations in it
      However a family instance is still a TyClDecl.  It should really
      be a separate type, but that's the next step.
      All this was provoked by fixing Trac #5792 in the HEAD.
      (I did a less invasive fix on the branch.)
  36. 03 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Major refactoring of CoAxioms · 98a642cf
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch should have no user-visible effect.  It implements a
      significant internal refactoring of the way that FC axioms are
      handled.  The ultimate goal is to put us in a position to implement
      "pattern-matching axioms".  But the changes here are only does
      refactoring; there is no change in functionality.
       * We now treat data/type family instance declarations very,
         very similarly to types class instance declarations:
         - Renamed InstEnv.Instance as InstEnv.ClsInst, for symmetry with
           FamInstEnv.FamInst.  This change does affect the GHC API, but
           for the better I think.
         - Previously, each family type/data instance declaration gave rise
           to a *TyCon*; typechecking a type/data instance decl produced
           that TyCon.  Now, each type/data instance gives rise to
           a *FamInst*, by direct analogy with each class instance
           declaration giving rise to a ClsInst.
         - Just as each ClsInst contains its evidence, a DFunId, so each FamInst
           contains its evidence, a CoAxiom.  See Note [FamInsts and CoAxioms]
           in FamInstEnv.  The CoAxiom is a System-FC thing, and can relate any
           two types, whereas the FamInst relates directly to the Haskell source
           language construct, and always has a function (F tys) on the LHS.
         - Just as a DFunId has its own declaration in an interface file, so now
           do CoAxioms (see IfaceSyn.IfaceAxiom).
         These changes give rise to almost all the refactoring.
       * We used to have a hack whereby a type family instance produced a dummy
         type synonym, thus
            type instance F Int = Bool -> Bool
         translated to
            axiom FInt :: F Int ~ R:FInt
            type R:FInt = Bool -> Bool
         This was always a hack, and now it's gone.  Instead the type instance
         declaration produces a FamInst, whose axiom has kind
            axiom FInt :: F Int ~ Bool -> Bool
         just as you'd expect.
       * Newtypes are done just as before; they generate a CoAxiom. These
         CoAxioms are "implicit" (do not generate an IfaceAxiom declaration),
         unlike the ones coming from family instance declarations.  See
         Note [Implicit axioms] in TyCon
      On the whole the code gets significantly nicer.  There were consequential
      tidy-ups in the vectoriser, but I think I got them right.
  37. 19 Dec, 2011 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Tidy up pretty-printing for variables · c492e50b
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      We already have a class OutputableBndr; this patch adds
      methods pprInfixOcc and pprPrefixOcc, so that we can get
      rid of the hideous hack (the old) Outputable.pprHsVar.
      The hack was exposed by Trac #5657, which is thereby fixed.
  38. 25 Nov, 2011 1 commit