CmmLint.hs 6.86 KB
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{-# OPTIONS -w #-}
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-- The above warning supression flag is a temporary kludge.
-- While working on this module you are encouraged to remove it and fix
-- any warnings in the module. See
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--     http://hackage.haskell.org/trac/ghc/wiki/Commentary/CodingStyle#Warnings
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-- for details

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
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-- (c) The University of Glasgow 2004-2006
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--
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-- CmmLint: checking the correctness of Cmm statements and expressions
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--
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

module CmmLint (
  cmmLint, cmmLintTop
  ) where

#include "HsVersions.h"

import Cmm
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import CLabel
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import MachOp
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import Maybe
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import Outputable
import PprCmm
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import Unique
import Constants
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import Control.Monad
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-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Exported entry points:

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cmmLint :: GenCmm d h (ListGraph CmmStmt) -> Maybe SDoc
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cmmLint (Cmm tops) = runCmmLint $ mapM_ lintCmmTop tops

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cmmLintTop :: GenCmmTop d h (ListGraph CmmStmt) -> Maybe SDoc
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cmmLintTop top = runCmmLint $ lintCmmTop top

runCmmLint :: CmmLint a -> Maybe SDoc
runCmmLint l = 
   case unCL l of
	Left err -> Just (ptext SLIT("Cmm lint error:") $$ nest 2 err)
	Right _  -> Nothing

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lintCmmTop :: (GenCmmTop h i (ListGraph CmmStmt)) -> CmmLint ()
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lintCmmTop (CmmProc _ lbl _ (ListGraph blocks))
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  = addLintInfo (text "in proc " <> pprCLabel lbl) $
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        let labels = foldl (\s b -> extendBlockSet s (blockId b)) emptyBlockSet blocks
	in  mapM_ (lintCmmBlock labels) blocks

lintCmmTop (CmmData {})
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  = return ()

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lintCmmBlock labels (BasicBlock id stmts)
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  = addLintInfo (text "in basic block " <> ppr (getUnique id)) $
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	mapM_ (lintCmmStmt labels) stmts
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-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- lintCmmExpr

-- Checks whether a CmmExpr is "type-correct", and check for obvious-looking
-- byte/word mismatches.

lintCmmExpr :: CmmExpr -> CmmLint MachRep
lintCmmExpr (CmmLoad expr rep) = do
  lintCmmExpr expr
  when (machRepByteWidth rep >= wORD_SIZE) $
     cmmCheckWordAddress expr
  return rep
lintCmmExpr expr@(CmmMachOp op args) = do
  mapM_ lintCmmExpr args
  if map cmmExprRep args == machOpArgReps op
  	then cmmCheckMachOp op args
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	else cmmLintMachOpErr expr (map cmmExprRep args) (machOpArgReps op)
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lintCmmExpr (CmmRegOff reg offset)
  = lintCmmExpr (CmmMachOp (MO_Add rep) 
		[CmmReg reg, CmmLit (CmmInt (fromIntegral offset) rep)])
  where rep = cmmRegRep reg
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lintCmmExpr lit@(CmmLit (CmmInt _ rep))
  | isFloatingRep rep
  = cmmLintErr (text "integer literal with floating MachRep: " <> ppr lit)
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lintCmmExpr expr = 
  return (cmmExprRep expr)

-- Check for some common byte/word mismatches (eg. Sp + 1)
cmmCheckMachOp  op args@[CmmReg reg, CmmLit (CmmInt i _)]
  | isWordOffsetReg reg && isOffsetOp op && i `rem` fromIntegral wORD_SIZE /= 0
  = cmmLintDubiousWordOffset (CmmMachOp op args)
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cmmCheckMachOp op [lit@(CmmLit (CmmInt { })), reg@(CmmReg _)]
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  = cmmCheckMachOp op [reg, lit]
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cmmCheckMachOp op@(MO_U_Conv from to) args
  | isFloatingRep from || isFloatingRep to
  = cmmLintErr (text "unsigned conversion from/to floating rep: " 
		<> ppr (CmmMachOp op args))
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cmmCheckMachOp op _args
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  = return (resultRepOfMachOp op)

isWordOffsetReg (CmmGlobal Sp) = True
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-- No warnings for unaligned arithmetic, which is used to tag dynamic constructor closures.
--isWordOffsetReg (CmmGlobal Hp) = True
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isWordOffsetReg _ = False

isOffsetOp (MO_Add _) = True
isOffsetOp (MO_Sub _) = True
isOffsetOp _ = False

-- This expression should be an address from which a word can be loaded:
-- check for funny-looking sub-word offsets.
cmmCheckWordAddress e@(CmmMachOp op [arg, CmmLit (CmmInt i _)])
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  | isOffsetOp op && notNodeReg arg && i `rem` fromIntegral wORD_SIZE /= 0
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  = cmmLintDubiousWordOffset e
cmmCheckWordAddress e@(CmmMachOp op [CmmLit (CmmInt i _), arg])
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  | isOffsetOp op && notNodeReg arg && i `rem` fromIntegral wORD_SIZE /= 0
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  = cmmLintDubiousWordOffset e
cmmCheckWordAddress _
  = return ()

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-- No warnings for unaligned arithmetic with the node register,
-- which is used to extract fields from tagged constructor closures.
notNodeReg (CmmReg reg) | reg == nodeReg = False
notNodeReg _                             = True
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lintCmmStmt :: BlockSet -> CmmStmt -> CmmLint ()
lintCmmStmt labels = lint
    where lint (CmmNop) = return ()
          lint (CmmComment {}) = return ()
          lint stmt@(CmmAssign reg expr) = do
            erep <- lintCmmExpr expr
            if (erep == cmmRegRep reg)
                then return ()
                else cmmLintAssignErr stmt
          lint (CmmStore l r) = do
            lintCmmExpr l
            lintCmmExpr r
            return ()
          lint (CmmCall target _res args _ _) =
              lintTarget target >> mapM_ (lintCmmExpr.fst) args
          lint (CmmCondBranch e id) = checkTarget id >> lintCmmExpr e >> checkCond e
          lint (CmmSwitch e branches) = do
            mapM_ checkTarget $ catMaybes branches
            erep <- lintCmmExpr e
            if (erep == wordRep)
              then return ()
              else cmmLintErr (text "switch scrutinee is not a word: " <> ppr e)
          lint (CmmJump e args) = lintCmmExpr e >> mapM_ (lintCmmExpr.fst) args
          lint (CmmReturn ress) = mapM_ (lintCmmExpr.fst) ress
          lint (CmmBranch id)    = checkTarget id
          checkTarget id = if elemBlockSet id labels then return ()
                           else cmmLintErr (text "Branch to nonexistent id" <+> ppr id)

lintTarget :: CmmCallTarget -> CmmLint ()
lintTarget (CmmCallee e _) = lintCmmExpr e >> return ()
lintTarget (CmmPrim {})    = return ()

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checkCond (CmmMachOp mop _) | isComparisonMachOp mop = return ()
checkCond expr = cmmLintErr (hang (text "expression is not a conditional:") 2
				    (ppr expr))

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-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- CmmLint monad

-- just a basic error monad:

newtype CmmLint a = CmmLint { unCL :: Either SDoc a }

instance Monad CmmLint where
  CmmLint m >>= k = CmmLint $ case m of 
				Left e -> Left e
				Right a -> unCL (k a)
  return a = CmmLint (Right a)

cmmLintErr :: SDoc -> CmmLint a
cmmLintErr msg = CmmLint (Left msg)

addLintInfo :: SDoc -> CmmLint a -> CmmLint a
addLintInfo info thing = CmmLint $ 
   case unCL thing of
	Left err -> Left (hang info 2 err)
	Right a  -> Right a

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cmmLintMachOpErr :: CmmExpr -> [MachRep] -> [MachRep] -> CmmLint a
cmmLintMachOpErr expr argsRep opExpectsRep
     = cmmLintErr (text "in MachOp application: " $$ 
					nest 2 (pprExpr expr) $$
				        (text "op is expecting: " <+> ppr opExpectsRep) $$
					(text "arguments provide: " <+> ppr argsRep))
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cmmLintAssignErr :: CmmStmt -> CmmLint a
cmmLintAssignErr stmt = cmmLintErr (text "in assignment: " $$ 
					nest 2 (pprStmt stmt))

cmmLintDubiousWordOffset :: CmmExpr -> CmmLint a
cmmLintDubiousWordOffset expr
   = cmmLintErr (text "offset is not a multiple of words: " $$
			nest 2 (pprExpr expr))