HsDecls.lhs 20.4 KB
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%
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% (c) The GRASP/AQUA Project, Glasgow University, 1992-1998
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\section[HsDecls]{Abstract syntax: global declarations}

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Definitions for: @TyDecl@ and @ConDecl@, @ClassDecl@,
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@InstDecl@, @DefaultDecl@ and @ForeignDecl@.
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\begin{code}
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module HsDecls (
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	HsDecl(..), TyClDecl(..), InstDecl(..), RuleDecl(..), RuleBndr(..),
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	DefaultDecl(..), ForeignDecl(..), ForKind(..),
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	ExtName(..), isDynamicExtName, extNameStatic,
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	ConDecl(..), ConDetails(..), 
	BangType(..), getBangType,
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	IfaceSig(..),  SpecDataSig(..), 
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	DeprecDecl(..), DeprecTxt,
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	hsDeclName, instDeclName, tyClDeclName, isClassDecl, isSynDecl, isDataDecl, countTyClDecls, toHsRule
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    ) where
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#include "HsVersions.h"
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-- friends:
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import HsBinds		( HsBinds, MonoBinds, Sig(..), FixitySig(..) )
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import HsExpr		( HsExpr )
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import HsPragmas	( DataPragmas, ClassPragmas )
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import HsImpExp		( IE(..) )
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import HsTypes
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import PprCore		( pprCoreRule )
import HsCore		( UfExpr(UfVar), UfBinder, IfaceSig(..), eq_ufBinders, eq_ufExpr, pprUfExpr, toUfExpr, toUfBndr )
import CoreSyn		( CoreRule(..) )
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import BasicTypes	( NewOrData(..) )
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import CallConv		( CallConv, pprCallConv )
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import Name		( toRdrName )
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-- others:
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import FunDeps		( pprFundeps )
import Class		( FunDep )
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import CStrings		( CLabelString, pprCLabelString )
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import Outputable	
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import SrcLoc		( SrcLoc, noSrcLoc )
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\end{code}

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%************************************************************************
%*									*
\subsection[HsDecl]{Declarations}
%*									*
%************************************************************************

\begin{code}
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data HsDecl name pat
  = TyClD	(TyClDecl name pat)
  | InstD	(InstDecl  name pat)
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  | DefD	(DefaultDecl name)
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  | ValD	(HsBinds name pat)
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  | ForD        (ForeignDecl name)
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  | SigD	(IfaceSig name)
  | FixD	(FixitySig name)
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  | DeprecD	(DeprecDecl name)
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  | RuleD	(RuleDecl name pat)
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-- NB: all top-level fixity decls are contained EITHER
-- EITHER FixDs
-- OR     in the ClassDecls in TyClDs
--
-- The former covers
-- 	a) data constructors
-- 	b) class methods (but they can be also done in the
-- 		signatures of class decls)
--	c) imported functions (that have an IfacSig)
--	d) top level decls
--
-- The latter is for class methods only
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\end{code}

\begin{code}
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#ifdef DEBUG
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hsDeclName :: (Outputable name, Outputable pat)
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	   => HsDecl name pat -> name
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#endif
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hsDeclName (TyClD decl)				    = tyClDeclName decl
hsDeclName (InstD   decl)			    = instDeclName decl
hsDeclName (SigD    (IfaceSig name _ _ _))	    = name
hsDeclName (ForD    (ForeignDecl name _ _ _ _ _))   = name
hsDeclName (FixD    (FixitySig name _ _))	    = name
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-- Others don't make sense
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#ifdef DEBUG
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hsDeclName x				      = pprPanic "HsDecls.hsDeclName" (ppr x)
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#endif
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tyClDeclName :: TyClDecl name pat -> name
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tyClDeclName (TyData _ _ name _ _ _ _ _ _)          = name
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tyClDeclName (TySynonym name _ _ _)                 = name
tyClDeclName (ClassDecl _ name _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _) = name
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instDeclName :: InstDecl name pat -> name
instDeclName (InstDecl _ _ _ (Just name) _) = name
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\end{code}

\begin{code}
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instance (Outputable name, Outputable pat)
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	=> Outputable (HsDecl name pat) where
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    ppr (TyClD dcl)  = ppr dcl
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    ppr (SigD sig)   = ppr sig
    ppr (ValD binds) = ppr binds
    ppr (DefD def)   = ppr def
    ppr (InstD inst) = ppr inst
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    ppr (ForD fd)    = ppr fd
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    ppr (FixD fd)    = ppr fd
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    ppr (RuleD rd)   = ppr rd
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    ppr (DeprecD dd) = ppr dd
\end{code}

\begin{code}
instance Ord name => Eq (HsDecl name pat) where
	-- Used only when comparing interfaces, 
	-- at which time only signature and type/class decls
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   (SigD s1)  == (SigD s2)  = s1 == s2
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   (TyClD d1) == (TyClD d2) = d1 == d2
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   _          == _          = False
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\end{code}

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%************************************************************************
%*									*
\subsection[TyDecl]{@data@, @newtype@ or @type@ (synonym) type declaration}
%*									*
%************************************************************************

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Type and class declarations carry 'implicit names'.  In particular:

Type A.  
~~~~~~~
  Each data type decl defines 
	a worker name for each constructor
	to-T and from-T convertors
  Each class decl defines
	a tycon for the class
	a data constructor for that tycon
	the worker for that constructor
	a selector for each superclass

All have occurrence names that are derived uniquely from their parent declaration.

None of these get separate definitions in an interface file; they are
fully defined by the data or class decl.  But they may *occur* in
interface files, of course.  Any such occurrence must haul in the
relevant type or class decl.

Plan of attack:
 - Make up their occurrence names immediately

 - Ensure they "point to" the parent data/class decl 
   when loading that decl from an interface file

 - When renaming the decl look them up in the name cache,
   ensure correct module and provenance is set

Type B: Default methods and dictionary functions
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Have their own binding in an interface file.

Default methods : occurrence name is derived uniquely from the class decl.
Dict functions  : occurrence name is derived from the instance decl, plus a unique number.

Plan of attack: 
  - Do *not* make them point to the parent class decl
  - Interface-file decls: treat just like Type A
  - Source-file decls:    the names aren't in the decl at all; 
			  instead the typechecker makes them up

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\begin{code}
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data TyClDecl name pat
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  = TyData	NewOrData
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		(HsContext name) -- context
		name		 -- type constructor
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		[HsTyVarBndr name]	 -- type variables
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		[ConDecl name]	 -- data constructors (empty if abstract)
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		Int		 -- Number of data constructors (valid even if type is abstract)
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		(Maybe [name])	 -- derivings; Nothing => not specified
				 -- (i.e., derive default); Just [] => derive
				 -- *nothing*; Just <list> => as you would
				 -- expect...
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		(DataPragmas name)
		SrcLoc

  | TySynonym	name		-- type constructor
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		[HsTyVarBndr name]	-- type variables
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		(HsType name)	-- synonym expansion
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		SrcLoc

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  | ClassDecl	(HsContext name)    	-- context...
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		name		    	-- name of the class
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		[HsTyVarBndr name]	-- the class type variables
		[FunDep name]		-- functional dependencies
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		[Sig name]		-- methods' signatures
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		(MonoBinds name pat)	-- default methods
		(ClassPragmas name)
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		name name name [name]	-- The names of the tycon, datacon wrapper, datacon worker,
					-- and superclass selectors for this class.
					-- These are filled in as the ClassDecl is made.
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		SrcLoc
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instance Ord name => Eq (TyClDecl name pat) where
	-- Used only when building interface files
  (==) (TyData nd1 cxt1 n1 tvs1 cons1 _ _ _ _)
       (TyData nd2 cxt2 n2 tvs2 cons2 _ _ _ _)
    = n1 == n2 &&
      nd1 == nd2 &&
      eqWithHsTyVars tvs1 tvs2 (\ env -> 
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   	  eq_hsContext env cxt1 cxt2  &&
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	  eqListBy (eq_ConDecl env) cons1 cons2
      )

  (==) (TySynonym n1 tvs1 ty1 _)
       (TySynonym n2 tvs2 ty2 _)
    =  n1 == n2 &&
       eqWithHsTyVars tvs1 tvs2 (\ env -> eq_hsType env ty1 ty2)

  (==) (ClassDecl cxt1 n1 tvs1 fds1 sigs1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _)
       (ClassDecl cxt2 n2 tvs2 fds2 sigs2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _)
    =  n1 == n2 &&
       eqWithHsTyVars tvs1 tvs2 (\ env -> 
	  eq_hsContext env cxt1 cxt2 &&
	  eqListBy (eq_hsFD env) fds1 fds2 &&
	  eqListBy (eq_cls_sig env) sigs1 sigs2
       )

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  (==) _ _ = False	-- default case


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eq_hsFD env (ns1,ms1) (ns2,ms2)
  = eqListBy (eq_hsVar env) ns1 ns2 && eqListBy (eq_hsVar env) ms1 ms2

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eq_cls_sig env (ClassOpSig n1 dm1 ty1 _) (ClassOpSig n2 dm2 ty2 _)
  = n1==n2 && dm1 `eq_dm` dm2 && eq_hsType env ty1 ty2
  where
	-- Ignore the name of the default method.
	-- This is used for comparing declarations before putting
	-- them into interface files, and the name of the default 
	-- method isn't relevant
    (Just (_,explicit_dm1)) `eq_dm` (Just (_,explicit_dm2)) = explicit_dm1 == explicit_dm2
    Nothing		    `eq_dm` Nothing		    = True
    dm1			    `eq_dm` dm2			    = False
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\end{code}

\begin{code}
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countTyClDecls :: [TyClDecl name pat] -> (Int, Int, Int, Int)
	-- class, data, newtype, synonym decls
countTyClDecls decls 
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 = (length [() | ClassDecl _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ <- decls],
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    length [() | TyData DataType _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _   <- decls],
    length [() | TyData NewType  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _   <- decls],
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    length [() | TySynonym _ _ _ _	           <- decls])
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isDataDecl, isSynDecl, isClassDecl :: TyClDecl name pat -> Bool

isSynDecl (TySynonym _ _ _ _) = True
isSynDecl other		      = False

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isDataDecl (TyData _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _) = True
isDataDecl other		      = False
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isClassDecl (ClassDecl _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _) = True
isClassDecl other		 	        = False
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\end{code}

\begin{code}
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instance (Outputable name, Outputable pat)
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	      => Outputable (TyClDecl name pat) where
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    ppr (TySynonym tycon tyvars mono_ty src_loc)
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      = hang (ptext SLIT("type") <+> pp_decl_head [] tycon tyvars <+> equals)
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	     4 (ppr mono_ty)
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    ppr (TyData new_or_data context tycon tyvars condecls ncons derivings pragmas src_loc)
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      = pp_tydecl
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		  (ptext keyword <+> pp_decl_head context tycon tyvars <+> equals)
		  (pp_condecls condecls ncons)
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		  derivings
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      where
	keyword = case new_or_data of
			NewType  -> SLIT("newtype")
			DataType -> SLIT("data")
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    ppr (ClassDecl context clas tyvars fds sigs methods pragmas _ _ _ _ src_loc)
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      | null sigs	-- No "where" part
      = top_matter

      | otherwise	-- Laid out
      = sep [hsep [top_matter, ptext SLIT("where {")],
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	     nest 4 (sep [sep (map ppr_sig sigs), pp_methods, char '}'])]
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      where
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        top_matter  = ptext SLIT("class") <+> pp_decl_head context clas tyvars <+> pprFundeps fds
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	ppr_sig sig = ppr sig <> semi
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	pp_methods = getPprStyle $ \ sty ->
        	     if ifaceStyle sty then empty else ppr methods
        
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pp_decl_head :: Outputable name => HsContext name -> name -> [HsTyVarBndr name] -> SDoc
pp_decl_head context thing tyvars = hsep [pprHsContext context, ppr thing, interppSP tyvars]
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pp_condecls []     ncons = ptext SLIT("{- abstract with") <+> int ncons <+> ptext SLIT("constructors -}")
pp_condecls (c:cs) ncons = sep (ppr c : map (\ c -> ptext SLIT("|") <+> ppr c) cs)
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pp_tydecl pp_head pp_decl_rhs derivings
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  = hang pp_head 4 (sep [
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	pp_decl_rhs,
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	case derivings of
	  Nothing 	   -> empty
	  Just ds	   -> hsep [ptext SLIT("deriving"), parens (interpp'SP ds)]
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    ])
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\end{code}

A type for recording what types a datatype should be specialised to.
It's called a ``Sig'' because it's sort of like a ``type signature''
for an datatype declaration.

\begin{code}
data SpecDataSig name
  = SpecDataSig name		-- tycon to specialise
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		(HsType name)
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		SrcLoc

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instance (Outputable name)
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	      => Outputable (SpecDataSig name) where

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    ppr (SpecDataSig tycon ty _)
      = hsep [text "{-# SPECIALIZE data", ppr ty, text "#-}"]
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\end{code}

%************************************************************************
%*									*
\subsection[ConDecl]{A data-constructor declaration}
%*									*
%************************************************************************

\begin{code}
data ConDecl name
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  = ConDecl 	name			-- Constructor name; this is used for the
					-- DataCon itself, and for the user-callable wrapper Id

		name			-- Name of the constructor's 'worker Id'
					-- Filled in as the ConDecl is built
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		[HsTyVarBndr name]		-- Existentially quantified type variables
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		(HsContext name)	-- ...and context
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					-- If both are empty then there are no existentials

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		(ConDetails name)
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		SrcLoc

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data ConDetails name
  = VanillaCon			-- prefix-style con decl
		[BangType name]

  | InfixCon			-- infix-style con decl
		(BangType name)
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		(BangType name)

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  | RecCon			-- record-style con decl
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		[([name], BangType name)]	-- list of "fields"
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eq_ConDecl env (ConDecl n1 _ tvs1 cxt1 cds1 _)
	       (ConDecl n2 _ tvs2 cxt2 cds2 _)
  = n1 == n2 &&
    (eqWithHsTyVars tvs1 tvs2	$ \ env ->
     eq_hsContext env cxt1 cxt2	&&
     eq_ConDetails env cds1 cds2)

eq_ConDetails env (VanillaCon bts1) (VanillaCon bts2)
  = eqListBy (eq_btype env) bts1 bts2
eq_ConDetails env (InfixCon bta1 btb1) (InfixCon bta2 btb2)
  = eq_btype env bta1 bta2 && eq_btype env btb1 btb2
eq_ConDetails env (RecCon fs1) (RecCon fs2)
  = eqListBy (eq_fld env) fs1 fs2
eq_ConDetails env _ _ = False

eq_fld env (ns1,bt1) (ns2, bt2) = ns1==ns2 && eq_btype env bt1 bt2

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data BangType name
  = Banged   (HsType name)	-- HsType: to allow Haskell extensions
  | Unbanged (HsType name)	-- (MonoType only needed for straight Haskell)
  | Unpacked (HsType name)	-- Field is strict and to be unpacked if poss.

getBangType (Banged ty)   = ty
getBangType (Unbanged ty) = ty
getBangType (Unpacked ty) = ty

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eq_btype env (Banged t1)   (Banged t2)   = eq_hsType env t1 t2
eq_btype env (Unbanged t1) (Unbanged t2) = eq_hsType env t1 t2
eq_btype env (Unpacked t1) (Unpacked t2) = eq_hsType env t1 t2
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eq_btype env _		   _		 = False
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\end{code}

\begin{code}
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instance (Outputable name) => Outputable (ConDecl name) where
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    ppr (ConDecl con _ tvs cxt con_details  loc)
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      = sep [pprHsForAll tvs cxt, ppr_con_details con con_details]
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ppr_con_details con (InfixCon ty1 ty2)
  = hsep [ppr_bang ty1, ppr con, ppr_bang ty2]
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ppr_con_details con (VanillaCon tys)
  = ppr con <+> hsep (map (ppr_bang) tys)
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ppr_con_details con (RecCon fields)
  = ppr con <+> braces (hsep (punctuate comma (map ppr_field fields)))
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  where
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    ppr_field (ns, ty) = hsep (map (ppr) ns) <+> 
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			 dcolon <+>
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			 ppr_bang ty
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instance Outputable name => Outputable (BangType name) where
    ppr = ppr_bang

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ppr_bang (Banged   ty) = ptext SLIT("!") <> pprParendHsType ty
ppr_bang (Unbanged ty) = pprParendHsType ty
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ppr_bang (Unpacked ty) = ptext SLIT("! !") <> pprParendHsType ty
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\end{code}


%************************************************************************
%*									*
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\subsection[InstDecl]{An instance declaration
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%*									*
%************************************************************************

\begin{code}
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data InstDecl name pat
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  = InstDecl	(HsType name)	-- Context => Class Instance-type
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				-- Using a polytype means that the renamer conveniently
				-- figures out the quantified type variables for us.

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		(MonoBinds name pat)
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		[Sig name]		-- User-supplied pragmatic info
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		(Maybe name)		-- Name for the dictionary function
					-- Nothing for source-file instance decls
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		SrcLoc
\end{code}

\begin{code}
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instance (Outputable name, Outputable pat)
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	      => Outputable (InstDecl name pat) where
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    ppr (InstDecl inst_ty binds uprags maybe_dfun_name src_loc)
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      = getPprStyle $ \ sty ->
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        if ifaceStyle sty then
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           hsep [ptext SLIT("instance"), ppr inst_ty, equals, pp_dfun]
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	else
	   vcat [hsep [ptext SLIT("instance"), ppr inst_ty, ptext SLIT("where")],
	         nest 4 (ppr uprags),
	         nest 4 (ppr binds) ]
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      where
	pp_dfun = case maybe_dfun_name of
		    Just df -> ppr df
		    Nothing -> empty
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\end{code}

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\begin{code}
instance Ord name => Eq (InstDecl name pat) where
	-- Used for interface comparison only, so don't compare bindings
  (==) (InstDecl inst_ty1 _ _ dfun1 _) (InstDecl inst_ty2 _ _ dfun2 _)
       = inst_ty1 == inst_ty2 && dfun1 == dfun2
\end{code}

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%************************************************************************
%*									*
\subsection[DefaultDecl]{A @default@ declaration}
%*									*
%************************************************************************

There can only be one default declaration per module, but it is hard
for the parser to check that; we pass them all through in the abstract
syntax, and that restriction must be checked in the front end.

\begin{code}
data DefaultDecl name
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  = DefaultDecl	[HsType name]
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		SrcLoc

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instance (Outputable name)
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	      => Outputable (DefaultDecl name) where

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    ppr (DefaultDecl tys src_loc)
      = ptext SLIT("default") <+> parens (interpp'SP tys)
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\end{code}
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%************************************************************************
%*									*
\subsection{Foreign function interface declaration}
%*									*
%************************************************************************

\begin{code}
data ForeignDecl name = 
   ForeignDecl 
        name 
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	ForKind   
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	(HsType name)
	ExtName
	CallConv
	SrcLoc

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instance (Outputable name)
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	      => Outputable (ForeignDecl name) where

    ppr (ForeignDecl nm imp_exp ty ext_name cconv src_loc)
      = ptext SLIT("foreign") <+> ppr_imp_exp <+> pprCallConv cconv <+> 
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        ppr ext_name <+> ppr_unsafe <+> ppr nm <+> dcolon <+> ppr ty
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        where
         (ppr_imp_exp, ppr_unsafe) =
	   case imp_exp of
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	     FoLabel     -> (ptext SLIT("label"), empty)
	     FoExport    -> (ptext SLIT("export"), empty)
	     FoImport us 
		| us        -> (ptext SLIT("import"), ptext SLIT("unsafe"))
		| otherwise -> (ptext SLIT("import"), empty)

data ForKind
 = FoLabel
 | FoExport
 | FoImport Bool -- True  => unsafe call.
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data ExtName
 = Dynamic 
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 | ExtName CLabelString 	-- The external name of the foreign thing,
	   (Maybe CLabelString)	-- and optionally its DLL or module name
				-- Both of these are completely unencoded; 
				-- we just print them as they are

isDynamicExtName :: ExtName -> Bool
isDynamicExtName Dynamic = True
isDynamicExtName _	 = False

extNameStatic :: ExtName -> CLabelString
extNameStatic (ExtName f _) = f
extNameStatic Dynamic	    = panic "staticExtName: Dynamic - shouldn't ever happen."
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instance Outputable ExtName where
  ppr Dynamic	   = ptext SLIT("dynamic")
  ppr (ExtName nm mb_mod) = 
     case mb_mod of { Nothing -> empty; Just m -> doubleQuotes (ptext m) } <+> 
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     doubleQuotes (pprCLabelString nm)
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\end{code}

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%************************************************************************
%*									*
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\subsection{Transformation rules}
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%*									*
%************************************************************************

\begin{code}
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data RuleDecl name pat
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  = HsRule			-- Source rule
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	FAST_STRING		-- Rule name
	[name]			-- Forall'd tyvars, filled in by the renamer with
				-- tyvars mentioned in sigs; then filled out by typechecker
	[RuleBndr name]		-- Forall'd term vars
	(HsExpr name pat)	-- LHS
	(HsExpr name pat)	-- RHS
	SrcLoc		

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  | IfaceRule	 		-- One that's come in from an interface file; pre-typecheck
	FAST_STRING
	[UfBinder name]		-- Tyvars and term vars
	name			-- Head of lhs
	[UfExpr name]		-- Args of LHS
	(UfExpr name)		-- Pre typecheck
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	SrcLoc		

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  | IfaceRuleOut		-- Post typecheck
	name			-- Head of LHS
	CoreRule


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data RuleBndr name
  = RuleBndr name
  | RuleBndrSig name (HsType name)
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instance Ord name => Eq (RuleDecl name pat) where
  -- Works for IfaceRules only; used when comparing interface file versions
  (IfaceRule n1 bs1 f1 es1 rhs1 _) == (IfaceRule n2 bs2 f2 es2 rhs2 _)
     = n1==n2 && f1 == f2 && 
       eq_ufBinders emptyEqHsEnv bs1 bs2 (\env -> 
       eqListBy (eq_ufExpr env) (rhs1:es1) (rhs2:es2))

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instance (Outputable name, Outputable pat)
	      => Outputable (RuleDecl name pat) where
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  ppr (HsRule name tvs ns lhs rhs loc)
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	= sep [text "{-# RULES" <+> doubleQuotes (ptext name),
	       pp_forall, ppr lhs, equals <+> ppr rhs,
               text "#-}" ]
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	where
	  pp_forall | null tvs && null ns = empty
		    | otherwise		  = text "forall" <+> 
					    fsep (map ppr tvs ++ map ppr ns)
					    <> dot
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  ppr (IfaceRule name tpl_vars fn tpl_args rhs loc) 
    = hsep [ doubleQuotes (ptext name),
	   ptext SLIT("__forall") <+> braces (interppSP tpl_vars),
	   ppr fn <+> sep (map (pprUfExpr parens) tpl_args),
	   ptext SLIT("=") <+> ppr rhs
      ] <+> semi

  ppr (IfaceRuleOut fn rule) = pprCoreRule (ppr fn) rule
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instance Outputable name => Outputable (RuleBndr name) where
   ppr (RuleBndr name) = ppr name
   ppr (RuleBndrSig name ty) = ppr name <> dcolon <> ppr ty
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toHsRule id (BuiltinRule _)
  = pprTrace "toHsRule: builtin" (ppr id) (bogusIfaceRule id)

toHsRule id (Rule name bndrs args rhs)
  = IfaceRule name (map toUfBndr bndrs) (toRdrName id)
	      (map toUfExpr args) (toUfExpr rhs) noSrcLoc

bogusIfaceRule id
  = IfaceRule SLIT("bogus") [] (toRdrName id) [] (UfVar (toRdrName id)) noSrcLoc
\end{code}


%************************************************************************
%*									*
\subsection[DeprecDecl]{Deprecations}
%*									*
%************************************************************************

We use exported entities for things to deprecate. Cunning trick (hack?):
`IEModuleContents undefined' is used for module deprecation.

\begin{code}
data DeprecDecl name = Deprecation (IE name) DeprecTxt SrcLoc

type DeprecTxt = FAST_STRING	-- reason/explanation for deprecation

instance Outputable name => Outputable (DeprecDecl name) where
   ppr (Deprecation (IEModuleContents _) txt _)
      = hsep [text "{-# DEPRECATED",            doubleQuotes (ppr txt), text "#-}"]
   ppr (Deprecation thing txt _)
      = hsep [text "{-# DEPRECATED", ppr thing, doubleQuotes (ppr txt), text "#-}"]
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\end{code}