Stop the specialiser generating loopy code
This patch fixes a bad bug in the specialiser, which showed up as Trac #13429. When specialising an imported DFun, the specialiser could generate a recusive loop where none existed in the original program. It's all rather tricky, and I've documented it at some length in Note [Avoiding loops] We'd encoutered exactly this before (Trac #3591) but I had failed to realise that the very same thing could happen for /imported/ DFuns. I did quite a bit of refactoring. The compiler seems to get a tiny bit faster on deriving/perf/T10858 but almost all the gain had occurred before now; this patch just pushed it over the line.
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