Add SmallArray# and SmallMutableArray# types
These array types are smaller than Array# and MutableArray# and are faster when the array size is small, as they don't have the overhead of a card table. Having no card table reduces the closure size with 2 words in the typical small array case and leads to less work when updating or GC:ing the array. Reduces both the runtime and memory allocation by 8.8% on my insert benchmark for the HashMap type in the unordered-containers package, which makes use of lots of small arrays. With tuned GC settings (i.e. `+RTS -A6M`) the runtime reduction is 15%. Fixes #8923.
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