Eliminate so-called "silent superclass parameters"
The purpose of silent superclass parameters was to solve the awkward problem of superclass dictinaries being bound to bottom. See THE PROBLEM in Note [Recursive superclasses] in TcInstDcls Although the silent-superclass idea worked, * It had non-local consequences, and had effects even in Haddock, where we had to discard silent parameters before displaying instance declarations * It had unexpected peformance costs, shown up by Trac #3064 and its test case. In monad-transformer code, when constructing a Monad dictionary you had to pass an Applicative dictionary; and to construct that you neede a Functor dictionary. Yet these extra dictionaries were often never used. (All this got much worse when we added Applicative as a superclass of Monad.) Test T3064 compiled *far* faster after silent superclasses were eliminated. * It introduced new bugs. For example SilentParametersOverlapping, T5051, and T7862, all failed to compile because of instance overlap directly because of the silent-superclass trick. So this patch takes a new approach, which I worked out with Dimitrios in the closing hours before Christmas. It is described in detail in THE PROBLEM in Note [Recursive superclasses] in TcInstDcls. Seems to work great! Quite a bit of knock-on effect * The main implementation work is in tcSuperClasses in TcInstDcls Everything else is fall-out * IdInfo.DFunId no longer needs its n-silent argument * Ditto IDFunId in IfaceSyn * Hence interface file format changes * Now that DFunIds do not have silent superclass parameters, printing out instance declarations is simpler. There is tiny knock-on effect in Haddock, so that submodule is updated * I realised that when computing the "size of a dictionary type" in TcValidity.sizePred, we should be rather conservative about type functions, which can arbitrarily increase the size of a type. Hence the new datatype TypeSize, which has a TSBig constructor for "arbitrarily big". * instDFunType moves from TcSMonad to Inst * Interestingly, CmmNode and CmmExpr both now need a non-silent (Ord r) in a couple of instance declarations. These were previously silent but must now be explicit. * Quite a bit of wibbling in error messages
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