1. 30 Jan, 2013 2 commits
  2. 08 Jan, 2013 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Re-engineer the ambiguity test for user type signatures · 97db0edc
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      Two main changes. First, re-engineer the ambiguity test.  Previously
      TcMType.checkAmbiguity used a rather syntactic test to detect some
      types that are certainly ambiguous.  But a much easier test is available,
      and it is used for inferred types in TcBinds. Namely
          <type> is ambiguous
      iff
         <type> `TcUnify.isSubType` <type>
      fails to hold, where "isSubType" means "is provably more polymorphic than".
      Example:
            C a => Int
      is ambiguous, because isSubType instantiates the (C a => Int)
      to (C alpha => Int) and then tries to deduce (C alpha) from (C a). This is
      Martin Sulzmann's definition of ambiguity.  (Defn 10 of "Understanding
      functional dependencies via constraint handling rules", JFP.)
      
      This change is neat, reduces code, and correctly rejects more programs.
      However is *is* just possible to have a useful program that would be
      rejected. For example
                class C a b
                f :: C Int b => Int -> Int
      Here 'f' would be rejected as having an ambiguous type. But it is
      just possible that, at a *call* site there might be an instance
      declaration  instance C Int b, which does not constrain 'b' at all.
      This is pretty strange -- why is 'b' overloaded at all? -- but it's
      possible, so I also added a flag -XAllowAmbiguousTypes that simply
      removes the ambiguity check.  Let's see if anyone cares.  Meanwhile
      the earlier error report will be useful for everyone else.
      
      A handful of regression tests had to be adjusted as a result, because
      they used ambiguous types, somewhat accidentally.
      
      Second, split TcMType (already too large) into two
      
        * TcMType: a low-level module dealing with monadic operations like
          zonking, creating new evidence variables, etc
      
        * TcValidity: a brand-new higher-level module dealing with
          validity checking for types: checkValidType, checkValidInstance,
          checkFamInstPats etc
      
      Apart from the fact that TcMType was too big, this allows TcValidity
      to import TcUnify(tcSubType) without causing a loop.
      97db0edc
  3. 22 Dec, 2012 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Implement overlapping type family instances. · 8366792e
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      An ordered, overlapping type family instance is introduced by 'type
      instance
      where', followed by equations. See the new section in the user manual
      (7.7.2.2) for details. The canonical example is Boolean equality at the
      type
      level:
      
      type family Equals (a :: k) (b :: k) :: Bool
      type instance where
        Equals a a = True
        Equals a b = False
      
      A branched family instance, such as this one, checks its equations in
      order
      and applies only the first the matches. As explained in the note
      [Instance
      checking within groups] in FamInstEnv.lhs, we must be careful not to
      simplify,
      say, (Equals Int b) to False, because b might later unify with Int.
      
      This commit includes all of the commits on the overlapping-tyfams
      branch. SPJ
      requested that I combine all my commits over the past several months
      into one
      monolithic commit. The following GHC repos are affected: ghc, testsuite,
      utils/haddock, libraries/template-haskell, and libraries/dph.
      
      Here are some details for the interested:
      
      - The definition of CoAxiom has been moved from TyCon.lhs to a
        new file CoAxiom.lhs. I made this decision because of the
        number of definitions necessary to support BranchList.
      
      - BranchList is a GADT whose type tracks whether it is a
        singleton list or not-necessarily-a-singleton-list. The reason
        I introduced this type is to increase static checking of places
        where GHC code assumes that a FamInst or CoAxiom is indeed a
        singleton. This assumption takes place roughly 10 times
        throughout the code. I was worried that a future change to GHC
        would invalidate the assumption, and GHC might subtly fail to
        do the right thing. By explicitly labeling CoAxioms and
        FamInsts as being Unbranched (singleton) or
        Branched (not-necessarily-singleton), we make this assumption
        explicit and checkable. Furthermore, to enforce the accuracy of
        this label, the list of branches of a CoAxiom or FamInst is
        stored using a BranchList, whose constructors constrain its
        type index appropriately.
      
      I think that the decision to use BranchList is probably the most
      controversial decision I made from a code design point of view.
      Although I provide conversions to/from ordinary lists, it is more
      efficient to use the brList... functions provided in CoAxiom than
      always to convert. The use of these functions does not wander far
      from the core CoAxiom/FamInst logic.
      
      BranchLists are motivated and explained in the note [Branched axioms] in
      CoAxiom.lhs.
      
      - The CoAxiom type has changed significantly. You can see the new
        type in CoAxiom.lhs. It uses a CoAxBranch type to track
        branches of the CoAxiom. Correspondingly various functions
        producing and consuming CoAxioms had to change, including the
        binary layout of interface files.
      
      - To get branched axioms to work correctly, it is important to have a
        notion
        of type "apartness": two types are apart if they cannot unify, and no
        substitution of variables can ever get them to unify, even after type
      family
        simplification. (This is different than the normal failure to unify
      because
        of the type family bit.) This notion in encoded in tcApartTys, in
      Unify.lhs.
        Because apartness is finer-grained than unification, the tcUnifyTys
      now
        calls tcApartTys.
      
      - CoreLinting axioms has been updated, both to reflect the new
        form of CoAxiom and to enforce the apartness rules of branch
        application. The formalization of the new rules is in
        docs/core-spec/core-spec.pdf.
      
      - The FamInst type (in types/FamInstEnv.lhs) has changed
        significantly, paralleling the changes to CoAxiom. Of course,
        this forced minor changes in many files.
      
      - There are several new Notes in FamInstEnv.lhs, including one
        discussing confluent overlap and why we're not doing it.
      
      - lookupFamInstEnv, lookupFamInstEnvConflicts, and
        lookup_fam_inst_env' (the function that actually does the work)
        have all been more-or-less completely rewritten. There is a
        Note [lookup_fam_inst_env' implementation] describing the
        implementation. One of the changes that affects other files is
        to change the type of matches from a pair of (FamInst, [Type])
        to a new datatype (which now includes the index of the matching
        branch). This seemed a better design.
      
      - The TySynInstD constructor in Template Haskell was updated to
        use the new datatype TySynEqn. I also bumped the TH version
        number, requiring changes to DPH cabal files. (That's why the
        DPH repo has an overlapping-tyfams branch.)
      
      - As SPJ requested, I refactored some of the code in HsDecls:
      
       * splitting up TyDecl into SynDecl and DataDecl, correspondingly
         changing HsTyDefn to HsDataDefn (with only one constructor)
      
       * splitting FamInstD into TyFamInstD and DataFamInstD and
         splitting FamInstDecl into DataFamInstDecl and TyFamInstDecl
      
       * making the ClsInstD take a ClsInstDecl, for parallelism with
         InstDecl's other constructors
      
       * changing constructor TyFamily into FamDecl
      
       * creating a FamilyDecl type that stores the details for a family
         declaration; this is useful because FamilyDecls can appear in classes
      but
         other decls cannot
      
       * restricting the associated types and associated type defaults for a
       * class
         to be the new, more restrictive types
      
       * splitting cid_fam_insts into cid_tyfam_insts and cid_datafam_insts,
         according to the new types
      
       * perhaps one or two more that I'm overlooking
      
      None of these changes has far-reaching implications.
      
      - The user manual, section 7.7.2.2, is updated to describe the new type
        family
        instances.
      8366792e
  4. 08 Dec, 2012 1 commit
  5. 05 Dec, 2012 1 commit
  6. 26 Nov, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Accurately report usage of newtype data constructors in FFI declarations · c8f4f509
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      See Note [Newtype constructor usage in foreign declarations] in TcForeign.
      It's quite non-trivial to say which newtype constructor are used in
      foreign import/export declarations, and I had to do a bit of refactoring
      to achieve it.  (Say hello to the X5 bus from Oxford to Cambridge.)
      It's a bit tiresome, with some more plumbing, but not hard.
      
      Trac #7048 triggered this change.
      c8f4f509
  7. 21 Nov, 2012 2 commits
  8. 07 Nov, 2012 1 commit
  9. 02 Nov, 2012 2 commits
  10. 26 Oct, 2012 1 commit
  11. 04 Oct, 2012 1 commit
  12. 28 Sep, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Refactor the handling of kind errors · 9a058b17
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      * Treat kind-equality constraints as *derived* equalities,
        with no evidence.  That is really what they are at the moment.
      
      * Get rid of EvKindCast and friends.
      
      * Postpone kind errors properly to the constraint solver
        (lots of small knock-on effects)
      
      I moved SwapFlag to BasicTypes as well
      9a058b17
  13. 21 Sep, 2012 1 commit
  14. 17 Sep, 2012 3 commits
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Remove cc_ty from CIrredCan and cc_hole_ty from CHoleCan · 1a6ab644
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      A simple refactoring with no complicated fiddling.
      1a6ab644
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Another refactoring of constraints · d30b9cf4
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      1. Rejig CtLoc
         * CtLoc is now *not* parameterised (much simpler)
         * CtLoc includes the "depth" of the constraint
         * CtLoc includes the TcLclEnv at the birthplace
           That gives (a) the SrcSpan, (b) the [ErrCtxt]
           (c) the [TcIdBinder]
         * The CtLoc of a constraint is no longer in its CtEvidence
         * Where we passed 'depth' before, now we pass CtLoc
      
      2. Some significant refactoring in TcErrors
         * Get rid of cec_extra
         * Traverse every constraint, so that we can be
           sure to generate bindings where necessary.
           (This was really a lurking bug before.)
      
      3. Merge zonking into TcCanonical.  This turned out to be
         almost trivial; just a small change to TcCanonical.flattenTyVar.
      
         The nice consequence is that we don't need to zonk a constraint
         before solving it; instead it gets zonked "on the fly" as it were.
      d30b9cf4
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Add type "holes", enabled by -XTypeHoles, Trac #5910 · 8a9a7a8c
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This single commit combines a lot of work done by
      Thijs Alkemade <thijsalkemade@gmail.com>, plus a slew
      of subsequent refactoring by Simon PJ.
      
      The basic idea is
      * Add a new expression form "_", a hole, standing for a not-yet-written expression
      * Give a useful error message that
         (a) gives the type of the hole
         (b) gives the types of some enclosing value bindings that
             mention the hole
      
      Driven by this goal I did a LOT of refactoring in TcErrors, which in turn
      allows us to report enclosing value bindings for other errors, not just
      holes.  (Thijs rightly did not attempt this!)
      
      The major data type change is a new form of constraint
        data Ct = ...
          	  | CHoleCan {
          	      cc_ev       :: CtEvidence,
          	      cc_hole_ty  :: TcTauType,
          	      cc_depth    :: SubGoalDepth }
      
      I'm still in two minds about whether this is the best plan. Another
      possibility would be to have a predicate type for holes, somthing like
         class Hole a where
           holeValue :: a
      
      It works the way it is, but there are some annoying special cases for
      CHoleCan (just grep for "CHoleCan").
      8a9a7a8c
  15. 01 Sep, 2012 2 commits
  16. 30 Aug, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      A raft more changes, · 2b69233d
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
       * simplifying and tidying up canonicalisation,
       * removing the flat cache altogether
       * making the FunEq worklist into a deque
      2b69233d
  17. 28 Aug, 2012 1 commit
  18. 14 Aug, 2012 1 commit
  19. 23 Jul, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Numerous small changes to the constraint solver · 9c0a6bbb
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      The main thing is that we now keep unsolved Derived constraints in the
      wc_flats of a WantedConstraints, rather than discarding them each time.
      This actually fixes a poential (admittedly obscure) bug, when we currently
      discard a superclass constraint, and may never re-generate it, and may
      thereby miss a functional dependency.
      
      Instead, reportErrors filters out Derived constraints that we don't want
      to report.
      
      The other changes are all small refactorings following our walk-through.
      9c0a6bbb
  20. 10 Jul, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      More changes to kind inference for type and class declarations · 3fe3ef50
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      These should fix #7024 and #7022, among others.
      
      The main difficulty was that we were getting occ-name clashes
      between kind and type variables in TyCons, when spat into an
      interface file. The new scheme is to tidy TyCons during the
      conversoin into IfaceSyn, rather than trying to generate them
      pre-tidied, which was the already-unsatisfactory previous plan.
      
      There is the usual wave of refactorig as well.
      3fe3ef50
  21. 13 Jun, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Simplify the implementation of Implicit Parameters · 5a8ac0f8
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch re-implements implicit parameters via a class
      with a functional dependency:
      
          class IP (n::Symbol) a | n -> a where
            ip :: a
      
      This definition is in the library module GHC.IP. Notice
      how it use a type-literal, so we can have constraints like
         IP "x" Int
      Now all the functional dependency machinery works right to make
      implicit parameters behave as they should.
      
      Much special-case processing for implicit parameters can be removed
      entirely. One particularly nice thing is not having a dedicated
      "original-name cache" for implicit parameters (the nsNames field of
      NameCache).  But many other cases disappear:
      
        * BasicTypes.IPName
        * IPTyCon constructor in Tycon.TyCon
        * CIPCan constructor  in TcRnTypes.Ct
        * IPPred constructor  in Types.PredTree
      
      Implicit parameters remain special in a few ways:
      
       * Special syntax.  Eg the constraint (IP "x" Int) is parsed
         and printed as (?x::Int).  And we still have local bindings
         for implicit parameters, and occurrences thereof.
      
       * A implicit-parameter binding  (let ?x = True in e) amounts
         to a local instance declaration, which we have not had before.
         It just generates an implication contraint (easy), but when
         going under it we must purge any existing bindings for
         ?x in the inert set.  See Note [Shadowing of Implicit Parameters]
         in TcSimplify
      
       * TcMType.sizePred classifies implicit parameter constraints as size-0,
         as before the change
      
      There are accompanying patches to libraries 'base' and 'haddock'
      
      All the work was done by Iavor Diatchki
      5a8ac0f8
  22. 11 Jun, 2012 1 commit
  23. 08 Jun, 2012 1 commit
    • dimitris's avatar
      Significant refactoring of TcSimplify, in particular simplifyInfer and · 3891a056
      dimitris authored
      simplifyTop, code beautification etc. Important things:
      
      (a) New top-level defaulting plan, gotten rid of the SimplContext field.
          See Note [Top-level Defaulting Plan]
      
      (b) Serious bug fix in the floatEqualities mechanism
          See Note [Extra TcS Untouchables],[Float Equalities out of Implications]
      
      The changes are mostly confined in TcSimplify but there is a
      simplification wave affecting other modules as well.
      3891a056
  24. 07 Jun, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Support polymorphic kind recursion · c9117200
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This is (I hope) the last major patch for kind polymorphism.
      The big new feature is polymorphic kind recursion when you
      supply a complete kind signature for a type constructor.
      (I've documented it in the user manual too.)
      
      This fixes Trac #6137, #6093, #6049.
      
      The patch also makes type/data families less polymorphic by default.
         data family T a
      now defaults to T :: * -> *
      If you want T :: forall k. k -> *, use
         data family T (a :: k)
      
      This defaulting to * is done whenever there is a
      "complete, user-specified kind signature", something that is
      carefully defined in the user manual.
      
      Hurrah!
      c9117200
  25. 05 Jun, 2012 1 commit
  26. 07 May, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Yet another major refactoring of the constraint solver · dd7522c3
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This is the result of Simon and Dimitrios doing a code walk through.
      There is no change in behaviour, but the structure is much better.
      Main changes:
      
      * Given constraints contain an EvTerm not an EvVar
      
      * Correspondingly, TcEvidence is a recursive types that uses
        EvTerms rather than EvVars
      
      * Rename CtFlavor to CtEvidence
      
      * Every CtEvidence has a ctev_pred field.  And use record fields
        consistently for CtEvidence
      
      * The solved-constraint fields of InertSet (namely inert_solved and
        inert_solved_funeqs) contain CtEvidence, not Ct
      
      There is a long cascade of follow-on changes.
      dd7522c3
  27. 10 Apr, 2012 1 commit
  28. 29 Mar, 2012 3 commits
  29. 28 Mar, 2012 1 commit
    • dimitris's avatar
      Midstream check-in on · cc2d2e1d
      dimitris authored
         (i) Replaced a lot of clunky and fragile EvVar handling code with
             a more uniform ``flavor transformer'' API in the canonicalizer
             and the interaction solver. Now EvVars are just fields inside
             the CtFlavors.
         (ii) Significantly simplified our caching story
      This patch does not validate yet and more refactoring is on the way.
      cc2d2e1d
  30. 02 Mar, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Hurrah! This major commit adds support for scoped kind variables, · 3bf54e78
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      which (finally) fills out the functionality of polymorphic kinds.
      It also fixes numerous bugs.
      
      Main changes are:
      
      Renaming stuff
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      * New type in HsTypes:
           data HsBndrSig sig = HsBSig sig [Name]
        which is used for type signatures in patterns, and kind signatures
        in types.  So when you say
             f (x :: [a]) = x ++ x
        or
             data T (f :: k -> *) (x :: *) = MkT (f x)
        the signatures in both cases are a HsBndrSig.
      
      * The [Name] in HsBndrSig records the variables bound by the
        pattern, that is 'a' in the first example, 'k' in the second,
        and nothing in the third.  The renamer initialises the field.
      
      * As a result I was able to get rid of
           RnHsSyn.extractHsTyNames :: LHsType Name -> NameSet
        and its friends altogether.  Deleted the entire module!
        This led to some knock-on refactoring; in particular the
        type renamer now returns the free variables just like the
        term renamer.
      
      Kind-checking types: mainly TcHsType
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      A major change is that instead of kind-checking types in two
      passes, we now do one. Under the old scheme, the first pass did
      kind-checking and (hackily) annotated the HsType with the
      inferred kinds; and the second pass desugared the HsType to a
      Type.  But now that we have kind variables inside types, the
      first pass (TcHsType.tc_hs_type) can go straight to Type, and
      zonking will squeeze out any kind unification variables later.
      
      This is much nicer, but it was much more fiddly than I had expected.
      
      The nastiest corner is this: it's very important that tc_hs_type
      uses lazy constructors to build the returned type. See
      Note [Zonking inside the knot] in TcHsType.
      
      Type-checking type and class declarations: mainly TcTyClsDecls
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      I did tons of refactoring in TcTyClsDecls.  Simpler and nicer now.
      
      Typechecking bindings: mainly TcBinds
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      I rejigged (yet again) the handling of type signatures in TcBinds.
      It's a bit simpler now.  The main change is that tcTySigs goes
      right through to a TcSigInfo in one step; previously it was split
      into two, part here and part later.
      
      Unsafe coercions
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      Usually equality coercions have exactly the same kind on both
      sides.  But we do allow an *unsafe* coercion between Int# and Bool,
      say, used in
          case error Bool "flah" of { True -> 3#; False -> 0# }
      -->
          (error Bool "flah") |> unsafeCoerce Bool Int#
      
      So what is the instantiation of (~#) here?
         unsafeCoerce Bool Int# :: (~#) ??? Bool Int#
      I'm using OpenKind here for now, but it's un-satisfying that
      the lhs and rhs of the ~ don't have precisely the same kind.
      
      More minor
      ~~~~~~~~~~
      * HsDecl.TySynonym has its free variables attached, which makes
        the cycle computation in TcTyDecls.mkSynEdges easier.
      
      * Fixed a nasty reversed-comparison bug in FamInstEnv:
        @@ -490,7 +490,7 @@ lookup_fam_inst_env' match_fun one_sided ie fam tys
           n_tys = length tys
           extra_tys = drop arity tys
           (match_tys, add_extra_tys)
      -       | arity > n_tys = (take arity tys, \res_tys -> res_tys ++ extra_tys)
      +       | arity < n_tys = (take arity tys, \res_tys -> res_tys ++ extra_tys)
              | otherwise     = (tys,            \res_tys -> res_tys)
      3bf54e78
  31. 16 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  32. 19 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      Fix validate · 8bdcc5cf
      Ian Lynagh authored
      This patch defines a flag -fno-warn-pointless-pragmas, and uses it to
      disable some warnings in the containers package.
      
      Along the way, also made a ContainsDynFlags class, and added a
      HasDynFlags instance for IOEnv (and thus TcRnIf and DsM).
      8bdcc5cf