1. 13 Aug, 2004 1 commit
  2. 06 Apr, 2004 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2004-04-06 09:29:49 by simonpj] · 3f885dcb
      simonpj authored
      The "rebindable-syntax" stuff wasn't dealing with the new location
      information correctly.  This commit fixes the problem, and thereby
      makes mdofail004 work right.  Maybe others too.
      3f885dcb
  3. 30 Dec, 2003 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2003-12-30 16:29:17 by simonpj] · f714e6b6
      simonpj authored
      ----------------------------
              Re-do kind inference (again)
      	----------------------------
      
         [WARNING: interface file binary representation has
         (as usual) changed slightly; recompile your libraries!]
      
      Inspired by the lambda-cube, for some time GHC has used
      	type Kind = Type
      That is, kinds were represented by the same data type as types.
      
      But GHC also supports unboxed types and unboxed tuples, and these
      complicate the kind system by requiring a sub-kind relationship.
      Notably, an unboxed tuple is acceptable as the *result* of a
      function but not as an *argument*.  So we have the following setup:
      
      		 ?
      		/ \
      	       /   \
      	      ??   (#)
      	     /  \
                  *   #
      
      where	*    [LiftedTypeKind]   means a lifted type
      	#    [UnliftedTypeKind] means an unlifted type
      	(#)  [UbxTupleKind]     means unboxed tuple
      	??   [ArgTypeKind]      is the lub of *,#
      	?    [OpenTypeKind]	means any type at all
      
      In particular:
      
        error :: forall a:?. String -> a
        (->)  :: ?? -> ? -> *
        (\(x::t) -> ...)	Here t::?? (i.e. not unboxed tuple)
      
      All this has beome rather difficult to accommodate with Kind=Type, so this
      commit splits the two.
      
        * Kind is a distinct type, defined in types/Kind.lhs
      
        * IfaceType.IfaceKind disappears: we just re-use Kind.Kind
      
        * TcUnify.unifyKind is a distinct unifier for kinds
      
        * TyCon no longer needs KindCon and SuperKindCon variants
      
        * TcUnify.zapExpectedType takes an expected Kind now, so that
          in TcPat.tcMonoPatBndr we can express that the bound variable
          must have an argTypeKind (??).
      
      The big change is really that kind inference is much more systematic and
      well behaved.  In particular, a kind variable can unify only with a
      "simple kind", which is built from * and (->).  This deals neatly
      with awkward questions about how we can combine sub-kinding with type
      inference.
      
      Lots of small consequential changes, especially to the kind-checking
      plumbing in TcTyClsDecls.  (We played a bit fast and loose before, and
      now we have to be more honest, in particular about how kind inference
      works for type synonyms.  They can have kinds like (* -> #), so
      
      This cures two long-standing SourceForge bugs
      
      * 753777 (tcfail115.hs), which used erroneously to pass,
        but crashed in the code generator
            type T a = Int -> (# Int, Int #)
            f :: T a -> T a
            f t = \x -> case t x of r -> r
      
      * 753780 (tc167.hs), which used erroneously to fail
            f :: (->) Int# Int#
      
      
      Still, the result is not entirely satisfactory.  In particular
      
      * The error message from tcfail115 is pretty obscure
      
      * SourceForge bug 807249 (Instance match failure on openTypeKind)
        is not fixed.  Alas.
      f714e6b6
  4. 16 Dec, 2003 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2003-12-16 16:24:55 by simonpj] · cb2be98a
      simonpj authored
      --------------------
      	Towards type splices
      	--------------------
      
      Starts the move to supporting type splices, by making
      HsExpr.HsSplice a separate type of its own, and adding
      HsSpliceTy constructor to HsType.
      cb2be98a
  5. 10 Dec, 2003 1 commit
    • simonmar's avatar
      [project @ 2003-12-10 14:15:16 by simonmar] · 55042138
      simonmar authored
      Add accurate source location annotations to HsSyn
      -------------------------------------------------
      
      Every syntactic entity in HsSyn is now annotated with a SrcSpan, which
      details the exact beginning and end points of that entity in the
      original source file.  All honest compilers should do this, and it was
      about time GHC did the right thing.
      
      The most obvious benefit is that we now have much more accurate error
      messages; when running GHC inside emacs for example, the cursor will
      jump to the exact location of an error, not just a line somewhere
      nearby.  We haven't put a huge amount of effort into making sure all
      the error messages are accurate yet, so there could be some tweaking
      still needed, although the majority of messages I've seen have been
      spot-on.
      
      Error messages now contain a column number in addition to the line
      number, eg.
      
         read001.hs:25:10: Variable not in scope: `+#'
      
      To get the full text span info, use the new option -ferror-spans.  eg.
      
         read001.hs:25:10-11: Variable not in scope: `+#'
      
      I'm not sure whether we should do this by default.  Emacs won't
      understand the new error format, for one thing.
      
      In a more elaborate editor setting (eg. Visual Studio), we can arrange
      to actually highlight the subexpression containing an error.  Eventually
      this information will be used so we can find elements in the abstract
      syntax corresponding to text locations, for performing high-level editor
      functions (eg. "tell me the type of this expression I just highlighted").
      
      Performance of the compiler doesn't seem to be adversely affected.
      Parsing is still quicker than in 6.0.1, for example.
      
      Implementation:
      
      This was an excrutiatingly painful change to make: both Simon P.J. and
      myself have been working on it for the last three weeks or so.  The
      basic changes are:
      
       - a new datatype SrcSpan, which represents a beginning and end position
         in a source file.
      
       - To reduce the pain as much as possible, we also defined:
      
            data Located e = L SrcSpan e
      
       - Every datatype in HsSyn has an equivalent Located version.  eg.
      
            type LHsExpr id = Located (HsExpr id)
      
         and pretty much everywhere we used to use HsExpr we now use
         LHsExpr.  Believe me, we thought about this long and hard, and
         all the other options were worse :-)
      
      
      Additional changes/cleanups we made at the same time:
      
        - The abstract syntax for bindings is now less arcane.  MonoBinds
          and HsBinds with their built-in list constructors have gone away,
          replaced by HsBindGroup and HsBind (see HsSyn/HsBinds.lhs).
      
        - The various HsSyn type synonyms have now gone away (eg. RdrNameHsExpr,
          RenamedHsExpr, and TypecheckedHsExpr are now HsExpr RdrName,
          HsExpr Name, and HsExpr Id respectively).
      
        - Utilities over HsSyn are now collected in a new module HsUtils.
          More stuff still needs to be moved in here.
      
        - MachChar now has a real Char instead of an Int.  All GHC versions that
          can compile GHC now support 32-bit Chars, so this was a simplification.
      55042138
  6. 06 Nov, 2003 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2003-11-06 17:09:50 by simonpj] · 1f5e5580
      simonpj authored
      ------------------------------------
      	Major increment for Template Haskell
      	------------------------------------
      
      1.  New abstract data type "Name" which appears where String used to be.
          E.g. 	data Exp = VarE Name | ...
      
      2.  New syntax 'x and ''T, for quoting Names.  It's rather like [| x |]
          and [t| T |] respectively, except that
      
      	a) it's non-monadic:  'x :: Name
      	b) you get a Name not an Exp or Type
      
      3.  reify is an ordinary function
      	reify :: Name -> Q Info
          New data type Info which tells what TH knows about Name
      
      4.  Local variables work properly.  So this works now (crashed before):
      	f x = $( [| x |] )
      
      5.  THSyntax is split up into three modules:
      
        Language.Haskell.TH		TH "clients" import this
      
        Language.Haskell.TH.THSyntax	data type declarations and internal stuff
      
        Language.Haskell.TH.THLib	Support library code (all re-exported
      				by TH), including smart constructors and
      				pretty printer
      
      6.  Error reporting and recovery are in (not yet well tested)
      
      	report :: Bool {- True <=> fatal -} -> String -> Q ()
      	recover :: Q a -> Q a -> Q a
      
      7.  Can find current module
      
      	currentModule :: Q String
      
      
      Much other cleaning up, needless to say.
      1f5e5580
  7. 09 Oct, 2003 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2003-10-09 11:58:39 by simonpj] · 98688c6e
      simonpj authored
      -------------------------
      		GHC heart/lung transplant
      		-------------------------
      
      This major commit changes the way that GHC deals with importing
      types and functions defined in other modules, during renaming and
      typechecking.  On the way I've changed or cleaned up numerous other
      things, including many that I probably fail to mention here.
      
      Major benefit: GHC should suck in many fewer interface files when
      compiling (esp with -O).  (You can see this with -ddump-rn-stats.)
      
      It's also some 1500 lines of code shorter than before.
      
      **	So expect bugs!  I can do a 3-stage bootstrap, and run
      **	the test suite, but you may be doing stuff I havn't tested.
      ** 	Don't update if you are relying on a working HEAD.
      
      
      In particular, (a) External Core and (b) GHCi are very little tested.
      
      	But please, please DO test this version!
      
      
      	------------------------
      		Big things
      	------------------------
      
      Interface files, version control, and importing declarations
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      * There is a totally new data type for stuff that lives in interface files:
      	Original names			IfaceType.IfaceExtName
      	Types				IfaceType.IfaceType
      	Declarations (type,class,id)	IfaceSyn.IfaceDecl
      	Unfoldings			IfaceSyn.IfaceExpr
        (Previously we used HsSyn for type/class decls, and UfExpr for unfoldings.)
        The new data types are in iface/IfaceType and iface/IfaceSyn.  They are
        all instances of Binary, so they can be written into interface files.
        Previous engronkulation concering the binary instance of RdrName has
        gone away -- RdrName is not an instance of Binary any more.  Nor does
        Binary.lhs need to know about the ``current module'' which it used to,
        which made it specialised to GHC.
      
        A good feature of this is that the type checker for source code doesn't
        need to worry about the possibility that we might be typechecking interface
        file stuff.  Nor does it need to do renaming; we can typecheck direct from
        IfaceSyn, saving a whole pass (module TcIface)
      
      * Stuff from interface files is sucked in *lazily*, rather than being eagerly
        sucked in by the renamer. Instead, we use unsafeInterleaveIO to capture
        a thunk for the unfolding of an imported function (say).  If that unfolding
        is every pulled on, TcIface will scramble over the unfolding, which may
        in turn pull in the interface files of things mentioned in the unfolding.
      
        The External Package State is held in a mutable variable so that it
        can be side-effected by this lazy-sucking-in process (which may happen
        way later, e.g. when the simplifier runs).   In effect, the EPS is a kind
        of lazy memo table, filled in as we suck things in.  Or you could think
        of it as a global symbol table, populated on demand.
      
      * This lazy sucking is very cool, but it can lead to truly awful bugs. The
        intent is that updates to the symbol table happen atomically, but very bad
        things happen if you read the variable for the table, and then force a
        thunk which updates the table.  Updates can get lost that way. I regret
        this subtlety.
      
        One example of the way it showed up is that the top level of TidyPgm
        (which updates the global name cache) to be much more disciplined about
        those updates, since TidyPgm may itself force thunks which allocate new
        names.
      
      * Version numbering in interface files has changed completely, fixing
        one major bug with ghc --make.  Previously, the version of A.f changed
        only if A.f's type and unfolding was textually different.  That missed
        changes to things that A.f's unfolding mentions; which was fixed by
        eagerly sucking in all of those things, and listing them in the module's
        usage list.  But that didn't work with --make, because they might have
        been already sucked in.
      
        Now, A.f's version changes if anything reachable from A.f (via interface
        files) changes.  A module with unchanged source code needs recompiling
        only if the versions of any of its free variables changes. [This isn't
        quite right for dictionary functions and rules, which aren't mentioned
        explicitly in the source.  There are extensive comments in module MkIface,
        where all version-handling stuff is done.]
      
      * We don't need equality on HsDecls any more (because they aren't used in
        interface files).  Instead we have a specialised equality for IfaceSyn
        (eqIfDecl etc), which uses IfaceEq instead of Bool as its result type.
        See notes in IfaceSyn.
      
      * The horrid bit of the renamer that tried to predict what instance decls
        would be needed has gone entirely.  Instead, the type checker simply
        sucks in whatever instance decls it needs, when it needs them.  Easy!
      
        Similarly, no need for 'implicitModuleFVs' and 'implicitTemplateHaskellFVs'
        etc.  Hooray!
      
      
      Types and type checking
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      * Kind-checking of types is far far tidier (new module TcHsTypes replaces
        the badly-named TcMonoType).  Strangely, this was one of my
        original goals, because the kind check for types is the Right Place to
        do type splicing, but it just didn't fit there before.
      
      * There's a new representation for newtypes in TypeRep.lhs.  Previously
        they were represented using "SourceTypes" which was a funny compromise.
        Now they have their own constructor in the Type datatype.  SourceType
        has turned back into PredType, which is what it used to be.
      
      * Instance decl overlap checking done lazily.  Consider
      	instance C Int b
      	instance C a Int
        These were rejected before as overlapping, because when seeking
        (C Int Int) one couldn't tell which to use.  But there's no problem when
        seeking (C Bool Int); it can only be the second.
      
        So instead of checking for overlap when adding a new instance declaration,
        we check for overlap when looking up an Inst.  If we find more than one
        matching instance, we see if any of the candidates dominates the others
        (in the sense of being a substitution instance of all the others);
        and only if not do we report an error.
      
      
      
      	------------------------
      	     Medium things
      	------------------------
      
      * The TcRn monad is generalised a bit further.  It's now based on utils/IOEnv.lhs,
        the IO monad with an environment.  The desugarer uses the monad too,
        so that anything it needs can get faulted in nicely.
      
      * Reduce the number of wired-in things; in particular Word and Integer
        are no longer wired in.  The latter required HsLit.HsInteger to get a
        Type argument.  The 'derivable type classes' data types (:+:, :*: etc)
        are not wired in any more either (see stuff about derivable type classes
        below).
      
      * The PersistentComilerState is now held in a mutable variable
        in the HscEnv.  Previously (a) it was passed to and then returned by
        many top-level functions, which was painful; (b) it was invariably
        accompanied by the HscEnv.  This change tidies up top-level plumbing
        without changing anything important.
      
      * Derivable type classes are treated much more like 'deriving' clauses.
        Previously, the Ids for the to/from functions lived inside the TyCon,
        but now the TyCon simply records their existence (with a simple boolean).
        Anyone who wants to use them must look them up in the environment.
      
        This in turn makes it easy to generate the to/from functions (done
        in types/Generics) using HsSyn (like TcGenDeriv for ordinary derivings)
        instead of CoreSyn, which in turn means that (a) we don't have to figure
        out all the type arguments etc; and (b) it'll be type-checked for us.
        Generally, the task of generating the code has become easier, which is
        good for Manuel, who wants to make it more sophisticated.
      
      * A Name now says what its "parent" is. For example, the parent of a data
        constructor is its type constructor; the parent of a class op is its
        class.  This relationship corresponds exactly to the Avail data type;
        there may be other places we can exploit it.  (I made the change so that
        version comparison in interface files would be a bit easier; but in
        fact it tided up other things here and there (see calls to
        Name.nameParent).  For example, the declaration pool, of declararations
        read from interface files, but not yet used, is now keyed only by the 'main'
        name of the declaration, not the subordinate names.
      
      * New types OccEnv and OccSet, with the usual operations.
        OccNames can be efficiently compared, because they have uniques, thanks
        to the hashing implementation of FastStrings.
      
      * The GlobalRdrEnv is now keyed by OccName rather than RdrName.  Not only
        does this halve the size of the env (because we don't need both qualified
        and unqualified versions in the env), but it's also more efficient because
        we can use a UniqFM instead of a FiniteMap.
      
        Consequential changes to Provenance, which has moved to RdrName.
      
      * External Core remains a bit of a hack, as it was before, done with a mixture
        of HsDecls (so that recursiveness and argument variance is still inferred),
        and IfaceExprs (for value declarations).  It's not thoroughly tested.
      
      
      	------------------------
      	     Minor things
      	------------------------
      
      * DataCon fields dcWorkId, dcWrapId combined into a single field
        dcIds, that is explicit about whether the data con is a newtype or not.
        MkId.mkDataConWorkId and mkDataConWrapId are similarly combined into
        MkId.mkDataConIds
      
      * Choosing the boxing strategy is done for *source* type decls only, and
        hence is now in TcTyDecls, not DataCon.
      
      * WiredIn names are distinguished by their n_sort field, not by their location,
        which was rather strange
      
      * Define Maybes.mapCatMaybes :: (a -> Maybe b) -> [a] -> [b]
        and use it here and there
      
      * Much better pretty-printing of interface files (--show-iface)
      
      Many, many other small things.
      
      
      	------------------------
      	     File changes
      	------------------------
      * New iface/ subdirectory
      * Much of RnEnv has moved to iface/IfaceEnv
      * MkIface and BinIface have moved from main/ to iface/
      * types/Variance has been absorbed into typecheck/TcTyDecls
      * RnHiFiles and RnIfaces have vanished entirely.  Their
        work is done by iface/LoadIface
      * hsSyn/HsCore has gone, replaced by iface/IfaceSyn
      * typecheck/TcIfaceSig has gone, replaced by iface/TcIface
      * typecheck/TcMonoType has been renamed to typecheck/TcHsType
      * basicTypes/Var.hi-boot and basicTypes/Generics.hi-boot have gone altogether
      98688c6e
  8. 24 Sep, 2003 1 commit
  9. 16 Sep, 2003 1 commit
    • simonmar's avatar
      [project @ 2003-09-16 13:03:37 by simonmar] · 2129fa6f
      simonmar authored
      Legacy Removal
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      
      The following features have been consigned to the bit bucket:
      
        _ccall_
        _casm_
        ``....''  (lit-lits)
        the CCallable class
        the CReturnable class
      2129fa6f
  10. 24 Jun, 2003 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2003-06-24 07:58:18 by simonpj] · 16e4ce4c
      simonpj authored
      ----------------------------------------------
      	Add support for Ross Paterson's arrow notation
      	----------------------------------------------
      
      Ross Paterson's ICFP'01 paper described syntax to support John Hughes's
      "arrows", rather as do-notation supports monads.  Except that do-notation is
      relatively modest -- you can write monads by hand without much trouble --
      whereas arrow-notation is more-or-less essential for writing arrow programs.
      It desugars to a massive pile of tuple construction and selection!
      
      For some time, Ross has had a pre-processor for arrow notation, but the
      resulting type error messages (reported in terms of the desugared code)
      are impenetrable.  This commit integrates the syntax into GHC.  The
      type error messages almost certainly still require tuning, but they should
      be better than with the pre-processor.
      
      Main syntactic changes (enabled with -farrows)
      
         exp ::= ... | proc pat -> cmd
      
         cmd ::= exp1 -<  exp2   |  exp1 >-  exp2
      	|  exp1 -<< exp2   |  exp1 >>- exp2
      	| \ pat1 .. patn -> cmd
      	| let decls in cmd
      	| if exp then cmd1 else cmd2
      	| do { cstmt1 .. cstmtn ; cmd }
      	| (| exp |) cmd1 .. cmdn
      	| cmd1 qop cmd2
      	| case exp of { calts }
      
         cstmt :: = let decls
      	 |   pat <- cmd
      	 |   rec { cstmt1 .. cstmtn }
      	 |   cmd
      
      New keywords and symbols:
      	proc rec
      	-<   >-   -<<   >>-
      	(|  |)
      
      The do-notation in cmds was not described in Ross's ICFP'01 paper; instead
      it's in his chapter in The Fun of Programming (Plagrave 2003).
      
      The four arrow-tail forms (-<) etc cover
        (a) which order the pices come in (-<  vs  >-), and
        (b) whether the locally bound variables can be used in the
      		arrow part (-<  vs  -<<) .
      In previous presentations, the higher-order-ness (b) was inferred,
      but it makes a big difference to the typing required so it seems more
      consistent to be explicit.
      
      The 'rec' form is also available in do-notation:
        * you can use 'rec' in an ordinary do, with the obvious meaning
        * using 'mdo' just says "infer the minimal recs"
      
      
      Still to do
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      Top priority is the user manual.
      
      The implementation still lacks an implementation of
      the case form of cmd.
      
      
      Implementation notes
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      Cmds are parsed, and indeed renamed, as expressions.  The type checker
      distinguishes the two.
      16e4ce4c
  11. 26 Feb, 2003 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2003-02-26 17:04:11 by simonpj] · c86e9006
      simonpj authored
      ----------------------------------
      	Improve higher-rank type inference
      	----------------------------------
      
      Yanling Wang pointed out that if we have
      
      	f = \ (x :: forall a. a->a). x
      
      it would be reasonable to expect that type inference would get the "right"
      rank-2 type for f.  She also found that the plausible definition
      
      	f :: (forall a. a->a) = \x -> x
      
      acutally failed to type check.
      
      This commit fixes up TcBinds.tcMonoBinds so that it does a better job.
      The main idea is that there are three cases to consider in a function binding:
      
        a) 'f' has a separate type signature
      	In this case, we know f's type everywhere
      
        b) The binding is recursive, and there is no type sig
      	In this case we must give f a monotype in its RHS
      
        c) The binding is non-recursive, and there is no type sig
      	Then we do not need to add 'f' to the envt, and can
      	simply infer a type for the RHS, which may be higher
      	ranked.
      c86e9006
  12. 20 Feb, 2003 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2003-02-20 18:33:50 by simonpj] · 56b5a8b8
      simonpj authored
      -------------------------------------
            Add Core Notes and the {-# CORE #-} pragma
      	-------------------------------------
      
      This is an idea of Hal Daume's. The key point is that Notes in Core
      are augmented thus:
      
        data Note
          = SCC CostCentre
          | ...
          | CoreNote String     -- NEW
      
      These notes can be injected via a Haskell-source pragma:
      
         f x = ({-# CORE "foo" #-} show) ({-# CORE "bar" #-} x)
      
      This wraps a (Note (CoreNote "foo")) around the 'show' variable,
      and a similar note around the argument to 'show'.
      
      These notes are basically ignored by GHC, but are emitted into
      External Core, where they may convey useful information.
      
      Exactly how code involving these notes is munged by the simplifier
      isn't very well defined.  We'll see how it pans out.  Meanwhile
      the impact on the rest of the compiler is minimal.
      56b5a8b8
  13. 14 Feb, 2003 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2003-02-14 14:22:24 by simonpj] · 5538aeeb
      simonpj authored
      -------------------------------------
         Do the top-level tcSimpifyTop (to resolve monomorphic constraints)
         once for the whole program, rather than once per splice group
      	-------------------------------------
      
      This change makes the trivial program
      
      	main = return ()
      
      work again.  It had stopped working (emitting an error about Monad m
      being unconstrained) because the 'checkMain' stuff (which knows special
      things about 'main' was happening only *after* all the groups of
      decls in the module had been dealt with and zonked (incl tcSimplifyTop).
      
      Better to postpone.  A little more plumbing, but one fewer unexpected
      happenings.
      5538aeeb
  14. 23 Oct, 2002 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-10-23 14:30:00 by simonpj] · 203a687f
      simonpj authored
      ------------------------------------------------
      	Allow implicit-parameter bindings anywhere that
      		a normal binding group is allowed.
      	------------------------------------------------
      
      That is, you can have implicit parameters
      
      	* in a let binding
      	* in a where clause (but then you can't have non-implicit
      	  ones as well)
      	* in a let group in a list comprehension or monad do-notation
      
      The implementation is simple: just add IPBinds to the allowable forms of HsBinds,
      and remove the HsWith expression form altogether.   (It now comes in via the
      HsLet form.)
      
      It'a a nice generalisation really.  Needs a bit of documentation, which I'll do next.
      203a687f
  15. 11 Oct, 2002 2 commits
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-10-11 14:46:02 by simonpj] · cbb5beb0
      simonpj authored
      ------------------------------------------
      	Implement reification for Template Haskell
      	------------------------------------------
      
      This is entirely un-tested, but I don't think it'll break non-TH stuff.
      
      Implements
      	reifyDecl T :: Dec	-- Data type T
      	reifyDecl C :: Dec	-- Class C
      	reifyType f :: Typ	-- Function f
      
      I hope.
      cbb5beb0
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-10-11 08:47:12 by simonpj] · 35be7d9d
      simonpj authored
      Fix mdo so that it works with polymorphic functions
      35be7d9d
  16. 09 Oct, 2002 2 commits
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-10-09 16:53:10 by simonpj] · aadb64aa
      simonpj authored
      Fix to mdo, plus SrcLocs on splices and brackets
      aadb64aa
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-10-09 15:03:48 by simonpj] · 8c1b6bd7
      simonpj authored
      -----------------------------------
      	Lots more Template Haskell stuff
      	-----------------------------------
      
      At last!  Top-level declaration splices work!
      Syntax is
      
      	$(f x)
      
      not "splice (f x)" as in the paper.
      
      Lots jiggling around, particularly with the top-level plumbining.
      Note the new data type HsDecls.HsGroup.
      8c1b6bd7
  17. 27 Sep, 2002 2 commits
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-09-27 12:42:42 by simonpj] · 278092c8
      simonpj authored
      Wibbles to improve error reporting
      278092c8
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-09-27 08:20:43 by simonpj] · dbc254c3
      simonpj authored
      --------------------------------
              Implement recursive do-notation
      	--------------------------------
      
      This commit adds recursive do-notation, which Hugs has had for some time.
      
      	mdo { x <- foo y ;
      	      y <- baz x ;
      	      return (y,x) }
      
      turns into
      
      	do { (x,y) <- mfix (\~(x,y) -> do { x <- foo y;
      					    y <- baz x }) ;
      	     return (y,x) }
      
      This is all based on work by Levent Erkok and John Lanuchbury.
      
      The really tricky bit is in the renamer (RnExpr.rnMDoStmts) where
      we break things up into minimal segments.  The rest is easy, including
      the type checker.
      
      Levent laid the groundwork, and Simon finished it off. Needless to say,
      I couldn't resist tidying up other stuff, so there's no guaranteed I
      have not broken something.
      dbc254c3
  18. 17 Sep, 2002 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-09-17 13:00:14 by simonpj] · 451a42dc
      simonpj authored
      --------------------------------------
      	Another attempt to make unbound type
      	variables in RULES work right
      	--------------------------------------
      
      Sigh.  I'm trying to find the unbound type variables on the LHS of a
      RULE.  I thought I could just gather free vars, but that does not work
      well on an un-zonked LHS, because a big lambda might bind a type variable
      that looks different (pre-zonking) but isn't really.
      
      Oh well, back to plan B which is more work but more robust.
      
      Now the zonking phase (in TcHsSyn) arranges to zonk types in a different
      way (zonkTypeCollecting) on a rule LHS than in ordinary expressions
      (zonkTypeZapping).  This is less dependent on the exact form of the LHS
      (good) but involves another mutable variable (not unclean, but it's sad
      to have to admit that mutable variables do sometimes allow you to make
      non-invasive changes).
      451a42dc
  19. 13 Sep, 2002 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-09-13 15:02:25 by simonpj] · 9af77fa4
      simonpj authored
      --------------------------------------
      	Make Template Haskell into the HEAD
      	--------------------------------------
      
      This massive commit transfers to the HEAD all the stuff that
      Simon and Tim have been doing on Template Haskell.  The
      meta-haskell-branch is no more!
      
      WARNING: make sure that you
      
        * Update your links if you are using link trees.
          Some modules have been added, some have gone away.
      
        * Do 'make clean' in all library trees.
          The interface file format has changed, and you can
          get strange panics (sadly) if GHC tries to read old interface files:
          e.g.  ghc-5.05: panic! (the `impossible' happened, GHC version 5.05):
      	  Binary.get(TyClDecl): ForeignType
      
        * You need to recompile the rts too; Linker.c has changed
      
      
      However the libraries are almost unaltered; just a tiny change in
      Base, and to the exports in Prelude.
      
      
      NOTE: so far as TH itself is concerned, expression splices work
      fine, but declaration splices are not complete.
      
      
      		---------------
      		The main change
      		---------------
      
      The main structural change: renaming and typechecking have to be
      interleaved, because we can't rename stuff after a declaration splice
      until after we've typechecked the stuff before (and the splice
      itself).
      
      * Combine the renamer and typecheker monads into one
      	(TcRnMonad, TcRnTypes)
        These two replace TcMonad and RnMonad
      
      * Give them a single 'driver' (TcRnDriver).  This driver
        replaces TcModule.lhs and Rename.lhs
      
      * The haskell-src library package has a module
      	Language/Haskell/THSyntax
        which defines the Haskell data type seen by the TH programmer.
      
      * New modules:
      	hsSyn/Convert.hs 	converts THSyntax -> HsSyn
      	deSugar/DsMeta.hs 	converts HsSyn -> THSyntax
      
      * New module typecheck/TcSplice type-checks Template Haskell splices.
      
      		-------------
      		Linking stuff
      		-------------
      
      * ByteCodeLink has been split into
      	ByteCodeLink	(which links)
      	ByteCodeAsm	(which assembles)
      
      * New module ghci/ObjLink is the object-code linker.
      
      * compMan/CmLink is removed entirely (was out of place)
        Ditto CmTypes (which was tiny)
      
      * Linker.c initialises the linker when it is first used (no need to call
        initLinker any more).  Template Haskell makes it harder to know when
        and whether to initialise the linker.
      
      
      	-------------------------------------
      	Gathering the LIE in the type checker
      	-------------------------------------
      
      * Instead of explicitly gathering constraints in the LIE
      	tcExpr :: RenamedExpr -> TcM (TypecheckedExpr, LIE)
        we now dump the constraints into a mutable varabiable carried
        by the monad, so we get
      	tcExpr :: RenamedExpr -> TcM TypecheckedExpr
      
        Much less clutter in the code, and more efficient too.
        (Originally suggested by Mark Shields.)
      
      
      		-----------------
      		Remove "SysNames"
      		-----------------
      
      Because the renamer and the type checker were entirely separate,
      we had to carry some rather tiresome implicit binders (or "SysNames")
      along inside some of the HsDecl data structures.  They were both
      tiresome and fragile.
      
      Now that the typechecker and renamer are more intimately coupled,
      we can eliminate SysNames (well, mostly... default methods still
      carry something similar).
      
      		-------------
      		Clean up HsPat
      		-------------
      
      One big clean up is this: instead of having two HsPat types (InPat and
      OutPat), they are now combined into one.  This is more consistent with
      the way that HsExpr etc is handled; there are some 'Out' constructors
      for the type checker output.
      
      So:
      	HsPat.InPat	--> HsPat.Pat
      	HsPat.OutPat	--> HsPat.Pat
      	No 'pat' type parameter in HsExpr, HsBinds, etc
      
      	Constructor patterns are nicer now: they use
      		HsPat.HsConDetails
      	for the three cases of constructor patterns:
      		prefix, infix, and record-bindings
      
      	The *same* data type HsConDetails is used in the type
      	declaration of the data type (HsDecls.TyData)
      
      Lots of associated clean-up operations here and there.  Less code.
      Everything is wonderful.
      9af77fa4
  20. 05 Jun, 2002 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-06-05 14:39:27 by simonpj] · b2f644fa
      simonpj authored
      ---------------------------------------
      	Add rebindable syntax for do-notation
      		(this time, on the HEAD)
      	---------------------------------------
      
      Make do-notation use rebindable syntax, so that -fno-implicit-prelude
      makes do-notation use whatever (>>=), (>>), return, fail are in scope,
      rather than the Prelude versions.
      
      On the way, combine HsDo and HsDoOut into one constructor in HsSyn,
      and tidy up type checking of HsDo.
      b2f644fa
  21. 11 Apr, 2002 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-04-11 12:03:29 by simonpj] · a7b95beb
      simonpj authored
      -------------------
      	Mainly derived Read
      	-------------------
      
      This commit is a tangle of several things that somehow got wound up
      together, I'm afraid.
      
      
      The main course
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      Replace the derived-Read machinery with Koen's cunning new parser
      combinator library.   The result should be
      	* much smaller code sizes from derived Read
      	* faster execution of derived Read
      
      WARNING: I have not thoroughly tested this stuff; I'd be glad if you did!
      	 All the hard work is done, but there may be a few nits.
      
      The Read class gets two new methods, not exposed
      in the H98 inteface of course:
        class Read a where
          readsPrec    :: Int -> ReadS a
          readList     :: ReadS [a]
          readPrec     :: ReadPrec a		-- NEW
          readListPrec :: ReadPrec [a]	-- NEW
      
      There are the following new libraries:
      
        Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP		Koens combinator parser
        Text.ParserCombinators.ReadPrec	Ditto, but with precedences
      
        Text.Read.Lex				An emasculated lexical analyser
      					that provides the functionality
      					of H98 'lex'
      
      TcGenDeriv is changed to generate code that uses the new libraries.
      The built-in instances of Read (List, Maybe, tuples, etc) use the new
      libraries.
      
      
      Other stuff
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      1. Some fixes the the plumbing of external-core generation. Sigbjorn
      did most of the work earlier, but this commit completes the renaming and
      typechecking plumbing.
      
      2. Runtime error-generation functions, such as GHC.Err.recSelErr,
      GHC.Err.recUpdErr, etc, now take an Addr#, pointing to a UTF8-encoded
      C string, instead of a Haskell string.  This makes the *calls* to these
      functions easier to generate, and smaller too, which is a good thing.
      
      In particular, it means that MkId.mkRecordSelectorId doesn't need to
      be passed "unpackCStringId", which was GRUESOME; and that in turn means
      that tcTypeAndClassDecls doesn't need to be passed unf_env, which is
      a very worthwhile cleanup.   Win/win situation.
      
      3.  GHC now faithfully translates do-notation using ">>" for statements
      with no binding, just as the report says.  While I was there I tidied
      up HsDo to take a list of Ids instead of 3 (but now 4) separate Ids.
      Saves a bit of code here and there.  Also introduced Inst.newMethodFromName
      to package a common idiom.
      a7b95beb
  22. 05 Apr, 2002 1 commit
    • sof's avatar
      [project @ 2002-04-05 15:18:25 by sof] · acc784b5
      sof authored
      Cleaned up the way the External Core front-end was
      integrated with the rest of the compiler;
      guided by detailed and helpful feedback from Simon PJ.
      
      Input files ending in ".hcr" are now assumed to contain
      external core -- still working on getting the renamer
      to slurp in interface files (implicitly) referred to
      in the Core source.
      acc784b5
  23. 02 Apr, 2002 1 commit
    • simonmar's avatar
      [project @ 2002-04-02 13:56:32 by simonmar] · 94c5c5a2
      simonmar authored
      Allow the use of 'let' for implcit bindings.
      
      Support for 'with' is left in place for the time being, but on seeing
      a 'with' we emit a non-suppressible warning about 'with' being
      deprecated in favour of 'let'.
      94c5c5a2
  24. 01 Apr, 2002 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-04-01 08:23:30 by simonpj] · 9003a18c
      simonpj authored
      ------------------------------------
      	Change the treatment of the stupid
      	   context on data constructors
      	-----------------------------------
      
      Data types can have a context:
      
      	data (Eq a, Ord b) => T a b = T1 a b | T2 a
      
      and that makes the constructors have a context too
      (notice that T2's context is "thinned"):
      
      	T1 :: (Eq a, Ord b) => a -> b -> T a b
      	T2 :: (Eq a) => a -> T a b
      
      Furthermore, this context pops up when pattern matching
      (though GHC hasn't implemented this, but it is in H98, and
      I've fixed GHC so that it now does):
      
      	f (T2 x) = x
      gets inferred type
      	f :: Eq a => T a b -> a
      
      I say the context is "stupid" because the dictionaries passed
      are immediately discarded -- they do nothing and have no benefit.
      It's a flaw in the language.
      
      Up to now I have put this stupid context into the type of
      the "wrapper" constructors functions, T1 and T2, but that turned
      out to be jolly inconvenient for generics, and record update, and
      other functions that build values of type T (because they don't
      have suitable dictionaries available).
      
      So now I've taken the stupid context out.  I simply deal with
      it separately in the type checker on occurrences of a constructor,
      either in an expression or in a pattern.
      
      To this end
      
      * Lots of changes in DataCon, MkId
      
      * New function Inst.tcInstDataCon to instantiate a data constructor
      
      
      
      I also took the opportunity to
      
      * Rename
      	dataConId --> dataConWorkId
        for consistency.
      
      * Tidied up MkId.rebuildConArgs quite a bit, and renamed it
      	mkReboxingAlt
      
      * Add function DataCon.dataConExistentialTyVars, with the obvious meaning
      9003a18c
  25. 29 Mar, 2002 1 commit
    • sof's avatar
      [project @ 2002-03-29 21:39:36 by sof] · 76293b14
      sof authored
      Front end for External Core.
      
      Initial go at implementing a Core front end
      (enabled via -fcore); work in progress (renamer
      is currently not willing to slurp in & resolve
      imports.)
      76293b14
  26. 28 Feb, 2002 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2002-02-28 12:17:19 by simonpj] · 469c3333
      simonpj authored
      ---------------------------------
      	Fix a rather obscure bug in tcGen
      	---------------------------------
      
      This bug concerns deciding when a type variable "escapes",
      and hence we can't generalise it.  Our new subsumption-checking
      machinery for higher-ranked types requires a slightly
      more general approach than I had before.  The main excitement
      is in TcUnify.checkSigTyVars and its friends.
      
      As usual, I moved functions around and cleaned things up a bit;
      hence the multi-module commit.
      469c3333
  27. 14 Feb, 2002 1 commit
  28. 11 Feb, 2002 1 commit
    • chak's avatar
      [project @ 2002-02-11 08:20:38 by chak] · 10fcd78c
      chak authored
      *******************************
      		       * Merging from ghc-ndp-branch *
      		       *******************************
      
      This commit merges the current state of the "parallel array extension" and
      includes the following:
      
      * (Almost) completed Milestone 1:
        - The option `-fparr' activates the H98 extension for parallel arrays.
        - These changes have a high likelihood of conflicting (in the CVS sense)
          with other changes to GHC and are the reason for merging now.
        - ToDo: There are still some (less often used) functions not implemented in
      	  `PrelPArr' and a mechanism is needed to automatically import
      	  `PrelPArr' iff `-fparr' is given.  Documentation that should go into
      	  the Commentary is currently in `ghc/compiler/ndpFlatten/TODO'.
      
      * Partial Milestone 2:
        - The option `-fflatten' activates the flattening transformation and `-ndp'
          selects the "ndp" way (where all libraries have to be compiled with
          flattening).  The way option `-ndp' automagically turns on `-fparr' and
          `-fflatten'.
        - Almost all changes are in the new directory `ndpFlatten' and shouldn't
          affect the rest of the compiler.  The only exception are the options and
          the points in `HscMain' where the flattening phase is called when
          `-fflatten' is given.
        - This isn't usable yet, but already implements function lifting,
          vectorisation, and a new analysis that determines which parts of a module
          have to undergo the flattening transformation.  Missing are data structure
          and function specialisation, the unboxed array library (including fusion
          rules), and lots of testing.
      
      I have just run the regression tests on the thing without any problems.  So,
      it seems, as if we haven't broken anything crucial.
      10fcd78c
  29. 04 Feb, 2002 1 commit
    • chak's avatar
      [project @ 2002-02-04 03:40:31 by chak] · 0299e1a1
      chak authored
      Foreign import/export declarations now conform to FFI Addendum Version 1.0
      
      * The old form of foreign declarations is still supported, but generates
        deprecation warnings.
      
      * There are some rather exotic old-style declarations which have become
        invalid as they are interpreted differently under the new scheme and there
        is no (easy) way to determine which style the programmer had in mind (eg,
        importing a C function with the name `wrapper' where the external name is
        explicitly given will not work in some situations - depends on whether an
        `unsafe' was specified and similar things).
      
      * Some "new" old-style forms have been introduced to make parsing a little bit
        easier (ie, avoid shift/reduce conflicts between new-style and old-style
        grammar rules), but they are few, arcane, and don't really hurt (and I won't
        tell what they are, you need to find that out by yourself ;-)
      
      * The FFI Addendum doesn't specify whether a header file that is requested for
        inclusion by multiple foreign declarations should be included only once or
        multiple times.  GHC at the moment includes an header as often as it appears
        in a foreign declaration.  For properly written headers, it doesn't make a
        difference anyway...
      
      * Library object specifications are currently silently ignored.  The feature
        was mainly requested for external calls in .NET (ie, calls which invoke C
        routines when Haskell is compiled to ILX), but those don't seem to be
        supported yet.
      
      * Foreign label declarations are currently broken, but they were already
        broken before I started messing with the stuff.
      
      The code is moderately tested.  All modules in lib/std/ and hslibs/lang/
      (using old-style declarations) still compile fine and I have run a couple of
      tests on the different forms of new-style declarations.
      0299e1a1
  30. 29 Nov, 2001 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2001-11-29 13:47:09 by simonpj] · 32a89583
      simonpj authored
      ------------------------------
      	Add linear implicit parameters
      	------------------------------
      
      Linear implicit parameters are an idea developed by Koen Claessen,
      Mark Shields, and Simon PJ, last week.  They address the long-standing
      problem that monads seem over-kill for certain sorts of problem, notably:
      
      	* distributing a supply of unique names
      	* distributing a suppply of random numbers
      	* distributing an oracle (as in QuickCheck)
      
      
      Linear implicit parameters are just like ordinary implicit parameters,
      except that they are "linear" -- that is, they cannot be copied, and
      must be explicitly "split" instead.  Linear implicit parameters are
      written '%x' instead of '?x'.  (The '/' in the '%' suggests the
      split!)
      
      For example:
      
          data NameSupply = ...
      
          splitNS :: NameSupply -> (NameSupply, NameSupply)
          newName :: NameSupply -> Name
      
          instance PrelSplit.Splittable NameSupply where
      	split = splitNS
      
      
          f :: (%ns :: NameSupply) => Env -> Expr -> Expr
          f env (Lam x e) = Lam x' (f env e)
      		    where
      		      x'   = newName %ns
      		      env' = extend env x x'
          ...more equations for f...
      
      Notice that the implicit parameter %ns is consumed
      	once by the call to newName
      	once by the recursive call to f
      
      So the translation done by the type checker makes
      the parameter explicit:
      
          f :: NameSupply -> Env -> Expr -> Expr
          f ns env (Lam x e) = Lam x' (f ns1 env e)
      		       where
      	 		 (ns1,ns2) = splitNS ns
      			 x' = newName ns2
      			 env = extend env x x'
      
      Notice the call to 'split' introduced by the type checker.
      How did it know to use 'splitNS'?  Because what it really did
      was to introduce a call to the overloaded function 'split',
      ndefined by
      
      	class Splittable a where
      	  split :: a -> (a,a)
      
      The instance for Splittable NameSupply tells GHC how to implement
      split for name supplies.  But we can simply write
      
      	g x = (x, %ns, %ns)
      
      and GHC will infer
      
      	g :: (Splittable a, %ns :: a) => b -> (b,a,a)
      
      The Splittable class is built into GHC.  It's defined in PrelSplit,
      and exported by GlaExts.
      
      Other points:
      
      * '?x' and '%x' are entirely distinct implicit parameters: you
        can use them together and they won't intefere with each other.
      
      * You can bind linear implicit parameters in 'with' clauses.
      
      * You cannot have implicit parameters (whether linear or not)
        in the context of a class or instance declaration.
      
      
      Warnings
      ~~~~~~~~
      The monomorphism restriction is even more important than usual.
      Consider the example above:
      
          f :: (%ns :: NameSupply) => Env -> Expr -> Expr
          f env (Lam x e) = Lam x' (f env e)
      		    where
      		      x'   = newName %ns
      		      env' = extend env x x'
      
      If we replaced the two occurrences of x' by (newName %ns), which is
      usually a harmless thing to do, we get:
      
          f :: (%ns :: NameSupply) => Env -> Expr -> Expr
          f env (Lam x e) = Lam (newName %ns) (f env e)
      		    where
      		      env' = extend env x (newName %ns)
      
      But now the name supply is consumed in *three* places
      (the two calls to newName,and the recursive call to f), so
      the result is utterly different.  Urk!  We don't even have
      the beta rule.
      
      Well, this is an experimental change.  With implicit
      parameters we have already lost beta reduction anyway, and
      (as John Launchbury puts it) we can't sensibly reason about
      Haskell programs without knowing their typing.
      
      Of course, none of this is throughly tested, either.
      32a89583
  31. 26 Nov, 2001 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2001-11-26 09:20:25 by simonpj] · 5e3f005d
      simonpj authored
      ----------------------
      	Implement Rank-N types
      	----------------------
      
      This commit implements the full glory of Rank-N types, using
      the Odersky/Laufer approach described in their paper
      	"Putting type annotations to work"
      
      In fact, I've had to adapt their approach to deal with the
      full glory of Haskell (including pattern matching, and the
      scoped-type-variable extension).  However, the result is:
      
      * There is no restriction to rank-2 types.  You can nest forall's
        as deep as you like in a type.  For example, you can write a type
        like
      	p :: ((forall a. Eq a => a->a) -> Int) -> Int
        This is a rank-3 type, illegal in GHC 5.02
      
      * When matching types, GHC uses the cunning Odersky/Laufer coercion
        rules.  For example, suppose we have
      	q :: (forall c. Ord c => c->c) -> Int
        Then, is this well typed?
      	x :: Int
      	x = p q
        Yes, it is, but GHC has to generate the right coercion.  Here's
        what it looks like with all the big lambdas and dictionaries put in:
      
      	x = p (\ f :: (forall a. Eq a => a->a) ->
      		 q (/\c \d::Ord c -> f c (eqFromOrd d)))
      
        where eqFromOrd selects the Eq superclass dictionary from the Ord
        dicationary:		eqFromOrd :: Ord a -> Eq a
      
      
      * You can use polymorphic types in pattern type signatures.  For
        example:
      
      	f (g :: forall a. a->a) = (g 'c', g True)
      
        (Previously, pattern type signatures had to be monotypes.)
      
      * The basic rule for using rank-N types is that you must specify
        a type signature for every binder that you want to have a type
        scheme (as opposed to a plain monotype) as its type.
      
        However, you don't need to give the type signature on the
        binder (as I did above in the defn for f).  You can give it
        in a separate type signature, thus:
      
      	f :: (forall a. a->a) -> (Char,Bool)
      	f g = (g 'c', g True)
      
        GHC will push the external type signature inwards, and use
        that information to decorate the binders as it comes across them.
        I don't have a *precise* specification of this process, but I
        think it is obvious enough in practice.
      
      * In a type synonym you can use rank-N types too.  For example,
        you can write
      
      	type IdFun = forall a. a->a
      
      	f :: IdFun -> (Char,Bool)
      	f g = (g 'c', g True)
      
        As always, type synonyms must always occur saturated; GHC
        expands them before it does anything else.  (Still, GHC goes
        to some trouble to keep them unexpanded in error message.)
      
      
      The main plan is as before.  The main typechecker for expressions,
      tcExpr, takes an "expected type" as its argument.  This greatly
      improves error messages.  The new feature is that when this
      "expected type" (going down) meets an "actual type" (coming up)
      we use the new subsumption function
      	TcUnify.tcSub
      which checks that the actual type can be coerced into the
      expected type (and produces a coercion function to demonstrate).
      
      The main new chunk of code is TcUnify.tcSub.  The unifier itself
      is unchanged, but it has moved from TcMType into TcUnify.  Also
      checkSigTyVars has moved from TcMonoType into TcUnify.
      Result: the new module, TcUnify, contains all stuff relevant
      to subsumption and unification.
      
      Unfortunately, there is now an inevitable loop between TcUnify
      and TcSimplify, but that's just too bad (a simple TcUnify.hi-boot
      file).
      
      
      All of this doesn't come entirely for free.  Here's the typechecker
      line count (INCLUDING comments)
      	Before	16,551
      	After	17,116
      5e3f005d
  32. 07 Nov, 2001 1 commit
  33. 31 Oct, 2001 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2001-10-31 15:22:53 by simonpj] · 61bfd5dd
      simonpj authored
      ------------------------------------------
      	Improved handling of scoped type variables
      	------------------------------------------
      
      The main effect of this commit is to allow scoped type variables
      in pattern bindings, thus
      
      	(x::a, y::b) = e
      
      This was illegal, but now it's ok.  a and b have the same scope
      as x and y.
      
      
      On the way I beefed up the info inside a type variable
      (TcType.TyVarDetails; c.f. IdInfo.GlobalIdDetails) which
      helps to improve error messages. Hence the wide ranging changes.
      Pity about the extra loop from Var to TcType, but can't be helped.
      61bfd5dd
  34. 26 Sep, 2001 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2001-09-26 15:12:33 by simonpj] · e0d750be
      simonpj authored
      ------------------
      		Simon's big commit
      		------------------
      
      This commit, which I don't think I can sensibly do piecemeal, consists
      of the things I've been doing recently, mainly directed at making
      Manuel, George, and Marcin happier with RULES.
      
      
      Reogranise the simplifier
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      1. The simplifier's environment is now an explicit parameter.  This
      makes it a bit easier to figure out where it is going.
      
      2. Constructor arguments can now be arbitrary expressions, except
      when the application is the RHS of a let(rec).  This makes it much
      easier to match rules like
      
      	RULES
      	    "foo"  f (h x, g y) = f' x y
      
      In the simplifier, it's Simplify.mkAtomicArgs that ANF-ises a
      constructor application where necessary.  In the occurrence analyser,
      there's a new piece of context info (OccEncl) to say whether a
      constructor app is in a place where it should be in ANF.  (Unless
      it knows this it'll give occurrence info which will inline the
      argument back into the constructor app.)
      
      3. I'm experimenting with doing the "float-past big lambda" transformation
      in the full laziness pass, rather than mixed in with the simplifier (was
      tryRhsTyLam).
      
      4.  Arrange that
      	case (coerce (S,T) (x,y)) of ...
      will simplify.  Previous it didn't.
      A local change to CoreUtils.exprIsConApp_maybe.
      
      5. Do a better job in CoreUtils.exprEtaExpandArity when there's an
      error function in one branch.
      
      
      Phase numbers, RULES, and INLINE pragmas
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      1.  Phase numbers decrease from N towards zero (instead of increasing).
      This makes it easier to add new earlier phases, which is what users want
      to do.
      
      2.  RULES get their own phase number, N, and are disabled in phases before N.
      
      e.g. 	{-# RULES "foo" [2] forall x y.  f (x,y) = f' x y #-}
      
      Note the [2], which says "only active in phase 2 and later".
      
      3.  INLINE and NOINLINE pragmas have a phase number to.  This is now treated
      in just the same way as the phase number on RULE; that is, the Id is not inlined
      in phases earlier than N.  In phase N and later the Id *may* be inlined, and
      here is where INLINE and NOINLINE differ: INLNE makes the RHS look small, so
      as soon as it *may* be inlined it probably *will* be inlined.
      
      The syntax of the phase number on an INLINE/NOINLINE pragma has changed to be
      like the RULES case (i.e. in square brackets).  This should also make sure
      you examine all such phase numbers; many will need to change now the numbering
      is reversed.
      
      Inlining Ids is no longer affected at all by whether the Id appears on the
      LHS of a rule.  Now it's up to the programmer to put a suitable INLINE/NOINLINE
      pragma to stop it being inlined too early.
      
      
      Implementation notes:
      
      *  A new data type, BasicTypes.Activation says when a rule or inline pragma
      is active.   Functions isAlwaysActive, isNeverActive, isActive, do the
      obvious thing (all in BasicTypes).
      
      * Slight change in the SimplifierSwitch data type, which led to a lot of
      simplifier-specific code moving from CmdLineOpts to SimplMonad; a Good Thing.
      
      * The InlinePragma in the IdInfo of an Id is now simply an Activation saying
      when the Id can be inlined.  (It used to be a rather bizarre pair of a
      Bool and a (Maybe Phase), so this is much much easier to understand.)
      
      * The simplifier has a "mode" environment switch, replacing the old
      black list.  Unfortunately the data type decl has to be in
      CmdLineOpts, because it's an argument to the CoreDoSimplify switch
      
          data SimplifierMode = SimplGently | SimplPhase Int
      
      Here "gently" means "no rules, no inlining".   All the crucial
      inlining decisions are now collected together in SimplMonad
      (preInlineUnconditionally, postInlineUnconditionally, activeInline,
      activeRule).
      
      
      Specialisation
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      1.  Only dictionary *functions* are made INLINE, not dictionaries that
      have no parameters.  (This inline-dictionary-function thing is Marcin's
      idea and I'm still not sure whether it's a good idea.  But it's definitely
      a Bad Idea when there are no arguments.)
      
      2.  Be prepared to specialise an INLINE function: an easy fix in
      Specialise.lhs
      
      But there is still a problem, which is that the INLINE wins
      at the call site, so we don't use the specialised version anyway.
      I'm still unsure whether it makes sense to SPECIALISE something
      you want to INLINE.
      
      
      
      
      
      Random smaller things
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      
      * builtinRules (there was only one, but may be more) in PrelRules are now
        incorporated.   They were being ignored before...
      
      * OrdList.foldOL -->  OrdList.foldrOL, OrdList.foldlOL
      
      * Some tidying up of the tidyOpenTyVar, tidyTyVar functions.  I've
        forgotten exactly what!
      e0d750be
  35. 13 Jul, 2001 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2001-07-13 13:29:56 by simonpj] · d4e38936
      simonpj authored
      ------------------------------------
      	Tidy up the "syntax rebinding" story
      	------------------------------------
      
      I found a bug in the code that dealt with re-binding implicit
      numerical syntax:
      	literals 	(fromInteger/fromRational)
      	negation	(negate)
      	n+k patterns	(minus)
      
      This is triggered by the -fno-implicit-prelude flag, and it
      used to be handled via the PrelNames.SyntaxMap.
      
      But I found a nicer way to do it that involves much less code,
      and doesn't have the bug.  The explanation is with
      	RnEnv.lookupSyntaxName
      d4e38936
  36. 12 Jul, 2001 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2001-07-12 16:21:22 by simonpj] · ab46fd8e
      simonpj authored
      --------------------------------------------
      	Fix another bug in the squash-newtypes story.
      	--------------------------------------------
      
      [This one was spotted by Marcin, and is now enshrined in test tc130.]
      
      The desugarer straddles the boundary between the type checker and
      Core, so it sometimes needs to look through newtypes/implicit parameters
      and sometimes not.  This is really a bit painful, but I can't think of
      a better way to do it.
      
      The only simple way to fix things was to pass a bit more type
      information in the HsExpr type, from the type checker to the desugarer.
      That led to the non-local changes you can see.
      
      On the way I fixed one other thing.  In various HsSyn constructors
      there is a Type that is bogus (bottom) before the type checker, and
      filled in with a real type by the type checker.  In one place it was
      a (Maybe Type) which was Nothing before, and (Just ty) afterwards.
      I've defined a type synonym HsTypes.PostTcType for this, and a named
      bottom value HsTypes.placeHolderType to use when you want the bottom
      value.
      ab46fd8e
  37. 25 Jun, 2001 1 commit
    • simonpj's avatar
      [project @ 2001-06-25 08:09:57 by simonpj] · d069cec2
      simonpj authored
      ----------------
      	Squash newtypes
      	----------------
      
      This commit squashes newtypes and their coerces, from the typechecker
      onwards.  The original idea was that the coerces would not get in the
      way of optimising transformations, but despite much effort they continue
      to do so.   There's no very good reason to retain newtype information
      beyond the typechecker, so now we don't.
      
      Main points:
      
      * The post-typechecker suite of Type-manipulating functions is in
      types/Type.lhs, as before.   But now there's a new suite in types/TcType.lhs.
      The difference is that in the former, newtype are transparent, while in
      the latter they are opaque.  The typechecker should only import TcType,
      not Type.
      
      * The operations in TcType are all non-monadic, and most of them start with
      "tc" (e.g. tcSplitTyConApp).  All the monadic operations (used exclusively
      by the typechecker) are in a new module, typecheck/TcMType.lhs
      
      * I've grouped newtypes with predicate types, thus:
      	data Type = TyVarTy Tyvar | ....
      		  | SourceTy SourceType
      
      	data SourceType = NType TyCon [Type]
      			| ClassP Class [Type]
      			| IParam Type
      
      [SourceType was called PredType.]  This is a little wierd in some ways,
      because NTypes can't occur in qualified types.   However, the idea is that
      a SourceType is a type that is opaque to the type checker, but transparent
      to the rest of the compiler, and newtypes fit that as do implicit parameters
      and dictionaries.
      
      * Recursive newtypes still retain their coreces, exactly as before. If
      they were transparent we'd get a recursive type, and that would make
      various bits of the compiler diverge (e.g. things which do type comparison).
      
      * I've removed types/Unify.lhs (non-monadic type unifier and matcher),
      merging it into TcType.
      
      Ditto typecheck/TcUnify.lhs (monadic unifier), merging it into TcMType.
      d069cec2