1. 11 Dec, 2015 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Add kind equalities to GHC. · 67465497
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      This implements the ideas originally put forward in
      "System FC with Explicit Kind Equality" (ICFP'13).
      
      There are several noteworthy changes with this patch:
       * We now have casts in types. These change the kind
         of a type. See new constructor `CastTy`.
      
       * All types and all constructors can be promoted.
         This includes GADT constructors. GADT pattern matches
         take place in type family equations. In Core,
         types can now be applied to coercions via the
         `CoercionTy` constructor.
      
       * Coercions can now be heterogeneous, relating types
         of different kinds. A coercion proving `t1 :: k1 ~ t2 :: k2`
         proves both that `t1` and `t2` are the same and also that
         `k1` and `k2` are the same.
      
       * The `Coercion` type has been significantly enhanced.
         The documentation in `docs/core-spec/core-spec.pdf` reflects
         the new reality.
      
       * The type of `*` is now `*`. No more `BOX`.
      
       * Users can write explicit kind variables in their code,
         anywhere they can write type variables. For backward compatibility,
         automatic inference of kind-variable binding is still permitted.
      
       * The new extension `TypeInType` turns on the new user-facing
         features.
      
       * Type families and synonyms are now promoted to kinds. This causes
         trouble with parsing `*`, leading to the somewhat awkward new
         `HsAppsTy` constructor for `HsType`. This is dispatched with in
         the renamer, where the kind `*` can be told apart from a
         type-level multiplication operator. Without `-XTypeInType` the
         old behavior persists. With `-XTypeInType`, you need to import
         `Data.Kind` to get `*`, also known as `Type`.
      
       * The kind-checking algorithms in TcHsType have been significantly
         rewritten to allow for enhanced kinds.
      
       * The new features are still quite experimental and may be in flux.
      
       * TODO: Several open tickets: #11195, #11196, #11197, #11198, #11203.
      
       * TODO: Update user manual.
      
      Tickets addressed: #9017, #9173, #7961, #10524, #8566, #11142.
      Updates Haddock submodule.
      67465497
  2. 30 Oct, 2015 1 commit
    • Ben Gamari's avatar
      Generate Typeable info at definition sites · 91c6b1f5
      Ben Gamari authored
      This is the second attempt at merging D757.
      
      This patch implements the idea floated in Trac #9858, namely that we
      should generate type-representation information at the data type
      declaration site, rather than when solving a Typeable constraint.
      
      However, this turned out quite a bit harder than I expected. I still
      think it's the right thing to do, and it's done now, but it was quite
      a struggle.
      
      See particularly
      
       * Note [Grand plan for Typeable] in TcTypeable (which is a new module)
       * Note [The overall promotion story] in DataCon (clarifies existing
      stuff)
      
      The most painful bit was that to generate Typeable instances (ie
      TyConRepName bindings) for every TyCon is tricky for types in ghc-prim
      etc:
      
       * We need to have enough data types around to *define* a TyCon
       * Many of these types are wired-in
      
      Also, to minimise the code generated for each data type, I wanted to
      generate pure data, not CAFs with unpackCString# stuff floating about.
      
      Performance
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      Three perf/compiler tests start to allocate quite a bit more. This isn't
      surprising, because they all allocate zillions of data types, with
      practically no other code, esp. T1969
      
       * T1969:    GHC allocates 19% more
       * T4801:    GHC allocates 13% more
       * T5321FD:  GHC allocates 13% more
       * T9675:    GHC allocates 11% more
       * T783:     GHC allocates 11% more
       * T5642:    GHC allocates 10% more
      
      I'm treating this as acceptable. The payoff comes in Typeable-heavy
      code.
      
      Remaining to do
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      
       * I think that "TyCon" and "Module" are over-generic names to use for
         the runtime type representations used in GHC.Typeable. Better might
      be
         "TrTyCon" and "TrModule". But I have not yet done this
      
       * Add more info the the "TyCon" e.g. source location where it was
         defined
      
       * Use the new "Module" type to help with Trac Trac #10068
      
       * It would be possible to generate TyConRepName (ie Typeable
         instances) selectively rather than all the time. We'd need to persist
         the information in interface files. Lacking a motivating reason I
      have
         not done this, but it would not be difficult.
      
      Refactoring
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      As is so often the case, I ended up refactoring more than I intended.
      In particular
      
       * In TyCon, a type *family* (whether type or data) is repesented by a
         FamilyTyCon
           * a algebraic data type (including data/newtype instances) is
             represented by AlgTyCon This wasn't true before; a data family
             was represented as an AlgTyCon. There are some corresponding
             changes in IfaceSyn.
      
           * Also get rid of the (unhelpfully named) tyConParent.
      
       * In TyCon define 'Promoted', isomorphic to Maybe, used when things are
         optionally promoted; and use it elsewhere in GHC.
      
       * Cleanup handling of knownKeyNames
      
       * Each TyCon, including promoted TyCons, contains its TyConRepName, if
         it has one. This is, in effect, the name of its Typeable instance.
      
      Updates haddock submodule
      
      Test Plan: Let Harbormaster validate
      
      Reviewers: austin, hvr, goldfire
      
      Subscribers: goldfire, thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D1404
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #9858
      91c6b1f5
  3. 29 Oct, 2015 2 commits
    • Ben Gamari's avatar
      Revert "Generate Typeable info at definition sites" · bbaf76f9
      Ben Gamari authored
      This reverts commit bef2f03e.
      
      This merge was botched
      
      Also reverts haddock submodule.
      bbaf76f9
    • Ben Gamari's avatar
      Generate Typeable info at definition sites · bef2f03e
      Ben Gamari authored
      This patch implements the idea floated in Trac #9858, namely that we
      should generate type-representation information at the data type
      declaration site, rather than when solving a Typeable constraint.
      
      However, this turned out quite a bit harder than I expected. I still
      think it's the right thing to do, and it's done now, but it was quite
      a struggle.
      
      See particularly
      
       * Note [Grand plan for Typeable] in TcTypeable (which is a new module)
       * Note [The overall promotion story] in DataCon (clarifies existing stuff)
      
      The most painful bit was that to generate Typeable instances (ie
      TyConRepName bindings) for every TyCon is tricky for types in ghc-prim
      etc:
      
       * We need to have enough data types around to *define* a TyCon
       * Many of these types are wired-in
      
      Also, to minimise the code generated for each data type, I wanted to
      generate pure data, not CAFs with unpackCString# stuff floating about.
      
      Performance
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      Three perf/compiler tests start to allocate quite a bit more. This isn't
      surprising, because they all allocate zillions of data types, with
      practically no other code, esp. T1969
      
       * T3294:   GHC allocates 110% more (filed #11030 to track this)
       * T1969:   GHC allocates 30% more
       * T4801:   GHC allocates 14% more
       * T5321FD: GHC allocates 13% more
       * T783:    GHC allocates 12% more
       * T9675:   GHC allocates 12% more
       * T5642:   GHC allocates 10% more
       * T9961:   GHC allocates 6% more
      
       * T9203:   Program allocates 54% less
      
      I'm treating this as acceptable. The payoff comes in Typeable-heavy
      code.
      
      Remaining to do
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      
       * I think that "TyCon" and "Module" are over-generic names to use for
         the runtime type representations used in GHC.Typeable. Better might be
         "TrTyCon" and "TrModule". But I have not yet done this
      
       * Add more info the the "TyCon" e.g. source location where it was
         defined
      
       * Use the new "Module" type to help with Trac Trac #10068
      
       * It would be possible to generate TyConRepName (ie Typeable
         instances) selectively rather than all the time. We'd need to persist
         the information in interface files. Lacking a motivating reason I have
         not done this, but it would not be difficult.
      
      Refactoring
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      As is so often the case, I ended up refactoring more than I intended.
      In particular
      
       * In TyCon, a type *family* (whether type or data) is repesented by a
         FamilyTyCon
           * a algebraic data type (including data/newtype instances) is
             represented by AlgTyCon This wasn't true before; a data family
             was represented as an AlgTyCon. There are some corresponding
             changes in IfaceSyn.
      
           * Also get rid of the (unhelpfully named) tyConParent.
      
       * In TyCon define 'Promoted', isomorphic to Maybe, used when things are
         optionally promoted; and use it elsewhere in GHC.
      
       * Cleanup handling of knownKeyNames
      
       * Each TyCon, including promoted TyCons, contains its TyConRepName, if
         it has one. This is, in effect, the name of its Typeable instance.
      
      Requires update of the haddock submodule.
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D757
      bef2f03e
  4. 28 Nov, 2014 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Rename some of the functions in NameSet, to make the uniform with VarSet etc · 7460dafa
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      For ages NameSet has used different names,
        eg.   addOneToNameSet   rather than    extendNameSet
              nameSetToList     rather than    nameSetElems
      
      etc.  Other set-like modules use uniform naming conventions.
      This patch makes NameSet follow suit.
      
      No change in behaviour; this is just renaming.
      
      I'm doing this just before the fork so that merging is easier.
      7460dafa
  5. 20 Nov, 2014 1 commit
    • Jan Stolarek's avatar
      Split SynTyCon to SynonymTyCon and FamilyTyCon · 696fc4ba
      Jan Stolarek authored
      This patch refactors internal representation of type synonyms and type families by splitting them into two separate data constructors of TyCon data type. The main motivation is is that some fields make sense only for type synonyms and some make sense only for type families. This will be even more true with the upcoming injective type families.
      
      There is also some refactoring of names to keep the naming constistent. And thus tc_kind field has become tyConKind and tc_roles has become tcRoles. Both changes are not visible from the outside of TyCon module.
      
      Updates haddock submodule
      
      Reviewers: simonpj
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D508
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #9812
      696fc4ba
  6. 09 Sep, 2014 1 commit
    • Austin Seipp's avatar
      Make Applicative a superclass of Monad · d94de872
      Austin Seipp authored
      
      
      Summary:
      This includes pretty much all the changes needed to make `Applicative`
      a superclass of `Monad` finally. There's mostly reshuffling in the
      interests of avoid orphans and boot files, but luckily we can resolve
      all of them, pretty much. The only catch was that
      Alternative/MonadPlus also had to go into Prelude to avoid this.
      
      As a result, we must update the hsc2hs and haddock submodules.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAustin Seipp <austin@well-typed.com>
      
      Test Plan: Build things, they might not explode horribly.
      
      Reviewers: hvr, simonmar
      
      Subscribers: simonmar
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D13
      d94de872
  7. 15 May, 2014 1 commit
    • Herbert Valerio Riedel's avatar
      Add LANGUAGE pragmas to compiler/ source files · 23892440
      Herbert Valerio Riedel authored
      In some cases, the layout of the LANGUAGE/OPTIONS_GHC lines has been
      reorganized, while following the convention, to
      
      - place `{-# LANGUAGE #-}` pragmas at the top of the source file, before
        any `{-# OPTIONS_GHC #-}`-lines.
      
      - Moreover, if the list of language extensions fit into a single
        `{-# LANGUAGE ... -#}`-line (shorter than 80 characters), keep it on one
        line. Otherwise split into `{-# LANGUAGE ... -#}`-lines for each
        individual language extension. In both cases, try to keep the
        enumeration alphabetically ordered.
        (The latter layout is preferable as it's more diff-friendly)
      
      While at it, this also replaces obsolete `{-# OPTIONS ... #-}` pragma
      occurences by `{-# OPTIONS_GHC ... #-}` pragmas.
      23892440
  8. 02 Aug, 2013 1 commit
  9. 21 Jun, 2013 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Revise implementation of overlapping type family instances. · 569b2652
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      This commit changes the syntax and story around overlapping type
      family instances. Before, we had "unbranched" instances and
      "branched" instances. Now, we have closed type families and
      open ones.
      
      The behavior of open families is completely unchanged. In particular,
      coincident overlap of open type family instances still works, despite
      emails to the contrary.
      
      A closed type family is declared like this:
      > type family F a where
      >   F Int = Bool
      >   F a   = Char
      The equations are tried in order, from top to bottom, subject to
      certain constraints, as described in the user manual. It is not
      allowed to declare an instance of a closed family.
      569b2652
  10. 06 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  11. 22 Dec, 2012 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Implement overlapping type family instances. · 8366792e
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      An ordered, overlapping type family instance is introduced by 'type
      instance
      where', followed by equations. See the new section in the user manual
      (7.7.2.2) for details. The canonical example is Boolean equality at the
      type
      level:
      
      type family Equals (a :: k) (b :: k) :: Bool
      type instance where
        Equals a a = True
        Equals a b = False
      
      A branched family instance, such as this one, checks its equations in
      order
      and applies only the first the matches. As explained in the note
      [Instance
      checking within groups] in FamInstEnv.lhs, we must be careful not to
      simplify,
      say, (Equals Int b) to False, because b might later unify with Int.
      
      This commit includes all of the commits on the overlapping-tyfams
      branch. SPJ
      requested that I combine all my commits over the past several months
      into one
      monolithic commit. The following GHC repos are affected: ghc, testsuite,
      utils/haddock, libraries/template-haskell, and libraries/dph.
      
      Here are some details for the interested:
      
      - The definition of CoAxiom has been moved from TyCon.lhs to a
        new file CoAxiom.lhs. I made this decision because of the
        number of definitions necessary to support BranchList.
      
      - BranchList is a GADT whose type tracks whether it is a
        singleton list or not-necessarily-a-singleton-list. The reason
        I introduced this type is to increase static checking of places
        where GHC code assumes that a FamInst or CoAxiom is indeed a
        singleton. This assumption takes place roughly 10 times
        throughout the code. I was worried that a future change to GHC
        would invalidate the assumption, and GHC might subtly fail to
        do the right thing. By explicitly labeling CoAxioms and
        FamInsts as being Unbranched (singleton) or
        Branched (not-necessarily-singleton), we make this assumption
        explicit and checkable. Furthermore, to enforce the accuracy of
        this label, the list of branches of a CoAxiom or FamInst is
        stored using a BranchList, whose constructors constrain its
        type index appropriately.
      
      I think that the decision to use BranchList is probably the most
      controversial decision I made from a code design point of view.
      Although I provide conversions to/from ordinary lists, it is more
      efficient to use the brList... functions provided in CoAxiom than
      always to convert. The use of these functions does not wander far
      from the core CoAxiom/FamInst logic.
      
      BranchLists are motivated and explained in the note [Branched axioms] in
      CoAxiom.lhs.
      
      - The CoAxiom type has changed significantly. You can see the new
        type in CoAxiom.lhs. It uses a CoAxBranch type to track
        branches of the CoAxiom. Correspondingly various functions
        producing and consuming CoAxioms had to change, including the
        binary layout of interface files.
      
      - To get branched axioms to work correctly, it is important to have a
        notion
        of type "apartness": two types are apart if they cannot unify, and no
        substitution of variables can ever get them to unify, even after type
      family
        simplification. (This is different than the normal failure to unify
      because
        of the type family bit.) This notion in encoded in tcApartTys, in
      Unify.lhs.
        Because apartness is finer-grained than unification, the tcUnifyTys
      now
        calls tcApartTys.
      
      - CoreLinting axioms has been updated, both to reflect the new
        form of CoAxiom and to enforce the apartness rules of branch
        application. The formalization of the new rules is in
        docs/core-spec/core-spec.pdf.
      
      - The FamInst type (in types/FamInstEnv.lhs) has changed
        significantly, paralleling the changes to CoAxiom. Of course,
        this forced minor changes in many files.
      
      - There are several new Notes in FamInstEnv.lhs, including one
        discussing confluent overlap and why we're not doing it.
      
      - lookupFamInstEnv, lookupFamInstEnvConflicts, and
        lookup_fam_inst_env' (the function that actually does the work)
        have all been more-or-less completely rewritten. There is a
        Note [lookup_fam_inst_env' implementation] describing the
        implementation. One of the changes that affects other files is
        to change the type of matches from a pair of (FamInst, [Type])
        to a new datatype (which now includes the index of the matching
        branch). This seemed a better design.
      
      - The TySynInstD constructor in Template Haskell was updated to
        use the new datatype TySynEqn. I also bumped the TH version
        number, requiring changes to DPH cabal files. (That's why the
        DPH repo has an overlapping-tyfams branch.)
      
      - As SPJ requested, I refactored some of the code in HsDecls:
      
       * splitting up TyDecl into SynDecl and DataDecl, correspondingly
         changing HsTyDefn to HsDataDefn (with only one constructor)
      
       * splitting FamInstD into TyFamInstD and DataFamInstD and
         splitting FamInstDecl into DataFamInstDecl and TyFamInstDecl
      
       * making the ClsInstD take a ClsInstDecl, for parallelism with
         InstDecl's other constructors
      
       * changing constructor TyFamily into FamDecl
      
       * creating a FamilyDecl type that stores the details for a family
         declaration; this is useful because FamilyDecls can appear in classes
      but
         other decls cannot
      
       * restricting the associated types and associated type defaults for a
       * class
         to be the new, more restrictive types
      
       * splitting cid_fam_insts into cid_tyfam_insts and cid_datafam_insts,
         according to the new types
      
       * perhaps one or two more that I'm overlooking
      
      None of these changes has far-reaching implications.
      
      - The user manual, section 7.7.2.2, is updated to describe the new type
        family
        instances.
      8366792e
  12. 09 Dec, 2012 2 commits
  13. 05 Dec, 2012 1 commit
  14. 17 Sep, 2012 1 commit
  15. 22 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  16. 16 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  17. 15 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • chak@cse.unsw.edu.au.'s avatar
      Fix vectorisation of classes · b68bbd86
      chak@cse.unsw.edu.au. authored
      - Make sure that we have no implicit names in ifaces
      - Any vectorisation info makes a module an orphan module
      - Allow 'Show' in vectorised code without vectorising it for the moment
      b68bbd86
  18. 03 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Major refactoring of CoAxioms · 98a642cf
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch should have no user-visible effect.  It implements a
      significant internal refactoring of the way that FC axioms are
      handled.  The ultimate goal is to put us in a position to implement
      "pattern-matching axioms".  But the changes here are only does
      refactoring; there is no change in functionality.
      
      Specifically:
      
       * We now treat data/type family instance declarations very,
         very similarly to types class instance declarations:
      
         - Renamed InstEnv.Instance as InstEnv.ClsInst, for symmetry with
           FamInstEnv.FamInst.  This change does affect the GHC API, but
           for the better I think.
      
         - Previously, each family type/data instance declaration gave rise
           to a *TyCon*; typechecking a type/data instance decl produced
           that TyCon.  Now, each type/data instance gives rise to
           a *FamInst*, by direct analogy with each class instance
           declaration giving rise to a ClsInst.
      
         - Just as each ClsInst contains its evidence, a DFunId, so each FamInst
           contains its evidence, a CoAxiom.  See Note [FamInsts and CoAxioms]
           in FamInstEnv.  The CoAxiom is a System-FC thing, and can relate any
           two types, whereas the FamInst relates directly to the Haskell source
           language construct, and always has a function (F tys) on the LHS.
      
         - Just as a DFunId has its own declaration in an interface file, so now
           do CoAxioms (see IfaceSyn.IfaceAxiom).
      
         These changes give rise to almost all the refactoring.
      
       * We used to have a hack whereby a type family instance produced a dummy
         type synonym, thus
            type instance F Int = Bool -> Bool
         translated to
            axiom FInt :: F Int ~ R:FInt
            type R:FInt = Bool -> Bool
         This was always a hack, and now it's gone.  Instead the type instance
         declaration produces a FamInst, whose axiom has kind
            axiom FInt :: F Int ~ Bool -> Bool
         just as you'd expect.
      
       * Newtypes are done just as before; they generate a CoAxiom. These
         CoAxioms are "implicit" (do not generate an IfaceAxiom declaration),
         unlike the ones coming from family instance declarations.  See
         Note [Implicit axioms] in TyCon
      
      On the whole the code gets significantly nicer.  There were consequential
      tidy-ups in the vectoriser, but I think I got them right.
      98a642cf
  19. 25 Nov, 2011 1 commit
  20. 23 Nov, 2011 2 commits
  21. 18 Nov, 2011 1 commit
  22. 17 Nov, 2011 2 commits
  23. 15 Nov, 2011 2 commits
  24. 14 Nov, 2011 4 commits
  25. 09 Nov, 2011 1 commit
  26. 04 Nov, 2011 1 commit
  27. 31 Oct, 2011 1 commit
  28. 10 Oct, 2011 1 commit
  29. 21 Sep, 2011 1 commit
    • Simon Marlow's avatar
      Add support for all top-level declarations to GHCi · 3db75724
      Simon Marlow authored
        This is work mostly done by Daniel Winograd-Cort during his
        internship at MSR Cambridge, with some further refactoring by me.
      
      This commit adds support to GHCi for most top-level declarations that
      can be used in Haskell source files.  Class, data, newtype, type,
      instance are all supported, as are Type Family-related declarations.
      
      The current set of declarations are shown by :show bindings.  As with
      variable bindings, entities bound by newer declarations shadow earlier
      ones.
      
      Tests are in testsuite/tests/ghci/scripts/ghci039--ghci054.
      Documentation to follow.
      3db75724
  30. 24 Aug, 2011 1 commit
  31. 18 Aug, 2011 2 commits