1. 21 Jul, 2011 1 commit
  2. 13 Jun, 2011 1 commit
  3. 02 May, 2011 1 commit
  4. 19 Apr, 2011 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      This BIG PATCH contains most of the work for the New Coercion Representation · fdf86568
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      See the paper "Practical aspects of evidence based compilation in System FC"
      
      * Coercion becomes a data type, distinct from Type
      
      * Coercions become value-level things, rather than type-level things,
        (although the value is zero bits wide, like the State token)
        A consequence is that a coerion abstraction increases the arity by 1
        (just like a dictionary abstraction)
      
      * There is a new constructor in CoreExpr, namely Coercion, to inject
        coercions into terms
      fdf86568
  5. 05 Jan, 2011 1 commit
  6. 01 Nov, 2010 1 commit
  7. 13 Dec, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Fix recursive superclasses (again). Fixes Trac #4809. · a3bab050
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch finally deals with the super-delicate question of
      superclases in possibly-recursive dictionaries.  The key idea
      is the DFun Superclass Invariant (see TcInstDcls):
      
           In the body of a DFun, every superclass argument to the
           returned dictionary is
             either   * one of the arguments of the DFun,
             or       * constant, bound at top level
      
      To establish the invariant, we add new "silent" superclass
      argument(s) to each dfun, so that the dfun does not do superclass
      selection internally.  There's a bit of hoo-ha to make sure that
      we don't print those silent arguments in error messages; a knock
      on effect was a change in interface-file format.
      
      A second change is that instead of the complex and fragile
      "self dictionary binding" in TcInstDcls and TcClassDcl,
      using the same mechanism for existential pattern bindings.
      See Note [Subtle interaction of recursion and overlap] in TcInstDcls
      and Note [Binding when looking up instances] in InstEnv.
      
      Main notes are here:
      
        * Note [Silent Superclass Arguments] in TcInstDcls,
          including the DFun Superclass Invariant
      
      Main code changes are:
      
        * The code for MkId.mkDictFunId and mkDictFunTy
      
        * DFunUnfoldings get a little more complicated;
          their arguments are a new type DFunArg (in CoreSyn)
      
        * No "self" argument in tcInstanceMethod
        * No special tcSimplifySuperClasss
        * No "dependents" argument to EvDFunApp
      
      IMPORTANT
         It turns out that it's quite tricky to generate the right
         DFunUnfolding for a specialised dfun, when you use SPECIALISE
         INSTANCE.  For now I've just commented it out (in DsBinds) but
         that'll lose some optimisation, and I need to get back to
         this.
      a3bab050
  8. 02 Dec, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Re-jig simplifySuperClass (again) · 5723262f
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This fixes the current loop in T3731, and will fix other
      reported loops.  The loops show up when we are generating
      evidence for superclasses in an instance declaration.
      
      The trick is to make the "self" dictionary simplifySuperClass
      depend *explicitly* on the superclass we are currently trying
      to build.  See Note [Dependencies in self dictionaries] in TcSimplify.
      
      That in turn means that EvDFunApp needs a dependency-list, used
      when chasing dependencies in isGoodRecEv.
      5723262f
  9. 21 Oct, 2010 1 commit
  10. 18 Oct, 2010 1 commit
  11. 07 Oct, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Implement auto-specialisation of imported Ids · 92267aa2
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This big-ish patch arranges that if an Id 'f' is 
        * Type-class overloaded 
             f :: Ord a => [a] -> [a]
        * Defined with an INLINABLE pragma
             {-# INLINABLE f #-}
        * Exported from its defining module 'D'
      
      then in any module 'U' that imports D
      
      1. Any call of 'f' at a fixed type will generate 
         (a) a specialised version of f in U
         (b) a RULE that rewrites unspecialised calls to the
             specialised on
      
        e.g. if the call is (f Int dOrdInt xs) then the 
        specialiser will generate
           $sfInt :: [Int] -> [Int]
           $sfInt = <code for f, imported from D, specialised>
           {-# RULE forall d.  f Int d = $sfInt #-}
      
      2. In addition, you can give an explicit {-# SPECIALISE -#}
         pragma for the imported Id
           {-# SPECIALISE f :: [Bool] -> [Bool] #-}
         This too generates a local specialised definition, 
         and the corresponding RULE 
      
      The new RULES are exported from module 'U', so that any module
      importing U will see the specialised versions of 'f', and will
      not re-specialise them.
      
      There's a flag -fwarn-auto-orphan that warns you if the auto-generated
      RULES are orphan rules. It's not in -Wall, mainly to avoid lots of
      error messages with existing packages.
      
      Main implementation changes
      
       - A new flag on a CoreRule to say if it was auto-generated.
         This is persisted across interface files, so there's a small
         change in interface file format.
      
       - Quite a bit of fiddling with plumbing, to get the 
         {-# SPECIALISE #-} pragmas for imported Ids.  In particular, a
         new field tgc_imp_specs in TcGblEnv, to keep the specialise
         pragmas for imported Ids between the typechecker and the desugarer.
      
       - Some new code (although surprisingly little) in Specialise,
         to deal with calls of imported Ids
      92267aa2
  12. 24 Sep, 2010 1 commit
  13. 15 Sep, 2010 1 commit
  14. 13 Sep, 2010 1 commit
  15. 31 May, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Robustify the treatement of DFunUnfolding · a90dc390
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      See Note [DFun unfoldings] in CoreSyn.  The issue here is that 
      you can't tell how many dictionary arguments a DFun needs just
      from looking at the Arity of the DFun Id: if the dictionary is
      represented by a newtype the arity might include the dictionary
      and value arguments of the (single) method.
      
      So we need to record the number of arguments need by the DFun
      in the DFunUnfolding itself.  Details in 
         Note [DFun unfoldings] in CoreSyn
      a90dc390
  16. 10 May, 2010 1 commit
  17. 31 Mar, 2010 1 commit
  18. 09 Mar, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Rule binders shouldn't have DFun pragmas · 81e41fe3
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      When DsBinds deals with a SPECIALISE pragma, it makes up the binders
      for a RULE. These binders should be very vanilla: no IdInfo of any sort.
      But the way it was before they could have DFun pragmas, which led to
      Bad Joss downstream.  (Actually to cause a downstream *error* was itself
      a bug, which I've fixed, but it's clearly wrong for them to be DFuns!)
      81e41fe3
  19. 08 Jan, 2010 1 commit
  20. 06 Jan, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Improve the handling of default methods · 77166b17
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      See the long Note [INLINE and default methods].  
      
      This patch changes a couple of data types, with a knock-on effect on
      the format of interface files.  A lot of files get touched, but is a
      relatively minor change.  The main tiresome bit is the extra plumbing
      to communicate default methods between the type checker and the
      desugarer.
      77166b17
  21. 21 Dec, 2009 1 commit
  22. 02 Dec, 2009 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      More work on the simplifier's inlining strategies · c86161c5
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch collects a small raft of related changes
      
      * Arrange that during 
           (a) rule matching and 
           (b) uses of exprIsConApp_maybe
        we "look through" unfoldings only if they are active
        in the phase. Doing this for (a) required a bit of 
        extra plumbing in the rule matching code, but I think
        it's worth it.
      
        One wrinkle is that even if inlining is off (in the 'gentle'
        phase of simplification) during rule matching we want to
        "look through" things with inlinings.  
         See SimplUtils.activeUnfInRule.
      
        This fixes a long-standing bug, where things that were
        supposed to be (say) NOINLINE, could still be poked into
        via exprIsConApp_maybe. 
      
      * In the above cases, also check for (non-rule) loop breakers; 
        we never look through these.  This fixes a bug that could make
        the simplifier diverge (and did for Roman).  
        Test = simplCore/should_compile/dfun-loop
      
      * Try harder not to choose a DFun as a loop breaker. This is 
        just a small adjustment in the OccurAnal scoring function
      
      * In the scoring function in OccurAnal, look at the InlineRule
        unfolding (if there is one) not the actual RHS, beause the
        former is what'll be inlined.  
      
      * Make the application of any function to dictionary arguments
        CONLIKE.  Thus (f d1 d2) is CONLIKE.  
        Encapsulated in CoreUtils.isExpandableApp
        Reason: see Note [Expandable overloadings] in CoreUtils
      
      * Make case expressions seem slightly smaller in CoreUnfold.
        This reverses an unexpected consequences of charging for
        alternatives.
      
      Refactorings
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~
      * Signficantly refactor the data type for Unfolding (again). 
        The result is much nicer.  
      
      * Add type synonym BasicTypes.CompilerPhase = Int
        and use it
      
      Many of the files touched by this patch are simply knock-on
      consequences of these two refactorings.
      c86161c5
  23. 19 Nov, 2009 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Implement -fexpose-all-unfoldings, and fix a non-termination bug · 6a944ae7
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      The -fexpose-all-unfoldings flag arranges to put unfoldings for *everything*
      in the interface file.  Of course,  this makes the file a lot bigger, but
      it also makes it complete, and that's great for supercompilation; or indeed
      any whole-program work.
      
      Consequences:
        * Interface files need to record loop-breaker-hood.  (Previously,
          loop breakers were never exposed, so that info wasn't necessary.)
          Hence a small interface file format change. 
      
        * When inlining, must check loop-breaker-hood. (Previously, loop
          breakers didn't have an unfolding at all, so no need to check.)
      
        * Ditto in exprIsConApp_maybe.  Roman actually tripped this bug, 
          because a DFun, which had an unfolding, was also a loop breaker
      
        * TidyPgm.tidyIdInfo must be careful to preserve loop-breaker-hood
      
      So Id.idUnfolding checks for loop-breaker-hood and returns NoUnfolding
      if so. When you want the unfolding regardless of loop-breaker-hood, 
      use Id.realIdUnfolding.
      
      I have not documented the flag yet, because it's experimental.  Nor
      have I tested it thoroughly.  But with the flag off (the normal case)
      everything should work.
      6a944ae7
  24. 13 Nov, 2009 2 commits
  25. 30 Oct, 2009 1 commit
  26. 29 Oct, 2009 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      The Big INLINE Patch: totally reorganise way that INLINE pragmas work · 72462499
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch has been a long time in gestation and has, as a
      result, accumulated some extra bits and bobs that are only
      loosely related.  I separated the bits that are easy to split
      off, but the rest comes as one big patch, I'm afraid.
      
      Note that:
       * It comes together with a patch to the 'base' library
       * Interface file formats change slightly, so you need to
         recompile all libraries
      
      The patch is mainly giant tidy-up, driven in part by the
      particular stresses of the Data Parallel Haskell project. I don't
      expect a big performance win for random programs.  Still, here are the
      nofib results, relative to the state of affairs without the patch
      
              Program           Size    Allocs   Runtime   Elapsed
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Min         -12.7%    -14.5%    -17.5%    -17.8%
                  Max          +4.7%    +10.9%     +9.1%     +8.4%
       Geometric Mean          +0.9%     -0.1%     -5.6%     -7.3%
      
      The +10.9% allocation outlier is rewrite, which happens to have a
      very delicate optimisation opportunity involving an interaction
      of CSE and inlining (see nofib/Simon-nofib-notes). The fact that
      the 'before' case found the optimisation is somewhat accidental.
      Runtimes seem to go down, but I never kno wwhether to really trust
      this number.  Binary sizes wobble a bit, but nothing drastic.
      
      
      The Main Ideas are as follows.
      
      InlineRules
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      When you say 
            {-# INLINE f #-}
            f x = <rhs>
      you intend that calls (f e) are replaced by <rhs>[e/x] So we
      should capture (\x.<rhs>) in the Unfolding of 'f', and never meddle
      with it.  Meanwhile, we can optimise <rhs> to our heart's content,
      leaving the original unfolding intact in Unfolding of 'f'.
      
      So the representation of an Unfolding has changed quite a bit
      (see CoreSyn).  An INLINE pragma gives rise to an InlineRule 
      unfolding.  
      
      Moreover, it's only used when 'f' is applied to the
      specified number of arguments; that is, the number of argument on 
      the LHS of the '=' sign in the original source definition. 
      For example, (.) is now defined in the libraries like this
         {-# INLINE (.) #-}
         (.) f g = \x -> f (g x)
      so that it'll inline when applied to two arguments. If 'x' appeared
      on the left, thus
         (.) f g x = f (g x)
      it'd only inline when applied to three arguments.  This slightly-experimental
      change was requested by Roman, but it seems to make sense.
      
      Other associated changes
      
      * Moving the deck chairs in DsBinds, which processes the INLINE pragmas
      
      * In the old system an INLINE pragma made the RHS look like
         (Note InlineMe <rhs>)
        The Note switched off optimisation in <rhs>.  But it was quite
        fragile in corner cases. The new system is more robust, I believe.
        In any case, the InlineMe note has disappeared 
      
      * The workerInfo of an Id has also been combined into its Unfolding,
        so it's no longer a separate field of the IdInfo.
      
      * Many changes in CoreUnfold, esp in callSiteInline, which is the critical
        function that decides which function to inline.  Lots of comments added!
      
      * exprIsConApp_maybe has moved to CoreUnfold, since it's so strongly
        associated with "does this expression unfold to a constructor application".
        It can now do some limited beta reduction too, which Roman found 
        was an important.
      
      Instance declarations
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      It's always been tricky to get the dfuns generated from instance
      declarations to work out well.  This is particularly important in 
      the Data Parallel Haskell project, and I'm now on my fourth attempt,
      more or less.
      
      There is a detailed description in TcInstDcls, particularly in
      Note [How instance declarations are translated].   Roughly speaking
      we now generate a top-level helper function for every method definition
      in an instance declaration, so that the dfun takes a particularly
      stylised form:
        dfun a d1 d2 = MkD (op1 a d1 d2) (op2 a d1 d2) ...etc...
      
      In fact, it's *so* stylised that we never need to unfold a dfun.
      Instead ClassOps have a special rewrite rule that allows us to
      short-cut dictionary selection.  Suppose dfun :: Ord a -> Ord [a]
                                                  d :: Ord a
      Then   
          compare (dfun a d)  -->   compare_list a d 
      in one rewrite, without first inlining the 'compare' selector
      and the body of the dfun.
      
      To support this
      a) ClassOps have a BuiltInRule (see MkId.dictSelRule)
      b) DFuns have a special form of unfolding (CoreSyn.DFunUnfolding)
         which is exploited in CoreUnfold.exprIsConApp_maybe
      
      Implmenting all this required a root-and-branch rework of TcInstDcls
      and bits of TcClassDcl.
      
      
      Default methods
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      If you give an INLINE pragma to a default method, it should be just
      as if you'd written out that code in each instance declaration, including
      the INLINE pragma.  I think that it now *is* so.  As a result, library
      code can be simpler; less duplication.
      
      
      The CONLIKE pragma
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      In the DPH project, Roman found cases where he had
      
         p n k = let x = replicate n k
                 in ...(f x)...(g x)....
      
         {-# RULE f (replicate x) = f_rep x #-}
      
      Normally the RULE would not fire, because doing so involves 
      (in effect) duplicating the redex (replicate n k).  A new
      experimental modifier to the INLINE pragma, {-# INLINE CONLIKE
      replicate #-}, allows you to tell GHC to be prepared to duplicate
      a call of this function if it allows a RULE to fire.
      
      See Note [CONLIKE pragma] in BasicTypes
      
      
      Join points
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      See Note [Case binders and join points] in Simplify
      
      
      Other refactoring
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      * I moved endPass from CoreLint to CoreMonad, with associated jigglings
      
      * Better pretty-printing of Core
      
      * The top-level RULES (ones that are not rules for locally-defined things)
        are now substituted on every simplifier iteration.  I'm not sure how
        we got away without doing this before.  This entails a bit more plumbing
        in SimplCore.
      
      * The necessary stuff to serialise and deserialise the new
        info across interface files.
      
      * Something about bottoming floats in SetLevels
            Note [Bottoming floats]
      
      * substUnfolding has moved from SimplEnv to CoreSubs, where it belongs
      
      
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Program           Size    Allocs   Runtime   Elapsed
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 anna          +2.4%     -0.5%      0.16      0.17
                 ansi          +2.6%     -0.1%      0.00      0.00
                 atom          -3.8%     -0.0%     -1.0%     -2.5%
               awards          +3.0%     +0.7%      0.00      0.00
               banner          +3.3%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
           bernouilli          +2.7%     +0.0%     -4.6%     -6.9%
                boyer          +2.6%     +0.0%      0.06      0.07
               boyer2          +4.4%     +0.2%      0.01      0.01
                 bspt          +3.2%     +9.6%      0.02      0.02
            cacheprof          +1.4%     -1.0%    -12.2%    -13.6%
             calendar          +2.7%     -1.7%      0.00      0.00
             cichelli          +3.7%     -0.0%      0.13      0.14
              circsim          +3.3%     +0.0%     -2.3%     -9.9%
             clausify          +2.7%     +0.0%      0.05      0.06
        comp_lab_zift          +2.6%     -0.3%     -7.2%     -7.9%
             compress          +3.3%     +0.0%     -8.5%     -9.6%
            compress2          +3.6%     +0.0%    -15.1%    -17.8%
          constraints          +2.7%     -0.6%    -10.0%    -10.7%
         cryptarithm1          +4.5%     +0.0%     -4.7%     -5.7%
         cryptarithm2          +4.3%    -14.5%      0.02      0.02
                  cse          +4.4%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
                eliza          +2.8%     -0.1%      0.00      0.00
                event          +2.6%     -0.0%     -4.9%     -4.4%
               exp3_8          +2.8%     +0.0%     -4.5%     -9.5%
               expert          +2.7%     +0.3%      0.00      0.00
                  fem          -2.0%     +0.6%      0.04      0.04
                  fft          -6.0%     +1.8%      0.05      0.06
                 fft2          -4.8%     +2.7%      0.13      0.14
             fibheaps          +2.6%     -0.6%      0.05      0.05
                 fish          +4.1%     +0.0%      0.03      0.04
                fluid          -2.1%     -0.2%      0.01      0.01
               fulsom          -4.8%     +9.2%     +9.1%     +8.4%
               gamteb          -7.1%     -1.3%      0.10      0.11
                  gcd          +2.7%     +0.0%      0.05      0.05
          gen_regexps          +3.9%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
               genfft          +2.7%     -0.1%      0.05      0.06
                   gg          -2.7%     -0.1%      0.02      0.02
                 grep          +3.2%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
               hidden          -0.5%     +0.0%    -11.9%    -13.3%
                  hpg          -3.0%     -1.8%     +0.0%     -2.4%
                  ida          +2.6%     -1.2%      0.17     -9.0%
                infer          +1.7%     -0.8%      0.08      0.09
              integer          +2.5%     -0.0%     -2.6%     -2.2%
            integrate          -5.0%     +0.0%     -1.3%     -2.9%
              knights          +4.3%     -1.5%      0.01      0.01
                 lcss          +2.5%     -0.1%     -7.5%     -9.4%
                 life          +4.2%     +0.0%     -3.1%     -3.3%
                 lift          +2.4%     -3.2%      0.00      0.00
            listcompr          +4.0%     -1.6%      0.16      0.17
             listcopy          +4.0%     -1.4%      0.17      0.18
             maillist          +4.1%     +0.1%      0.09      0.14
               mandel          +2.9%     +0.0%      0.11      0.12
              mandel2          +4.7%     +0.0%      0.01      0.01
              minimax          +3.8%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
              mkhprog          +3.2%     -4.2%      0.00      0.00
           multiplier          +2.5%     -0.4%     +0.7%     -1.3%
             nucleic2          -9.3%     +0.0%      0.10      0.10
                 para          +2.9%     +0.1%     -0.7%     -1.2%
            paraffins         -10.4%     +0.0%      0.20     -1.9%
               parser          +3.1%     -0.0%      0.05      0.05
              parstof          +1.9%     -0.0%      0.00      0.01
                  pic          -2.8%     -0.8%      0.01      0.02
                power          +2.1%     +0.1%     -8.5%     -9.0%
               pretty         -12.7%     +0.1%      0.00      0.00
               primes          +2.8%     +0.0%      0.11      0.11
            primetest          +2.5%     -0.0%     -2.1%     -3.1%
               prolog          +3.2%     -7.2%      0.00      0.00
               puzzle          +4.1%     +0.0%     -3.5%     -8.0%
               queens          +2.8%     +0.0%      0.03      0.03
              reptile          +2.2%     -2.2%      0.02      0.02
              rewrite          +3.1%    +10.9%      0.03      0.03
                 rfib          -5.2%     +0.2%      0.03      0.03
                  rsa          +2.6%     +0.0%      0.05      0.06
                  scc          +4.6%     +0.4%      0.00      0.00
                sched          +2.7%     +0.1%      0.03      0.03
                  scs          -2.6%     -0.9%     -9.6%    -11.6%
               simple          -4.0%     +0.4%    -14.6%    -14.9%
                solid          -5.6%     -0.6%     -9.3%    -14.3%
              sorting          +3.8%     +0.0%      0.00      0.00
               sphere          -3.6%     +8.5%      0.15      0.16
               symalg          -1.3%     +0.2%      0.03      0.03
                  tak          +2.7%     +0.0%      0.02      0.02
            transform          +2.0%     -2.9%     -8.0%     -8.8%
             treejoin          +3.1%     +0.0%    -17.5%    -17.8%
            typecheck          +2.9%     -0.3%     -4.6%     -6.6%
              veritas          +3.9%     -0.3%      0.00      0.00
                 wang          -6.2%     +0.0%      0.18     -9.8%
            wave4main         -10.3%     +2.6%     -2.1%     -2.3%
         wheel-sieve1          +2.7%     -0.0%     +0.3%     -0.6%
         wheel-sieve2          +2.7%     +0.0%     -3.7%     -7.5%
                 x2n1          -4.1%     +0.1%      0.03      0.04
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Min         -12.7%    -14.5%    -17.5%    -17.8%
                  Max          +4.7%    +10.9%     +9.1%     +8.4%
       Geometric Mean          +0.9%     -0.1%     -5.6%     -7.3%
      72462499
  27. 15 Oct, 2009 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Fix Trac #959: a long-standing bug in instantiating otherwise-unbound type variables · 388e3356
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
          
         DO NOT MERGE TO GHC 6.12 branch
         (Reason: interface file format change.)
      
      The typechecker needs to instantiate otherwise-unconstraint type variables to
      an appropriately-kinded constant type, but we didn't have a supply of 
      arbitrarily-kinded tycons for this purpose.  Now we do.
      
      The details are described in Note [Any types] in TysPrim.  The
      fundamental change is that there is a new sort of TyCon, namely
      AnyTyCon, defined in TyCon.
      
      Ter's a small change to interface-file binary format, because the new
      AnyTyCons have to be serialised.
      
      I tided up the handling of uniques a bit too, so that mkUnique is not
      exported, so that we can see all the different name spaces in one module.
      388e3356
  28. 20 Aug, 2009 1 commit
  29. 07 Jul, 2009 1 commit
  30. 03 Jun, 2009 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Allow RULES for seq, and exploit them · 90ce88a0
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      Roman found situations where he had
            case (f n) of _ -> e
      where he knew that f (which was strict in n) would terminate if n did.
      Notice that the result of (f n) is discarded. So it makes sense to
      transform to
            case n of _ -> e
      
      Rather than attempt some general analysis to support this, I've added
      enough support that you can do this using a rewrite rule:
      
        RULE "f/seq" forall n.  seq (f n) e = seq n e
      
      You write that rule.  When GHC sees a case expression that discards
      its result, it mentally transforms it to a call to 'seq' and looks for
      a RULE.  (This is done in Simplify.rebuildCase.)  As usual, the
      correctness of the rule is up to you.
      
      This patch implements the extra stuff.  I have not documented it explicitly
      in the user manual yet... let's see how useful it is first.
      
      The patch looks bigger than it is, because
        a) Comments; see esp MkId Note [seqId magic]
      
        b) Some refactoring.  Notably, I moved the special desugaring for
           seq from MkCore back into DsUtils where it properly belongs.
           (It's really a desugaring thing, not a CoreSyn invariant.)
      
        c) Annoyingly, in a RULE left-hand side we need to be careful that
           the magical desugaring done in MkId Note [seqId magic] item (c) 
           is *not* done on the LHS of a rule. Or rather, we arrange to 
           un-do it, in DsBinds.decomposeRuleLhs.
      
      90ce88a0
  31. 18 Mar, 2009 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Add the notion of "constructor-like" Ids for rule-matching · 4bc25e8c
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch adds an optional CONLIKE modifier to INLINE/NOINLINE pragmas, 
         {-# NOINLINE CONLIKE [1] f #-}
      The effect is to allow applications of 'f' to be expanded in a potential
      rule match.  Example
        {-# RULE "r/f" forall v. r (f v) = f (v+1) #-}
      
      Consider the term
           let x = f v in ..x...x...(r x)...
      Normally the (r x) would not match the rule, because GHC would be scared
      about duplicating the redex (f v). However the CONLIKE modifier says to
      treat 'f' like a constructor in this situation, and "look through" the
      unfolding for x.  So (r x) fires, yielding (f (v+1)).
      
      The main changes are:
        - Syntax
      
        - The inlinePragInfo field of an IdInfo has a RuleMatchInfo
          component, which records whether or not the Id is CONLIKE.
          Of course, this needs to be serialised in interface files too.
      
        - The occurrence analyser (OccAnal) and simplifier (Simplify) treat
          CONLIKE thing like constructors, by ANF-ing them
      
        - New function coreUtils.exprIsExpandable is like exprIsCheap, but
          additionally spots applications of CONLIKE functions
      
        - A CoreUnfolding has a field that caches exprIsExpandable
      
        - The rule matcher consults this field.  See 
          Note [Expanding variables] in Rules.lhs.
      
      On the way I fixed a lurking variable bug in the way variables are
      expanded.  See Note [Do not expand locally-bound variables] in
      Rule.lhs.  I also did a bit of reformatting and refactoring in
      Rules.lhs, so the module has more lines changed than are really
      different.
      4bc25e8c
  32. 16 Dec, 2008 1 commit
    • Simon Marlow's avatar
      Rollback INLINE patches · e79c9ce0
      Simon Marlow authored
      rolling back:
      
      Fri Dec  5 16:54:00 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * Completely new treatment of INLINE pragmas (big patch)
        
        This is a major patch, which changes the way INLINE pragmas work.
        Although lots of files are touched, the net is only +21 lines of
        code -- and I bet that most of those are comments!
        
        HEADS UP: interface file format has changed, so you'll need to
        recompile everything.
        
        There is not much effect on overall performance for nofib, 
        probably because those programs don't make heavy use of INLINE pragmas.
        
                Program           Size    Allocs   Runtime   Elapsed
                    Min         -11.3%     -6.9%     -9.2%     -8.2%
                    Max          -0.1%     +4.6%     +7.5%     +8.9%
         Geometric Mean          -2.2%     -0.2%     -1.0%     -0.8%
        
        (The +4.6% for on allocs is cichelli; see other patch relating to
        -fpass-case-bndr-to-join-points.)
        
        The old INLINE system
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        The old system worked like this. A function with an INLINE pragam
        got a right-hand side which looked like
             f = __inline_me__ (\xy. e)
        The __inline_me__ part was an InlineNote, and was treated specially
        in various ways.  Notably, the simplifier didn't inline inside an
        __inline_me__ note.  
        
        As a result, the code for f itself was pretty crappy. That matters
        if you say (map f xs), because then you execute the code for f,
        rather than inlining a copy at the call site.
        
        The new story: InlineRules
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        The new system removes the InlineMe Note altogether.  Instead there
        is a new constructor InlineRule in CoreSyn.Unfolding.  This is a 
        bit like a RULE, in that it remembers the template to be inlined inside
        the InlineRule.  No simplification or inlining is done on an InlineRule,
        just like RULEs.  
        
        An Id can have an InlineRule *or* a CoreUnfolding (since these are two
        constructors from Unfolding). The simplifier treats them differently:
        
          - An InlineRule is has the substitution applied (like RULES) but 
            is otherwise left undisturbed.
        
          - A CoreUnfolding is updated with the new RHS of the definition,
            on each iteration of the simplifier.
        
        An InlineRule fires regardless of size, but *only* when the function
        is applied to enough arguments.  The "arity" of the rule is specified
        (by the programmer) as the number of args on the LHS of the "=".  So
        it makes a difference whether you say
          	{-# INLINE f #-}
        	f x = \y -> e     or     f x y = e
        This is one of the big new features that InlineRule gives us, and it
        is one that Roman really wanted.
        
        In contrast, a CoreUnfolding can fire when it is applied to fewer
        args than than the function has lambdas, provided the result is small
        enough.
        
        
        Consequential stuff
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        * A 'wrapper' no longer has a WrapperInfo in the IdInfo.  Instead,
          the InlineRule has a field identifying wrappers.
        
        * Of course, IfaceSyn and interface serialisation changes appropriately.
        
        * Making implication constraints inline nicely was a bit fiddly. In
          the end I added a var_inline field to HsBInd.VarBind, which is why
          this patch affects the type checker slightly
        
        * I made some changes to the way in which eta expansion happens in
          CorePrep, mainly to ensure that *arguments* that become let-bound
          are also eta-expanded.  I'm still not too happy with the clarity
          and robustness fo the result.
        
        * We now complain if the programmer gives an INLINE pragma for
          a recursive function (prevsiously we just ignored it).  Reason for
          change: we don't want an InlineRule on a LoopBreaker, because then
          we'd have to check for loop-breaker-hood at occurrence sites (which
          isn't currenlty done).  Some tests need changing as a result.
        
        This patch has been in my tree for quite a while, so there are
        probably some other minor changes.
        
      
          M ./compiler/basicTypes/Id.lhs -11
          M ./compiler/basicTypes/IdInfo.lhs -82
          M ./compiler/basicTypes/MkId.lhs -2 +2
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreFVs.lhs -2 +25
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreLint.lhs -5 +1
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CorePrep.lhs -59 +53
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreSubst.lhs -22 +31
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreSyn.lhs -66 +92
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreUnfold.lhs -112 +112
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreUtils.lhs -185 +184
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/MkExternalCore.lhs -1
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/PprCore.lhs -4 +40
          M ./compiler/deSugar/DsBinds.lhs -70 +118
          M ./compiler/deSugar/DsForeign.lhs -2 +4
          M ./compiler/deSugar/DsMeta.hs -4 +3
          M ./compiler/hsSyn/HsBinds.lhs -3 +3
          M ./compiler/hsSyn/HsUtils.lhs -2 +7
          M ./compiler/iface/BinIface.hs -11 +25
          M ./compiler/iface/IfaceSyn.lhs -13 +21
          M ./compiler/iface/MkIface.lhs -24 +19
          M ./compiler/iface/TcIface.lhs -29 +23
          M ./compiler/main/TidyPgm.lhs -55 +49
          M ./compiler/parser/ParserCore.y -5 +6
          M ./compiler/simplCore/CSE.lhs -2 +1
          M ./compiler/simplCore/FloatIn.lhs -6 +1
          M ./compiler/simplCore/FloatOut.lhs -23
          M ./compiler/simplCore/OccurAnal.lhs -36 +5
          M ./compiler/simplCore/SetLevels.lhs -59 +54
          M ./compiler/simplCore/SimplCore.lhs -48 +52
          M ./compiler/simplCore/SimplEnv.lhs -26 +22
          M ./compiler/simplCore/SimplUtils.lhs -28 +4
          M ./compiler/simplCore/Simplify.lhs -91 +109
          M ./compiler/specialise/Specialise.lhs -15 +18
          M ./compiler/stranal/WorkWrap.lhs -14 +11
          M ./compiler/stranal/WwLib.lhs -2 +2
          M ./compiler/typecheck/Inst.lhs -1 +3
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcBinds.lhs -17 +27
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcClassDcl.lhs -1 +2
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcExpr.lhs -4 +6
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcForeign.lhs -1 +1
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcGenDeriv.lhs -14 +13
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcHsSyn.lhs -3 +2
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcInstDcls.lhs -5 +4
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcRnDriver.lhs -2 +11
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcSimplify.lhs -10 +17
          M ./compiler/vectorise/VectType.hs +7
      
      Mon Dec  8 12:43:10 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * White space only
      
          M ./compiler/simplCore/Simplify.lhs -2
      
      Mon Dec  8 12:48:40 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * Move simpleOptExpr from CoreUnfold to CoreSubst
      
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreSubst.lhs -1 +87
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreUnfold.lhs -72 +1
      
      Mon Dec  8 17:30:18 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * Use CoreSubst.simpleOptExpr in place of the ad-hoc simpleSubst (reduces code too)
      
          M ./compiler/deSugar/DsBinds.lhs -50 +16
      
      Tue Dec  9 17:03:02 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * Fix Trac #2861: bogus eta expansion
        
        Urghlhl!  I "tided up" the treatment of the "state hack" in CoreUtils, but
        missed an unexpected interaction with the way that a bottoming function
        simply swallows excess arguments.  There's a long
             Note [State hack and bottoming functions]
        to explain (which accounts for most of the new lines of code).
        
      
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreUtils.lhs -16 +53
      
      Mon Dec 15 10:02:21 GMT 2008  Simon Marlow <marlowsd@gmail.com>
        * Revert CorePrep part of "Completely new treatment of INLINE pragmas..."
        
        The original patch said:
        
        * I made some changes to the way in which eta expansion happens in
          CorePrep, mainly to ensure that *arguments* that become let-bound
          are also eta-expanded.  I'm still not too happy with the clarity
          and robustness fo the result.
          
        Unfortunately this change apparently broke some invariants that were
        relied on elsewhere, and in particular lead to panics when compiling
        with profiling on.
        
        Will re-investigate in the new year.
      
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CorePrep.lhs -53 +58
          M ./configure.ac -1 +1
      
      Mon Dec 15 12:28:51 GMT 2008  Simon Marlow <marlowsd@gmail.com>
        * revert accidental change to configure.ac
      
          M ./configure.ac -1 +1
      e79c9ce0
  33. 08 Dec, 2008 1 commit
  34. 05 Dec, 2008 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Completely new treatment of INLINE pragmas (big patch) · d95ce839
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This is a major patch, which changes the way INLINE pragmas work.
      Although lots of files are touched, the net is only +21 lines of
      code -- and I bet that most of those are comments!
      
      HEADS UP: interface file format has changed, so you'll need to
      recompile everything.
      
      There is not much effect on overall performance for nofib, 
      probably because those programs don't make heavy use of INLINE pragmas.
      
              Program           Size    Allocs   Runtime   Elapsed
                  Min         -11.3%     -6.9%     -9.2%     -8.2%
                  Max          -0.1%     +4.6%     +7.5%     +8.9%
       Geometric Mean          -2.2%     -0.2%     -1.0%     -0.8%
      
      (The +4.6% for on allocs is cichelli; see other patch relating to
      -fpass-case-bndr-to-join-points.)
      
      The old INLINE system
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      The old system worked like this. A function with an INLINE pragam
      got a right-hand side which looked like
           f = __inline_me__ (\xy. e)
      The __inline_me__ part was an InlineNote, and was treated specially
      in various ways.  Notably, the simplifier didn't inline inside an
      __inline_me__ note.  
      
      As a result, the code for f itself was pretty crappy. That matters
      if you say (map f xs), because then you execute the code for f,
      rather than inlining a copy at the call site.
      
      The new story: InlineRules
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      The new system removes the InlineMe Note altogether.  Instead there
      is a new constructor InlineRule in CoreSyn.Unfolding.  This is a 
      bit like a RULE, in that it remembers the template to be inlined inside
      the InlineRule.  No simplification or inlining is done on an InlineRule,
      just like RULEs.  
      
      An Id can have an InlineRule *or* a CoreUnfolding (since these are two
      constructors from Unfolding). The simplifier treats them differently:
      
        - An InlineRule is has the substitution applied (like RULES) but 
          is otherwise left undisturbed.
      
        - A CoreUnfolding is updated with the new RHS of the definition,
          on each iteration of the simplifier.
      
      An InlineRule fires regardless of size, but *only* when the function
      is applied to enough arguments.  The "arity" of the rule is specified
      (by the programmer) as the number of args on the LHS of the "=".  So
      it makes a difference whether you say
        	{-# INLINE f #-}
      	f x = \y -> e     or     f x y = e
      This is one of the big new features that InlineRule gives us, and it
      is one that Roman really wanted.
      
      In contrast, a CoreUnfolding can fire when it is applied to fewer
      args than than the function has lambdas, provided the result is small
      enough.
      
      
      Consequential stuff
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      * A 'wrapper' no longer has a WrapperInfo in the IdInfo.  Instead,
        the InlineRule has a field identifying wrappers.
      
      * Of course, IfaceSyn and interface serialisation changes appropriately.
      
      * Making implication constraints inline nicely was a bit fiddly. In
        the end I added a var_inline field to HsBInd.VarBind, which is why
        this patch affects the type checker slightly
      
      * I made some changes to the way in which eta expansion happens in
        CorePrep, mainly to ensure that *arguments* that become let-bound
        are also eta-expanded.  I'm still not too happy with the clarity
        and robustness fo the result.
      
      * We now complain if the programmer gives an INLINE pragma for
        a recursive function (prevsiously we just ignored it).  Reason for
        change: we don't want an InlineRule on a LoopBreaker, because then
        we'd have to check for loop-breaker-hood at occurrence sites (which
        isn't currenlty done).  Some tests need changing as a result.
      
      This patch has been in my tree for quite a while, so there are
      probably some other minor changes.
      d95ce839
  35. 31 Oct, 2008 1 commit
  36. 20 Sep, 2008 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Tidy up the treatment of dead binders · 7e8cba32
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch does a lot of tidying up of the way that dead variables are
      handled in Core.  Just the sort of thing to do on an aeroplane.
      
      * The tricky "binder-swap" optimisation is moved from the Simplifier
        to the Occurrence Analyser.  See Note [Binder swap] in OccurAnal.
        This is really a nice change.  It should reduce the number of
        simplifier iteratoins (slightly perhaps).  And it means that
        we can be much less pessimistic about zapping occurrence info
        on binders in a case expression.  
      
      * For example:
      	case x of y { (a,b) -> e }
        Previously, each time around, even if y,a,b were all dead, the
        Simplifier would pessimistically zap their OccInfo, so that we
        can't see they are dead any more.  As a result virtually no 
        case expression ended up with dead binders.  This wasn't Bad
        in itself, but it always felt wrong.
      
      * I added a check to CoreLint to check that a dead binder really
        isn't used.  That showed up a couple of bugs in CSE. (Only in
        this sense -- they didn't really matter.)
        
      * I've changed the PprCore printer to print "_" for a dead variable.
        (Use -dppr-debug to see it again.)  This reduces clutter quite a
        bit, and of course it's much more useful with the above change.
      
      * Another benefit of the binder-swap change is that I could get rid of
        the Simplifier hack (working, but hacky) in which the InScopeSet was
        used to map a variable to a *different* variable. That allowed me
        to remove VarEnv.modifyInScopeSet, and to simplify lookupInScopeSet
        so that it doesn't look for a fixpoint.  This fixes no bugs, but 
        is a useful cleanup.
      
      * Roman pointed out that Id.mkWildId is jolly dangerous, because
        of its fixed unique.  So I've 
      
           - localied it to MkCore, where it is private (not exported)
      
           - renamed it to 'mkWildBinder' to stress that you should only
             use it at binding sites, unless you really know what you are
             doing
      
           - provided a function MkCore.mkWildCase that emodies the most
             common use of mkWildId, and use that elsewhere
      
         So things are much better
      
      * A knock-on change is that I found a common pattern of localising
        a potentially global Id, and made a function for it: Id.localiseId
      7e8cba32
  37. 15 Sep, 2008 1 commit
  38. 03 Sep, 2008 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Major change in compilation of instance declarations (fix Trac #955, #2328) · f16dbbbe
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch makes an important change to the way that dictionary
      functions are handled.  Before, they were unconditionally marked
      INLIINE, but all the code written by the user in the instance
      was inside that unconditionally-inlined function.  Result: massive
      code bloat in programs that use complicated instances.
      
      This patch make instances behave rather as if all the methods
      were written in separate definitions.  That dramatically reduces
      bloat.  The new plan is described in TcInstDcls
      	Note [How instance declarations are translated]
      
      Everything validates.  The major code-bloat bug is squashed: in particular
      DoCon is fine now (Trac #2328) and I believe that #955 is also better.
      
      Nofib results:
      
      Binary sizes
              -1 s.d.      +2.5%
              +1 s.d.      +3.1%
              Average      +2.8%
      
      Allocations
              -1 s.d.      -6.4%
              +1 s.d.      +2.5%
              Average      -2.0%
      
      Note that 2% improvement.  Some programs improve by 20% (rewrite)!
      Two get slightly worse: pic (2.1%), and gameteb (3.2%), but all others
      improve or stay the same.
      
      I am not absolutely 100% certain that all the corners are correct; for
      example, when default methods are marked INLINE, are they inlined?  But
      overall it's better.
      
      It's nice that the patch also removes a lot of code.  I deleted some
      out of date comments, but there's something like 100 fewer lines of
      code in the new version!  (In the line counts below, there are a lot
      of new comments.)
      f16dbbbe
  39. 27 Aug, 2008 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Fix Trac #2520: duplicate symbols · a1a96ab9
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      The problem here was that were were quantifying over an *External* Name,
      which causes no end of confusion.  See Note [Const rule dicts] in DsBinds.
      
      The fix is very easy, I'm happy to say.
      
      a1a96ab9