Running the Testsuite
This section gives information on how to use the testsuite. Note that the testsuite driver requires Python 3.
The commands on this page can all be executed from the
You can run
make test (which uses the default speed settings, and is the same as just
This table shows the differences between these three speed settings.
|make||how many tests||how many ways||used by whom|
|fasttest||some||1||Travis (to stay within time limit)|
|test||all||1||Phabricator (slow takes too long?)|
|slowtest||all||all||Nightly (slow is ok)|
make slow is GHC >= 7.11 only.
Note [validate and testsuite speed] in the toplevel
Commonly used options
You can run the testsuite in parallel to speed it up:
$ make THREADS=4
By default the testsuite uses the stage2 compiler. If you want to use another stage then:
$ make stage=1
To run the testsuite against a different GHC, say ghc-5.04 (this assumes the name specified corresponds to an executable on your path):
$ make TEST_HC=ghc-5.04
To run an individual test or tests (eg. tc054):
$ make TEST=tc054
To run only performance tests:
$ make ONLY_PERF_TESTS=YES
See performance tests for more details on performance tests. To run everything but the performance tests:
$ make SKIP_PERF_TESTS=YES
To make this even faster, you can also go straight to the subdirectory containing the test (e.g ./tests/typecheck/should_compile/) and say 'make TEST=tc054' from there, which will save some time as the testsuite framework won't need to search as long to find the test you are referring to.
To run several tests, you just space separate them:
$ make TEST="tc053 tc054"
You can also run a whole group of related tests by changing to a subdirectory in the test cases tree:
$ cd ./tests/array $ make
To run the tests one particular way only (eg. GHCi):
$ make WAY=ghci
The testsuite ways are defined in
To add specific options to the compiler:
$ make EXTRA_HC_OPTS='+RTS -K32M -RTS'
By default tests clean up after themselves. If you want to keep the temporary files that tests generate, you can run:
$ make CLEANUP=0
Some of the tests in the testsuite rely on packages that aren't part of the standard libraries included with GHC (grep for
reqlib). These tests will be skipped then unless you install the required packages for them. Since we don't run these tests very often, some might be currently broken.
The extra packages are:
These can be easily installed from the root of the source tree using,
cabal install --with-compiler=`pwd`/inplace/bin/ghc-stage2 --package-db=`pwd`/inplace/lib/package.conf.d mtl parallel parsec primitive QuickCheck random regex-compat syb stm utf8-string vector
You may need to add
--disable-library-profiling if your GHC tree is built without the profiling way. If version bounds are problematic you may also need to add
Problems running the testsuite
If the testsuite fails mysteriously, make sure that the timeout utility is working properly. This Haskell utility is compiled with the stage 1 compiler and invoked by the python driver, which does not print a nice error report if the utility fails. This can happen if, for example, the compiler produces bogus binaries. A workaround is to compile timeout with a stable ghc.
Why are my tests being skipped?
There are a few possible explanations for a test being skipped run:
- You are missing libraries required by the test (see the "Additional Packages" section above)
- The test is a performance test yet the compiler was built with
-DDEBUG(perhaps the tree was built with
./validate --slowor with
BuildFlavour = devel2in
- There was an error evaluating a
.Tfile; see the output from the testsuite driver's initialization phase for hints.
Running tests in the same environments as CI
It is fairly straightforward to locally reproduce the exact results that one gets when running the testsuite in one of the Linux environments that we test in CI, using Docker. There is a registry running at
registry.gitlab.haskell.org which hosts and serves all the Linux Docker images that we use in CI. The sources of those images can be found in the
Let's take a concrete example: the
PartialDownsweep test is failing in the
validate-x86_64-linux-deb8-hadrian CI job. By looking at the
DOCKER_REV entry for the job's commit, you can find the
ci-images commit that the CI job used. For our example, we will use the following commit:
ac65f31dcffb09cd7ca7aaa70f447fcbb19f427f. You can now issue a
docker command that pulls the image (if needed) and drops you into a corresponding shell:
$ docker run -it registry.gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ci-images/x86_64-linux-deb8:ac65f31dcffb09cd7ca7aaa70f447fcbb19f427f
Once in that shell, you can clone ghc (
git clone --recursive https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc.git) and run the commands from the job's script (you can find them in the corresponding section of the
.gitlab-ci.yml file) in order to reproduce the problem you are interested in fixing. In our example:
$ git clone --recursive https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc.git $ cd ghc $ ./boot; ./configure; hadrian/build.sh -j test --only=PartialDownsweep
Windows and OS X jobs on the other hand do not run through Docker and you therefore need access to real machines running those systems in order to reproduce any problem that you observe in the corresponding CI jobs.