Troubleshooting the GHC build
Here we keep track of failures that can occur when building GHC, with solutions.
We don't expect anyone to read this page from beginning to end. The only way you get here is by searching, so remember when adding a new entry the most important thing to do is to include the error message verbatim, so searches will find it. If a build failure is caused by a bug in GHC or the build system, please link to the ticket number so we can tell when it's safe to remove the entry and keep this page from getting too crufty.
Segmentation fault and "strange closure type" panics
If the build fails with a
segmentation fault (core dumped) or a
strange closure type panic from GHC, but the error goes away or occurs in a different place when you restart the build, then the problem is most likely with your hardware. Please run a memtest before going any further.
Permission denied errors on Windows that go away when the build is restarted
A common cause of "permission denied" or "Access denied" errors during a build on Windows is having a realtime virus scanner. If you have a virus scanner turned on, try excluding the GHC build directory from realtime scanning if your virus scanner supports it, or otherwise disable the scanner while building GHC. See Building/Preparation/Windows.
Make has restarted itself 3 times; is there a makefile bug?
If you see this when building:
ghc.mk:96: *** Make has restarted itself 3 times; is there a makefile bug?. Stop.
then it could mean you have introduced a build system bug, causing an infinite loop.
This can also happen (although we don't know precisely why) if you modify something in a built tree, and then re-run
make. In this case the error is just overly conservative, and restarting is the right workaround.
It can also happen if you are building the sources on FreeBSD in a really fast environment, e.g. on a multi-core Xeon with multiple parallel threads (
make -j) or a memory-backed file system (
tmpfs) (see #7592 (closed)). It is because precision of file timestamps is not fine-grained enough by default (due to the common VFS layer). You can change this granularity by adjusting the value of the
vfs.timestamp_precision sysctl(3) variable (
sudo sysctl -w vfs.timestamp_precision=1).
If you encounter this without touching any files after typing 'make', then it's probably a bug in the build system. The
make -d output will be useful in tracking it down, but depending on when it happens there might be a lot of it!
#'libraries/ghc-prim/GHC/PrimopWrappers.hs:48:18: Not in scope: `GHC.Prim.gcdInt
If you get this message when the build system runs Haddock
libraries/ghc-prim/GHC/PrimopWrappers.hs:48:18: Not in scope: `GHC.Prim.gcdInt#'
it's probably because you have a file
PrimopWrappers.hs in the source-code directory
libraries/ghc-prim/GHC/. It's a derived file, and is now generated into
libraries/ghc-prim/dist-install/build/GHC/. Just remove the offending files (probably
Prim.hs) from the source directory and try again.
tar: unable to record current working directory: No such file or directory
On MSYS I got this, during the construction of a binary distribution:
... cd bindistprep && "/usr/bin/tar" cf - ghc-6.13.20091020 | bzip2 -c > ../bindistprep/ghc-6.13.20091020-i386-unknown-mingw32.tar.bz2 /usr/bin/tar: unable to record current working directory: No such file or directory
It turns out that, at least on my Windows XP machine, the
tar in the MSYS bundle for 1.0.10 (namely
tar version 1.19.90) simply fails when creating a tar archive for a directory. For example:
sh-3.1$ tar cf foo.tar mk tar: unable to record current working directory: No such file or directory sh-3.1$ tar --version tar (GNU tar) 1.19.90
I fixed this by downloading an up-to-date
tar, from http://sourceforge.net/projects/mingw/files/. I put this
c:/msys/1.0/bin, overwriting the old
tar.exe. This works:
sh-3.1$ tar cf foo.tar mk tar: unable to record current working directory: No such file or directory sh-3.1$ tar --version tar (GNU tar) 1.22
Simon and/or Ian plan to investigate; is MSYS 1.0.10 really so broken?
wget: missing URL
On MSYS I got this:
bash$ git pullall ....snip... == Syncing tarballs == running wget http://darcs.haskell.org/ghc-tarballs/binutils-2.19.1-mingw32- bin.tar.gz -O mingw/binutils-2.19.1-mingw32-bin.tar.gz wget: missing URL Usage: wget [OPTION]... [URL]...
This happened to me with an old version of the shell (say "sh --version"). I think perhaps the path-mangling is different. With the MSYS recommended here, all is well. The shell there is version 3.1.0(1).
configure: error: C++ preprocessor "/lib/cpp" fails sanity check
On Windows, if you see this error when building GHC:
checking how to run the C++ preprocessor... /lib/cpp configure: error: C++ preprocessor "/lib/cpp" fails sanity check See `config.log' for more details. make: *** [libffi/stamp.ffi.configure] Error 1
then you probably have the Microsoft C compiler in your
PATH, and this has confused the
configure script for
libffi. Try editing your
PATH so that it no longer points to the MS compilers and tools.
haddock: internal Haddock or GHC error: Data.Binary.getWord8: end of file
If you see this
Documentation created: stage2/doc/html/ghc/index.html cd libraries && sh gen_contents_index --inplace haddock: internal Haddock or GHC error: Data.Binary.getWord8: end of file make: *** [libraries/index.html] Error 1 make: *** [all] Error 2
it's probably because you have an old library in your tree with incomprehensible
.haddock files. Try
ar: Bad file number
Fixed in 6.12.1. See #3201 (closed). Workaround: add
chr: bad argument
Occasionally you see this:
Compile failed (status 256) errors were: ghc-stage2.exe: panic! (the 'impossible' happened) (GHC version 6.11.20090722 for i386-unknown-mingw32): Prelude.chr: bad argument: 50331648
This is almost certainly because you have stale interface files (
Foo.hi) lying around, and GHC's binary interface-file format has changed. Try
make distclean and rebuild. If you still get it, use
find to find
*.hi and remove them.
All binaries crash (Windows only)
On Windows you may see this
"inplace/bin/hsc2hs.exe" --cc=gcc --ld=gcc --cflag=-g --cflag=-O2 --cflag=-D__GLASGOW_HASKELL__=611 '--cflag=-O' '--cflag=-g' '--cflag=-O2' '--cflag=-Ilibraries/hpc/.' '--cflag=-isystemc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\directory-188.8.131.52\include' '--cflag=-isystemc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\old-time-184.108.40.206\include' '--cflag=-isystemc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\Win32-220.127.116.11\include' '--cflag=-isystemc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\bytestring-0.9.1.4\include' '--cflag=-isystemc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\base-18.104.22.168\include' '--cflag=-isystemc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3/include' '--cflag=-isystemPAPI_INCLUDE_DIR' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\directory-22.214.171.124' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\old-time-126.96.36.199' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\old-locale-188.8.131.52' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\filepath-184.108.40.206' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\containers-0.2.0.1' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\array-0.2.0.0' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\syb-0.1.0.1' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\Win32-220.127.116.11' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\bytestring-0.9.1.4' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\base-18.104.22.168' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\integer-0.1.0.1' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3\ghc-prim-0.1.0.0' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3' '--lflag=-Lc:/ghc/ghc-6.10.3/gcc-lib' '--lflag=-luser32' '--lflag=-lgdi32' '--lflag=-lwinmm' '--lflag=-lkernel32' '--lflag=-ladvapi32' '--lflag=-lwsock32' '--lflag=-lmsvcrt' '--lflag=-lkernel32' '--lflag=-luser32' '--lflag=-lshell32' '--lflag=-lm' '--lflag=-lffi' '--lflag=-lgmp' '--lflag=-lwsock32' libraries/hpc/./Trace/Hpc/Reflect.hsc -o libraries/hpc/dist-boot/build/Trace/Hpc/Reflect.hs running libraries/hpc/dist-boot/build/Trace/Hpc/Reflect_hsc_make.exe failed command was: libraries/hpc/dist-boot/build/Trace/Hpc/Reflect_hsc_make.exe >libraries/hpc/dist-boot/build/Trace/Hpc/Reflect.hs make: *** [libraries/hpc/dist-boot/build/Trace/Hpc/Reflect.hs] Error 1 make: *** [all] Error 2
A dialog pops up: “Reflect_hsc_make.exe has stopped working”, with the buttons “Debug” and “Close program”.
This signals an obscure problem whose source is still unknown:
if GHC links in certain Windows libraries,
msvcrt, the resulting program crashes.
See Sigbjorn's email. We wish we knew why!
We've worked around this in GHC 6.10.4 (and later) so that the problem shouldn't arise if you use that to build GHC with. But if you have an earlier GHC on your machine you can still work around it as follows. These two commands will fix up the base and Win32 packages respectively to remove the offending libraries from
extra-libraries and add a suitable
ghc-pkg describe 'base-4*' | sed 's/msvcrt//;s/kernel32//;s/^extra-ghci-libraries:/extra-ghci-libraries: wsock32 user32 shell32 kernel32 msvcrt/' | ghc-pkg update - ghc-pkg describe Win32 | sed 's/kernel32//' | ghc-pkg update -
Using autoconf by mistake
If you used
autoconf instead of
perl boot, you'll get an error when you run
...lots of stuff... creating mk/config.h mk/config.h is unchanged configuring in ghc running /bin/sh ./configure --cache-file=.././config.cache --srcdir=. ./configure: ./configure: No such file or directory configure: error: ./configure failed for ghc
Cannot create configure
autoreconf (which gets run by
perl boot) seems to create the file
configure read-only. So if you need to run
perl boot again (which I sometimes do for safety's sake), you get
/usr/bin/autoconf: cannot create configure: permission denied
Argument list too long
You may find this towards the end of compiling the base library:
c:\ghc\ghc-6.6.1\bin\ar.exe: creating libHSbase.a xargs: c:/ghc/ghc-6.6.1/bin/ar: Argument list too long make: *** [libHSbase.a] Error 126 make: *** Deleting file `libHSbase.a' Failed making all in base: 1 make: *** [all] Error 1 make: Leaving directory `/cygdrive/c/GHC6.6.1/ghc-6.6.1/libraries' make: *** [stage1] Error 2
Sadly the argument list has a limited length in Windows. This may be fixable somehow (Windows expertise welcomed here), but what we do is to set
SplitObjs = NO
build.mk. That stops the splitting-up of object files, and dramatically reduces
the number of object files involved. Link times are also improved. (Binary size increases
Also, you can arrange for the (huge) list of files to be processed iteratively, rather all at once, and that would probably be a principal solution.
xargs feeds the file names to the appropriate command (e.g.
$(GHC_TOP)/mk/target.mk find the place where it is called and add this switch
xargs -n NNN
where NNN is the number of arguments processed at a time. It should be small enough to be less than the limit and large enough for the whole thing not to be too slow.
Note, that it's not good to edit
target.mk in general.
Space in TMPDIR
One difficulty that comes up from time to time is running out of space
TMPDIR. (It is impossible for the configuration stuff to
compensate for the vagaries of different sysadmin approaches to temp
The quickest way around it is
setenv TMPDIR /usr/tmp or
setenv TMPDIR . (or the equivalent incantation with your shell
The best way around it is to say
build.mk file. Then GHC and the other
tools will use the appropriate directory in all cases.
Warning "warning: assignment from incompatible pointer type"
You may occasionally see a warning from the C compiler when compiling some Haskell code, eg. "warning: assignment from incompatible pointer type". These are usually harmless, but it's a good idea to report it on the mailing list so that we can fix it.
Warning "ar: filename
GlaIOMonad__1_2s.o truncated to
archiving warning messages like the following are not a problem:
ar: filename GlaIOMonad__1_2s.o truncated to GlaIOMonad_ ar: filename GlaIOMonad__2_2s.o truncated to GlaIOMonad_ ...
GHC's sources go through
cpp before being compiled, and
a bit from one Unix to another. One particular gotcha is macro calls
cpps treat the comma inside the string as separating two macro
arguments, so you get
:731: macro `SLIT' used with too many (2) args
cpp doesn't tell you the offending file!
Workaround: don't put weird things in string args to
Cabal/Distribution/Compat/FilePath.hs: No such file or directory
You may see this:
Distribution/Compat/FilePath.hs:2: error: Cabal/Distribution/Compat/FilePath.hs: No such file or directory make: *** [depend] Error 1 make: *** [stage1] Error 1
Be sure you have run
git pullall (which runs git submodule update --init) to get all necessary packages. Don't forget to run
./boot again after you pull in new packages.
xargs: /usr/bin/ar: terminated by signal 11
You may see this when compiling libraries:
(echo Control/Concurrent_stub.o System/CPUTime_hsc.o System/Time_hsc.o ; /usr/bin/find Control/Applicative_split Control/Arrow_split Control/Concurrent_split Control/Concurrent/Chan_split ...long mess... Text/PrettyPrint/HughesPJ_split Text/Printf_split Text/Read_split Text/Read/Lex_split Text/Show_split Text/Show/Functions_split -name '*.o' -print) | xargs /usr/bin/ar q libHSbase.a /usr/bin/ar: creating libHSbase.a xargs: /usr/bin/ar: terminated by signal 11 make: *** [libHSbase.a] Error 125 make: *** Deleting file `libHSbase.a' make: *** [all] Error 1
What is happening is that the ghc build system is linking thousands and
thousands of tiny .o files into
ar isn't optimised for
this use-case and it takes far more memory than it really needs to. So
what happens is that ar takes >500Mb of memory and your virtual
machine / virtual server probably isn't configured with that much memory
and so the linux kernel OOM killer terminates the ar process.
To make this worse, since there are so many .o files, it takes several
invocations of ar to link them all. On each invocation
ar is building
the symbol index (-q is ignored) and this is what takes the most time
and memory. It's a good deal quicker to use a custom program (100 lines
of Haskell) to build
libHSbase.a and then use
ranlib just once to build
the symbol index.
[Duncan Coutts] I submitted a patch to gnu
binutils to make ar take less memory when
linking 1000's of files so it now only takes around 100Mb rather than
500Mb when linking
libHSbase.a. That patch is included in version 2.17 I
think (in other words most systems don't have it yet).
What you can do in the mean time is either configure your virtual
machine with more memory or turn off the split-objs feature when you
configure ghc. Just add
SplitObjs=NO to your
mk/build.mk file (which
may not exist to start with). (The Gentoo ebuild does this
It turns out that on both Cygwin and MSYS, the
ld has a
limit of 32kbytes on its command line. Especially when using split object
files, the make system can emit calls to
ld with thousands
of files on it. Then you may see something like this:
(cd Graphics/Rendering/OpenGL/GL/QueryUtils_split && /mingw/bin/ld -r -x -o ../QueryUtils.o *.o) /bin/sh: /mingw/bin/ld: Invalid argument
The solution is either to switch off object file splitting (set
NO in your
or to make the module smaller.
CYGWIN environment variable in MSYS
When using MSYS, check that the
CYGWIN environment variable is not set. It's a bad bug
that MSYS is affected by this, but if you have CYGWIN set to "ntsec ntea", which is right for Cygwin, it
causes the MSYS
ssh to bogusly fail complaining that your
file has too-liberal permissinos.
ToDo: what's the error message for this?
Forgetting to install
If you get a message like this:
Can't locate object method "path" via package "Autom4te::Request" (perhaps you forgot to load "Autom4te::Request"?) at /usr/bin/autom4te line 81. Can't locate object method "path" via package "Autom4te::Request" (perhaps you forgot to load "Autom4te::Request"?) at /usr/bin/autom4te line 81. autoreconf: /usr/bin/autoconf failed with exit status: 1
then you have probably not got
automake installed (or at least findable).
Vista installer detection
Vista has a "feature" called "installer detection" which tries to elevate permissinos for executables named things like
Install. There are lots of programs called
Setup in a GHC build, and if you see permission-denied errors relating to programs called
Setup you may need to disable installer detection. Go to
Start -> All Programs -> Accessories > Run and enter
secpol.msc. Then under
Security Settings -> Local Policies -> Security Options, disable
UAC: Detect application installations and prompt for elevation. Then reboot.
We added a workaround for install-detection in GHC 6.8.1 (see #1271 (closed)), so if you're using that version or later you shouldn't encounter this issue.
Cygwin: failure to use native path to
gcc when configuring
It's very important that you specify a
native Windows path for
gcc, not a Cygwin path, because GHC (which
uses this path to invoke
gcc) is a Windows program and won't
understand a Cygwin path. For example, you want to say something like
--with-gcc=c:/mingw/bin/gcc.exe and not
--with-gcc=/mingw/bin/gcc.exe. If you get this wrong, the failure might come with no error message whatsoever. GHC simply fails silently when first invoked,
typically leaving you with this:
make: Leaving directory `/cygdrive/e/ghc-stage1/ghc/rts/gmp' ../../ghc/compiler/ghc-inplace -optc-mno-cygwin -optc-O -optc-Wall -optc-W -optc-Wstrict-prototypes -optc-Wmissing-prototypes -optc-Wmissing-declarations -optc-Winline -optc-Waggregate-return -optc-Wbad-function-cast -optc-Wcast-align -optc-I../includes -optc-I. -optc-Iparallel -optc-DCOMPILING_RTS -optc-fomit-frame-pointer -O2 -static -package-name rts -O -dcore-lint -c Adjustor.c -o Adjustor.o make: *** [Adjustor.o] Error 1 make: *** [all] Error 1 make: Leaving directory `/cygdrive/e/ghc-stage1/ghc' make: *** [all] Error 1
In Ubuntu 6.10 the default system shell
/bin/sh was changed to
dash (The Debian Almquist Shell) instead of
bash, see DashAsBinSh. This has been reported to break the GHC build. Until the GHC scripts are updated, the easiest way to fix this problem is to (as
root) change the
/bin/sh link back to
/bin/bash. There should be minimal effect on the rest of the system, bar a small speed penalty for script heavy processes due to
c:\msys\1.0\bin\make.exe: * couldn't commit memory for cygwin heap, Win32 error 0
This error occurs when using the new build system with MSYS on Windows. It is a temporary error; just type
make again to continue the build. Hopefully this is a bug in MSYS that will be fixed at some point.
/usr/bin/patch: Permission denied
This happened to me with MSYS on Windows Server 2003. Exact cause unknown, but it seems that Windows Server 2003 was upset by the
patch.exe.manifest supplied with MSYS alongside
patch.exe to work around the installer-detection nonsense on Vista. Workaround: remove
Relocation error when linking the RTS shared library
If you use a system with an older GCC (4.1.2 in my case), you may run into the following error:
/usr/bin/ld: rts/dist/build/RtsStartup.dyn_o: relocation R_X86_64_PC32 against `StgRun' can not be used when making a shared object; recompile with -fPIC /usr/bin/ld: final link failed: Bad value collect2: ld returned 1 exit status make: *** [rts/dist/build/libHSrts-ghc6.13.20100816.so] Error 1 make: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs.... make: *** [all] Error 2
The Scientific Linux system I was building on had the following software installed: kernel 2.6.18-128.1.1.el5 gcc version 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.2-44) GNU ld version 22.214.171.124.6-9.el5 20061020 (that's the binutils version afaik) Bootstrapping GHC was version 6.12.1.
As far as I could tell all .dyn_o files had been built to allow relocation, but StgCRun.c contains some inline assembler code that specifically targets the x86 and x86_64. Upon removal and using the generic version (the part that's protected by the #ifdef USE_MINIINTERPRETER), the error shifted to another file, so the problem did not seem to be with that specific symbol that was referenced in RtsStartup.c
There was another GCC on the system however (4.3.3). Using that version did allow GHC to build.
MacOS gmp compiled --with-pic
If you've installed gmp from source on your Mac OS machine, you may see an error like this:
ld: illegal text-relocation to ___gmp_binvert_limb_table in /usr/local/lib/libgmp.a(mp_minv_tab.o) from ___gmpn_divexact_1 in /usr/local/lib/libgmp.a(dive_1.o) for architecture x86_64 collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
The problem is described on this page, a quick work-around is to install gmp with homebrew, i.e.
brew install gmp; brew link gmp.