• Ben Gamari's avatar
    Merge non-moving garbage collector · 7f72b540
    Ben Gamari authored
    This introduces a concurrent mark & sweep garbage collector to manage the old
    generation. The concurrent nature of this collector typically results in
    significantly reduced maximum and mean pause times in applications with large
    working sets.
    
    Due to the large and intricate nature of the change I have opted to
    preserve the fully-buildable history, including merge commits, which is
    described in the "Branch overview" section below.
    
    Collector design
    ================
    
    The full design of the collector implemented here is described in detail
    in a technical note
    
    > B. Gamari. "A Concurrent Garbage Collector For the Glasgow Haskell
    > Compiler" (2018)
    
    This document can be requested from @bgamari.
    The basic heap structure used in this design is heavily inspired by
    
    > K. Ueno & A. Ohori. "A fully concurrent garbage collector for
    > functional programs on multicore processors." /ACM SIGPLAN Notices/
    > Vol. 51. No. 9 (presented at ICFP 2016)
    
    This design is intended to allow both marking and sweeping
    concurrent to execution of a multi-core mutator. Unlike the Ueno design,
    which requires no global synchronization pauses, the collector
    introduced here requires a stop-the-world pause at the beginning and end
    of the mark phase.
    
    To avoid heap fragmentation, the allocator consists of a number of
    fixed-size /sub-allocators/. Each of these sub-allocators allocators into
    its own set of /segments/, themselves allocated from the block
    allocator. Each segment is broken into a set of fixed-size allocation
    blocks (which back allocations) in addition to a bitmap (used to track
    the liveness of blocks) and some additional metadata (used also used
    to track liveness).
    
    This heap structure enables collection via mark-and-sweep, which can be
    performed concurrently via a snapshot-at-the-beginning scheme (although
    concurrent collection is not implemented in this patch).
    
    Implementation structure
    ========================
    
    The majority of the collector is implemented in a handful of files:
    
     * `rts/Nonmoving.c` is the heart of the beast. It implements the entry-point
       to the nonmoving collector (`nonmoving_collect`), as well as the allocator
       (`nonmoving_allocate`) and a number of utilities for manipulating the heap.
    
     * `rts/NonmovingMark.c` implements the mark queue functionality, update
       remembered set, and mark loop.
    
     * `rts/NonmovingSweep.c` implements the sweep loop.
    
     * `rts/NonmovingScav.c` implements the logic necessary to scavenge the
       nonmoving heap.
    
    Branch overview
    ===============
    
    ```
     * wip/gc/opt-pause:
     |   A variety of small optimisations to further reduce pause times.
     |
     * wip/gc/compact-nfdata:
     |   Introduce support for compact regions into the non-moving
     |\  collector
     | \
     |  \
     | | * wip/gc/segment-header-to-bdescr:
     | | |   Another optimization that we are considering, pushing
     | | |   some segment metadata into the segment descriptor for
     | | |   the sake of locality during mark
     | | |
     | * | wip/gc/shortcutting:
     | | |   Support for indirection shortcutting and the selector optimization
     | | |   in the non-moving heap.
     | | |
     * | | wip/gc/docs:
     | |/    Work on implementation documentation.
     | /
     |/
     * wip/gc/everything:
     |   A roll-up of everything below.
     |\
     | \
     | |\
     | | \
     | | * wip/gc/optimize:
     | | |   A variety of optimizations, primarily to the mark loop.
     | | |   Some of these are microoptimizations but a few are quite
     | | |   significant. In particular, the prefetch patches have
     | | |   produced a nontrivial improvement in mark performance.
     | | |
     | | * wip/gc/aging:
     | | |   Enable support for aging in major collections.
     | | |
     | * | wip/gc/test:
     | | |   Fix up the testsuite to more or less pass.
     | | |
     * | | wip/gc/instrumentation:
     | | |   A variety of runtime instrumentation including statistics
     | | /   support, the nonmoving census, and eventlog support.
     | |/
     | /
     |/
     * wip/gc/nonmoving-concurrent:
     |   The concurrent write barriers.
     |
     * wip/gc/nonmoving-nonconcurrent:
     |   The nonmoving collector without the write barriers necessary
     |   for concurrent collection.
     |
     * wip/gc/preparation:
     |   A merge of the various preparatory patches that aren't directly
     |   implementing the GC.
     |
     |
     * GHC HEAD
     .
     .
     .
    ```
    7f72b540
Capability.h 15.5 KB