GHC issueshttps://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues20191031T22:51:56Zhttps://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/17368Implement homogeneous equality20191031T22:51:56ZRichard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devImplement homogeneous equalityAs observed in [two](https://repository.brynmawr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1076&context=compsci_pubs) [papers](https://richarde.dev/papers/2019/deproles/deproles.pdf), the primitive equality type in GHC can be made homogeneous. This is both a simplification over the status quo (heterogeneous equality) and an important step toward implementing dependent types.
This ticket is to track this change.
Step 1: Modify the typechecker to use predicates instead of types internally. This will essentially be a glorification of `PredTree` (renamed `Pred`), and a `CtEvidence` will now store a `Pred`, not a `PredType`.
See also https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/wikis/dependenthaskell/phase2, which has much discussion.As observed in [two](https://repository.brynmawr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1076&context=compsci_pubs) [papers](https://richarde.dev/papers/2019/deproles/deproles.pdf), the primitive equality type in GHC can be made homogeneous. This is both a simplification over the status quo (heterogeneous equality) and an important step toward implementing dependent types.
This ticket is to track this change.
Step 1: Modify the typechecker to use predicates instead of types internally. This will essentially be a glorification of `PredTree` (renamed `Pred`), and a `CtEvidence` will now store a `Pred`, not a `PredType`.
See also https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/wikis/dependenthaskell/phase2, which has much discussion.Richard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devRichard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devhttps://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/17327Kindchecking associated types20191009T08:33:56ZmniipKindchecking associated types## Summary
When kind checking associated type declarations in an `instance` declaration, the instance context seems to be ignored.
## Steps to reproduce
Minimal complete example:
```haskell
{# LANGUAGE DataKinds, PolyKinds, TypeFamilies, FlexibleContexts, FlexibleInstances, MultiParamTypeClasses, TypeApplications #}
class C (k :: *) (a :: *) where
type F k a :: k
data D k (x :: k)
instance C k (D k x) where
type F k (D k x) = x  good
instance (k ~ l) => C l (D k x) where
type F l (D k x) = x  bad
{
b.hs:11:22: error:
• Expected kind ‘l’, but ‘x’ has kind ‘k’
• In the type ‘x’
In the type instance declaration for ‘F’
In the instance declaration for ‘C l (D k x)’

11  type F l (D k x) = x  bad
 ^
}
```
## Expected behavior
The second instance should kindcheck (it has better instance resolution properties than the first which is why we want it).
## Environment
Tested on GHC 8.6.5 and GHC HEAD## Summary
When kind checking associated type declarations in an `instance` declaration, the instance context seems to be ignored.
## Steps to reproduce
Minimal complete example:
```haskell
{# LANGUAGE DataKinds, PolyKinds, TypeFamilies, FlexibleContexts, FlexibleInstances, MultiParamTypeClasses, TypeApplications #}
class C (k :: *) (a :: *) where
type F k a :: k
data D k (x :: k)
instance C k (D k x) where
type F k (D k x) = x  good
instance (k ~ l) => C l (D k x) where
type F l (D k x) = x  bad
{
b.hs:11:22: error:
• Expected kind ‘l’, but ‘x’ has kind ‘k’
• In the type ‘x’
In the type instance declaration for ‘F’
In the instance declaration for ‘C l (D k x)’

11  type F l (D k x) = x  bad
 ^
}
```
## Expected behavior
The second instance should kindcheck (it has better instance resolution properties than the first which is why we want it).
## Environment
Tested on GHC 8.6.5 and GHC HEADhttps://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/17131Kind inference bug in type family declaration20190829T08:07:32ZSimon Peyton JonesKind inference bug in type family declarationConsider this (cut down from #17113)
```
{# LANGUAGE MagicHash, UnboxedTuples, TypeInType, TypeFamilies, TypeOperators #}
module Test where
import GHC.Exts
type family TypeReps xs where
TypeReps '[] = '[]
TypeReps ((a::TYPE k) ': as) = k ': TypeReps as
type family Tuple# xs = (t :: TYPE ('TupleRep (TypeReps xs))) where
Tuple# '[a] = (# a #)
```
This compiles fine with GHC 8.6.4, but fails thus with HEAD:
```
T17113.hs:14:34: error:
• Expected kind ‘TYPE ('TupleRep (TypeReps xs))’,
but ‘(# a #)’ has kind ‘TYPE ('TupleRep '[ 'LiftedRep])’
• In the type ‘(# a #)’
In the type family declaration for ‘Tuple#’

14  Tuple# '[a] = (# a #)
 ^^^^^^^
```
Notice that free `xs` in the error message which is completely bogus. Something is badly wrong.Consider this (cut down from #17113)
```
{# LANGUAGE MagicHash, UnboxedTuples, TypeInType, TypeFamilies, TypeOperators #}
module Test where
import GHC.Exts
type family TypeReps xs where
TypeReps '[] = '[]
TypeReps ((a::TYPE k) ': as) = k ': TypeReps as
type family Tuple# xs = (t :: TYPE ('TupleRep (TypeReps xs))) where
Tuple# '[a] = (# a #)
```
This compiles fine with GHC 8.6.4, but fails thus with HEAD:
```
T17113.hs:14:34: error:
• Expected kind ‘TYPE ('TupleRep (TypeReps xs))’,
but ‘(# a #)’ has kind ‘TYPE ('TupleRep '[ 'LiftedRep])’
• In the type ‘(# a #)’
In the type family declaration for ‘Tuple#’

14  Tuple# '[a] = (# a #)
 ^^^^^^^
```
Notice that free `xs` in the error message which is completely bogus. Something is badly wrong.https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/16635Scoped kind variables are broken20190925T18:06:23ZVladislav ZavialovScoped kind variables are broken# Summary
This does work:
```haskell
 f :: [a > Either a ()]
f = [Left @a :: forall a. a > Either a ()]
````
This does not:
```haskell
 type F :: [a > Either a ()]
type F = '[Left @a :: forall a. a > Either a ()]
```
An unfortunate asymmetry between terms & types. See a related discussion at https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/wikis/ghckinds/kindinference/tlks
# Steps to reproduce
```
ghci> :set XScopedTypeVariables XDataKinds XPolyKinds XTypeApplications
ghci> type F = '[Left @a :: forall a. a > Either a ()]
<interactive>:3:18: error: Not in scope: type variable ‘a’
```
# Expected behavior
No error.
# Environment
* GHC version used: HEAD.# Summary
This does work:
```haskell
 f :: [a > Either a ()]
f = [Left @a :: forall a. a > Either a ()]
````
This does not:
```haskell
 type F :: [a > Either a ()]
type F = '[Left @a :: forall a. a > Either a ()]
```
An unfortunate asymmetry between terms & types. See a related discussion at https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/wikis/ghckinds/kindinference/tlks
# Steps to reproduce
```
ghci> :set XScopedTypeVariables XDataKinds XPolyKinds XTypeApplications
ghci> type F = '[Left @a :: forall a. a > Either a ()]
<interactive>:3:18: error: Not in scope: type variable ‘a’
```
# Expected behavior
No error.
# Environment
* GHC version used: HEAD.Vladislav ZavialovVladislav Zavialovhttps://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/16245GHC panic (No skolem info) with RankNTypes and strange scoping20190707T18:00:50ZRyan ScottGHC panic (No skolem info) with RankNTypes and strange scopingThe following program panics with GHC 8.6.3 and HEAD:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE QuantifiedConstraints #}
module Bug where
import Data.Kind
type Const a b = a
type SameKind (a :: k) (b :: k) = (() :: Constraint)
class (forall (b :: k). SameKind a b) => C (k :: Const Type a)
```
```
$ /opt/ghc/8.6.3/bin/ghc Bug.hs
[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )
Bug.hs:11:36: error:ghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)
(GHC version 8.6.3 for x86_64unknownlinux):
No skolem info:
[k1_a1X4[sk:1]]
Call stack:
CallStack (from HasCallStack):
callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1160:37 in ghc:Outputable
pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:2891:5 in ghc:TcErrors
```
As with #16244, I imagine that the real culprit is that `SameKind a b` would force `a :: k`, which would be illscoped.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.6.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
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 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"GHC panic (No skolem info) with QuantifiedConstraints and strange scoping","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.6.3","keywords":["QuantifiedConstraints","TypeInType,"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"The following program panics with GHC 8.6.3 and HEAD:\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE QuantifiedConstraints #}\r\nmodule Bug where\r\n\r\nimport Data.Kind\r\n\r\ntype Const a b = a\r\ntype SameKind (a :: k) (b :: k) = (() :: Constraint)\r\nclass (forall (b :: k). SameKind a b) => C (k :: Const Type a)\r\n}}}\r\n{{{\r\n$ /opt/ghc/8.6.3/bin/ghc Bug.hs\r\n[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )\r\n\r\nBug.hs:11:36: error:ghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)\r\n (GHC version 8.6.3 for x86_64unknownlinux):\r\n No skolem info:\r\n [k1_a1X4[sk:1]]\r\n Call stack:\r\n CallStack (from HasCallStack):\r\n callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1160:37 in ghc:Outputable\r\n pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:2891:5 in ghc:TcErrors\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nAs with #16244, I imagine that the real culprit is that `SameKind a b` would force `a :: k`, which would be illscoped.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >The following program panics with GHC 8.6.3 and HEAD:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE QuantifiedConstraints #}
module Bug where
import Data.Kind
type Const a b = a
type SameKind (a :: k) (b :: k) = (() :: Constraint)
class (forall (b :: k). SameKind a b) => C (k :: Const Type a)
```
```
$ /opt/ghc/8.6.3/bin/ghc Bug.hs
[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )
Bug.hs:11:36: error:ghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)
(GHC version 8.6.3 for x86_64unknownlinux):
No skolem info:
[k1_a1X4[sk:1]]
Call stack:
CallStack (from HasCallStack):
callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1160:37 in ghc:Outputable
pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:2891:5 in ghc:TcErrors
```
As with #16244, I imagine that the real culprit is that `SameKind a b` would force `a :: k`, which would be illscoped.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.6.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"GHC panic (No skolem info) with QuantifiedConstraints and strange scoping","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.6.3","keywords":["QuantifiedConstraints","TypeInType,"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"The following program panics with GHC 8.6.3 and HEAD:\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE QuantifiedConstraints #}\r\nmodule Bug where\r\n\r\nimport Data.Kind\r\n\r\ntype Const a b = a\r\ntype SameKind (a :: k) (b :: k) = (() :: Constraint)\r\nclass (forall (b :: k). SameKind a b) => C (k :: Const Type a)\r\n}}}\r\n{{{\r\n$ /opt/ghc/8.6.3/bin/ghc Bug.hs\r\n[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )\r\n\r\nBug.hs:11:36: error:ghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)\r\n (GHC version 8.6.3 for x86_64unknownlinux):\r\n No skolem info:\r\n [k1_a1X4[sk:1]]\r\n Call stack:\r\n CallStack (from HasCallStack):\r\n callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1160:37 in ghc:Outputable\r\n pprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcErrors.hs:2891:5 in ghc:TcErrors\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nAs with #16244, I imagine that the real culprit is that `SameKind a b` would force `a :: k`, which would be illscoped.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >8.10.1https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/16244Couldn't match kind ‘k1’ with ‘k1’20190707T18:00:50ZRyan ScottCouldn't match kind ‘k1’ with ‘k1’The following program gives a hopelessly confusing error message on GHC 8.6.3 and HEAD:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE MultiParamTypeClasses #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
module Bug where
import Data.Kind
type Const a b = a
type SameKind (a :: k) (b :: k) = (() :: Constraint)
class SameKind a b => C (k :: Const Type a) (b :: k)
```
```
$ /opt/ghc/8.6.3/bin/ghc Bug.hs
[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )
Bug.hs:11:18: error:
• Couldn't match kind ‘k1’ with ‘k1’
• In the second argument of ‘SameKind’, namely ‘b’
In the class declaration for ‘C’

11  class SameKind a b => C (k :: Const Type a) (b :: k)
 ^
```
I imagine that the real issue is that `SameKind a b` would force `a :: k`, which would be illscoped. But figuring that out from this strange error message requires a lot of thought.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.6.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Couldn't match kind ‘k1’ with ‘k1’","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"8.10.1","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.6.3","keywords":["TypeInType"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"The following program gives a hopelessly confusing error message on GHC 8.6.3 and HEAD:\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE MultiParamTypeClasses #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}\r\nmodule Bug where\r\n\r\nimport Data.Kind\r\n\r\ntype Const a b = a\r\ntype SameKind (a :: k) (b :: k) = (() :: Constraint)\r\nclass SameKind a b => C (k :: Const Type a) (b :: k)\r\n}}}\r\n{{{\r\n$ /opt/ghc/8.6.3/bin/ghc Bug.hs\r\n[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )\r\n\r\nBug.hs:11:18: error:\r\n • Couldn't match kind ‘k1’ with ‘k1’\r\n • In the second argument of ‘SameKind’, namely ‘b’\r\n In the class declaration for ‘C’\r\n \r\n11  class SameKind a b => C (k :: Const Type a) (b :: k)\r\n  ^\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nI imagine that the real issue is that `SameKind a b` would force `a :: k`, which would be illscoped. But figuring that out from this strange error message requires a lot of thought.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >The following program gives a hopelessly confusing error message on GHC 8.6.3 and HEAD:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE MultiParamTypeClasses #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
module Bug where
import Data.Kind
type Const a b = a
type SameKind (a :: k) (b :: k) = (() :: Constraint)
class SameKind a b => C (k :: Const Type a) (b :: k)
```
```
$ /opt/ghc/8.6.3/bin/ghc Bug.hs
[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )
Bug.hs:11:18: error:
• Couldn't match kind ‘k1’ with ‘k1’
• In the second argument of ‘SameKind’, namely ‘b’
In the class declaration for ‘C’

11  class SameKind a b => C (k :: Const Type a) (b :: k)
 ^
```
I imagine that the real issue is that `SameKind a b` would force `a :: k`, which would be illscoped. But figuring that out from this strange error message requires a lot of thought.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.6.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Couldn't match kind ‘k1’ with ‘k1’","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"8.10.1","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.6.3","keywords":["TypeInType"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"The following program gives a hopelessly confusing error message on GHC 8.6.3 and HEAD:\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE MultiParamTypeClasses #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}\r\nmodule Bug where\r\n\r\nimport Data.Kind\r\n\r\ntype Const a b = a\r\ntype SameKind (a :: k) (b :: k) = (() :: Constraint)\r\nclass SameKind a b => C (k :: Const Type a) (b :: k)\r\n}}}\r\n{{{\r\n$ /opt/ghc/8.6.3/bin/ghc Bug.hs\r\n[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )\r\n\r\nBug.hs:11:18: error:\r\n • Couldn't match kind ‘k1’ with ‘k1’\r\n • In the second argument of ‘SameKind’, namely ‘b’\r\n In the class declaration for ‘C’\r\n \r\n11  class SameKind a b => C (k :: Const Type a) (b :: k)\r\n  ^\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nI imagine that the real issue is that `SameKind a b` would force `a :: k`, which would be illscoped. But figuring that out from this strange error message requires a lot of thought.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >8.10.1https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/15942Associated type family can't be used at the kind level within other parts of ...20190707T18:02:21ZIcelandjackAssociated type family can't be used at the kind level within other parts of parent classI want to run the following past you (using [Visible Kind Applications](https://phabricator.haskell.org/D5229) but may be unrelated). The following compiles
```hs
{# Language DataKinds #}
{# Language KindSignatures #}
{# Language TypeFamilies #}
{# Language AllowAmbiguousTypes #}
import Data.Kind
type G = Bool > Type
data Fun :: G
class F (bool :: Bool) where
type Not bool :: Bool
foo :: Fun (Not bool)
```
but quantifying `Bool` invisibly all of a sudden I can't use `Not`
```hs
{# Language DataKinds #}
{# Language RankNTypes #}
{# Language TypeApplications #}
{# Language PolyKinds #}
{# Language KindSignatures #}
{# Language TypeFamilies #}
{# Language AllowAmbiguousTypes #}
import Data.Kind
type G = forall (b :: Bool). Type
data Fun :: G
class F (bool :: Bool) where
type Not bool :: Bool
foo :: Fun @(Not bool)
```
```
$ ghcstage2 interactive ignoredotghci 739_bug.hs
GHCi, version 8.7.20181017: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help
[1 of 1] Compiling Main ( 739_bug.hs, interpreted )
739_bug.hs:17:16: error:
• Type constructor ‘Not’ cannot be used here
(it is defined and used in the same recursive group)
• In the first argument of ‘Fun’, namely ‘(Not bool)’
In the type signature: foo :: Fun @(Not bool)
In the class declaration for ‘F’

17  foo :: Fun @(Not bool)
 ^^^
Failed, no modules loaded.
```
Is this restriction warrantedI want to run the following past you (using [Visible Kind Applications](https://phabricator.haskell.org/D5229) but may be unrelated). The following compiles
```hs
{# Language DataKinds #}
{# Language KindSignatures #}
{# Language TypeFamilies #}
{# Language AllowAmbiguousTypes #}
import Data.Kind
type G = Bool > Type
data Fun :: G
class F (bool :: Bool) where
type Not bool :: Bool
foo :: Fun (Not bool)
```
but quantifying `Bool` invisibly all of a sudden I can't use `Not`
```hs
{# Language DataKinds #}
{# Language RankNTypes #}
{# Language TypeApplications #}
{# Language PolyKinds #}
{# Language KindSignatures #}
{# Language TypeFamilies #}
{# Language AllowAmbiguousTypes #}
import Data.Kind
type G = forall (b :: Bool). Type
data Fun :: G
class F (bool :: Bool) where
type Not bool :: Bool
foo :: Fun @(Not bool)
```
```
$ ghcstage2 interactive ignoredotghci 739_bug.hs
GHCi, version 8.7.20181017: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help
[1 of 1] Compiling Main ( 739_bug.hs, interpreted )
739_bug.hs:17:16: error:
• Type constructor ‘Not’ cannot be used here
(it is defined and used in the same recursive group)
• In the first argument of ‘Fun’, namely ‘(Not bool)’
In the type signature: foo :: Fun @(Not bool)
In the class declaration for ‘F’

17  foo :: Fun @(Not bool)
 ^^^
Failed, no modules loaded.
```
Is this restriction warranted8.6.3https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/15710Should GHC accept a type signature that needs coercion quantification?20191009T08:33:00ZSimon Peyton JonesShould GHC accept a type signature that needs coercion quantification?Consider
```
f :: forall k (f :: k) (x :: k1). (k ~ (k1 > *)) => f x
f = error "uk"
```
Should we accept it? Now that we have coercion quantification (Trac #15497), I think the answer should be yes, with the elaborated signature being
```
f :: forall k (f::k) (x::k1). forall (co :: k ~# (k1>*)). (f > co) x
```
But there is a problem: the user wrote `k ~ (k1 > *)`, and that's a boxed value that we can't take apart in types. I'm not sure what to do here.
These thoughts arose when contemplating `Note [Emitting the residual implication in simplifyInfer]` in `TcSimplify`; see [ticket:15710\#comment:161240](https://gitlab.haskell.org//ghc/ghc/issues/15710#note_161240) in #15497Consider
```
f :: forall k (f :: k) (x :: k1). (k ~ (k1 > *)) => f x
f = error "uk"
```
Should we accept it? Now that we have coercion quantification (Trac #15497), I think the answer should be yes, with the elaborated signature being
```
f :: forall k (f::k) (x::k1). forall (co :: k ~# (k1>*)). (f > co) x
```
But there is a problem: the user wrote `k ~ (k1 > *)`, and that's a boxed value that we can't take apart in types. I'm not sure what to do here.
These thoughts arose when contemplating `Note [Emitting the residual implication in simplifyInfer]` in `TcSimplify`; see [ticket:15710\#comment:161240](https://gitlab.haskell.org//ghc/ghc/issues/15710#note_161240) in #15497https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/15589Always promoting metavariables during type inference may be wrong20190707T18:04:00ZRichard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devAlways promoting metavariables during type inference may be wrongCurrently, when checking a type signature, GHC promotes all the metavariables that arise during checking as soon as it's done checking the signature. This may be incorrect sometimes.
Consider
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables, TypeInType, TypeOperators, TypeFamilies,
AllowAmbiguousTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
import Data.Type.Equality
import Data.Type.Bool
import Data.Kind
data SameKind :: forall k. k > k > Type
type family IfK (e :: Proxy (j :: Bool)) (f :: m) (g :: n) :: If j m n where
IfK (_ :: Proxy True) f _ = f
IfK (_ :: Proxy False) _ g = g
y :: forall (cb :: Bool) (c :: Proxy cb). cb :~: True > ()
y Refl = let x :: forall a b (d :: a). SameKind (IfK c b d) d
x = undefined
in ()
```
This panics currently (#15588), but I'm pretty sure it will erroneously be rejected even after the panic is fixed. Let's walk through it.
 We can derive `IfK :: forall (j :: Bool) (m :: Type) (n :: Type). Proxy j > m > n > If j m n`, where `If :: forall k. Bool > k > k > k` is imported from `Data.Type.Bool` and is a straightforward conditional choice operator.
 In the type of `x`, we see that we need the kind of `IfK c b d` to match the kind of `d`. That is, if `b :: kappa[3]`, we have `[W] If cb kappa[3] a ~ a`. Here, the `forall` in `x`'s type is at level 3; the RHS of `y` is at level 2.
 If we could reduce `If cb kappa[3] a` to `kappa[3]`, then we would solve `kappa[3] := a`, but we can't make this reduction, because `cb` is a skolem.
 Instead, we finish checking the type of `x` and promote `kappa[3]` to `kappa[2]`.
 Later, we'll make an implication constraint with `[G] cb ~ True`. When solving that implication constraint, we'll get `[W] If True kappa[2] a ~ a` and simplify to `[W] kappa[2] ~ a`, but that will be insoluble because we'll be solving at level 3, and now `kappa[2]` is at level 2. We're too late.
Yet, I claim that this program should be accepted, and it would be if GHC tracked a set of ambient givens and used them in local calls to the solver. With these "ambient givens" (instead of putting them only in implication constraints), we would know `cb ~ True` the first time we try to solve, and then we'll succeed.
An alternative story is to change how levels are used with variables. Currently, levels are, essentially, the number of type variables available from an outer scope. Accordingly, we must make sure that the level of a variable is never higher than the ambient level. (If it were, we wouldn't know what extra variable(s) were in scope.) Instead, we could just store the list of variables that were in scope. We wouldn't then need to promote in this case  promotion would happen only during floating. But tracking these lists is a real pain. (If we decide to pursue this further, I can add more details, but it's all in Chapter 6 in [my thesis](https://repository.brynmawr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1074&context=compsci_pubs)  section 6.5 to be specific.)
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
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 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler 
 Test case  
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 Blocking  
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 Operating system  
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<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Always promoting metavariables during type inference may be wrong","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"8.6.1","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.4.3","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"Currently, when checking a type signature, GHC promotes all the metavariables that arise during checking as soon as it's done checking the signature. This may be incorrect sometimes.\r\n\r\nConsider\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables, TypeInType, TypeOperators, TypeFamilies,\r\n AllowAmbiguousTypes #}\r\n\r\nimport Data.Proxy\r\nimport Data.Type.Equality\r\nimport Data.Type.Bool\r\nimport Data.Kind\r\n\r\ndata SameKind :: forall k. k > k > Type\r\ntype family IfK (e :: Proxy (j :: Bool)) (f :: m) (g :: n) :: If j m n where\r\n IfK (_ :: Proxy True) f _ = f\r\n IfK (_ :: Proxy False) _ g = g\r\n\r\ny :: forall (cb :: Bool) (c :: Proxy cb). cb :~: True > ()\r\ny Refl = let x :: forall a b (d :: a). SameKind (IfK c b d) d\r\n x = undefined\r\n in ()\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nThis panics currently (#15588), but I'm pretty sure it will erroneously be rejected even after the panic is fixed. Let's walk through it.\r\n\r\n* We can derive `IfK :: forall (j :: Bool) (m :: Type) (n :: Type). Proxy j > m > n > If j m n`, where `If :: forall k. Bool > k > k > k` is imported from `Data.Type.Bool` and is a straightforward conditional choice operator.\r\n\r\n* In the type of `x`, we see that we need the kind of `IfK c b d` to match the kind of `d`. That is, if `b :: kappa[3]`, we have `[W] If cb kappa[3] a ~ a`. Here, the `forall` in `x`'s type is at level 3; the RHS of `y` is at level 2.\r\n\r\n* If we could reduce `If cb kappa[3] a` to `kappa[3]`, then we would solve `kappa[3] := a`, but we can't make this reduction, because `cb` is a skolem.\r\n\r\n* Instead, we finish checking the type of `x` and promote `kappa[3]` to `kappa[2]`.\r\n\r\n* Later, we'll make an implication constraint with `[G] cb ~ True`. When solving that implication constraint, we'll get `[W] If True kappa[2] a ~ a` and simplify to `[W] kappa[2] ~ a`, but that will be insoluble because we'll be solving at level 3, and now `kappa[2]` is at level 2. We're too late.\r\n\r\nYet, I claim that this program should be accepted, and it would be if GHC tracked a set of ambient givens and used them in local calls to the solver. With these \"ambient givens\" (instead of putting them only in implication constraints), we would know `cb ~ True` the first time we try to solve, and then we'll succeed.\r\n\r\nAn alternative story is to change how levels are used with variables. Currently, levels are, essentially, the number of type variables available from an outer scope. Accordingly, we must make sure that the level of a variable is never higher than the ambient level. (If it were, we wouldn't know what extra variable(s) were in scope.) Instead, we could just store the list of variables that were in scope. We wouldn't then need to promote in this case  promotion would happen only during floating. But tracking these lists is a real pain. (If we decide to pursue this further, I can add more details, but it's all in Chapter 6 in [https://repository.brynmawr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1074&context=compsci_pubs my thesis]  section 6.5 to be specific.)","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >Currently, when checking a type signature, GHC promotes all the metavariables that arise during checking as soon as it's done checking the signature. This may be incorrect sometimes.
Consider
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables, TypeInType, TypeOperators, TypeFamilies,
AllowAmbiguousTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
import Data.Type.Equality
import Data.Type.Bool
import Data.Kind
data SameKind :: forall k. k > k > Type
type family IfK (e :: Proxy (j :: Bool)) (f :: m) (g :: n) :: If j m n where
IfK (_ :: Proxy True) f _ = f
IfK (_ :: Proxy False) _ g = g
y :: forall (cb :: Bool) (c :: Proxy cb). cb :~: True > ()
y Refl = let x :: forall a b (d :: a). SameKind (IfK c b d) d
x = undefined
in ()
```
This panics currently (#15588), but I'm pretty sure it will erroneously be rejected even after the panic is fixed. Let's walk through it.
 We can derive `IfK :: forall (j :: Bool) (m :: Type) (n :: Type). Proxy j > m > n > If j m n`, where `If :: forall k. Bool > k > k > k` is imported from `Data.Type.Bool` and is a straightforward conditional choice operator.
 In the type of `x`, we see that we need the kind of `IfK c b d` to match the kind of `d`. That is, if `b :: kappa[3]`, we have `[W] If cb kappa[3] a ~ a`. Here, the `forall` in `x`'s type is at level 3; the RHS of `y` is at level 2.
 If we could reduce `If cb kappa[3] a` to `kappa[3]`, then we would solve `kappa[3] := a`, but we can't make this reduction, because `cb` is a skolem.
 Instead, we finish checking the type of `x` and promote `kappa[3]` to `kappa[2]`.
 Later, we'll make an implication constraint with `[G] cb ~ True`. When solving that implication constraint, we'll get `[W] If True kappa[2] a ~ a` and simplify to `[W] kappa[2] ~ a`, but that will be insoluble because we'll be solving at level 3, and now `kappa[2]` is at level 2. We're too late.
Yet, I claim that this program should be accepted, and it would be if GHC tracked a set of ambient givens and used them in local calls to the solver. With these "ambient givens" (instead of putting them only in implication constraints), we would know `cb ~ True` the first time we try to solve, and then we'll succeed.
An alternative story is to change how levels are used with variables. Currently, levels are, essentially, the number of type variables available from an outer scope. Accordingly, we must make sure that the level of a variable is never higher than the ambient level. (If it were, we wouldn't know what extra variable(s) were in scope.) Instead, we could just store the list of variables that were in scope. We wouldn't then need to promote in this case  promotion would happen only during floating. But tracking these lists is a real pain. (If we decide to pursue this further, I can add more details, but it's all in Chapter 6 in [my thesis](https://repository.brynmawr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1074&context=compsci_pubs)  section 6.5 to be specific.)
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.4.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Always promoting metavariables during type inference may be wrong","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"8.6.1","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.4.3","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"Currently, when checking a type signature, GHC promotes all the metavariables that arise during checking as soon as it's done checking the signature. This may be incorrect sometimes.\r\n\r\nConsider\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables, TypeInType, TypeOperators, TypeFamilies,\r\n AllowAmbiguousTypes #}\r\n\r\nimport Data.Proxy\r\nimport Data.Type.Equality\r\nimport Data.Type.Bool\r\nimport Data.Kind\r\n\r\ndata SameKind :: forall k. k > k > Type\r\ntype family IfK (e :: Proxy (j :: Bool)) (f :: m) (g :: n) :: If j m n where\r\n IfK (_ :: Proxy True) f _ = f\r\n IfK (_ :: Proxy False) _ g = g\r\n\r\ny :: forall (cb :: Bool) (c :: Proxy cb). cb :~: True > ()\r\ny Refl = let x :: forall a b (d :: a). SameKind (IfK c b d) d\r\n x = undefined\r\n in ()\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nThis panics currently (#15588), but I'm pretty sure it will erroneously be rejected even after the panic is fixed. Let's walk through it.\r\n\r\n* We can derive `IfK :: forall (j :: Bool) (m :: Type) (n :: Type). Proxy j > m > n > If j m n`, where `If :: forall k. Bool > k > k > k` is imported from `Data.Type.Bool` and is a straightforward conditional choice operator.\r\n\r\n* In the type of `x`, we see that we need the kind of `IfK c b d` to match the kind of `d`. That is, if `b :: kappa[3]`, we have `[W] If cb kappa[3] a ~ a`. Here, the `forall` in `x`'s type is at level 3; the RHS of `y` is at level 2.\r\n\r\n* If we could reduce `If cb kappa[3] a` to `kappa[3]`, then we would solve `kappa[3] := a`, but we can't make this reduction, because `cb` is a skolem.\r\n\r\n* Instead, we finish checking the type of `x` and promote `kappa[3]` to `kappa[2]`.\r\n\r\n* Later, we'll make an implication constraint with `[G] cb ~ True`. When solving that implication constraint, we'll get `[W] If True kappa[2] a ~ a` and simplify to `[W] kappa[2] ~ a`, but that will be insoluble because we'll be solving at level 3, and now `kappa[2]` is at level 2. We're too late.\r\n\r\nYet, I claim that this program should be accepted, and it would be if GHC tracked a set of ambient givens and used them in local calls to the solver. With these \"ambient givens\" (instead of putting them only in implication constraints), we would know `cb ~ True` the first time we try to solve, and then we'll succeed.\r\n\r\nAn alternative story is to change how levels are used with variables. Currently, levels are, essentially, the number of type variables available from an outer scope. Accordingly, we must make sure that the level of a variable is never higher than the ambient level. (If it were, we wouldn't know what extra variable(s) were in scope.) Instead, we could just store the list of variables that were in scope. We wouldn't then need to promote in this case  promotion would happen only during floating. But tracking these lists is a real pain. (If we decide to pursue this further, I can add more details, but it's all in Chapter 6 in [https://repository.brynmawr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1074&context=compsci_pubs my thesis]  section 6.5 to be specific.)","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >8.6.1https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/15588Panic when abusing kind inference20190707T18:04:01ZRichard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devPanic when abusing kind inferenceWhen I say
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables, TypeInType, TypeOperators, TypeFamilies,
AllowAmbiguousTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
import Data.Type.Equality
import Data.Type.Bool
import Data.Kind
data SameKind :: forall k. k > k > Type
type family IfK (e :: Proxy (j :: Bool)) (f :: m) (g :: n) :: If j m n where
IfK (_ :: Proxy True) f _ = f
IfK (_ :: Proxy False) _ g = g
y :: forall ck (c :: ck). ck :~: Proxy True > ()
y Refl = let x :: forall a b (d :: a). SameKind (IfK c b d) d
x = undefined
in ()
```
HEAD says
```
ghcstage2: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)
(GHC version 8.7.20180827 for x86_64appledarwin):
ASSERT failed!
Bad coercion hole co_a3iZ: If
j_a3j0[tau:2] m_a3j1[tau:2] a_a3gV[sk:3]
a_a3gV[sk:3]
nominal
If j_a3j0[tau:2] m_a3j1[tau:2] a_a3jj[sk:3] ~# a_a3jj[sk:3]
Call stack:
CallStack (from HasCallStack):
callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1160:37 in ghc:Outputable
pprPanic, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1219:5 in ghc:Outputable
assertPprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcMType.hs:316:25 in ghc:TcMType
Please report this as a GHC bug: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/reportabug
```
It's as yet unclear whether the program should be accepted. My best guess is that it should, but that (even with this panic fixed) GHC isn't up to the task.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.5 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Panic when abusing kind inference","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"8.6.1","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.5","keywords":["TypeInType"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"When I say\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables, TypeInType, TypeOperators, TypeFamilies,\r\n AllowAmbiguousTypes #}\r\n\r\nimport Data.Proxy\r\nimport Data.Type.Equality\r\nimport Data.Type.Bool\r\nimport Data.Kind\r\n\r\ndata SameKind :: forall k. k > k > Type\r\ntype family IfK (e :: Proxy (j :: Bool)) (f :: m) (g :: n) :: If j m n where\r\n IfK (_ :: Proxy True) f _ = f\r\n IfK (_ :: Proxy False) _ g = g\r\n\r\ny :: forall ck (c :: ck). ck :~: Proxy True > ()\r\ny Refl = let x :: forall a b (d :: a). SameKind (IfK c b d) d\r\n x = undefined\r\n in ()\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nHEAD says\r\n\r\n{{{\r\nghcstage2: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)\r\n (GHC version 8.7.20180827 for x86_64appledarwin):\r\n\tASSERT failed!\r\n Bad coercion hole co_a3iZ: If\r\n j_a3j0[tau:2] m_a3j1[tau:2] a_a3gV[sk:3]\r\n a_a3gV[sk:3]\r\n nominal\r\n If j_a3j0[tau:2] m_a3j1[tau:2] a_a3jj[sk:3] ~# a_a3jj[sk:3]\r\n Call stack:\r\n CallStack (from HasCallStack):\r\n callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1160:37 in ghc:Outputable\r\n pprPanic, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1219:5 in ghc:Outputable\r\n assertPprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcMType.hs:316:25 in ghc:TcMType\r\n\r\nPlease report this as a GHC bug: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/reportabug\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nIt's as yet unclear whether the program should be accepted. My best guess is that it should, but that (even with this panic fixed) GHC isn't up to the task.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >When I say
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables, TypeInType, TypeOperators, TypeFamilies,
AllowAmbiguousTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
import Data.Type.Equality
import Data.Type.Bool
import Data.Kind
data SameKind :: forall k. k > k > Type
type family IfK (e :: Proxy (j :: Bool)) (f :: m) (g :: n) :: If j m n where
IfK (_ :: Proxy True) f _ = f
IfK (_ :: Proxy False) _ g = g
y :: forall ck (c :: ck). ck :~: Proxy True > ()
y Refl = let x :: forall a b (d :: a). SameKind (IfK c b d) d
x = undefined
in ()
```
HEAD says
```
ghcstage2: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)
(GHC version 8.7.20180827 for x86_64appledarwin):
ASSERT failed!
Bad coercion hole co_a3iZ: If
j_a3j0[tau:2] m_a3j1[tau:2] a_a3gV[sk:3]
a_a3gV[sk:3]
nominal
If j_a3j0[tau:2] m_a3j1[tau:2] a_a3jj[sk:3] ~# a_a3jj[sk:3]
Call stack:
CallStack (from HasCallStack):
callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1160:37 in ghc:Outputable
pprPanic, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1219:5 in ghc:Outputable
assertPprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcMType.hs:316:25 in ghc:TcMType
Please report this as a GHC bug: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/reportabug
```
It's as yet unclear whether the program should be accepted. My best guess is that it should, but that (even with this panic fixed) GHC isn't up to the task.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.5 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Panic when abusing kind inference","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"8.6.1","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.5","keywords":["TypeInType"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"When I say\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables, TypeInType, TypeOperators, TypeFamilies,\r\n AllowAmbiguousTypes #}\r\n\r\nimport Data.Proxy\r\nimport Data.Type.Equality\r\nimport Data.Type.Bool\r\nimport Data.Kind\r\n\r\ndata SameKind :: forall k. k > k > Type\r\ntype family IfK (e :: Proxy (j :: Bool)) (f :: m) (g :: n) :: If j m n where\r\n IfK (_ :: Proxy True) f _ = f\r\n IfK (_ :: Proxy False) _ g = g\r\n\r\ny :: forall ck (c :: ck). ck :~: Proxy True > ()\r\ny Refl = let x :: forall a b (d :: a). SameKind (IfK c b d) d\r\n x = undefined\r\n in ()\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nHEAD says\r\n\r\n{{{\r\nghcstage2: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)\r\n (GHC version 8.7.20180827 for x86_64appledarwin):\r\n\tASSERT failed!\r\n Bad coercion hole co_a3iZ: If\r\n j_a3j0[tau:2] m_a3j1[tau:2] a_a3gV[sk:3]\r\n a_a3gV[sk:3]\r\n nominal\r\n If j_a3j0[tau:2] m_a3j1[tau:2] a_a3jj[sk:3] ~# a_a3jj[sk:3]\r\n Call stack:\r\n CallStack (from HasCallStack):\r\n callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1160:37 in ghc:Outputable\r\n pprPanic, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1219:5 in ghc:Outputable\r\n assertPprPanic, called at compiler/typecheck/TcMType.hs:316:25 in ghc:TcMType\r\n\r\nPlease report this as a GHC bug: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/reportabug\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nIt's as yet unclear whether the program should be accepted. My best guess is that it should, but that (even with this panic fixed) GHC isn't up to the task.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >8.6.1https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/15561TypeInType: Type error conditioned on ordering of GADT and type family defini...20190707T18:04:07ZBj0rnTypeInType: Type error conditioned on ordering of GADT and type family definitionsConsider this code which successfully compiles:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE TypeInType, TypeFamilies, GADTs #}
module Bug where
class HasIndex a where
type Index a
emptyIndex :: IndexWrapper a
instance HasIndex [a] where
type Index [a] = Int
emptyIndex = Wrap 0
data IndexWrapper a where
Wrap :: Index a > IndexWrapper a
type family UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing (a :: t) :: k
type instance UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing ('Wrap a :: IndexWrapper [b]) = a
```
The mere act of moving the definition of `IndexWrapper` anywhere below the definition of `UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing` makes the type family instance at the bottom of the example fail compilation, with this error:
```
Bug.hs:17:15: error:
• Illegal type synonym family application in instance: Index [b]
• In the type instance declaration for ‘UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing’

17  type instance UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing ('Wrap a :: IndexWrapper [b]) = a
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
```
This is the smallest example that I could come up with; my real scenario of course has more things going on, but I can share if it would help.
The problem for me (other than that I'm pretty sure reordering definitions in Haskell should never affect anything) is that I would like just the definition of the type family (`UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing` in this example) in module `A` and all of the other definitions in module `B` that imports `A`.
Ideally, I would have liked to add a `HasIndex a` constraint to the `Wrap` constructor, but that disqualifies use of `'Wrap` on the type level. This does make me feel like I'm on shaky ground to begin with.
I have reproduced this bug on 8.2.2, 8.4.3 and 8.6.0.20180810 (NixOS). I should note that 8.0.2 rejects even the code that I pasted here.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.4.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
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 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"TypeInType: Type error conditioned on ordering of GADT and type family definitions","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"8.6.1","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.4.3","keywords":["GADTs","TypeFamilies,","TypeInType,"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"Consider this code which successfully compiles:\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeInType, TypeFamilies, GADTs #}\r\n\r\nmodule Bug where\r\n\r\nclass HasIndex a where\r\n type Index a\r\n emptyIndex :: IndexWrapper a\r\ninstance HasIndex [a] where\r\n type Index [a] = Int\r\n emptyIndex = Wrap 0\r\n\r\ndata IndexWrapper a where\r\n Wrap :: Index a > IndexWrapper a\r\n\r\ntype family UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing (a :: t) :: k\r\n\r\ntype instance UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing ('Wrap a :: IndexWrapper [b]) = a\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nThe mere act of moving the definition of `IndexWrapper` anywhere below the definition of `UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing` makes the type family instance at the bottom of the example fail compilation, with this error:\r\n{{{\r\nBug.hs:17:15: error:\r\n • Illegal type synonym family application in instance: Index [b]\r\n • In the type instance declaration for ‘UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing’\r\n \r\n17  type instance UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing ('Wrap a :: IndexWrapper [b]) = a\r\n  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nThis is the smallest example that I could come up with; my real scenario of course has more things going on, but I can share if it would help.\r\n\r\nThe problem for me (other than that I'm pretty sure reordering definitions in Haskell should never affect anything) is that I would like just the definition of the type family (`UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing` in this example) in module `A` and all of the other definitions in module `B` that imports `A`.\r\n\r\nIdeally, I would have liked to add a `HasIndex a` constraint to the `Wrap` constructor, but that disqualifies use of `'Wrap` on the type level. This does make me feel like I'm on shaky ground to begin with.\r\n\r\nI have reproduced this bug on 8.2.2, 8.4.3 and 8.6.0.20180810 (NixOS). I should note that 8.0.2 rejects even the code that I pasted here.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >Consider this code which successfully compiles:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE TypeInType, TypeFamilies, GADTs #}
module Bug where
class HasIndex a where
type Index a
emptyIndex :: IndexWrapper a
instance HasIndex [a] where
type Index [a] = Int
emptyIndex = Wrap 0
data IndexWrapper a where
Wrap :: Index a > IndexWrapper a
type family UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing (a :: t) :: k
type instance UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing ('Wrap a :: IndexWrapper [b]) = a
```
The mere act of moving the definition of `IndexWrapper` anywhere below the definition of `UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing` makes the type family instance at the bottom of the example fail compilation, with this error:
```
Bug.hs:17:15: error:
• Illegal type synonym family application in instance: Index [b]
• In the type instance declaration for ‘UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing’

17  type instance UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing ('Wrap a :: IndexWrapper [b]) = a
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
```
This is the smallest example that I could come up with; my real scenario of course has more things going on, but I can share if it would help.
The problem for me (other than that I'm pretty sure reordering definitions in Haskell should never affect anything) is that I would like just the definition of the type family (`UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing` in this example) in module `A` and all of the other definitions in module `B` that imports `A`.
Ideally, I would have liked to add a `HasIndex a` constraint to the `Wrap` constructor, but that disqualifies use of `'Wrap` on the type level. This does make me feel like I'm on shaky ground to begin with.
I have reproduced this bug on 8.2.2, 8.4.3 and 8.6.0.20180810 (NixOS). I should note that 8.0.2 rejects even the code that I pasted here.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.4.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"TypeInType: Type error conditioned on ordering of GADT and type family definitions","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"8.6.1","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.4.3","keywords":["GADTs","TypeFamilies,","TypeInType,"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"Consider this code which successfully compiles:\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeInType, TypeFamilies, GADTs #}\r\n\r\nmodule Bug where\r\n\r\nclass HasIndex a where\r\n type Index a\r\n emptyIndex :: IndexWrapper a\r\ninstance HasIndex [a] where\r\n type Index [a] = Int\r\n emptyIndex = Wrap 0\r\n\r\ndata IndexWrapper a where\r\n Wrap :: Index a > IndexWrapper a\r\n\r\ntype family UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing (a :: t) :: k\r\n\r\ntype instance UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing ('Wrap a :: IndexWrapper [b]) = a\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nThe mere act of moving the definition of `IndexWrapper` anywhere below the definition of `UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing` makes the type family instance at the bottom of the example fail compilation, with this error:\r\n{{{\r\nBug.hs:17:15: error:\r\n • Illegal type synonym family application in instance: Index [b]\r\n • In the type instance declaration for ‘UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing’\r\n \r\n17  type instance UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing ('Wrap a :: IndexWrapper [b]) = a\r\n  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nThis is the smallest example that I could come up with; my real scenario of course has more things going on, but I can share if it would help.\r\n\r\nThe problem for me (other than that I'm pretty sure reordering definitions in Haskell should never affect anything) is that I would like just the definition of the type family (`UnwrapAnyWrapperLikeThing` in this example) in module `A` and all of the other definitions in module `B` that imports `A`.\r\n\r\nIdeally, I would have liked to add a `HasIndex a` constraint to the `Wrap` constructor, but that disqualifies use of `'Wrap` on the type level. This does make me feel like I'm on shaky ground to begin with.\r\n\r\nI have reproduced this bug on 8.2.2, 8.4.3 and 8.6.0.20180810 (NixOS). I should note that 8.0.2 rejects even the code that I pasted here.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >8.6.1https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/15474Error message mentions Any20190707T18:04:35ZKrzysztof GogolewskiError message mentions AnyI'm not sure if this is a bug. File:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}
module T15474 where
import Data.Kind (Type)
data Proxy a
type Forall = forall t. Proxy t
f1 :: forall (t :: Type). Proxy t
f1 = f1
f2 :: Forall
f2 = f1
```
gives an error message mentioning Any:
```
• Couldn't match type ‘GHC.Types.Any’ with ‘*’
Expected type: Proxy t
Actual type: Proxy t0
```
The appearance of Any is suspicious to me  I thought it's an implementation detail?I'm not sure if this is a bug. File:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}
module T15474 where
import Data.Kind (Type)
data Proxy a
type Forall = forall t. Proxy t
f1 :: forall (t :: Type). Proxy t
f1 = f1
f2 :: Forall
f2 = f1
```
gives an error message mentioning Any:
```
• Couldn't match type ‘GHC.Types.Any’ with ‘*’
Expected type: Proxy t
Actual type: Proxy t0
```
The appearance of Any is suspicious to me  I thought it's an implementation detail?8.10.1https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/14873The wellkinded type invariant (in TcType)20190707T18:15:14ZRyan ScottThe wellkinded type invariant (in TcType)(Originally noticed [here](https://travisci.org/goldfirere/singletons/jobs/347945148#L1179).)
The following program typechecks on GHC 8.2.2 on GHC 8.4.1, but panics on GHC HEAD:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeApplications #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeOperators #}
module Bug where
import Data.Kind (Type)
data family Sing (a :: k)
newtype instance Sing (f :: k1 ~> k2) =
SLambda { applySing :: forall t. Sing t > Sing (Apply f t) }
data TyFun :: Type > Type > Type
type a ~> b = TyFun a b > Type
infixr 0 ~>
type family Apply (f :: k1 ~> k2) (x :: k1) :: k2
class SingI (a :: k) where
sing :: Sing a
data ColSym1 :: f a > a ~> Bool
type instance Apply (ColSym1 x) y = Col x y
class PColumn (f :: Type > Type) where
type Col (x :: f a) (y :: a) :: Bool
class SColumn (f :: Type > Type) where
sCol :: forall (x :: f a) (y :: a).
Sing x > Sing y > Sing (Col x y :: Bool)
instance (SColumn f, SingI x) => SingI (ColSym1 (x :: f a) :: a ~> Bool) where
sing = SLambda (sCol (sing @_ @x))
```
```
$ /opt/ghc/head/bin/ghc Bug.hs
[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )
ghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)
(GHC version 8.5.20180201 for x86_64unknownlinux):
piResultTy
k_aZU[tau:1]
(a_aW8[sk:1] > <*>_N)
Call stack:
CallStack (from HasCallStack):
callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1150:37 in ghc:Outputable
pprPanic, called at compiler/types/Type.hs:947:35 in ghc:Type
```
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.5 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  highest 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"GHC HEAD regression (piResultTy)","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.5","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"(Originally noticed [https://travisci.org/goldfirere/singletons/jobs/347945148#L1179 here].)\r\n\r\nThe following program typechecks on GHC 8.2.2 on GHC 8.4.1, but panics on GHC HEAD:\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeApplications #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeOperators #}\r\nmodule Bug where\r\n\r\nimport Data.Kind (Type)\r\n\r\ndata family Sing (a :: k)\r\n\r\nnewtype instance Sing (f :: k1 ~> k2) =\r\n SLambda { applySing :: forall t. Sing t > Sing (Apply f t) }\r\n\r\ndata TyFun :: Type > Type > Type\r\ntype a ~> b = TyFun a b > Type\r\ninfixr 0 ~>\r\ntype family Apply (f :: k1 ~> k2) (x :: k1) :: k2\r\n\r\nclass SingI (a :: k) where\r\n sing :: Sing a\r\n\r\ndata ColSym1 :: f a > a ~> Bool\r\ntype instance Apply (ColSym1 x) y = Col x y\r\n\r\nclass PColumn (f :: Type > Type) where\r\n type Col (x :: f a) (y :: a) :: Bool\r\n\r\nclass SColumn (f :: Type > Type) where\r\n sCol :: forall (x :: f a) (y :: a).\r\n Sing x > Sing y > Sing (Col x y :: Bool)\r\n\r\ninstance (SColumn f, SingI x) => SingI (ColSym1 (x :: f a) :: a ~> Bool) where\r\n sing = SLambda (sCol (sing @_ @x))\r\n}}}\r\n\r\n{{{\r\n$ /opt/ghc/head/bin/ghc Bug.hs\r\n[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )\r\nghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)\r\n (GHC version 8.5.20180201 for x86_64unknownlinux):\r\n piResultTy\r\n k_aZU[tau:1]\r\n (a_aW8[sk:1] > <*>_N)\r\n Call stack:\r\n CallStack (from HasCallStack):\r\n callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1150:37 in ghc:Outputable\r\n pprPanic, called at compiler/types/Type.hs:947:35 in ghc:Type\r\n}}}","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >(Originally noticed [here](https://travisci.org/goldfirere/singletons/jobs/347945148#L1179).)
The following program typechecks on GHC 8.2.2 on GHC 8.4.1, but panics on GHC HEAD:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeApplications #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeOperators #}
module Bug where
import Data.Kind (Type)
data family Sing (a :: k)
newtype instance Sing (f :: k1 ~> k2) =
SLambda { applySing :: forall t. Sing t > Sing (Apply f t) }
data TyFun :: Type > Type > Type
type a ~> b = TyFun a b > Type
infixr 0 ~>
type family Apply (f :: k1 ~> k2) (x :: k1) :: k2
class SingI (a :: k) where
sing :: Sing a
data ColSym1 :: f a > a ~> Bool
type instance Apply (ColSym1 x) y = Col x y
class PColumn (f :: Type > Type) where
type Col (x :: f a) (y :: a) :: Bool
class SColumn (f :: Type > Type) where
sCol :: forall (x :: f a) (y :: a).
Sing x > Sing y > Sing (Col x y :: Bool)
instance (SColumn f, SingI x) => SingI (ColSym1 (x :: f a) :: a ~> Bool) where
sing = SLambda (sCol (sing @_ @x))
```
```
$ /opt/ghc/head/bin/ghc Bug.hs
[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )
ghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)
(GHC version 8.5.20180201 for x86_64unknownlinux):
piResultTy
k_aZU[tau:1]
(a_aW8[sk:1] > <*>_N)
Call stack:
CallStack (from HasCallStack):
callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1150:37 in ghc:Outputable
pprPanic, called at compiler/types/Type.hs:947:35 in ghc:Type
```
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.5 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  highest 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"GHC HEAD regression (piResultTy)","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.5","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"(Originally noticed [https://travisci.org/goldfirere/singletons/jobs/347945148#L1179 here].)\r\n\r\nThe following program typechecks on GHC 8.2.2 on GHC 8.4.1, but panics on GHC HEAD:\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeApplications #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeOperators #}\r\nmodule Bug where\r\n\r\nimport Data.Kind (Type)\r\n\r\ndata family Sing (a :: k)\r\n\r\nnewtype instance Sing (f :: k1 ~> k2) =\r\n SLambda { applySing :: forall t. Sing t > Sing (Apply f t) }\r\n\r\ndata TyFun :: Type > Type > Type\r\ntype a ~> b = TyFun a b > Type\r\ninfixr 0 ~>\r\ntype family Apply (f :: k1 ~> k2) (x :: k1) :: k2\r\n\r\nclass SingI (a :: k) where\r\n sing :: Sing a\r\n\r\ndata ColSym1 :: f a > a ~> Bool\r\ntype instance Apply (ColSym1 x) y = Col x y\r\n\r\nclass PColumn (f :: Type > Type) where\r\n type Col (x :: f a) (y :: a) :: Bool\r\n\r\nclass SColumn (f :: Type > Type) where\r\n sCol :: forall (x :: f a) (y :: a).\r\n Sing x > Sing y > Sing (Col x y :: Bool)\r\n\r\ninstance (SColumn f, SingI x) => SingI (ColSym1 (x :: f a) :: a ~> Bool) where\r\n sing = SLambda (sCol (sing @_ @x))\r\n}}}\r\n\r\n{{{\r\n$ /opt/ghc/head/bin/ghc Bug.hs\r\n[1 of 1] Compiling Bug ( Bug.hs, Bug.o )\r\nghc: panic! (the 'impossible' happened)\r\n (GHC version 8.5.20180201 for x86_64unknownlinux):\r\n piResultTy\r\n k_aZU[tau:1]\r\n (a_aW8[sk:1] > <*>_N)\r\n Call stack:\r\n CallStack (from HasCallStack):\r\n callStackDoc, called at compiler/utils/Outputable.hs:1150:37 in ghc:Outputable\r\n pprPanic, called at compiler/types/Type.hs:947:35 in ghc:Type\r\n}}}","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >8.10.1Richard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devRichard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devhttps://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/14668Ordering of declarations can cause typechecking to fail20190707T18:16:05ZheptahedronOrdering of declarations can cause typechecking to failThe following will successfully typecheck:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE KindSignatures #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #}
data CInst
data G (b :: ()) = G
class C a where
type family F a
class (C a) => C' a where
type family F' a (b :: F a)
 data CInst
instance C CInst where
type F CInst = ()
instance C' CInst where
type F' CInst (b :: F CInst) = G b
```
But if the `data CInst` declaration is moved to where it is currently commented out, typechecking fails with this error:
```
Test.hs:23:18: error:
• Expected kind ‘F CInst’, but ‘b’ has kind ‘()’
• In the second argument of ‘F'’, namely ‘(b :: F CInst)’
In the type instance declaration for ‘F'’
In the instance declaration for ‘C' CInst’

23  type F' CInst (b :: F CInst) = G b

```
However, the data declaration //can// be in the lower position if the kind annotation for its argument is instead written as `data G (b :: F CInst) = G`.
This behavior is also exhibited when G is a type family (I believe the sort of type family does not matter, but I know for sure closed and open type families).
I was using GHC 8.2.2 when I discovered this, but user `erisco` on `#haskell` confirmed for 8.2.1 as well.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.2.1 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Ordering of declarations can cause typechecking to fail","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.2.1","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"The following will successfully typecheck:\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE KindSignatures #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #}\r\n\r\ndata CInst\r\n\r\ndata G (b :: ()) = G \r\n\r\nclass C a where\r\n type family F a\r\n \r\nclass (C a) => C' a where\r\n type family F' a (b :: F a)\r\n\r\n data CInst\r\n\r\ninstance C CInst where\r\n type F CInst = ()\r\n\r\ninstance C' CInst where\r\ntype F' CInst (b :: F CInst) = G b\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nBut if the `data CInst` declaration is moved to where it is currently commented out, typechecking fails with this error: \r\n\r\n{{{\r\nTest.hs:23:18: error:\r\n • Expected kind ‘F CInst’, but ‘b’ has kind ‘()’\r\n • In the second argument of ‘F'’, namely ‘(b :: F CInst)’\r\n In the type instance declaration for ‘F'’\r\n In the instance declaration for ‘C' CInst’\r\n \r\n23  type F' CInst (b :: F CInst) = G b\r\n  \r\n}}}\r\n\r\nHowever, the data declaration //can// be in the lower position if the kind annotation for its argument is instead written as `data G (b :: F CInst) = G`.\r\n\r\nThis behavior is also exhibited when G is a type family (I believe the sort of type family does not matter, but I know for sure closed and open type families).\r\n\r\nI was using GHC 8.2.2 when I discovered this, but user `erisco` on `#haskell` confirmed for 8.2.1 as well.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >The following will successfully typecheck:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE KindSignatures #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}
{# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #}
data CInst
data G (b :: ()) = G
class C a where
type family F a
class (C a) => C' a where
type family F' a (b :: F a)
 data CInst
instance C CInst where
type F CInst = ()
instance C' CInst where
type F' CInst (b :: F CInst) = G b
```
But if the `data CInst` declaration is moved to where it is currently commented out, typechecking fails with this error:
```
Test.hs:23:18: error:
• Expected kind ‘F CInst’, but ‘b’ has kind ‘()’
• In the second argument of ‘F'’, namely ‘(b :: F CInst)’
In the type instance declaration for ‘F'’
In the instance declaration for ‘C' CInst’

23  type F' CInst (b :: F CInst) = G b

```
However, the data declaration //can// be in the lower position if the kind annotation for its argument is instead written as `data G (b :: F CInst) = G`.
This behavior is also exhibited when G is a type family (I believe the sort of type family does not matter, but I know for sure closed and open type families).
I was using GHC 8.2.2 when I discovered this, but user `erisco` on `#haskell` confirmed for 8.2.1 as well.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.2.1 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Ordering of declarations can cause typechecking to fail","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.2.1","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"The following will successfully typecheck:\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# LANGUAGE DataKinds #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE KindSignatures #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeInType #}\r\n{# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #}\r\n\r\ndata CInst\r\n\r\ndata G (b :: ()) = G \r\n\r\nclass C a where\r\n type family F a\r\n \r\nclass (C a) => C' a where\r\n type family F' a (b :: F a)\r\n\r\n data CInst\r\n\r\ninstance C CInst where\r\n type F CInst = ()\r\n\r\ninstance C' CInst where\r\ntype F' CInst (b :: F CInst) = G b\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nBut if the `data CInst` declaration is moved to where it is currently commented out, typechecking fails with this error: \r\n\r\n{{{\r\nTest.hs:23:18: error:\r\n • Expected kind ‘F CInst’, but ‘b’ has kind ‘()’\r\n • In the second argument of ‘F'’, namely ‘(b :: F CInst)’\r\n In the type instance declaration for ‘F'’\r\n In the instance declaration for ‘C' CInst’\r\n \r\n23  type F' CInst (b :: F CInst) = G b\r\n  \r\n}}}\r\n\r\nHowever, the data declaration //can// be in the lower position if the kind annotation for its argument is instead written as `data G (b :: F CInst) = G`.\r\n\r\nThis behavior is also exhibited when G is a type family (I believe the sort of type family does not matter, but I know for sure closed and open type families).\r\n\r\nI was using GHC 8.2.2 when I discovered this, but user `erisco` on `#haskell` confirmed for 8.2.1 as well.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/14645Allow type family in data family return kind20190707T18:16:10ZRichard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devAllow type family in data family return kindGHC currently allows
```hs
data family DF1 :: k1 > k2
```
where it's expected (and checked) that all data *instances* have a return kind of `Type`. (Perhaps `k2` expands to `Type > Type`, for example.)
However, it rejects
```hs
type family TF (x :: Type) :: Type
data family DF2 :: x > TF x
```
when that's clearly just as sensible as the first definition.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
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 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
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<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Allow type family in data family return kind","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.4.1alpha1","keywords":["TypeFamilies","TypeInType,"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"GHC currently allows\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\ndata family DF1 :: k1 > k2\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nwhere it's expected (and checked) that all data ''instances'' have a return kind of `Type`. (Perhaps `k2` expands to `Type > Type`, for example.)\r\n\r\nHowever, it rejects\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\ntype family TF (x :: Type) :: Type\r\ndata family DF2 :: x > TF x\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nwhen that's clearly just as sensible as the first definition.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >GHC currently allows
```hs
data family DF1 :: k1 > k2
```
where it's expected (and checked) that all data *instances* have a return kind of `Type`. (Perhaps `k2` expands to `Type > Type`, for example.)
However, it rejects
```hs
type family TF (x :: Type) :: Type
data family DF2 :: x > TF x
```
when that's clearly just as sensible as the first definition.
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.4.1alpha1 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
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<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Allow type family in data family return kind","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.4.1alpha1","keywords":["TypeFamilies","TypeInType,"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"GHC currently allows\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\ndata family DF1 :: k1 > k2\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nwhere it's expected (and checked) that all data ''instances'' have a return kind of `Type`. (Perhaps `k2` expands to `Type > Type`, for example.)\r\n\r\nHowever, it rejects\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\ntype family TF (x :: Type) :: Type\r\ndata family DF2 :: x > TF x\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nwhen that's clearly just as sensible as the first definition.","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/14420Data families should not instantiate to nonType kinds20190710T12:48:27ZRichard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devData families should not instantiate to nonType kinds```hs
data family Any :: k  allowable now due to fix for #12369
type family F (a :: Bool) :: Nat where
F True = 0
F False = 1
F Any = 2
```
```
ghci> :kind! F True
F True :: Nat
= 0
ghci> :kind! F False
F False :: Nat
= 1
ghci> :kind! F Any
F Any :: Nat
= 2
```
Oh dear.
We should require that any instantiation of a data family be to a kind that ends in `Type`.
Inspired by [ticket:9429\#comment:144757](https://gitlab.haskell.org//ghc/ghc/issues/9429#note_144757)
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
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 Component  Compiler 
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<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Data families should not instantiate to nonType kinds","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.3","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"{{{#!hs\r\ndata family Any :: k  allowable now due to fix for #12369\r\n\r\ntype family F (a :: Bool) :: Nat where\r\n F True = 0\r\n F False = 1\r\n F Any = 2\r\n}}}\r\n\r\n{{{\r\nghci> :kind! F True\r\nF True :: Nat\r\n= 0\r\nghci> :kind! F False\r\nF False :: Nat\r\n= 1\r\nghci> :kind! F Any\r\nF Any :: Nat\r\n= 2\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nOh dear.\r\n\r\nWe should require that any instantiation of a data family be to a kind that ends in `Type`.\r\n\r\nInspired by comment:31:ticket:9429","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >```hs
data family Any :: k  allowable now due to fix for #12369
type family F (a :: Bool) :: Nat where
F True = 0
F False = 1
F Any = 2
```
```
ghci> :kind! F True
F True :: Nat
= 0
ghci> :kind! F False
F False :: Nat
= 1
ghci> :kind! F Any
F Any :: Nat
= 2
```
Oh dear.
We should require that any instantiation of a data family be to a kind that ends in `Type`.
Inspired by [ticket:9429\#comment:144757](https://gitlab.haskell.org//ghc/ghc/issues/9429#note_144757)
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
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 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
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 Component  Compiler 
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</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Data families should not instantiate to nonType kinds","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.3","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"{{{#!hs\r\ndata family Any :: k  allowable now due to fix for #12369\r\n\r\ntype family F (a :: Bool) :: Nat where\r\n F True = 0\r\n F False = 1\r\n F Any = 2\r\n}}}\r\n\r\n{{{\r\nghci> :kind! F True\r\nF True :: Nat\r\n= 0\r\nghci> :kind! F False\r\nF False :: Nat\r\n= 1\r\nghci> :kind! F Any\r\nF Any :: Nat\r\n= 2\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nOh dear.\r\n\r\nWe should require that any instantiation of a data family be to a kind that ends in `Type`.\r\n\r\nInspired by comment:31:ticket:9429","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/14319Stuck type families can lead to lousy error messages20190707T18:17:29ZDavid FeuerStuck type families can lead to lousy error messagesI first noticed this problem at the type level:
```hs
{# language TypeFamilies, TypeInType, ScopedTypeVariables #}
module ArityError where
import Data.Kind
import GHC.TypeLits
import Data.Proxy
type family F (s :: Symbol) :: Type
type family G (s :: Symbol) :: F s
type instance G "Hi" = Maybe
```
This produces the error message
```hs
ArityError.hs:10:24: error:
• Expecting one more argument to ‘Maybe’
Expected kind ‘F "Hi"’, but ‘Maybe’ has kind ‘* > *’
• In the type ‘Maybe’
In the type instance declaration for ‘G’

10  type instance G "Hi" = Maybe
 ^^^^^
```
This looks utterly bogus: `F "Hi"` is stuck, so we have no idea what arity it indicates.

I just realized we have a similar problem at the term level:
```hs
f :: forall (s :: Symbol). Proxy s > F s
f _ _ = undefined
```
produces
```hs
ArityError.hs:14:1: error:
• Couldn't match expected type ‘F s’ with actual type ‘p0 > a0’
The type variables ‘p0’, ‘a0’ are ambiguous
• The equation(s) for ‘f’ have two arguments,
but its type ‘Proxy s > F s’ has only one
• Relevant bindings include
f :: Proxy s > F s (bound at ArityError.hs:14:1)

14  f _ _ = undefined
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
```
The claim that `Proxy s > F s` has only one argument is bogus; we only know that it has *at least* one argument. The fix (I imagine) is to refrain from reporting arity errors when we don't know enough about the relevant arities.I first noticed this problem at the type level:
```hs
{# language TypeFamilies, TypeInType, ScopedTypeVariables #}
module ArityError where
import Data.Kind
import GHC.TypeLits
import Data.Proxy
type family F (s :: Symbol) :: Type
type family G (s :: Symbol) :: F s
type instance G "Hi" = Maybe
```
This produces the error message
```hs
ArityError.hs:10:24: error:
• Expecting one more argument to ‘Maybe’
Expected kind ‘F "Hi"’, but ‘Maybe’ has kind ‘* > *’
• In the type ‘Maybe’
In the type instance declaration for ‘G’

10  type instance G "Hi" = Maybe
 ^^^^^
```
This looks utterly bogus: `F "Hi"` is stuck, so we have no idea what arity it indicates.

I just realized we have a similar problem at the term level:
```hs
f :: forall (s :: Symbol). Proxy s > F s
f _ _ = undefined
```
produces
```hs
ArityError.hs:14:1: error:
• Couldn't match expected type ‘F s’ with actual type ‘p0 > a0’
The type variables ‘p0’, ‘a0’ are ambiguous
• The equation(s) for ‘f’ have two arguments,
but its type ‘Proxy s > F s’ has only one
• Relevant bindings include
f :: Proxy s > F s (bound at ArityError.hs:14:1)

14  f _ _ = undefined
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
```
The claim that `Proxy s > F s` has only one argument is bogus; we only know that it has *at least* one argument. The fix (I imagine) is to refrain from reporting arity errors when we don't know enough about the relevant arities.8.10.1https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/14198Inconsistent treatment of implicitly bound kind variables as freefloating20190801T12:25:00ZRyan ScottInconsistent treatment of implicitly bound kind variables as freefloating(Spun off from the discussion starting at https://phabricator.haskell.org/D3872#109927.)
This program is accepted:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ExistentialQuantification #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
data Foo = MkFoo (forall a. Proxy a)
```
There's something interesting going on here, however. Because `PolyKinds` is enabled, the kind of `a` is generalized to `k`. But where does `k` get quantified? It turns out that it's implicitly quantified as an existential type variable to `MkFoo`:
```
λ> :i Foo
data Foo = forall k. MkFoo (forall (a :: k). Proxy a)
```
This was brought up some time ago in #7873, where the conclusion was to keep this behavior. But it's strange becuase the `k` is existential, so the definition is probably unusable.
But to make things stranger, it you write out the kind of `a` explicitly:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ExistentialQuantification #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
data Foo2 = MkFoo2 (forall (a :: k). Proxy a)
```
Then GHC will reject it:
```
Bug.hs:7:1: error:
Kind variable ‘k’ is implicitly bound in data type
‘Foo2’, but does not appear as the kind of any
of its type variables. Perhaps you meant
to bind it (with TypeInType) explicitly somewhere?

7  data Foo2 = MkFoo2 (forall (a :: k). Proxy a)
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
```
So GHC's treatment is inconsistent. What should GHC do? We could:
1. Have both be an error.
2. Have both be accepted, and implicitly quantify `k` as an existential type variable
3. Have both be accepted, and implicitly quantify `k` in the `forall` itself. That is:
```hs
MkFoo :: (forall {k} (a :: k). Proxy k a) > Foo
```
4. Something else. When you try a similar trick with type synonyms:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ExistentialQuantification #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
type Foo3 = forall a. Proxy a
```
Instead of generalizing the kind of `a`, its kind will default to `Any`:
```
λ> :i Foo3
type Foo3 = forall (a :: GHC.Types.Any). Proxy a
```
Would that be an appropriate trick for data types as well?(Spun off from the discussion starting at https://phabricator.haskell.org/D3872#109927.)
This program is accepted:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ExistentialQuantification #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
data Foo = MkFoo (forall a. Proxy a)
```
There's something interesting going on here, however. Because `PolyKinds` is enabled, the kind of `a` is generalized to `k`. But where does `k` get quantified? It turns out that it's implicitly quantified as an existential type variable to `MkFoo`:
```
λ> :i Foo
data Foo = forall k. MkFoo (forall (a :: k). Proxy a)
```
This was brought up some time ago in #7873, where the conclusion was to keep this behavior. But it's strange becuase the `k` is existential, so the definition is probably unusable.
But to make things stranger, it you write out the kind of `a` explicitly:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ExistentialQuantification #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
data Foo2 = MkFoo2 (forall (a :: k). Proxy a)
```
Then GHC will reject it:
```
Bug.hs:7:1: error:
Kind variable ‘k’ is implicitly bound in data type
‘Foo2’, but does not appear as the kind of any
of its type variables. Perhaps you meant
to bind it (with TypeInType) explicitly somewhere?

7  data Foo2 = MkFoo2 (forall (a :: k). Proxy a)
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
```
So GHC's treatment is inconsistent. What should GHC do? We could:
1. Have both be an error.
2. Have both be accepted, and implicitly quantify `k` as an existential type variable
3. Have both be accepted, and implicitly quantify `k` in the `forall` itself. That is:
```hs
MkFoo :: (forall {k} (a :: k). Proxy k a) > Foo
```
4. Something else. When you try a similar trick with type synonyms:
```hs
{# LANGUAGE ExistentialQuantification #}
{# LANGUAGE PolyKinds #}
{# LANGUAGE RankNTypes #}
import Data.Proxy
type Foo3 = forall a. Proxy a
```
Instead of generalizing the kind of `a`, its kind will default to `Any`:
```
λ> :i Foo3
type Foo3 = forall (a :: GHC.Types.Any). Proxy a
```
Would that be an appropriate trick for data types as well?https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/14180Permit levity polymorphism in kinds20191014T10:47:57ZDavid FeuerPermit levity polymorphism in kinds```hs
{# language TypeInType, TypeFamilies, MagicHash #}
import GHC.Exts
type family MatchInt (f :: Int) :: () where
MatchInt ('I# x) = '()
```
produces
```
<interactive>:2:59: error:
• Couldn't match a lifted type with an unlifted type
When matching kinds
k0 :: *
Int# :: TYPE 'IntRep
Expected kind ‘Int#’, but ‘x’ has kind ‘k0’
• In the first argument of ‘ 'I#’, namely ‘x’
In the first argument of ‘MatchInt’, namely ‘( 'I# x)’
In the type family declaration for ‘MatchInt’
```
If, however, I replace `x` in the pattern with `_`, the type checker is satisfied. If I give it a pattern signature,
```hs
MatchInt ('I# (x :: Int#)) = '()
```
I get a different (and equally unhelpful) error message,
```
• Expecting a lifted type, but ‘Int#’ is unlifted
• In the kind ‘Int#’
In the first argument of ‘ 'I#’, namely ‘(x :: Int#)’
In the first argument of ‘MatchInt’, namely ‘( 'I# (x :: Int#))’
```
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.3 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
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</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Strange/bad error message binding unboxed type variable","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"8.2.2","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.3","keywords":["TypeInType"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"{{{#!hs\r\n{# language TypeInType, TypeFamilies, MagicHash #}\r\n\r\nimport GHC.Exts\r\n\r\ntype family MatchInt (f :: Int) :: () where\r\n MatchInt ('I# x) = '()\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nproduces\r\n\r\n{{{\r\n<interactive>:2:59: error:\r\n • Couldn't match a lifted type with an unlifted type\r\n When matching kinds\r\n k0 :: *\r\n Int# :: TYPE 'IntRep\r\n Expected kind ‘Int#’, but ‘x’ has kind ‘k0’\r\n • In the first argument of ‘ 'I#’, namely ‘x’\r\n In the first argument of ‘MatchInt’, namely ‘( 'I# x)’\r\n In the type family declaration for ‘MatchInt’\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nIf, however, I replace `x` in the pattern with `_`, the type checker is satisfied. If I give it a pattern signature,\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\nMatchInt ('I# (x :: Int#)) = '()\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nI get a different (and equally unhelpful) error message,\r\n\r\n{{{\r\n • Expecting a lifted type, but ‘Int#’ is unlifted\r\n • In the kind ‘Int#’\r\n In the first argument of ‘ 'I#’, namely ‘(x :: Int#)’\r\n In the first argument of ‘MatchInt’, namely ‘( 'I# (x :: Int#))’\r\n}}}","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >```hs
{# language TypeInType, TypeFamilies, MagicHash #}
import GHC.Exts
type family MatchInt (f :: Int) :: () where
MatchInt ('I# x) = '()
```
produces
```
<interactive>:2:59: error:
• Couldn't match a lifted type with an unlifted type
When matching kinds
k0 :: *
Int# :: TYPE 'IntRep
Expected kind ‘Int#’, but ‘x’ has kind ‘k0’
• In the first argument of ‘ 'I#’, namely ‘x’
In the first argument of ‘MatchInt’, namely ‘( 'I# x)’
In the type family declaration for ‘MatchInt’
```
If, however, I replace `x` in the pattern with `_`, the type checker is satisfied. If I give it a pattern signature,
```hs
MatchInt ('I# (x :: Int#)) = '()
```
I get a different (and equally unhelpful) error message,
```
• Expecting a lifted type, but ‘Int#’ is unlifted
• In the kind ‘Int#’
In the first argument of ‘ 'I#’, namely ‘(x :: Int#)’
In the first argument of ‘MatchInt’, namely ‘( 'I# (x :: Int#))’
```
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
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 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
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 Component  Compiler (Type checker) 
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</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"Strange/bad error message binding unboxed type variable","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler (Type checker)","related":[],"milestone":"8.2.2","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.3","keywords":["TypeInType"],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"{{{#!hs\r\n{# language TypeInType, TypeFamilies, MagicHash #}\r\n\r\nimport GHC.Exts\r\n\r\ntype family MatchInt (f :: Int) :: () where\r\n MatchInt ('I# x) = '()\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nproduces\r\n\r\n{{{\r\n<interactive>:2:59: error:\r\n • Couldn't match a lifted type with an unlifted type\r\n When matching kinds\r\n k0 :: *\r\n Int# :: TYPE 'IntRep\r\n Expected kind ‘Int#’, but ‘x’ has kind ‘k0’\r\n • In the first argument of ‘ 'I#’, namely ‘x’\r\n In the first argument of ‘MatchInt’, namely ‘( 'I# x)’\r\n In the type family declaration for ‘MatchInt’\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nIf, however, I replace `x` in the pattern with `_`, the type checker is satisfied. If I give it a pattern signature,\r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\nMatchInt ('I# (x :: Int#)) = '()\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nI get a different (and equally unhelpful) error message,\r\n\r\n{{{\r\n • Expecting a lifted type, but ‘Int#’ is unlifted\r\n • In the kind ‘Int#’\r\n In the first argument of ‘ 'I#’, namely ‘(x :: Int#)’\r\n In the first argument of ‘MatchInt’, namely ‘( 'I# (x :: Int#))’\r\n}}}","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >8.2.3https://gitlab.haskell.org/ghc/ghc/issues/14155GHC mentions unlifted types out of the blue (to me anyway)20190707T18:18:14ZIcelandjackGHC mentions unlifted types out of the blue (to me anyway)This one does me 'ead in, I accidentally type `Ran` instead of `Swap`
```hs
{# Language RankNTypes, DerivingStrategies, TypeApplications, ScopedTypeVariables, GADTs, GeneralizedNewtypeDeriving, InstanceSigs, PolyKinds #}
import Data.Coerce
newtype Ran g h a = Ran (forall b. (a > g b) > h b)
newtype Swap p f g a where
Swap :: p g f a > Swap p f g a
deriving newtype
Show
class IxPointed m where
ireturn :: a > m i i a
instance IxPointed f => IxPointed (Swap f) where
ireturn :: forall a i. a > Swap f i i a
ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)
```
and get this error
```
$ ghci ignoredotghci /tmp/bug.hs
GHCi, version 8.3.20170605: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help
[1 of 1] Compiling Main ( /tmp/bug.hs, interpreted )
/tmp/bug.hs:17:15: error:
• Couldn't match expected type ‘Swap f i i a’
with actual type ‘Ran g0 h0 a0’
• In the expression: Ran (ireturn a)
In an equation for ‘ireturn’: ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)
In the instance declaration for ‘IxPointed (Swap f)’
• Relevant bindings include
a :: a (bound at /tmp/bug.hs:17:11)
ireturn :: a > Swap f i i a (bound at /tmp/bug.hs:17:3)

17  ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
/tmp/bug.hs:17:20: error:
• Couldn't match a lifted type with an unlifted type
Expected type: (a0 > g0 b) > h0 b
Actual type: (>) (a0 > g0 b) (a0 > g0 b) a
• In the first argument of ‘Ran’, namely ‘(ireturn a)’
In the expression: Ran (ireturn a)
In an equation for ‘ireturn’: ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)

17  ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)
 ^^^^^^^^^
Failed, modules loaded: none.
```
Is GHC right to bring up unlifted types? I would guess this is due to the newly added levity polymorphism of `(>) :: TYPE rep > TYPE rep' > Type`
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
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 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"GHC mentions unlifted types out of the blue (to me anyway)","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.2.1","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"This one does me 'ead in, I accidentally type `Ran` instead of `Swap` \r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# Language RankNTypes, DerivingStrategies, TypeApplications, ScopedTypeVariables, GADTs, GeneralizedNewtypeDeriving, InstanceSigs, PolyKinds #}\r\n\r\nimport Data.Coerce\r\n\r\nnewtype Ran g h a = Ran (forall b. (a > g b) > h b)\r\n\r\nnewtype Swap p f g a where\r\n Swap :: p g f a > Swap p f g a\r\n deriving newtype\r\n Show\r\n\r\nclass IxPointed m where\r\n ireturn :: a > m i i a\r\n\r\ninstance IxPointed f => IxPointed (Swap f) where\r\n ireturn :: forall a i. a > Swap f i i a\r\n ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nand get this error\r\n\r\n{{{\r\n$ ghci ignoredotghci /tmp/bug.hs\r\nGHCi, version 8.3.20170605: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help\r\n[1 of 1] Compiling Main ( /tmp/bug.hs, interpreted )\r\n\r\n/tmp/bug.hs:17:15: error:\r\n • Couldn't match expected type ‘Swap f i i a’\r\n with actual type ‘Ran g0 h0 a0’\r\n • In the expression: Ran (ireturn a)\r\n In an equation for ‘ireturn’: ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n In the instance declaration for ‘IxPointed (Swap f)’\r\n • Relevant bindings include\r\n a :: a (bound at /tmp/bug.hs:17:11)\r\n ireturn :: a > Swap f i i a (bound at /tmp/bug.hs:17:3)\r\n \r\n17  ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^\r\n\r\n/tmp/bug.hs:17:20: error:\r\n • Couldn't match a lifted type with an unlifted type\r\n Expected type: (a0 > g0 b) > h0 b\r\n Actual type: (>) (a0 > g0 b) (a0 > g0 b) a\r\n • In the first argument of ‘Ran’, namely ‘(ireturn a)’\r\n In the expression: Ran (ireturn a)\r\n In an equation for ‘ireturn’: ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n \r\n17  ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n  ^^^^^^^^^\r\nFailed, modules loaded: none.\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nIs GHC right to bring up unlifted types? I would guess this is due to the newly added levity polymorphism of `(>) :: TYPE rep > TYPE rep' > Type`","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >This one does me 'ead in, I accidentally type `Ran` instead of `Swap`
```hs
{# Language RankNTypes, DerivingStrategies, TypeApplications, ScopedTypeVariables, GADTs, GeneralizedNewtypeDeriving, InstanceSigs, PolyKinds #}
import Data.Coerce
newtype Ran g h a = Ran (forall b. (a > g b) > h b)
newtype Swap p f g a where
Swap :: p g f a > Swap p f g a
deriving newtype
Show
class IxPointed m where
ireturn :: a > m i i a
instance IxPointed f => IxPointed (Swap f) where
ireturn :: forall a i. a > Swap f i i a
ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)
```
and get this error
```
$ ghci ignoredotghci /tmp/bug.hs
GHCi, version 8.3.20170605: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help
[1 of 1] Compiling Main ( /tmp/bug.hs, interpreted )
/tmp/bug.hs:17:15: error:
• Couldn't match expected type ‘Swap f i i a’
with actual type ‘Ran g0 h0 a0’
• In the expression: Ran (ireturn a)
In an equation for ‘ireturn’: ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)
In the instance declaration for ‘IxPointed (Swap f)’
• Relevant bindings include
a :: a (bound at /tmp/bug.hs:17:11)
ireturn :: a > Swap f i i a (bound at /tmp/bug.hs:17:3)

17  ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
/tmp/bug.hs:17:20: error:
• Couldn't match a lifted type with an unlifted type
Expected type: (a0 > g0 b) > h0 b
Actual type: (>) (a0 > g0 b) (a0 > g0 b) a
• In the first argument of ‘Ran’, namely ‘(ireturn a)’
In the expression: Ran (ireturn a)
In an equation for ‘ireturn’: ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)

17  ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)
 ^^^^^^^^^
Failed, modules loaded: none.
```
Is GHC right to bring up unlifted types? I would guess this is due to the newly added levity polymorphism of `(>) :: TYPE rep > TYPE rep' > Type`
<details><summary>Trac metadata</summary>
 Trac field  Value 
    
 Version  8.2.1 
 Type  Bug 
 TypeOfFailure  OtherFailure 
 Priority  normal 
 Resolution  Unresolved 
 Component  Compiler 
 Test case  
 Differential revisions  
 BlockedBy  
 Related  
 Blocking  
 CC  
 Operating system  
 Architecture  
</details>
<! {"blocked_by":[],"summary":"GHC mentions unlifted types out of the blue (to me anyway)","status":"New","operating_system":"","component":"Compiler","related":[],"milestone":"","resolution":"Unresolved","owner":{"tag":"Unowned"},"version":"8.2.1","keywords":[],"differentials":[],"test_case":"","architecture":"","cc":[""],"type":"Bug","description":"This one does me 'ead in, I accidentally type `Ran` instead of `Swap` \r\n\r\n{{{#!hs\r\n{# Language RankNTypes, DerivingStrategies, TypeApplications, ScopedTypeVariables, GADTs, GeneralizedNewtypeDeriving, InstanceSigs, PolyKinds #}\r\n\r\nimport Data.Coerce\r\n\r\nnewtype Ran g h a = Ran (forall b. (a > g b) > h b)\r\n\r\nnewtype Swap p f g a where\r\n Swap :: p g f a > Swap p f g a\r\n deriving newtype\r\n Show\r\n\r\nclass IxPointed m where\r\n ireturn :: a > m i i a\r\n\r\ninstance IxPointed f => IxPointed (Swap f) where\r\n ireturn :: forall a i. a > Swap f i i a\r\n ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nand get this error\r\n\r\n{{{\r\n$ ghci ignoredotghci /tmp/bug.hs\r\nGHCi, version 8.3.20170605: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help\r\n[1 of 1] Compiling Main ( /tmp/bug.hs, interpreted )\r\n\r\n/tmp/bug.hs:17:15: error:\r\n • Couldn't match expected type ‘Swap f i i a’\r\n with actual type ‘Ran g0 h0 a0’\r\n • In the expression: Ran (ireturn a)\r\n In an equation for ‘ireturn’: ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n In the instance declaration for ‘IxPointed (Swap f)’\r\n • Relevant bindings include\r\n a :: a (bound at /tmp/bug.hs:17:11)\r\n ireturn :: a > Swap f i i a (bound at /tmp/bug.hs:17:3)\r\n \r\n17  ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^\r\n\r\n/tmp/bug.hs:17:20: error:\r\n • Couldn't match a lifted type with an unlifted type\r\n Expected type: (a0 > g0 b) > h0 b\r\n Actual type: (>) (a0 > g0 b) (a0 > g0 b) a\r\n • In the first argument of ‘Ran’, namely ‘(ireturn a)’\r\n In the expression: Ran (ireturn a)\r\n In an equation for ‘ireturn’: ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n \r\n17  ireturn a = Ran (ireturn a)\r\n  ^^^^^^^^^\r\nFailed, modules loaded: none.\r\n}}}\r\n\r\nIs GHC right to bring up unlifted types? I would guess this is due to the newly added levity polymorphism of `(>) :: TYPE rep > TYPE rep' > Type`","type_of_failure":"OtherFailure","blocking":[]} >8.10.1Richard Eisenbergrae@richarde.devRichard Eisenbergrae@richarde.dev