HscMain.hs 64 KB
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-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
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-- | Main API for compiling plain Haskell source code.
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--
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-- This module implements compilation of a Haskell source. It is
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-- /not/ concerned with preprocessing of source files; this is handled
-- in "DriverPipeline".
--
-- There are various entry points depending on what mode we're in:
-- "batch" mode (@--make@), "one-shot" mode (@-c@, @-S@ etc.), and
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-- "interactive" mode (GHCi). There are also entry points for
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-- individual passes: parsing, typechecking/renaming, desugaring, and
-- simplification.
--
-- All the functions here take an 'HscEnv' as a parameter, but none of
-- them return a new one: 'HscEnv' is treated as an immutable value
-- from here on in (although it has mutable components, for the
-- caches).
--
-- Warning messages are dealt with consistently throughout this API:
-- during compilation warnings are collected, and before any function
-- in @HscMain@ returns, the warnings are either printed, or turned
-- into a real compialtion error if the @-Werror@ flag is enabled.
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--
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-- (c) The GRASP/AQUA Project, Glasgow University, 1993-2000
--
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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module HscMain
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    (
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    -- * Making an HscEnv
      newHscEnv

    -- * Compiling complete source files
    , Compiler
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    , HscStatus' (..)
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    , InteractiveStatus, HscStatus
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    , hscCompileOneShot
    , hscCompileBatch
    , hscCompileNothing
    , hscCompileInteractive
    , hscCompileCmmFile
    , hscCompileCore

    -- * Running passes separately
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    , hscParse
    , hscTypecheckRename
    , hscDesugar
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    , makeSimpleIface
    , makeSimpleDetails
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    , hscSimplify -- ToDo, shouldn't really export this

    -- ** Backends
    , hscOneShotBackendOnly
    , hscBatchBackendOnly
    , hscNothingBackendOnly
    , hscInteractiveBackendOnly

    -- * Support for interactive evaluation
    , hscParseIdentifier
    , hscTcRcLookupName
    , hscTcRnGetInfo
#ifdef GHCI
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    , hscGetModuleInterface
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    , hscRnImportDecls
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    , hscTcRnLookupRdrName
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    , hscStmt, hscStmtWithLocation
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    , hscDecls, hscDeclsWithLocation
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    , hscTcExpr, hscImport, hscKcType
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    , hscCompileCoreExpr
#endif
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    ) where
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#ifdef GHCI
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import ByteCodeGen      ( byteCodeGen, coreExprToBCOs )
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import Linker
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import CoreTidy         ( tidyExpr )
import Type             ( Type )
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import PrelNames
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import {- Kind parts of -} Type         ( Kind )
import CoreLint         ( lintUnfolding )
import DsMeta           ( templateHaskellNames )
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import VarSet
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import VarEnv           ( emptyTidyEnv )
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import Panic
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#endif

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import Id
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import Module
import Packages
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import RdrName
import HsSyn
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import CoreSyn
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import StringBuffer
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import Parser
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import Lexer hiding (getDynFlags)
import SrcLoc
import TcRnDriver
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import TcIface          ( typecheckIface )
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import TcRnMonad
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import IfaceEnv         ( initNameCache )
import LoadIface        ( ifaceStats, initExternalPackageState )
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import PrelInfo
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import MkIface
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import Desugar
import SimplCore
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import TidyPgm
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import CorePrep
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import CoreToStg        ( coreToStg )
import qualified StgCmm ( codeGen )
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import StgSyn
import CostCentre
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import ProfInit
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import TyCon
import Name
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import SimplStg         ( stg2stg )
import CodeGen          ( codeGen )
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import OldCmm as Old    ( CmmGroup )
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import PprCmm           ( pprCmms )
import CmmParse         ( parseCmmFile )
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import CmmBuildInfoTables
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import CmmPipeline
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import CmmInfo
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import OptimizationFuel ( initOptFuelState )
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import CmmCvt
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import CodeOutput
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import NameEnv          ( emptyNameEnv )
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import NameSet          ( emptyNameSet )
import InstEnv
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import FamInstEnv
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import Fingerprint      ( Fingerprint )
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import DynFlags
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import ErrUtils
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import UniqSupply       ( mkSplitUniqSupply )
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import Outputable
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import HscStats         ( ppSourceStats )
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import HscTypes
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import MkExternalCore   ( emitExternalCore )
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import FastString
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import UniqFM           ( emptyUFM )
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import UniqSupply       ( initUs_ )
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import Bag
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import Exception
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import Data.List
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import Control.Monad
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import Data.Maybe
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import Data.IORef
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import System.FilePath as FilePath
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#include "HsVersions.h"
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{- **********************************************************************
%*                                                                      *
                Initialisation
%*                                                                      *
%********************************************************************* -}
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newHscEnv :: DynFlags -> IO HscEnv
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newHscEnv dflags = do
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    eps_var <- newIORef initExternalPackageState
    us      <- mkSplitUniqSupply 'r'
    nc_var  <- newIORef (initNameCache us knownKeyNames)
    fc_var  <- newIORef emptyUFM
    mlc_var <- newIORef emptyModuleEnv
    optFuel <- initOptFuelState
    safe_var <- newIORef True
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    return HscEnv {  hsc_dflags       = dflags,
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                     hsc_targets      = [],
                     hsc_mod_graph    = [],
                     hsc_IC           = emptyInteractiveContext,
                     hsc_HPT          = emptyHomePackageTable,
                     hsc_EPS          = eps_var,
                     hsc_NC           = nc_var,
                     hsc_FC           = fc_var,
                     hsc_MLC          = mlc_var,
                     hsc_OptFuel      = optFuel,
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                     hsc_type_env_var = Nothing,
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                     hsc_safeInf      = safe_var }
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knownKeyNames :: [Name]      -- Put here to avoid loops involving DsMeta,
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knownKeyNames =              -- where templateHaskellNames are defined
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    map getName wiredInThings
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        ++ basicKnownKeyNames
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#ifdef GHCI
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        ++ templateHaskellNames
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#endif

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-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
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-- The Hsc monad: Passing an enviornment and warning state
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newtype Hsc a = Hsc (HscEnv -> WarningMessages -> IO (a, WarningMessages))
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instance Monad Hsc where
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    return a    = Hsc $ \_ w -> return (a, w)
    Hsc m >>= k = Hsc $ \e w -> do (a, w1) <- m e w
                                   case k a of
                                       Hsc k' -> k' e w1
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instance MonadIO Hsc where
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    liftIO io = Hsc $ \_ w -> do a <- io; return (a, w)
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runHsc :: HscEnv -> Hsc a -> IO a
runHsc hsc_env (Hsc hsc) = do
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    (a, w) <- hsc hsc_env emptyBag
    printOrThrowWarnings (hsc_dflags hsc_env) w
    return a
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getWarnings :: Hsc WarningMessages
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getWarnings = Hsc $ \_ w -> return (w, w)
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clearWarnings :: Hsc ()
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clearWarnings = Hsc $ \_ _ -> return ((), emptyBag)
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logWarnings :: WarningMessages -> Hsc ()
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logWarnings w = Hsc $ \_ w0 -> return ((), w0 `unionBags` w)
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getHscEnv :: Hsc HscEnv
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getHscEnv = Hsc $ \e w -> return (e, w)
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getDynFlags :: Hsc DynFlags
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getDynFlags = Hsc $ \e w -> return (hsc_dflags e, w)
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handleWarnings :: Hsc ()
handleWarnings = do
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    dflags <- getDynFlags
    w <- getWarnings
    liftIO $ printOrThrowWarnings dflags w
    clearWarnings
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-- | log warning in the monad, and if there are errors then
-- throw a SourceError exception.
logWarningsReportErrors :: Messages -> Hsc ()
logWarningsReportErrors (warns,errs) = do
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    logWarnings warns
    when (not $ isEmptyBag errs) $ throwErrors errs
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-- | Throw some errors.
throwErrors :: ErrorMessages -> Hsc a
throwErrors = liftIO . throwIO . mkSrcErr
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-- | Deal with errors and warnings returned by a compilation step
--
-- In order to reduce dependencies to other parts of the compiler, functions
-- outside the "main" parts of GHC return warnings and errors as a parameter
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-- and signal success via by wrapping the result in a 'Maybe' type. This
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-- function logs the returned warnings and propagates errors as exceptions
-- (of type 'SourceError').
--
-- This function assumes the following invariants:
--
--  1. If the second result indicates success (is of the form 'Just x'),
--     there must be no error messages in the first result.
--
--  2. If there are no error messages, but the second result indicates failure
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--     there should be warnings in the first result. That is, if the action
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--     failed, it must have been due to the warnings (i.e., @-Werror@).
ioMsgMaybe :: IO (Messages, Maybe a) -> Hsc a
ioMsgMaybe ioA = do
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    ((warns,errs), mb_r) <- liftIO $ ioA
    logWarnings warns
    case mb_r of
        Nothing -> throwErrors errs
        Just r  -> ASSERT( isEmptyBag errs ) return r
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-- | like ioMsgMaybe, except that we ignore error messages and return
-- 'Nothing' instead.
ioMsgMaybe' :: IO (Messages, Maybe a) -> Hsc (Maybe a)
ioMsgMaybe' ioA = do
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    ((warns,_errs), mb_r) <- liftIO $ ioA
    logWarnings warns
    return mb_r
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-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- | Lookup things in the compiler's environment

#ifdef GHCI
hscTcRnLookupRdrName :: HscEnv -> RdrName -> IO [Name]
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hscTcRnLookupRdrName hsc_env rdr_name =
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    runHsc hsc_env $ ioMsgMaybe $ tcRnLookupRdrName hsc_env rdr_name
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#endif

hscTcRcLookupName :: HscEnv -> Name -> IO (Maybe TyThing)
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hscTcRcLookupName hsc_env name =
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    runHsc hsc_env $ ioMsgMaybe' $ tcRnLookupName hsc_env name
      -- ignore errors: the only error we're likely to get is
      -- "name not found", and the Maybe in the return type
      -- is used to indicate that.
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hscTcRnGetInfo :: HscEnv -> Name -> IO (Maybe (TyThing, Fixity, [Instance]))
hscTcRnGetInfo hsc_env name =
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    runHsc hsc_env $ ioMsgMaybe' $ tcRnGetInfo hsc_env name
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#ifdef GHCI
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hscGetModuleInterface :: HscEnv -> Module -> IO ModIface
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hscGetModuleInterface hsc_env mod =
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    runHsc hsc_env $ ioMsgMaybe $ getModuleInterface hsc_env mod
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-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- | Rename some import declarations
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hscRnImportDecls :: HscEnv -> [LImportDecl RdrName] -> IO GlobalRdrEnv
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hscRnImportDecls hsc_env import_decls =
    runHsc hsc_env $ ioMsgMaybe $ tcRnImportDecls hsc_env import_decls
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#endif

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-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
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-- | parse a file, returning the abstract syntax
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hscParse :: HscEnv -> ModSummary -> IO HsParsedModule
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hscParse hsc_env mod_summary = runHsc hsc_env $ hscParse' mod_summary

-- internal version, that doesn't fail due to -Werror
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hscParse' :: ModSummary -> Hsc HsParsedModule
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hscParse' mod_summary = do
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    dflags <- getDynFlags
    let src_filename  = ms_hspp_file mod_summary
        maybe_src_buf = ms_hspp_buf  mod_summary
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    --------------------------  Parser  ----------------
    liftIO $ showPass dflags "Parser"
    {-# SCC "Parser" #-} do
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    -- sometimes we already have the buffer in memory, perhaps
    -- because we needed to parse the imports out of it, or get the
    -- module name.
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    buf <- case maybe_src_buf of
               Just b  -> return b
               Nothing -> liftIO $ hGetStringBuffer src_filename
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    let loc = mkRealSrcLoc (mkFastString src_filename) 1 1
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    case unP parseModule (mkPState dflags buf loc) of
        PFailed span err ->
            liftIO $ throwOneError (mkPlainErrMsg span err)
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        POk pst rdr_module -> do
            logWarningsReportErrors (getMessages pst)
            liftIO $ dumpIfSet_dyn dflags Opt_D_dump_parsed "Parser" $
                                   ppr rdr_module
            liftIO $ dumpIfSet_dyn dflags Opt_D_source_stats "Source Statistics" $
                                   ppSourceStats False rdr_module
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            -- To get the list of extra source files, we take the list
            -- that the parser gave us,
            --   - eliminate files beginning with '<'.  gcc likes to use
            --     pseudo-filenames like "<built-in>" and "<command-line>"
            --   - normalise them (elimiante differences between ./f and f)
            --   - filter out the preprocessed source file
            --   - filter out anything beginning with tmpdir
            --   - remove duplicates
            --   - filter out the .hs/.lhs source filename if we have one
            --
            let n_hspp  = FilePath.normalise src_filename
                srcs0 = nub $ filter (not . (tmpDir dflags `isPrefixOf`))
                            $ filter (not . (== n_hspp))
                            $ map FilePath.normalise
                            $ filter (not . (== '<') . head)
                            $ map unpackFS
                            $ srcfiles pst
                srcs1 = case ml_hs_file (ms_location mod_summary) of
                          Just f  -> filter (/= FilePath.normalise f) srcs0
                          Nothing -> srcs0

            return HsParsedModule {
                      hpm_module    = rdr_module,
                      hpm_src_files = srcs1
                   }
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-- XXX: should this really be a Maybe X?  Check under which circumstances this
-- can become a Nothing and decide whether this should instead throw an
-- exception/signal an error.
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type RenamedStuff =
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        (Maybe (HsGroup Name, [LImportDecl Name], Maybe [LIE Name],
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                Maybe LHsDocString))
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-- | Rename and typecheck a module, additionally returning the renamed syntax
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hscTypecheckRename :: HscEnv -> ModSummary -> HsParsedModule
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                   -> IO (TcGblEnv, RenamedStuff)
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hscTypecheckRename hsc_env mod_summary rdr_module = runHsc hsc_env $ do
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    tc_result <- {-# SCC "Typecheck-Rename" #-}
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                 ioMsgMaybe $
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                     tcRnModule hsc_env (ms_hsc_src mod_summary)
                                True rdr_module
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        -- This 'do' is in the Maybe monad!
    let rn_info = do decl <- tcg_rn_decls tc_result
                     let imports = tcg_rn_imports tc_result
                         exports = tcg_rn_exports tc_result
                         doc_hdr = tcg_doc_hdr tc_result
                     return (decl,imports,exports,doc_hdr)
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    return (tc_result, rn_info)
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-- | Convert a typechecked module to Core
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hscDesugar :: HscEnv -> ModSummary -> TcGblEnv -> IO ModGuts
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hscDesugar hsc_env mod_summary tc_result =
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    runHsc hsc_env $ hscDesugar' mod_summary tc_result
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hscDesugar' :: ModSummary -> TcGblEnv -> Hsc ModGuts
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hscDesugar' mod_summary tc_result = do
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    hsc_env <- getHscEnv
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    r <- ioMsgMaybe $
      {-# SCC "deSugar" #-}
      deSugar hsc_env (ms_location mod_summary) tc_result
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    -- always check -Werror after desugaring, this is the last opportunity for
    -- warnings to arise before the backend.
    handleWarnings
    return r
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-- | Make a 'ModIface' from the results of typechecking. Used when
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-- not optimising, and the interface doesn't need to contain any
-- unfoldings or other cross-module optimisation info.
-- ToDo: the old interface is only needed to get the version numbers,
-- we should use fingerprint versions instead.
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makeSimpleIface :: HscEnv -> Maybe ModIface -> TcGblEnv -> ModDetails
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                -> IO (ModIface,Bool)
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makeSimpleIface hsc_env maybe_old_iface tc_result details =
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    runHsc hsc_env $ ioMsgMaybe $
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        mkIfaceTc hsc_env (fmap mi_iface_hash maybe_old_iface) details tc_result
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-- | Make a 'ModDetails' from the results of typechecking. Used when
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-- typechecking only, as opposed to full compilation.
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makeSimpleDetails :: HscEnv -> TcGblEnv -> IO ModDetails
makeSimpleDetails hsc_env tc_result = mkBootModDetailsTc hsc_env tc_result
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{- **********************************************************************
%*                                                                      *
                The main compiler pipeline
%*                                                                      *
%********************************************************************* -}

{-
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                   --------------------------------
                        The compilation proper
                   --------------------------------

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It's the task of the compilation proper to compile Haskell, hs-boot and core
files to either byte-code, hard-code (C, asm, LLVM, ect) or to nothing at all
(the module is still parsed and type-checked. This feature is mostly used by
IDE's and the likes). Compilation can happen in either 'one-shot', 'batch',
'nothing', or 'interactive' mode. 'One-shot' mode targets hard-code, 'batch'
mode targets hard-code, 'nothing' mode targets nothing and 'interactive' mode
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targets byte-code.
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The modes are kept separate because of their different types and meanings:

 * In 'one-shot' mode, we're only compiling a single file and can therefore
 discard the new ModIface and ModDetails. This is also the reason it only
 targets hard-code; compiling to byte-code or nothing doesn't make sense when
 we discard the result.

 * 'Batch' mode is like 'one-shot' except that we keep the resulting ModIface
 and ModDetails. 'Batch' mode doesn't target byte-code since that require us to
 return the newly compiled byte-code.

 * 'Nothing' mode has exactly the same type as 'batch' mode but they're still
 kept separate. This is because compiling to nothing is fairly special: We
 don't output any interface files, we don't run the simplifier and we don't
 generate any code.

 * 'Interactive' mode is similar to 'batch' mode except that we return the
 compiled byte-code together with the ModIface and ModDetails.

Trying to compile a hs-boot file to byte-code will result in a run-time error.
This is the only thing that isn't caught by the type-system.
-}


-- | Status of a compilation to hard-code or nothing.
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data HscStatus' a
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    = HscNoRecomp
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    | HscRecomp
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          (Maybe FilePath) -- Has stub files. This is a hack. We can't compile
                           -- C files here since it's done in DriverPipeline.
                           -- For now we just return True if we want the caller
                           -- to compile them for us.
          a
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-- This is a bit ugly. Since we use a typeclass below and would like to avoid
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-- functional dependencies, we have to parameterise the typeclass over the
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-- result type. Therefore we need to artificially distinguish some types. We do
-- this by adding type tags which will simply be ignored by the caller.
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type HscStatus         = HscStatus' ()
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type InteractiveStatus = HscStatus' (Maybe (CompiledByteCode, ModBreaks))
    -- INVARIANT: result is @Nothing@ <=> input was a boot file
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type OneShotResult     = HscStatus
type BatchResult       = (HscStatus, ModIface, ModDetails)
type NothingResult     = (HscStatus, ModIface, ModDetails)
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type InteractiveResult = (InteractiveStatus, ModIface, ModDetails)
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-- ToDo: The old interface and module index are only using in 'batch' and
--       'interactive' mode. They should be removed from 'oneshot' mode.
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type Compiler result =  HscEnv
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                     -> ModSummary
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                     -> SourceModified
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                     -> Maybe ModIface  -- Old interface, if available
                     -> Maybe (Int,Int) -- Just (i,n) <=> module i of n (for msgs)
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                     -> IO result
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data HsCompiler a = HsCompiler {
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    -- | Called when no recompilation is necessary.
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    hscNoRecomp :: ModIface
                -> Hsc a,
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    -- | Called to recompile the module.
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    hscRecompile :: ModSummary -> Maybe Fingerprint
                 -> Hsc a,
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    hscBackend :: TcGblEnv -> ModSummary -> Maybe Fingerprint
               -> Hsc a,
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    -- | Code generation for Boot modules.
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    hscGenBootOutput :: TcGblEnv -> ModSummary -> Maybe Fingerprint
                     -> Hsc a,
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    -- | Code generation for normal modules.
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    hscGenOutput :: ModGuts  -> ModSummary -> Maybe Fingerprint
                 -> Hsc a
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  }

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genericHscCompile :: HsCompiler a
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                  -> (HscEnv -> Maybe (Int,Int) -> RecompReason -> ModSummary -> IO ())
                  -> HscEnv -> ModSummary -> SourceModified
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                  -> Maybe ModIface -> Maybe (Int, Int)
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                  -> IO a
genericHscCompile compiler hscMessage hsc_env
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                  mod_summary source_modified
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                  mb_old_iface0 mb_mod_index
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  = do
    (recomp_reqd, mb_checked_iface)
        <- {-# SCC "checkOldIface" #-}
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           checkOldIface hsc_env mod_summary
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                         source_modified mb_old_iface0
    -- save the interface that comes back from checkOldIface.
    -- In one-shot mode we don't have the old iface until this
    -- point, when checkOldIface reads it from the disk.
    let mb_old_hash = fmap mi_iface_hash mb_checked_iface

    let skip iface = do
            hscMessage hsc_env mb_mod_index RecompNotRequired mod_summary
            runHsc hsc_env $ hscNoRecomp compiler iface

        compile reason = do
            hscMessage hsc_env mb_mod_index reason mod_summary
            runHsc hsc_env $ hscRecompile compiler mod_summary mb_old_hash

        stable = case source_modified of
                     SourceUnmodifiedAndStable -> True
                     _                         -> False
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        -- If the module used TH splices when it was last compiled,
        -- then the recompilation check is not accurate enough (#481)
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        -- and we must ignore it. However, if the module is stable
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        -- (none of the modules it depends on, directly or indirectly,
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        -- changed), then we *can* skip recompilation. This is why
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        -- the SourceModified type contains SourceUnmodifiedAndStable,
        -- and it's pretty important: otherwise ghc --make would
        -- always recompile TH modules, even if nothing at all has
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        -- changed. Stability is just the same check that make is
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        -- doing for us in one-shot mode.

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    case mb_checked_iface of
        Just iface | not recomp_reqd ->
            if mi_used_th iface && not stable
                then compile RecompForcedByTH
                else skip iface
        _otherwise ->
            compile RecompRequired
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hscCheckRecompBackend :: HsCompiler a -> TcGblEnv -> Compiler a
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hscCheckRecompBackend compiler tc_result hsc_env mod_summary
                      source_modified mb_old_iface _m_of_n
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  = do
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    (recomp_reqd, mb_checked_iface)
        <- {-# SCC "checkOldIface" #-}
           checkOldIface hsc_env mod_summary
                         source_modified mb_old_iface

    let mb_old_hash = fmap mi_iface_hash mb_checked_iface
    case mb_checked_iface of
        Just iface | not recomp_reqd
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            -> runHsc hsc_env $
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                   hscNoRecomp compiler
                       iface{ mi_globals = Just (tcg_rdr_env tc_result) }
        _otherwise
            -> runHsc hsc_env $
                   hscBackend compiler tc_result mod_summary mb_old_hash
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genericHscRecompile :: HsCompiler a
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                    -> ModSummary -> Maybe Fingerprint
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                    -> Hsc a
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genericHscRecompile compiler mod_summary mb_old_hash
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    | ExtCoreFile <- ms_hsc_src mod_summary =
        panic "GHC does not currently support reading External Core files"
    | otherwise = do
        tc_result <- hscFileFrontEnd mod_summary
        hscBackend compiler tc_result mod_summary mb_old_hash
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genericHscBackend :: HsCompiler a
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                  -> TcGblEnv -> ModSummary -> Maybe Fingerprint
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                  -> Hsc a
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genericHscBackend compiler tc_result mod_summary mb_old_hash
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    | HsBootFile <- ms_hsc_src mod_summary =
        hscGenBootOutput compiler tc_result mod_summary mb_old_hash
    | otherwise = do
        guts <- hscDesugar' mod_summary tc_result
        hscGenOutput compiler guts mod_summary mb_old_hash
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compilerBackend :: HsCompiler a -> TcGblEnv -> Compiler a
compilerBackend comp tcg hsc_env ms' _ _mb_old_iface _ =
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    runHsc hsc_env $ hscBackend comp tcg ms' Nothing
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--------------------------------------------------------------
-- Compilers
--------------------------------------------------------------

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hscOneShotCompiler :: HsCompiler OneShotResult
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hscOneShotCompiler = HsCompiler {
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    hscNoRecomp = \_old_iface -> do
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        hsc_env <- getHscEnv
        liftIO $ dumpIfaceStats hsc_env
        return HscNoRecomp
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  , hscRecompile = genericHscRecompile hscOneShotCompiler

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  , hscBackend = \tc_result mod_summary mb_old_hash -> do
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        dflags <- getDynFlags
        case hscTarget dflags of
            HscNothing -> return (HscRecomp Nothing ())
            _otherw    -> genericHscBackend hscOneShotCompiler
                              tc_result mod_summary mb_old_hash
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  , hscGenBootOutput = \tc_result mod_summary mb_old_iface -> do
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        (iface, changed, _) <- hscSimpleIface tc_result mb_old_iface
        hscWriteIface iface changed mod_summary
        return (HscRecomp Nothing ())
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  , hscGenOutput = \guts0 mod_summary mb_old_iface -> do
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        guts <- hscSimplify' guts0
        (iface, changed, _details, cgguts) <- hscNormalIface guts mb_old_iface
        hscWriteIface iface changed mod_summary
        hasStub <- hscGenHardCode cgguts mod_summary
        return (HscRecomp hasStub ())
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  }
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-- Compile Haskell, boot and extCore in OneShot mode.
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hscCompileOneShot :: Compiler OneShotResult
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hscCompileOneShot hsc_env mod_summary src_changed mb_old_iface mb_i_of_n
  = do
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    -- One-shot mode needs a knot-tying mutable variable for interface
    -- files. See TcRnTypes.TcGblEnv.tcg_type_env_var.
    type_env_var <- newIORef emptyNameEnv
    let mod = ms_mod mod_summary
        hsc_env' = hsc_env{ hsc_type_env_var = Just (mod, type_env_var) }
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    genericHscCompile hscOneShotCompiler
                      oneShotMsg hsc_env' mod_summary src_changed
                      mb_old_iface mb_i_of_n
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hscOneShotBackendOnly :: TcGblEnv -> Compiler OneShotResult
hscOneShotBackendOnly = compilerBackend hscOneShotCompiler

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--------------------------------------------------------------

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hscBatchCompiler :: HsCompiler BatchResult
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hscBatchCompiler = HsCompiler {
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    hscNoRecomp = \iface -> do
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        details <- genModDetails iface
        return (HscNoRecomp, iface, details)
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  , hscRecompile = genericHscRecompile hscBatchCompiler
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  , hscBackend = genericHscBackend hscBatchCompiler

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  , hscGenBootOutput = \tc_result mod_summary mb_old_iface -> do
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        (iface, changed, details) <- hscSimpleIface tc_result mb_old_iface
        hscWriteIface iface changed mod_summary
        return (HscRecomp Nothing (), iface, details)
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  , hscGenOutput = \guts0 mod_summary mb_old_iface -> do
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        guts <- hscSimplify' guts0
        (iface, changed, details, cgguts) <- hscNormalIface guts mb_old_iface
        hscWriteIface iface changed mod_summary
        hasStub <- hscGenHardCode cgguts mod_summary
        return (HscRecomp hasStub (), iface, details)
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  }
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-- | Compile Haskell, boot and extCore in batch mode.
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hscCompileBatch :: Compiler (HscStatus, ModIface, ModDetails)
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hscCompileBatch = genericHscCompile hscBatchCompiler batchMsg
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hscBatchBackendOnly :: TcGblEnv -> Compiler BatchResult
hscBatchBackendOnly = hscCheckRecompBackend hscBatchCompiler

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--------------------------------------------------------------

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hscInteractiveCompiler :: HsCompiler InteractiveResult
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hscInteractiveCompiler = HsCompiler {
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    hscNoRecomp = \iface -> do
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        details <- genModDetails iface
        return (HscNoRecomp, iface, details)
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  , hscRecompile = genericHscRecompile hscInteractiveCompiler
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  , hscBackend = genericHscBackend hscInteractiveCompiler

  , hscGenBootOutput = \tc_result _mod_summary mb_old_iface -> do
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        (iface, _changed, details) <- hscSimpleIface tc_result mb_old_iface
        return (HscRecomp Nothing Nothing, iface, details)
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  , hscGenOutput = \guts0 mod_summary mb_old_iface -> do
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        guts <- hscSimplify' guts0
        (iface, _changed, details, cgguts) <- hscNormalIface guts mb_old_iface
        hscInteractive (iface, details, cgguts) mod_summary
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  }
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-- Compile Haskell, extCore to bytecode.
hscCompileInteractive :: Compiler (InteractiveStatus, ModIface, ModDetails)
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hscCompileInteractive = genericHscCompile hscInteractiveCompiler batchMsg
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hscInteractiveBackendOnly :: TcGblEnv -> Compiler InteractiveResult
hscInteractiveBackendOnly = compilerBackend hscInteractiveCompiler

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--------------------------------------------------------------

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hscNothingCompiler :: HsCompiler NothingResult
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hscNothingCompiler = HsCompiler {
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    hscNoRecomp = \iface -> do
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        details <- genModDetails iface
        return (HscNoRecomp, iface, details)
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  , hscRecompile = genericHscRecompile hscNothingCompiler
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  , hscBackend = \tc_result _mod_summary mb_old_iface -> do
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        handleWarnings
        (iface, _changed, details) <- hscSimpleIface tc_result mb_old_iface
        return (HscRecomp Nothing (), iface, details)
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  , hscGenBootOutput = \_ _ _ ->
        panic "hscCompileNothing: hscGenBootOutput should not be called"

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  , hscGenOutput = \_ _ _ ->
        panic "hscCompileNothing: hscGenOutput should not be called"
  }
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-- Type-check Haskell and .hs-boot only (no external core)
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hscCompileNothing :: Compiler (HscStatus, ModIface, ModDetails)
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hscCompileNothing = genericHscCompile hscNothingCompiler batchMsg
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hscNothingBackendOnly :: TcGblEnv -> Compiler NothingResult
hscNothingBackendOnly = compilerBackend hscNothingCompiler

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--------------------------------------------------------------
-- NoRecomp handlers
--------------------------------------------------------------

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genModDetails :: ModIface -> Hsc ModDetails
genModDetails old_iface
  = do
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    hsc_env <- getHscEnv
    new_details <- {-# SCC "tcRnIface" #-}
                   liftIO $ initIfaceCheck hsc_env (typecheckIface old_iface)
    liftIO $ dumpIfaceStats hsc_env
    return new_details
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--------------------------------------------------------------
-- Progress displayers.
--------------------------------------------------------------

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data RecompReason = RecompNotRequired | RecompRequired | RecompForcedByTH
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    deriving Eq
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oneShotMsg :: HscEnv -> Maybe (Int,Int) -> RecompReason -> ModSummary -> IO ()
oneShotMsg hsc_env _mb_mod_index recomp _mod_summary =
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    case recomp of
        RecompNotRequired ->
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            compilationProgressMsg (hsc_dflags hsc_env) $
                   "compilation IS NOT required"
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        _other ->
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            return ()

batchMsg :: HscEnv -> Maybe (Int,Int) -> RecompReason -> ModSummary -> IO ()
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batchMsg hsc_env mb_mod_index recomp mod_summary =
    case recomp of
        RecompRequired -> showMsg "Compiling "
        RecompNotRequired
            | verbosity (hsc_dflags hsc_env) >= 2 -> showMsg "Skipping  "
            | otherwise -> return ()
        RecompForcedByTH -> showMsg "Compiling [TH] "
    where
        showMsg msg =
            compilationProgressMsg (hsc_dflags hsc_env) $
            (showModuleIndex mb_mod_index ++
            msg ++ showModMsg (hscTarget (hsc_dflags hsc_env))
                              (recomp == RecompRequired) mod_summary)
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--------------------------------------------------------------
-- FrontEnds
--------------------------------------------------------------
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hscFileFrontEnd :: ModSummary -> Hsc TcGblEnv
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hscFileFrontEnd mod_summary = do
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    hpm <- hscParse' mod_summary
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    hsc_env <- getHscEnv
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    dflags  <- getDynFlags
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    tcg_env <-
        {-# SCC "Typecheck-Rename" #-}
        ioMsgMaybe $
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            tcRnModule hsc_env (ms_hsc_src mod_summary) False hpm
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    tcSafeOK <- liftIO $ readIORef (tcg_safeInfer tcg_env)
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    -- end of the Safe Haskell line, how to respond to user?
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    if not (safeHaskellOn dflags) || (safeInferOn dflags && not tcSafeOK)
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        -- if safe haskell off or safe infer failed, wipe trust
        then wipeTrust tcg_env emptyBag

        -- module safe, throw warning if needed
        else do
            tcg_env' <- hscCheckSafeImports tcg_env
            safe <- liftIO $ hscGetSafeInf hsc_env
            when (safe && wopt Opt_WarnSafe dflags)
                 (logWarnings $ unitBag $
                     mkPlainWarnMsg (warnSafeOnLoc dflags) $ errSafe tcg_env')
            return tcg_env'
  where
    pprMod t  = ppr $ moduleName $ tcg_mod t
    errSafe t = text "Warning:" <+> quotes (pprMod t)
                   <+> text "has been infered as safe!"
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--------------------------------------------------------------
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-- Safe Haskell
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--------------------------------------------------------------

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-- Note [Safe Haskell Trust Check]
-- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-- Safe Haskell checks that an import is trusted according to the following
-- rules for an import of module M that resides in Package P:
--
--   * If M is recorded as Safe and all its trust dependencies are OK
--     then M is considered safe.
--   * If M is recorded as Trustworthy and P is considered trusted and
--     all M's trust dependencies are OK then M is considered safe.
--
-- By trust dependencies we mean that the check is transitive. So if
-- a module M that is Safe relies on a module N that is trustworthy,
-- importing module M will first check (according to the second case)
-- that N is trusted before checking M is trusted.
--
-- This is a minimal description, so please refer to the user guide
-- for more details. The user guide is also considered the authoritative
-- source in this matter, not the comments or code.


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-- Note [Safe Haskell Inference]
-- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-- Safe Haskell does Safe inference on modules that don't have any specific
-- safe haskell mode flag. The basic aproach to this is:
--   * When deciding if we need to do a Safe language check, treat
--     an unmarked module as having -XSafe mode specified.
--   * For checks, don't throw errors but return them to the caller.
--   * Caller checks if there are errors:
--     * For modules explicitly marked -XSafe, we throw the errors.
--     * For unmarked modules (inference mode), we drop the errors
--       and mark the module as being Unsafe.


-- | Check that the safe imports of the module being compiled are valid.
-- If not we either issue a compilation error if the module is explicitly
-- using Safe Haskell, or mark the module as unsafe if we're in safe
-- inference mode.
hscCheckSafeImports :: TcGblEnv -> Hsc TcGblEnv
hscCheckSafeImports tcg_env = do
    hsc_env  <- getHscEnv
    dflags   <- getDynFlags
    tcg_env' <- checkSafeImports dflags hsc_env tcg_env
    case safeLanguageOn dflags of
        True -> do
            -- we nuke user written RULES in -XSafe
            logWarnings $ warns (tcg_rules tcg_env')
            return tcg_env' { tcg_rules = [] }
        False
              -- user defined RULES, so not safe or already unsafe
            | safeInferOn dflags && not (null $ tcg_rules tcg_env') ||
              safeHaskell dflags == Sf_None
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              -- trustworthy OR safe infered with no RULES
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            | otherwise
            -> return tcg_env'

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  where
    warns rules = listToBag $ map warnRules rules
    warnRules (L loc (HsRule n _ _ _ _ _ _)) =
        mkPlainWarnMsg loc $
            text "Rule \"" <> ftext n <> text "\" ignored" $+$
            text "User defined rules are disabled under Safe Haskell"
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-- | Validate that safe imported modules are actually safe.
-- For modules in the HomePackage (the package the module we
-- are compiling in resides) this just involves checking its
-- trust type is 'Safe' or 'Trustworthy'. For modules that
-- reside in another package we also must check that the
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-- external pacakge is trusted. See the Note [Safe Haskell
-- Trust Check] above for more information.
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--
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-- The code for this is quite tricky as the whole algorithm
-- is done in a few distinct phases in different parts of the
-- code base. See RnNames.rnImportDecl for where package trust
-- dependencies for a module are collected and unioned.
-- Specifically see the Note [RnNames . Tracking Trust Transitively]
-- and the Note [RnNames . Trust Own Package].
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checkSafeImports :: DynFlags -> HscEnv -> TcGblEnv -> Hsc TcGblEnv
checkSafeImports dflags hsc_env tcg_env
    = do
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        -- We want to use the warning state specifically for detecting if safe
        -- inference has failed, so store and clear any existing warnings.
        oldErrs <- getWarnings
        clearWarnings

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        imps <- mapM condense imports'
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        pkgs <- mapM checkSafe imps
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        -- grab any safe haskell specific errors and restore old warnings
        errs <- getWarnings
        clearWarnings
        logWarnings oldErrs

        -- See the Note [ Safe Haskell Inference]
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        case (not $ isEmptyBag errs) of

            -- We have errors!
            True ->
                -- did we fail safe inference or fail -XSafe?
                case safeInferOn dflags of
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                    True  -> wipeTrust tcg_env errs
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                    False -> liftIO . throwIO . mkSrcErr $ errs
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            -- All good matey!
            False -> do
                when (packageTrustOn dflags) $ checkPkgTrust pkg_reqs
                -- add in trusted package requirements for this module
                let new_trust = emptyImportAvails { imp_trust_pkgs = catMaybes pkgs }
                return tcg_env { tcg_imports = imp_info `plusImportAvails` new_trust }
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  where
    imp_info = tcg_imports tcg_env     -- ImportAvails
    imports  = imp_mods imp_info       -- ImportedMods
    imports' = moduleEnvToList imports -- (Module, [ImportedModsVal])
    pkg_reqs = imp_trust_pkgs imp_info -- [PackageId]

    condense :: (Module, [ImportedModsVal]) -> Hsc (Module, SrcSpan, IsSafeImport)
    condense (_, [])   = panic "HscMain.condense: Pattern match failure!"
    condense (m, x:xs) = do (_,_,l,s) <- foldlM cond' x xs
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                            -- we turn all imports into safe ones when
                            -- inference mode is on.
                            let s' = if safeInferOn dflags then True else s
                            return (m, l, s')
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    -- ImportedModsVal = (ModuleName, Bool, SrcSpan, IsSafeImport)
    cond' :: ImportedModsVal -> ImportedModsVal -> Hsc ImportedModsVal
    cond' v1@(m1,_,l1,s1) (_,_,_,s2)
        | s1 /= s2
        = throwErrors $ unitBag $ mkPlainErrMsg l1
              (text "Module" <+> ppr m1 <+>
              (text $ "is imported both as a safe and unsafe import!"))
        | otherwise
        = return v1

    lookup' :: Module -> Hsc (Maybe ModIface)
    lookup' m = do
        hsc_eps <- liftIO $ hscEPS hsc_env
        let pkgIfaceT = eps_PIT hsc_eps
            homePkgT = hsc_HPT hsc_env
            iface = lookupIfaceByModule dflags homePkgT pkgIfaceT m
        return iface

    isHomePkg :: Module -> Bool
    isHomePkg m
        | thisPackage dflags == modulePackageId m = True
        | otherwise                               = False

    -- | Check the package a module resides in is trusted.
    -- Safe compiled modules are trusted without requiring
    -- that their package is trusted. For trustworthy modules,
    -- modules in the home package are trusted but otherwise
    -- we check the package trust flag.
    packageTrusted :: SafeHaskellMode -> Bool -> Module -> Bool
    packageTrusted _ _ _
        | not (packageTrustOn dflags)     = True
    packageTrusted Sf_Safe        False _ = True
    packageTrusted Sf_SafeInfered False _ = True
    packageTrusted _ _ m
        | isHomePkg m = True
        | otherwise   = trusted $ getPackageDetails (pkgState dflags)
                                                    (modulePackageId m)

    -- Is a module trusted? Return Nothing if True, or a String
    -- if it isn't, containing the reason it isn't. Also return
    -- if the module trustworthy (true) or safe (false) so we know
    -- if we should check if the package itself is trusted in the
    -- future.
    isModSafe :: Module -> SrcSpan -> Hsc (Bool)
    isModSafe m l = do
        iface <- lookup' m
        case iface of
            -- can't load iface to check trust!
            Nothing -> throwErrors $ unitBag $ mkPlainErrMsg l
                        $ text "Can't load the interface file for" <+> ppr m <>
                          text ", to check that it can be safely imported"

            -- got iface, check trust
            Just iface' -> do
                let trust = getSafeMode $ mi_trust iface'
                    trust_own_pkg = mi_trust_pkg iface'
                    -- check module is trusted
                    safeM = trust `elem` [Sf_SafeInfered, Sf_Safe, Sf_Trustworthy]
                    -- check package is trusted
                    safeP = packageTrusted trust trust_own_pkg m
                case (safeM, safeP) of
                    -- General errors we throw but Safe errors we log
                    (True, True ) -> return $ trust == Sf_Trustworthy
                    (True, False) -> liftIO . throwIO $ pkgTrustErr
                    (False, _   ) -> logWarnings modTrustErr >> return (trust == Sf_Trustworthy)

                where
                    pkgTrustErr = mkSrcErr $ unitBag $ mkPlainErrMsg l $ ppr m
                        <+> text "can't be safely imported!" <+> text "The package ("
                        <> ppr (modulePackageId m)
                        <> text ") the module resides in isn't trusted."
                    modTrustErr = unitBag $ mkPlainErrMsg l $ ppr m
                        <+> text "can't be safely imported!"
                        <+> text "The module itself isn't safe."

    -- Here we check the transitive package trust requirements are OK still.
    checkPkgTrust :: [PackageId] -> Hsc ()
    checkPkgTrust pkgs =
        case errors of
            [] -> return ()
            _  -> (liftIO . throwIO . mkSrcErr . listToBag) errors
        where
            errors =