Linker.c 160 KB
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/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
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 * (c) The GHC Team, 2000-2004
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 *
 * RTS Object Linker
 *
 * ---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

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#if 0
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#include "PosixSource.h"
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#endif
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/* Linux needs _GNU_SOURCE to get RTLD_DEFAULT from <dlfcn.h> and
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   MREMAP_MAYMOVE from <sys/mman.h>.
 */
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#ifdef __linux__
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif

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#include "Rts.h"
#include "HsFFI.h"
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#include "sm/Storage.h"
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#include "Stats.h"
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#include "Hash.h"
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#include "LinkerInternals.h"
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#include "RtsUtils.h"
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#include "Trace.h"
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#include "StgPrimFloat.h" // for __int_encodeFloat etc.
#include "Stable.h"

#if !defined(mingw32_HOST_OS)
#include "posix/Signals.h"
#endif
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#if defined(mingw32_HOST_OS)
// get protos for is*()
#include <ctype.h>
#endif

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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
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#include <sys/types.h>
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#endif

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#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
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#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_STAT_H
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#include <sys/stat.h>
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#endif
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#if defined(HAVE_DLFCN_H)
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#include <dlfcn.h>
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#endif
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#if defined(cygwin32_HOST_OS)
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#ifdef HAVE_DIRENT_H
#include <dirent.h>
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TIME_H
#include <sys/time.h>
#endif
#include <regex.h>
#include <sys/fcntl.h>
#include <sys/termios.h>
#include <sys/utime.h>
#include <sys/utsname.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#endif

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#if defined(linux_HOST_OS) || defined(freebsd_HOST_OS) || defined(dragonfly_HOST_OS) || defined(netbsd_HOST_OS) || defined(openbsd_HOST_OS) || defined(darwin_HOST_OS)
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#define USE_MMAP
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif

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#endif

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#if defined(linux_HOST_OS) || defined(solaris2_HOST_OS) || defined(freebsd_HOST_OS) || defined(dragonfly_HOST_OS) || defined(netbsd_HOST_OS) || defined(openbsd_HOST_OS)
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#  define OBJFORMAT_ELF
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#  include <regex.h>	// regex is already used by dlopen() so this is OK
			// to use here without requiring an additional lib
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#elif defined(cygwin32_HOST_OS) || defined (mingw32_HOST_OS)
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#  define OBJFORMAT_PEi386
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#  include <windows.h>
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#  include <math.h>
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#elif defined(darwin_HOST_OS)
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#  define OBJFORMAT_MACHO
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#  include <regex.h>
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#  include <mach-o/loader.h>
#  include <mach-o/nlist.h>
#  include <mach-o/reloc.h>
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#if !defined(HAVE_DLFCN_H)
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#  include <mach-o/dyld.h>
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#endif
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#if defined(powerpc_HOST_ARCH)
#  include <mach-o/ppc/reloc.h>
#endif
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#if defined(x86_64_HOST_ARCH)
#  include <mach-o/x86_64/reloc.h>
#endif
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#endif

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/* Hash table mapping symbol names to Symbol */
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static /*Str*/HashTable *symhash;
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/* Hash table mapping symbol names to StgStablePtr */
static /*Str*/HashTable *stablehash;

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/* List of currently loaded objects */
ObjectCode *objects = NULL;	/* initially empty */

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#if defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF)
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static int ocVerifyImage_ELF    ( ObjectCode* oc );
static int ocGetNames_ELF       ( ObjectCode* oc );
static int ocResolve_ELF        ( ObjectCode* oc );
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#if defined(powerpc_HOST_ARCH) || defined(x86_64_HOST_ARCH)
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static int ocAllocateSymbolExtras_ELF ( ObjectCode* oc );
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#endif
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#elif defined(OBJFORMAT_PEi386)
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static int ocVerifyImage_PEi386 ( ObjectCode* oc );
static int ocGetNames_PEi386    ( ObjectCode* oc );
static int ocResolve_PEi386     ( ObjectCode* oc );
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static void *lookupSymbolInDLLs ( unsigned char *lbl );
static void zapTrailingAtSign   ( unsigned char *sym );
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#elif defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO)
static int ocVerifyImage_MachO    ( ObjectCode* oc );
static int ocGetNames_MachO       ( ObjectCode* oc );
static int ocResolve_MachO        ( ObjectCode* oc );
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#ifndef USE_MMAP
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static int machoGetMisalignment( FILE * );
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#endif
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#if defined(powerpc_HOST_ARCH) || defined(x86_64_HOST_ARCH)
static int ocAllocateSymbolExtras_MachO ( ObjectCode* oc );
#endif
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#ifdef powerpc_HOST_ARCH
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static void machoInitSymbolsWithoutUnderscore( void );
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#endif
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#endif
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/* on x86_64 we have a problem with relocating symbol references in
 * code that was compiled without -fPIC.  By default, the small memory
 * model is used, which assumes that symbol references can fit in a
 * 32-bit slot.  The system dynamic linker makes this work for
 * references to shared libraries by either (a) allocating a jump
 * table slot for code references, or (b) moving the symbol at load
 * time (and copying its contents, if necessary) for data references.
 *
 * We unfortunately can't tell whether symbol references are to code
 * or data.  So for now we assume they are code (the vast majority
 * are), and allocate jump-table slots.  Unfortunately this will
 * SILENTLY generate crashing code for data references.  This hack is
 * enabled by X86_64_ELF_NONPIC_HACK.
 * 
 * One workaround is to use shared Haskell libraries.  This is
 * coming.  Another workaround is to keep the static libraries but
 * compile them with -fPIC, because that will generate PIC references
 * to data which can be relocated.  The PIC code is still too green to
 * do this systematically, though.
 *
 * See bug #781
 * See thread http://www.haskell.org/pipermail/cvs-ghc/2007-September/038458.html
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 *
 * Naming Scheme for Symbol Macros
 *
 * SymI_*: symbol is internal to the RTS. It resides in an object
 *         file/library that is statically.
 * SymE_*: symbol is external to the RTS library. It might be linked
 *         dynamically.
 *
 * Sym*_HasProto  : the symbol prototype is imported in an include file
 *                  or defined explicitly
 * Sym*_NeedsProto: the symbol is undefined and we add a dummy
 *                  default proto extern void sym(void);
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 */
#define X86_64_ELF_NONPIC_HACK 1
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/* Link objects into the lower 2Gb on x86_64.  GHC assumes the
 * small memory model on this architecture (see gcc docs,
 * -mcmodel=small).
 *
 * MAP_32BIT not available on OpenBSD/amd64
 */
#if defined(x86_64_HOST_ARCH) && defined(MAP_32BIT)
#define TRY_MAP_32BIT MAP_32BIT
#else
#define TRY_MAP_32BIT 0
#endif

/*
 * Due to the small memory model (see above), on x86_64 we have to map
 * all our non-PIC object files into the low 2Gb of the address space
 * (why 2Gb and not 4Gb?  Because all addresses must be reachable
 * using a 32-bit signed PC-relative offset). On Linux we can do this
 * using the MAP_32BIT flag to mmap(), however on other OSs
 * (e.g. *BSD, see #2063, and also on Linux inside Xen, see #2512), we
 * can't do this.  So on these systems, we have to pick a base address
 * in the low 2Gb of the address space and try to allocate memory from
 * there.
 *
 * We pick a default address based on the OS, but also make this
 * configurable via an RTS flag (+RTS -xm)
 */
#if defined(x86_64_HOST_ARCH)

#if defined(MAP_32BIT)
// Try to use MAP_32BIT
#define MMAP_32BIT_BASE_DEFAULT 0
#else
// A guess: 1Gb.
#define MMAP_32BIT_BASE_DEFAULT 0x40000000
#endif

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static void *mmap_32bit_base = (void *)MMAP_32BIT_BASE_DEFAULT;
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#endif

/* MAP_ANONYMOUS is MAP_ANON on some systems, e.g. OpenBSD */
#if !defined(MAP_ANONYMOUS) && defined(MAP_ANON)
#define MAP_ANONYMOUS MAP_ANON
#endif

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/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Built-in symbols from the RTS
 */

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typedef struct _RtsSymbolVal {
    char   *lbl;
    void   *addr;
} RtsSymbolVal;

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#define Maybe_Stable_Names      SymI_HasProto(stg_mkWeakzh)			\
      				SymI_HasProto(stg_mkWeakForeignEnvzh)		\
      				SymI_HasProto(stg_makeStableNamezh)		\
      				SymI_HasProto(stg_finalizzeWeakzh)
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#if !defined (mingw32_HOST_OS)
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#define RTS_POSIX_ONLY_SYMBOLS                  \
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      SymI_HasProto(__hscore_get_saved_termios)	\
      SymI_HasProto(__hscore_set_saved_termios)	\
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      SymI_HasProto(shutdownHaskellAndSignal)	\
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      SymI_HasProto(lockFile)                   \
      SymI_HasProto(unlockFile)                 \
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      SymI_HasProto(signal_handlers)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sig_install)		\
      SymI_NeedsProto(nocldstop)
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#endif
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#if defined (cygwin32_HOST_OS)
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#define RTS_MINGW_ONLY_SYMBOLS /**/
/* Don't have the ability to read import libs / archives, so
 * we have to stupidly list a lot of what libcygwin.a
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 * exports; sigh.
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 */
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#define RTS_CYGWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS                          \
      SymI_HasProto(regfree)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(regexec)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(regerror)                            \
      SymI_HasProto(regcomp)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(__errno)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(access)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(chmod)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(chdir)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(close)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(creat)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(dup)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(dup2)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(fstat)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(fcntl)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(getcwd)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(getenv)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(lseek)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(open)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(fpathconf)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(pathconf)                            \
      SymI_HasProto(stat)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(pow)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(tanh)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(cosh)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(sinh)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(atan)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(acos)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(asin)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(tan)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(cos)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(sin)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(exp)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(log)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(sqrt)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(localtime_r)                         \
      SymI_HasProto(gmtime_r)                            \
      SymI_HasProto(mktime)                              \
      SymI_NeedsProto(_imp___tzname)                     \
      SymI_HasProto(gettimeofday)                        \
      SymI_HasProto(timezone)                            \
      SymI_HasProto(tcgetattr)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(tcsetattr)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(memcpy)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(memmove)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(realloc)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(malloc)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(free)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(fork)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(lstat)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(isatty)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(mkdir)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(opendir)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(readdir)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(rewinddir)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(closedir)                            \
      SymI_HasProto(link)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(mkfifo)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(pipe)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(read)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(rename)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(rmdir)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(select)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(system)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(write)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(strcmp)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(strcpy)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(strncpy)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(strerror)                            \
      SymI_HasProto(sigaddset)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(sigemptyset)                         \
      SymI_HasProto(sigprocmask)                         \
      SymI_HasProto(umask)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(uname)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(unlink)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(utime)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(waitpid)
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#elif !defined(mingw32_HOST_OS)
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#define RTS_MINGW_ONLY_SYMBOLS /**/
#define RTS_CYGWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS /**/
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#else /* defined(mingw32_HOST_OS) */
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#define RTS_POSIX_ONLY_SYMBOLS  /**/
#define RTS_CYGWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS /**/
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/* Extra syms gen'ed by mingw-2's gcc-3.2: */
#if __GNUC__>=3
#define RTS_MINGW_EXTRA_SYMS                    \
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      SymI_NeedsProto(_imp____mb_cur_max)       \
      SymI_NeedsProto(_imp___pctype)
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#else
#define RTS_MINGW_EXTRA_SYMS
#endif

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#if HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY
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#define RTS_MINGW_GETTIMEOFDAY_SYM SymI_NeedsProto(gettimeofday)
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#else
#define RTS_MINGW_GETTIMEOFDAY_SYM /**/
#endif

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#if HAVE___MINGW_VFPRINTF
#define RTS___MINGW_VFPRINTF_SYM SymI_HasProto(__mingw_vfprintf)
#else
#define RTS___MINGW_VFPRINTF_SYM /**/
#endif

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/* These are statically linked from the mingw libraries into the ghc
   executable, so we have to employ this hack. */
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#define RTS_MINGW_ONLY_SYMBOLS                           \
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_asyncReadzh)			 \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_asyncWritezh)			 \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_asyncDoProczh)			 \
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      SymI_HasProto(memset)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(inet_ntoa)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(inet_addr)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(htonl)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(recvfrom)                            \
      SymI_HasProto(listen)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(bind)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(shutdown)                            \
      SymI_HasProto(connect)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(htons)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(ntohs)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(getservbyname)                       \
      SymI_HasProto(getservbyport)                       \
      SymI_HasProto(getprotobynumber)                    \
      SymI_HasProto(getprotobyname)                      \
      SymI_HasProto(gethostbyname)                       \
      SymI_HasProto(gethostbyaddr)                       \
      SymI_HasProto(gethostname)                         \
      SymI_HasProto(strcpy)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(strncpy)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(abort)                               \
      SymI_NeedsProto(_alloca)                           \
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      SymI_HasProto(isxdigit)                          \
      SymI_HasProto(isupper)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(ispunct)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(islower)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(isspace)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(isprint)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(isdigit)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(iscntrl)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(isalpha)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(isalnum)                           \
      SymI_HasProto(isascii)                           \
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      RTS___MINGW_VFPRINTF_SYM                           \
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      SymI_HasProto(strcmp)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(memmove)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(realloc)                             \
      SymI_HasProto(malloc)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(pow)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(tanh)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(cosh)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(sinh)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(atan)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(acos)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(asin)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(tan)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(cos)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(sin)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(exp)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(log)                                 \
      SymI_HasProto(sqrt)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(powf)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(tanhf)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(coshf)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(sinhf)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(atanf)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(acosf)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(asinf)                               \
      SymI_HasProto(tanf)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(cosf)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(sinf)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(expf)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(logf)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(sqrtf)                               \
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      SymI_HasProto(erf)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(erfc)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(erff)                                \
      SymI_HasProto(erfcf)                               \
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      SymI_HasProto(memcpy)                              \
      SymI_HasProto(rts_InstallConsoleEvent)             \
      SymI_HasProto(rts_ConsoleHandlerDone)              \
      SymI_NeedsProto(mktime)                            \
      SymI_NeedsProto(_imp___timezone)                   \
      SymI_NeedsProto(_imp___tzname)                     \
      SymI_NeedsProto(_imp__tzname)                      \
      SymI_NeedsProto(_imp___iob)                        \
      SymI_NeedsProto(_imp___osver)                      \
      SymI_NeedsProto(localtime)                         \
      SymI_NeedsProto(gmtime)                            \
      SymI_NeedsProto(opendir)                           \
      SymI_NeedsProto(readdir)                           \
      SymI_NeedsProto(rewinddir)                         \
      RTS_MINGW_EXTRA_SYMS                               \
      RTS_MINGW_GETTIMEOFDAY_SYM		         \
      SymI_NeedsProto(closedir)
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#endif
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#if defined(darwin_TARGET_OS) && HAVE_PRINTF_LDBLSTUB
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#define RTS_DARWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS			            \
     SymI_NeedsProto(asprintf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(err$LDBLStub)                          \
     SymI_NeedsProto(errc$LDBLStub)                         \
     SymI_NeedsProto(errx$LDBLStub)                         \
     SymI_NeedsProto(fprintf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(fscanf$LDBLStub)                       \
     SymI_NeedsProto(fwprintf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(fwscanf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(printf$LDBLStub)                       \
     SymI_NeedsProto(scanf$LDBLStub)                        \
     SymI_NeedsProto(snprintf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(sprintf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(sscanf$LDBLStub)                       \
     SymI_NeedsProto(strtold$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(swprintf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(swscanf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(syslog$LDBLStub)                       \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vasprintf$LDBLStub)                    \
     SymI_NeedsProto(verr$LDBLStub)                         \
     SymI_NeedsProto(verrc$LDBLStub)                        \
     SymI_NeedsProto(verrx$LDBLStub)                        \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vfprintf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vfscanf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vfwprintf$LDBLStub)                    \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vfwscanf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vprintf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vscanf$LDBLStub)                       \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vsnprintf$LDBLStub)                    \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vsprintf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vsscanf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vswprintf$LDBLStub)                    \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vswscanf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vsyslog$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vwarn$LDBLStub)                        \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vwarnc$LDBLStub)                       \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vwarnx$LDBLStub)                       \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vwprintf$LDBLStub)                     \
     SymI_NeedsProto(vwscanf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(warn$LDBLStub)                         \
     SymI_NeedsProto(warnc$LDBLStub)                        \
     SymI_NeedsProto(warnx$LDBLStub)                        \
     SymI_NeedsProto(wcstold$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(wprintf$LDBLStub)                      \
     SymI_NeedsProto(wscanf$LDBLStub)
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#else
#define RTS_DARWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS
#endif

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#ifndef SMP
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# define MAIN_CAP_SYM SymI_HasProto(MainCapability)
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#else
# define MAIN_CAP_SYM
#endif
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#if !defined(mingw32_HOST_OS)
#define RTS_USER_SIGNALS_SYMBOLS \
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   SymI_HasProto(setIOManagerPipe) \
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   SymI_HasProto(ioManagerWakeup) \
   SymI_HasProto(ioManagerSync) \
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   SymI_HasProto(blockUserSignals) \
   SymI_HasProto(unblockUserSignals)
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#else
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#define RTS_USER_SIGNALS_SYMBOLS     \
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   SymI_HasProto(ioManagerWakeup) \
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   SymI_HasProto(sendIOManagerEvent) \
   SymI_HasProto(readIOManagerEvent) \
   SymI_HasProto(getIOManagerEvent)  \
   SymI_HasProto(console_handler)
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#endif

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#define RTS_LIBFFI_SYMBOLS                                  \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_prep_cif)                          \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_call)                              \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_void)                         \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_float)                        \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_double)                       \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_sint64)                       \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_uint64)                       \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_sint32)                       \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_uint32)                       \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_sint16)                       \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_uint16)                       \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_sint8)                        \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_uint8)                        \
     SymE_NeedsProto(ffi_type_pointer)
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#ifdef TABLES_NEXT_TO_CODE
#define RTS_RET_SYMBOLS /* nothing */
#else
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#define RTS_RET_SYMBOLS 		                \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_enter_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_fun_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_v_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_f_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_d_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_l_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_n_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_p_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pv_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pp_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppv_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppp_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppv_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppp_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppppp_ret)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppppp_ret)
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#endif

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/* Modules compiled with -ticky may mention ticky counters */
/* This list should marry up with the one in $(TOP)/includes/stg/Ticky.h */
#define RTS_TICKY_SYMBOLS                       \
      SymI_NeedsProto(ticky_entry_ctrs)         \
      SymI_NeedsProto(top_ct)                   \
                                                \
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_VIA_NODE_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_STATIC_THK_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_DYN_THK_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_STATIC_FUN_DIRECT_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_DYN_FUN_DIRECT_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_STATIC_CON_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_DYN_CON_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_STATIC_IND_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_DYN_IND_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_PERM_IND_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_PAP_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_AP_ctr)		        \
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_AP_STACK_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ENT_BH_ctr)	        	\
      SymI_HasProto(UNKNOWN_CALL_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_v_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_f_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_d_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_l_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_n_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_p_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_pv_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_pp_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_ppv_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_ppp_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_pppv_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_pppp_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_ppppp_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_pppppp_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_OTHER_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ticky_slow_call_unevald)            \
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_ctr)		        \
      SymI_HasProto(MULTI_CHUNK_SLOW_CALL_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(MULTI_CHUNK_SLOW_CALL_CHUNKS_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(KNOWN_CALL_ctr)		        \
      SymI_HasProto(KNOWN_CALL_TOO_FEW_ARGS_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(KNOWN_CALL_EXTRA_ARGS_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_FUN_TOO_FEW_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_FUN_CORRECT_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_FUN_TOO_MANY_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_PAP_TOO_FEW_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_PAP_CORRECT_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_PAP_TOO_MANY_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(SLOW_CALL_UNEVALD_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPDF_OMITTED_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPDF_PUSHED_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(CATCHF_PUSHED_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPDF_RCC_PUSHED_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(UPDF_RCC_OMITTED_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_SQUEEZED_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_CON_IN_NEW_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_CON_IN_PLACE_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_PAP_IN_NEW_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_PAP_IN_PLACE_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_HEAP_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_HEAP_tot)             \
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_FUN_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_FUN_adm)              \
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_FUN_gds)              \
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_FUN_slp)              \
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_NEW_IND_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_NEW_PERM_IND_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_OLD_IND_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_OLD_PERM_IND_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_BH_UPDATABLE_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_BH_SINGLE_ENTRY_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_CAF_BH_UPDATABLE_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(UPD_CAF_BH_SINGLE_ENTRY_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(GC_SEL_ABANDONED_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(GC_SEL_MINOR_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(GC_SEL_MAJOR_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(GC_FAILED_PROMOTION_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_UP_THK_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_SE_THK_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_THK_adm)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_THK_gds)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_THK_slp)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_CON_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_CON_adm)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_CON_gds)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_CON_slp)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_TUP_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_TUP_adm)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_TUP_gds)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_TUP_slp)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_BH_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_BH_adm)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_BH_gds)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_BH_slp)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_PRIM_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_PRIM_adm)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_PRIM_gds)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_PRIM_slp)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_PAP_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_PAP_adm)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_PAP_gds)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_PAP_slp)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_TSO_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_TSO_adm)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_TSO_gds)		\
      SymI_HasProto(ALLOC_TSO_slp)		\
      SymI_HasProto(RET_NEW_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(RET_OLD_ctr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(RET_UNBOXED_TUP_ctr)	\
      SymI_HasProto(RET_SEMI_loads_avoided)


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// On most platforms, the garbage collector rewrites references
//	to small integer and char objects to a set of common, shared ones.
//
// We don't do this when compiling to Windows DLLs at the moment because
//	it doesn't support cross package data references well.
//
#if defined(__PIC__) && defined(mingw32_HOST_OS)
#define RTS_INTCHAR_SYMBOLS
#else
#define RTS_INTCHAR_SYMBOLS				\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_CHARLIKE_closure)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_INTLIKE_closure)		
#endif


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#define RTS_SYMBOLS				        \
      Maybe_Stable_Names			        \
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      RTS_TICKY_SYMBOLS                                 \
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      SymI_HasProto(StgReturn)				\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_enter_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_void_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(__stg_gc_enter_1)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_noregs)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_unpt_r1_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_unpt_r1)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_unbx_r1_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_unbx_r1)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_f1_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_f1)				\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_d1_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_d1)				\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_l1_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_l1)				\
      SymI_HasProto(__stg_gc_fun)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_fun_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_gen)				\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_gen_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_gen_hp)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gc_ut)				\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gen_yield)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_yield_noregs)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_yield_to_interpreter)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_gen_block)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_block_noregs)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_block_1)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_block_takemvar)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_block_putmvar)			\
      MAIN_CAP_SYM                                      \
      SymI_HasProto(MallocFailHook)			\
      SymI_HasProto(OnExitHook)				\
      SymI_HasProto(OutOfHeapHook)			\
      SymI_HasProto(StackOverflowHook)			\
      SymI_HasProto(addDLL)               		\
      SymI_HasProto(__int_encodeDouble)			\
      SymI_HasProto(__word_encodeDouble)		\
      SymI_HasProto(__2Int_encodeDouble)		\
      SymI_HasProto(__int_encodeFloat)			\
      SymI_HasProto(__word_encodeFloat)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_atomicallyzh)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(barf)				\
      SymI_HasProto(debugBelch)				\
      SymI_HasProto(errorBelch)				\
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      SymI_HasProto(sysErrorBelch)                      \
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_asyncExceptionsBlockedzh)	\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_blockAsyncExceptionszh)	        \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_catchzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_catchRetryzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_catchSTMzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_checkzh)                        \
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      SymI_HasProto(closure_flags)                      \
      SymI_HasProto(cmp_thread)				\
      SymI_HasProto(createAdjustor)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_decodeDoublezu2Intzh)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_decodeFloatzuIntzh)		\
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      SymI_HasProto(defaultsHook)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_delayzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_deRefWeakzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_deRefStablePtrzh)		\
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      SymI_HasProto(dirty_MUT_VAR)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_forkzh)			        \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_forkOnzh)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(forkProcess)			\
      SymI_HasProto(forkOS_createThread)		\
      SymI_HasProto(freeHaskellFunctionPtr)		\
      SymI_HasProto(getOrSetTypeableStore)		\
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      SymI_HasProto(getOrSetGHCConcSignalHandlerStore)		\
      SymI_HasProto(getOrSetGHCConcPendingEventsStore)		\
      SymI_HasProto(getOrSetGHCConcPendingDelaysStore)		\
      SymI_HasProto(getOrSetGHCConcIOManagerThreadStore)	\
      SymI_HasProto(getOrSetGHCConcProddingStore)		\
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      SymI_HasProto(genSymZh)				\
      SymI_HasProto(genericRaise)			\
      SymI_HasProto(getProgArgv)			\
      SymI_HasProto(getFullProgArgv)			\
      SymI_HasProto(getStablePtr)			\
      SymI_HasProto(hs_init)				\
      SymI_HasProto(hs_exit)				\
      SymI_HasProto(hs_set_argv)			\
      SymI_HasProto(hs_add_root)			\
      SymI_HasProto(hs_perform_gc)			\
      SymI_HasProto(hs_free_stable_ptr)			\
      SymI_HasProto(hs_free_fun_ptr)			\
      SymI_HasProto(hs_hpc_rootModule)		        \
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      SymI_HasProto(initLinker)				\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_unpackClosurezh)                \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_getApStackValzh)                \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_getSparkzh)                     \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_isCurrentThreadBoundzh)	        \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_isEmptyMVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_killThreadzh)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(loadObj)          			\
      SymI_HasProto(insertStableSymbol) 		\
      SymI_HasProto(insertSymbol)     			\
      SymI_HasProto(lookupSymbol)     			\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_makeStablePtrzh)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_mkApUpd0zh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_myThreadIdzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_labelThreadzh)                  \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_newArrayzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_newBCOzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_newByteArrayzh)  		\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_newMVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_newMutVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_newTVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_noDuplicatezh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_atomicModifyMutVarzh)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_newPinnedByteArrayzh)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_newAlignedPinnedByteArrayzh)	\
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      SymI_HasProto(newSpark)				\
      SymI_HasProto(performGC)				\
      SymI_HasProto(performMajorGC)			\
      SymI_HasProto(prog_argc)				\
      SymI_HasProto(prog_argv)				\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_putMVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_raisezh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_raiseIOzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_readTVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_readTVarIOzh)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(resolveObjs)                        \
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_retryzh)                        \
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      SymI_HasProto(rts_apply)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_checkSchedStatus)		\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_eval)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_evalIO)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_evalLazyIO)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_evalStableIO)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_eval_)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getBool)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getChar)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getDouble)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getFloat)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getInt)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getInt8)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getInt16)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getInt32)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getInt64)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getPtr)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getFunPtr)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getStablePtr)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getThreadId)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getWord)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getWord8)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getWord16)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getWord32)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_getWord64)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_lock)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkBool)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkChar)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkDouble)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkFloat)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkInt)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkInt8)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkInt16)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkInt32)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkInt64)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkPtr)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkFunPtr)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkStablePtr)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkString)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkWord)				\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkWord8)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkWord16)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkWord32)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_mkWord64)			\
      SymI_HasProto(rts_unlock)				\
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      SymI_HasProto(rts_unsafeGetMyCapability)          \
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      SymI_HasProto(rtsSupportsBoundThreads)		\
      SymI_HasProto(setProgArgv)			\
      SymI_HasProto(startupHaskell)			\
      SymI_HasProto(shutdownHaskell)			\
      SymI_HasProto(shutdownHaskellAndExit)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stable_ptr_table)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stackOverflow)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_CAF_BLACKHOLE_info)		\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_BLACKHOLE_info)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(__stg_EAGER_BLACKHOLE_info)		\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_BLOCKING_QUEUE_CLEAN_info)      \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_BLOCKING_QUEUE_DIRTY_info)	\
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      SymI_HasProto(startTimer)                         \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_MVAR_CLEAN_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_MVAR_DIRTY_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_IND_STATIC_info)		\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_ARR_WORDS_info)                 \
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_MUT_ARR_PTRS_DIRTY_info)	\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_MUT_ARR_PTRS_FROZEN_info)	\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_MUT_ARR_PTRS_FROZEN0_info)	\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_WEAK_info)                      \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_v_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_f_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_d_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_l_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_n_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_p_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pv_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pp_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppv_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppp_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppv_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppp_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppppp_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppppp_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_0_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_v_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_f_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_d_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_l_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_n_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_p_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pv_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pp_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppv_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppp_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppv_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppp_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_ppppp_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_pppppp_fast)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_1_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_2_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_3_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_4_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_5_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_6_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_ap_7_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_exit)				\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_0_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_10_upd_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_11_upd_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_12_upd_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_13_upd_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_14_upd_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_15_upd_info)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_1_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_2_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_3_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_4_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_5_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_6_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_7_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_8_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_sel_9_upd_info)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_upd_frame_info)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_bh_upd_frame_info)		\
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      SymI_HasProto(suspendThread)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_takeMVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_threadStatuszh)		        \
      SymI_HasProto(stg_tryPutMVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_tryTakeMVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_unblockAsyncExceptionszh)	\
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      SymI_HasProto(unloadObj)                          \
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_unsafeThawArrayzh)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_waitReadzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_waitWritezh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_writeTVarzh)			\
      SymI_HasProto(stg_yieldzh)                        \
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      SymI_NeedsProto(stg_interp_constr_entry)          \
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      SymI_HasProto(alloc_blocks_lim)                   \
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      SymI_HasProto(g0)                                 \
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      SymI_HasProto(allocate)                           \
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      SymI_HasProto(allocateExec)	                \
      SymI_HasProto(freeExec)		                \
      SymI_HasProto(getAllocations)                     \
      SymI_HasProto(revertCAFs)                         \
      SymI_HasProto(RtsFlags)                           \
      SymI_NeedsProto(rts_breakpoint_io_action)		\
      SymI_NeedsProto(rts_stop_next_breakpoint)		\
      SymI_NeedsProto(rts_stop_on_exception)		\
      SymI_HasProto(stopTimer)				\
      SymI_HasProto(n_capabilities)			\
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_traceCcszh)                     \
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      SymI_HasProto(stg_traceEventzh)                   \
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      RTS_USER_SIGNALS_SYMBOLS				\
      RTS_INTCHAR_SYMBOLS
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// 64-bit support functions in libgcc.a
#if defined(__GNUC__) && SIZEOF_VOID_P <= 4
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#define RTS_LIBGCC_SYMBOLS			       \
      SymI_NeedsProto(__divdi3)                        \
      SymI_NeedsProto(__udivdi3)                       \
      SymI_NeedsProto(__moddi3)                        \
      SymI_NeedsProto(__umoddi3)		       \
      SymI_NeedsProto(__muldi3)			       \
      SymI_NeedsProto(__ashldi3)		       \
      SymI_NeedsProto(__ashrdi3)		       \
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      SymI_NeedsProto(__lshrdi3)
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#else
#define RTS_LIBGCC_SYMBOLS
#endif

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#if defined(darwin_HOST_OS) && defined(powerpc_HOST_ARCH)
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      // Symbols that don't have a leading underscore
      // on Mac OS X. They have to receive special treatment,
      // see machoInitSymbolsWithoutUnderscore()
#define RTS_MACHO_NOUNDERLINE_SYMBOLS		\
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      SymI_NeedsProto(saveFP)				\
      SymI_NeedsProto(restFP)
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#endif
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/* entirely bogus claims about types of these symbols */
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#define SymI_NeedsProto(vvv)  extern void vvv(void);
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#if defined(__PIC__) && defined(mingw32_TARGET_OS)
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#define SymE_HasProto(vvv)    SymE_HasProto(vvv);
#define SymE_NeedsProto(vvv)    extern void _imp__ ## vvv (void);
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#else
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#define SymE_NeedsProto(vvv)  SymI_NeedsProto(vvv);
#define SymE_HasProto(vvv)    SymI_HasProto(vvv)
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#endif
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#define SymI_HasProto(vvv) /**/
#define SymI_HasProto_redirect(vvv,xxx) /**/
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RTS_SYMBOLS
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RTS_RET_SYMBOLS
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RTS_MINGW_ONLY_SYMBOLS
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RTS_CYGWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS
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RTS_DARWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS
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RTS_LIBGCC_SYMBOLS
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#undef SymI_NeedsProto
#undef SymI_HasProto
#undef SymI_HasProto_redirect
#undef SymE_HasProto
#undef SymE_NeedsProto
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#ifdef LEADING_UNDERSCORE
#define MAYBE_LEADING_UNDERSCORE_STR(s) ("_" s)
#else
#define MAYBE_LEADING_UNDERSCORE_STR(s) (s)
#endif

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#define SymI_HasProto(vvv) { MAYBE_LEADING_UNDERSCORE_STR(#vvv), \
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                    (void*)(&(vvv)) },
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#define SymE_HasProto(vvv) { MAYBE_LEADING_UNDERSCORE_STR(#vvv), \
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	    (void*)DLL_IMPORT_DATA_REF(vvv) },
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#define SymI_NeedsProto(vvv) SymI_HasProto(vvv)
#define SymE_NeedsProto(vvv) SymE_HasProto(vvv)

// SymI_HasProto_redirect allows us to redirect references to one symbol to
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// another symbol.  See newCAF/newDynCAF for an example.
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#define SymI_HasProto_redirect(vvv,xxx) \
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    { MAYBE_LEADING_UNDERSCORE_STR(#vvv), \
      (void*)(&(xxx)) },

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static RtsSymbolVal rtsSyms[] = {
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      RTS_SYMBOLS
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      RTS_RET_SYMBOLS
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      RTS_POSIX_ONLY_SYMBOLS
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      RTS_MINGW_ONLY_SYMBOLS
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      RTS_CYGWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS
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      RTS_DARWIN_ONLY_SYMBOLS
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      RTS_LIBGCC_SYMBOLS
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      RTS_LIBFFI_SYMBOLS
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#if defined(darwin_HOST_OS) && defined(i386_HOST_ARCH)
      // dyld stub code contains references to this,
      // but it should never be called because we treat
      // lazy pointers as nonlazy.
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      { "dyld_stub_binding_helper", (void*)0xDEADBEEF },
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#endif
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      { 0, 0 } /* sentinel */
};

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/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Insert symbols into hash tables, checking for duplicates.
 */
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static void ghciInsertStrHashTable ( char* obj_name,
                                     HashTable *table,
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                                     char* key,
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                                     void *data
				   )
{
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   if (lookupHashTable(table, (StgWord)key) == NULL)
   {
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      insertStrHashTable(table, (StgWord)key, data);
      return;
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   }
   debugBelch(
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      "\n\n"
      "GHCi runtime linker: fatal error: I found a duplicate definition for symbol\n"
      "   %s\n"
      "whilst processing object file\n"
      "   %s\n"
      "This could be caused by:\n"
      "   * Loading two different object files which export the same symbol\n"
      "   * Specifying the same object file twice on the GHCi command line\n"
      "   * An incorrect `package.conf' entry, causing some object to be\n"
      "     loaded twice.\n"
      "GHCi cannot safely continue in this situation.  Exiting now.  Sorry.\n"
      "\n",
      (char*)key,
      obj_name
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   );
   exit(1);
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}
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/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * initialize the object linker
 */
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static int linker_init_done = 0 ;

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#if defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF) || defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO)
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static void *dl_prog_handle;
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static regex_t re_invalid;
static regex_t re_realso;
#ifdef THREADED_RTS
static Mutex dl_mutex; // mutex to protect dlopen/dlerror critical section
#endif
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#endif
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void
initLinker( void )
{
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    RtsSymbolVal *sym;
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#if defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF) || defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO)
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    int compileResult;
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#endif
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    /* Make initLinker idempotent, so we can call it
       before evey relevant operation; that means we
       don't need to initialise the linker separately */
    if (linker_init_done == 1) { return; } else {
      linker_init_done = 1;
    }

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#if defined(THREADED_RTS) && (defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF) || defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO))
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    initMutex(&dl_mutex);
#endif
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    stablehash = allocStrHashTable();
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    symhash = allocStrHashTable();

    /* populate the symbol table with stuff from the RTS */
    for (sym = rtsSyms; sym->lbl != NULL; sym++) {
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	ghciInsertStrHashTable("(GHCi built-in symbols)",
                               symhash, sym->lbl, sym->addr);
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    }
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#   if defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO) && defined(powerpc_HOST_ARCH)
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    machoInitSymbolsWithoutUnderscore();
#   endif

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#   if defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF) || defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO)
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#   if defined(RTLD_DEFAULT)
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    dl_prog_handle = RTLD_DEFAULT;
#   else
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    dl_prog_handle = dlopen(NULL, RTLD_LAZY);
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#   endif /* RTLD_DEFAULT */
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    compileResult = regcomp(&re_invalid,
           "(([^ \t()])+\\.so([^ \t:()])*):([ \t])*invalid ELF header",
           REG_EXTENDED);
    ASSERT( compileResult == 0 );
    compileResult = regcomp(&re_realso,
           "GROUP *\\( *(([^ )])+)",
           REG_EXTENDED);
    ASSERT( compileResult == 0 );
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#   endif
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#if defined(x86_64_HOST_ARCH)
    if (RtsFlags.MiscFlags.linkerMemBase != 0) {
        // User-override for mmap_32bit_base
        mmap_32bit_base = (void*)RtsFlags.MiscFlags.linkerMemBase;
    }
#endif
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#if defined(mingw32_HOST_OS)
    /*
     * These two libraries cause problems when added to the static link,
     * but are necessary for resolving symbols in GHCi, hence we load
     * them manually here.
     */
    addDLL("msvcrt");
    addDLL("kernel32");
#endif
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}

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void
exitLinker( void ) {
#if defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF) || defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO)
   if (linker_init_done == 1) {
      regfree(&re_invalid);
      regfree(&re_realso);
#ifdef THREADED_RTS
      closeMutex(&dl_mutex);
#endif
   }
#endif
}

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/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
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 *                  Loading DLL or .so dynamic libraries
 * -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
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 * Add a DLL from which symbols may be found.  In the ELF case, just
 * do RTLD_GLOBAL-style add, so no further messing around needs to
 * happen in order that symbols in the loaded .so are findable --
 * lookupSymbol() will subsequently see them by dlsym on the program's
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 * dl-handle.  Returns NULL if success, otherwise ptr to an err msg.
 *
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 * In the PEi386 case, open the DLLs and put handles to them in a
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 * linked list.  When looking for a symbol, try all handles in the
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 * list.  This means that we need to load even DLLs that are guaranteed
 * to be in the ghc.exe image already, just so we can get a handle
 * to give to loadSymbol, so that we can find the symbols.  For such
 * libraries, the LoadLibrary call should be a no-op except for returning
 * the handle.
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 *
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 */
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#if defined(OBJFORMAT_PEi386)
/* A record for storing handles into DLLs. */

typedef
   struct _OpenedDLL {
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      char*              name;
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      struct _OpenedDLL* next;
      HINSTANCE instance;
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   }
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   OpenedDLL;

/* A list thereof. */
static OpenedDLL* opened_dlls = NULL;
#endif

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#  if defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF) || defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO)
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static const char *
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internal_dlopen(const char *dll_name)
{
   void *hdl;
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   const char *errmsg;
   char *errmsg_copy;
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   // omitted: RTLD_NOW
   // see http://www.haskell.org/pipermail/cvs-ghc/2007-September/038570.html
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   IF_DEBUG(linker,
      debugBelch("internal_dlopen: dll_name = '%s'\n", dll_name));

   //-------------- Begin critical section ------------------
   // This critical section is necessary because dlerror() is not
   // required to be reentrant (see POSIX -- IEEE Std 1003.1-2008)
   // Also, the error message returned must be copied to preserve it
   // (see POSIX also)

   ACQUIRE_LOCK(&dl_mutex);
   hdl = dlopen(dll_name, RTLD_LAZY | RTLD_GLOBAL);
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   errmsg = NULL;
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   if (hdl == NULL) {
      /* dlopen failed; return a ptr to the error msg. */
      errmsg = dlerror();
      if (errmsg == NULL) errmsg = "addDLL: unknown error";
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      errmsg_copy = stgMallocBytes(strlen(errmsg)+1, "addDLL");
      strcpy(errmsg_copy, errmsg);
      errmsg = errmsg_copy;
   }
   RELEASE_LOCK(&dl_mutex);
   //--------------- End critical section -------------------

   return errmsg;
}
#  endif

const char *
addDLL( char *dll_name )
{
#  if defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF) || defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO)
   /* ------------------- ELF DLL loader ------------------- */

#define NMATCH 5
   regmatch_t match[NMATCH];
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   const char *errmsg;
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   FILE* fp;
   size_t match_length;
#define MAXLINE 1000
   char line[MAXLINE];
   int result;

   initLinker();

   IF_DEBUG(linker, debugBelch("addDLL: dll_name = '%s'\n", dll_name));
   errmsg = internal_dlopen(dll_name);

   if (errmsg == NULL) {
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      return NULL;
   }
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   // GHC Trac ticket #2615
   // On some systems (e.g., Gentoo Linux) dynamic files (e.g. libc.so)
   // contain linker scripts rather than ELF-format object code. This
   // code handles the situation by recognizing the real object code
   // file name given in the linker script.
   //
   // If an "invalid ELF header" error occurs, it is assumed that the
   // .so file contains a linker script instead of ELF object code.
   // In this case, the code looks for the GROUP ( ... ) linker
   // directive. If one is found, the first file name inside the
   // parentheses is treated as the name of a dynamic library and the
   // code attempts to dlopen that file. If this is also unsuccessful,
   // an error message is returned.

   // see if the error message is due to an invalid ELF header
   IF_DEBUG(linker, debugBelch("errmsg = '%s'\n", errmsg));
   result = regexec(&re_invalid, errmsg, (size_t) NMATCH, match, 0);
   IF_DEBUG(linker, debugBelch("result = %i\n", result));
   if (result == 0) {
      // success -- try to read the named file as a linker script
      match_length = (size_t) stg_min((match[1].rm_eo - match[1].rm_so),
		                 MAXLINE-1);
      strncpy(line, (errmsg+(match[1].rm_so)),match_length);
      line[match_length] = '\0'; // make sure string is null-terminated
      IF_DEBUG(linker, debugBelch ("file name = '%s'\n", line));
      if ((fp = fopen(line, "r")) == NULL) {
	 return errmsg;	// return original error if open fails
      }
      // try to find a GROUP ( ... ) command
      while (fgets(line, MAXLINE, fp) != NULL) {
	 IF_DEBUG(linker, debugBelch("input line = %s", line));
	 if (regexec(&re_realso, line, (size_t) NMATCH, match, 0) == 0) {
            // success -- try to dlopen the first named file
            IF_DEBUG(linker, debugBelch("match%s\n",""));
	    line[match[1].rm_eo] = '\0';
	    errmsg = internal_dlopen(line+match[1].rm_so);
	    break;
	 }
	 // if control reaches here, no GROUP ( ... ) directive was found
	 // and the original error message is returned to the caller
      }
      fclose(fp);
   }
   return errmsg;
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#  elif defined(OBJFORMAT_PEi386)
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   /* ------------------- Win32 DLL loader ------------------- */
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   char*      buf;
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   OpenedDLL* o_dll;
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   HINSTANCE  instance;
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   initLinker();

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   /* debugBelch("\naddDLL; dll_name = `%s'\n", dll_name); */
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   /* See if we've already got it, and ignore if so. */
   for (o_dll = opened_dlls; o_dll != NULL; o_dll = o_dll->next) {
      if (0 == strcmp(o_dll->name, dll_name))
         return NULL;
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   }

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   /* The file name has no suffix (yet) so that we can try
      both foo.dll and foo.drv

      The documentation for LoadLibrary says:
      	If no file name extension is specified in the lpFileName
      	parameter, the default library extension .dll is
      	appended. However, the file name string can include a trailing
      	point character (.) to indicate that the module name has no
      	extension. */

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   sprintf(buf, "%s.DLL", dll_name);
   instance = LoadLibrary(buf);
   if (instance == NULL) {
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       if (GetLastError() != ERROR_MOD_NOT_FOUND) goto error;
       // KAA: allow loading of drivers (like winspool.drv)
       sprintf(buf, "%s.DRV", dll_name);
       instance = LoadLibrary(buf);
       if (instance == NULL) {
           if (GetLastError() != ERROR_MOD_NOT_FOUND) goto error;
           // #1883: allow loading of unix-style libfoo.dll DLLs
           sprintf(buf, "lib%s.DLL", dll_name);
           instance = LoadLibrary(buf);
           if (instance == NULL) {
               goto error;
           }
       }
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   }
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   stgFree(buf);
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   /* Add this DLL to the list of DLLs in which to search for symbols. */
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   o_dll = stgMallocBytes( sizeof(OpenedDLL), "addDLL" );
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   o_dll->name     = stgMallocBytes(1+strlen(dll_name), "addDLL");
   strcpy(o_dll->name, dll_name);
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   o_dll->instance = instance;
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   o_dll->next     = opened_dlls;
   opened_dlls     = o_dll;
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   return NULL;
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error:
   stgFree(buf);
   sysErrorBelch(dll_name);
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   /* LoadLibrary failed; return a ptr to the error msg. */
   return "addDLL: could not load DLL";
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#  else
   barf("addDLL: not implemented on this platform");
#  endif
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}

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/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * insert a stable symbol in the hash table
 */

void
insertStableSymbol(char* obj_name, char* key, StgPtr p)
{
  ghciInsertStrHashTable(obj_name, stablehash, key, getStablePtr(p));
}


/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * insert a symbol in the hash table
 */
void
insertSymbol(char* obj_name, char* key, void* data)
{
  ghciInsertStrHashTable(obj_name, symhash, key, data);
}

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/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * lookup a symbol in the hash table
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 */
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void *
lookupSymbol( char *lbl )
{
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    void *val;
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    initLinker() ;
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    ASSERT(symhash != NULL);
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    val = lookupStrHashTable(symhash, lbl);

    if (val == NULL) {
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#       if defined(OBJFORMAT_ELF)
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	return dlsym(dl_prog_handle, lbl);
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#       elif defined(OBJFORMAT_MACHO)
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#       if HAVE_DLFCN_H
        /* On OS X 10.3 and later, we use dlsym instead of the old legacy
           interface.

           HACK: On OS X, global symbols are prefixed with an underscore.
                 However, dlsym wants us to omit the leading underscore from the
                 symbol name. For now, we simply strip it off here (and ONLY
                 here).
        */
        ASSERT(lbl[0] == '_');
        return dlsym(dl_prog_handle, lbl+1);
#       else
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	if(NSIsSymbolNameDefined(lbl)) {
	    NSSymbol symbol = NSLookupAndBindSymbol(lbl);
	    return NSAddressOfSymbol(symbol);
	} else {
	    return NULL;
	}
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#       endif /* HAVE_DLFCN_H */
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#       elif defined(OBJFORMAT_PEi386)
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        void* sym;
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        sym = lookupSymbolInDLLs((unsigned char*)lbl);
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        if (sym != NULL) { return sym; };
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        // Also try looking up the symbol without the @N suffix.  Some
        // DLLs have the suffixes on their symbols, some don't.
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        zapTrailingAtSign ( (unsigned char*)lbl );
        sym = lookupSymbolInDLLs((unsigned char*)lbl);
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        if (sym != NULL) { return sym; };
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        return NULL;
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#       else
        ASSERT(2+2 == 5);
        return NULL;
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#       endif
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    } else {
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	return val;
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    }
}

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/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Debugging aid: look in GHCi's object symbol tables for symbols
 * within DELTA bytes of the specified address, and show their names.
 */
#ifdef DEBUG
void ghci_enquire ( char* addr );

void ghci_enquire ( char* addr )
{
   int   i;
   char* sym;
   char* a;
   const int DELTA = 64;
   ObjectCode* oc;
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   initLinker();

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   for (oc = objects; oc; oc = oc->next) {
      for (i = 0; i < oc->n_symbols; i++) {
         sym = oc->symbols[i];
         if (sym == NULL) continue;
         a = NULL;
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         if (a == NULL) {
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            a = lookupStrHashTable(symhash, sym);
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	 }
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         if (a == NULL) {
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