Commit 9df4ce4f authored by Edward Z. Yang's avatar Edward Z. Yang

Only delete instances when merging when there is an exact match.

Previously, we deleted if the heads matched, which meant that
we effectively were picking an arbitrary instance if there
were incompatible instances.  The new behavior makes more sense,
although without incoherent instances you are unlikely to
be able to do anything useful with the instances.
Signed-off-by: default avatarEdward Z. Yang <>

Test Plan: validate

Reviewers: austin, bgamari

Subscribers: thomie

Differential Revision:
parent 7e77c4b2
......@@ -319,8 +319,9 @@ rnIfaceClsInst cls_inst = do
-- really matter, since we throw it out shortly after
-- (for merging, we rename all of the DFuns so that they
-- are unique; for instantiation, the final interface never
-- mentions DFuns since they are implicitly exported.) The
-- important thing is that it's consistent everywhere.
-- mentions DFuns since they are implicitly exported. See
-- Note [Signature merging DFuns]) The important thing is that it's
-- consistent everywhere.
dfun <- rnIfaceDFun (ifDFun cls_inst)
return cls_inst { ifInstCls = n
, ifInstTys = tys
......@@ -384,20 +384,31 @@ mergeSignatures lcl_iface0 = do
-- STEP 5: Typecheck the interfaces
let type_env_var = tcg_type_env_var tcg_env
-- NB: This is a bit tricky. Ordinarily, the way we would do this is
-- use tcExtendGlobalEnv to put all of the things that we believe are
-- going to be "the real TyThings" (type_env) into the type environment, so that
-- when we typecheck the rest of the interfaces they get knot-tied
-- to those. But tcExtendGlobalEnv is a bit too strict, and forces thunks
-- before they are ready.
-- typecheckIfacesForMerging does two things:
-- 1. It merges the all of the ifaces together, and typechecks the
-- result to type_env.
-- 2. It typechecks each iface individually, but with their 'Name's
-- resolving to the merged type_env from (1).
-- See typecheckIfacesForMerging for more details.
(type_env, detailss) <- initIfaceTcRn $
typecheckIfacesForMerging inner_mod ifaces type_env_var
-- Something very subtle but important about type_env:
-- it contains NO dfuns. The dfuns are inside detailss,
-- and the names are complete nonsense. We'll unwind this
-- in the rest of this function.
let infos = zip ifaces detailss
-- Make sure we serialize these out!
-- NB on type_env: it contains NO dfuns. DFuns are recorded inside
-- detailss, and given a Name that doesn't correspond to anything real. See
-- also Note [Signature merging DFuns]
-- Add the merged type_env to TcGblEnv, so that it gets serialized
-- out when we finally write out the interface.
-- NB: Why do we set tcg_tcs/tcg_patsyns/tcg_type_env directly,
-- rather than use tcExtendGlobalEnv (the normal method to add newly
-- defined types to TcGblEnv?) tcExtendGlobalEnv adds these
-- TyThings to 'tcg_type_env_var', which is consulted when
-- we read in interfaces to tie the knot. But *these TyThings themselves
-- come from interface*, so that would result in deadlock. Don't
-- update it!
setGblEnv tcg_env {
tcg_tcs = typeEnvTyCons type_env,
tcg_patsyns = typeEnvPatSyns type_env,
......@@ -408,6 +419,10 @@ mergeSignatures lcl_iface0 = do
-- STEP 6: Check for compatibility/merge things
tcg_env <- (\x -> foldM x tcg_env infos)
$ \tcg_env (iface, details) -> do
-- For every TyThing in the type environment, compare it for
-- compatibility with the merged environment, but skip
-- DFunIds and implicit TyThings.
let check_ty sig_thing
-- We'll check these with the parent
| isImplicitTyThing sig_thing
......@@ -422,14 +437,41 @@ mergeSignatures lcl_iface0 = do
| otherwise
= panic "mergeSignatures check_ty"
mapM_ check_ty (typeEnvElts (md_types details))
-- DFunId
-- Note [Signature merging instances]
-- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-- Merge instances into the global environment. The algorithm here is
-- dumb and simple: if an instance has exactly the same DFun type
-- (tested by 'memberInstEnv') as an existing instance, we drop it;
-- otherwise, we add it even, even if this would cause overlap.
-- Why don't we deduplicate instances with identical heads? There's no
-- good choice if they have premises:
-- instance K1 a => K (T a)
-- instance K2 a => K (T a)
-- Why not eagerly error in this case? The overlapping head does not
-- necessarily mean that the instances are unimplementable: in fact,
-- they may be implemented without overlap (if, for example, the
-- implementing module has 'instance K (T a)'; both are implemented in
-- this case.) The implements test just checks that the wanteds are
-- derivable assuming the givens.
-- Still, overlapping instances with hypotheses like above are going
-- to be a bad deal, because instance resolution when we're typechecking
-- against the merged signature is going to have a bad time when
-- there are overlapping heads like this: we never backtrack, so it
-- may be difficult to see that a wanted is derivable. For now,
-- we hope that we get lucky / the overlapping instances never
-- get used, but it is not a very good situation to be in.
let merge_inst (insts, inst_env) inst
-- TODO: It would be good if, when there IS an
-- existing interface, we check that the types
-- match up.
| memberInstEnv inst_env inst
| memberInstEnv inst_env inst -- test DFun Type equality
= (insts, inst_env)
| otherwise
-- NB: is_dfun_name inst is still nonsense here,
-- see Note [Signature merging DFuns]
= (inst:insts, extendInstEnv inst_env inst)
(insts, inst_env) = foldl' merge_inst
(tcg_insts tcg_env, tcg_inst_env tcg_env)
......@@ -447,7 +489,19 @@ mergeSignatures lcl_iface0 = do
else (mi_module iface, mi_mod_hash iface) : tcg_merged tcg_env
-- Rename and add dfuns to type_env
-- Note [Signature merging DFuns]
-- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-- Once we know all of instances which will be defined by this merged
-- signature, we go through each of the DFuns and rename them with a fresh,
-- new, unique DFun Name, and add these DFuns to tcg_type_env (thus fixing
-- up the "bogus" names that were setup in 'typecheckIfacesForMerging'.
-- We can't do this fixup earlier, because we need a way to identify each
-- source DFun (from each of the signatures we are merging in) so that
-- when we have a ClsInst, we can pull up the correct DFun to check if
-- the types match.
-- See also Note [Bogus DFun renamings] in RnModIface
dfun_insts <- forM (tcg_insts tcg_env) $ \inst -> do
n <- newDFunName (is_cls inst) (is_tys inst) (nameSrcSpan (is_dfun_name inst))
let dfun = setVarName (is_dfun inst) n
......@@ -446,14 +446,13 @@ classInstances (InstEnvs { ie_global = pkg_ie, ie_local = home_ie, ie_visible =
-- | Checks for an exact match of ClsInst in the instance environment.
-- We use this when we do signature checking in TcRnDriver
-- TODO: This will report that Show [Foo] is a member of an
-- instance environment containing Show a => Show [a], even if
-- Show Foo is not in the environment. Could try to make this
-- a bit more precise.
memberInstEnv :: InstEnv -> ClsInst -> Bool
memberInstEnv inst_env ins_item@(ClsInst { is_cls_nm = cls_nm } ) =
maybe False (\(ClsIE items) -> any (identicalClsInstHead ins_item) items)
maybe False (\(ClsIE items) -> any (identicalDFunType ins_item) items)
(lookupUDFM inst_env cls_nm)
identicalDFunType cls1 cls2 =
eqType (varType (is_dfun cls1)) (varType (is_dfun cls2))
extendInstEnvList :: InstEnv -> [ClsInst] -> InstEnv
extendInstEnvList inst_env ispecs = foldl extendInstEnv inst_env ispecs
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