1. 13 Apr, 2014 1 commit
  2. 25 Mar, 2014 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Improve the desugaring of RULE left-hand-sides (fixes Trac #8848) · 41ba7ccb
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      I've added detailed comments with
        Note [Decomposing the left-hand side of a RULE]
      
      The result is a noticeable improvement.  Previously
      
       * we rejected a perfectly decent SPECIALISE (Trac #8848)
      
       * and for something like
            f :: (Eq a) => b -> a -> a
            {-# SPECIALISE f :: b -> [Int] -> [Int] #-}
         we ended up with
            RULE  f ($fdEqList $dfEqInt) = f_spec
         whereas we wanted
            RULES forall (d:Eq [Int]). f d = f_spec
      41ba7ccb
  3. 13 Mar, 2014 1 commit
  4. 20 Jan, 2014 1 commit
    • Gergő Érdi's avatar
      Implement pattern synonyms · 4f8369bf
      Gergő Érdi authored
      This patch implements Pattern Synonyms (enabled by -XPatternSynonyms),
      allowing y ou to assign names to a pattern and abstract over it.
      
      The rundown is this:
      
        * Named patterns are introduced by the new 'pattern' keyword, and can
          be either *unidirectional* or *bidirectional*. A unidirectional
          pattern is, in the simplest sense, simply an 'alias' for a pattern,
          where the LHS may mention variables to occur in the RHS. A
          bidirectional pattern synonym occurs when a pattern may also be used
          in expression context.
      
        * Unidirectional patterns are declared like thus:
      
              pattern P x <- x:_
      
          The synonym 'P' may only occur in a pattern context:
      
              foo :: [Int] -> Maybe Int
              foo (P x) = Just x
              foo _     = Nothing
      
        * Bidirectional patterns are declared like thus:
      
              pattern P x y = [x, y]
      
          Here, P may not only occur as a pattern, but also as an expression
          when given values for 'x' and 'y', i.e.
      
              bar :: Int -> [Int]
              bar x = P x 10
      
        * Patterns can't yet have their own type signatures; signatures are inferred.
      
        * Pattern synonyms may not be recursive, c.f. type synonyms.
      
        * Pattern synonyms are also exported/imported using the 'pattern'
          keyword in an import/export decl, i.e.
      
              module Foo (pattern Bar) where ...
      
          Note that pattern synonyms share the namespace of constructors, so
          this disambiguation is required as a there may also be a 'Bar'
          type in scope as well as the 'Bar' pattern.
      
        * The semantics of a pattern synonym differ slightly from a typical
          pattern: when using a synonym, the pattern itself is matched,
          followed by all the arguments. This means that the strictness
          differs slightly:
      
              pattern P x y <- [x, y]
      
              f (P True True) = True
              f _             = False
      
              g [True, True] = True
              g _            = False
      
          In the example, while `g (False:undefined)` evaluates to False,
          `f (False:undefined)` results in undefined as both `x` and `y`
          arguments are matched to `True`.
      
      For more information, see the wiki:
      
          https://ghc.haskell.org/trac/ghc/wiki/PatternSynonyms
          https://ghc.haskell.org/trac/ghc/wiki/PatternSynonyms/Implementation
      
      Reviewed-by: Simon Peyton Jones's avatarSimon Peyton Jones <simonpj@microsoft.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAustin Seipp <austin@well-typed.com>
      4f8369bf
  5. 02 Dec, 2013 1 commit
  6. 29 Nov, 2013 1 commit
  7. 28 Nov, 2013 1 commit
  8. 27 Nov, 2013 2 commits
    • Joachim Breitner's avatar
      Get rid of EvCoercible · 808ded9c
      Joachim Breitner authored
      and use EvCoercion to describe the evidence for Coercible instances.
      808ded9c
    • Joachim Breitner's avatar
      Roleify TcCoercion · 9d643cf6
      Joachim Breitner authored
      Previously, TcCoercion were only used to represent boxed Nominal
      coercions. In order to also talk about boxed Representational coercions
      in the type checker, we add Roles to TcCoercion. Again, we closely
      mirror Coercion.
      
      The roles are verified by a few assertions, and at the latest after
      conversion to Coercion. I have put my trust in the comprehensiveness of
      the testsuite here, but any role error after desugaring popping up now
      might be caused by this refactoring.
      9d643cf6
  9. 22 Nov, 2013 1 commit
  10. 20 Nov, 2013 1 commit
    • Joachim Breitner's avatar
      Make Coercible higher-kinded · 976a1087
      Joachim Breitner authored
      This implements #8541. The changes are fully straight forward and work
      nicely for the examples from the ticket; this is mostly due to the
      existing code not checking for saturation and kindness.
      976a1087
  11. 25 Oct, 2013 1 commit
  12. 23 Oct, 2013 2 commits
  13. 01 Oct, 2013 2 commits
  14. 13 Sep, 2013 2 commits
    • Joachim Breitner's avatar
      Introduce coerce :: Coercible a b -> a -> b · 17a868af
      Joachim Breitner authored
      This is the result of the design at
      http://ghc.haskell.org/trac/ghc/wiki/NewtypeWrappers
      
      The goal is to be able to convert between, say [First Int] and [Last
      Int] with zero run-time overhead. To that end, we introduce a special
      two parameter type class Coercible whose instances are created
      automatically and on-the fly. This relies on and exploits the recent
      addition of roles to core.
      17a868af
    • Iavor S. Diatchki's avatar
      Add support for evaluation of type-level natural numbers. · 1f77a534
      Iavor S. Diatchki authored
      This patch implements some simple evaluation of type-level expressions
      featuring natural numbers.  We can evaluate *concrete* expressions that
      use the built-in type families (+), (*), (^), and (<=?), declared in
      GHC.TypeLits.   We can also do some type inference involving these
      functions.  For example, if we encounter a constraint such as `(2 + x) ~ 5`
      we can infer that `x` must be 3.  Note, however, this is used only to
      resolve unification variables (i.e., as a form of a constraint improvement)
      and not to generate new facts.  This is similar to how functional
      dependencies work in GHC.
      
      The patch adds a new form of coercion, `AxiomRuleCo`, which makes use
      of a new form of axiom called `CoAxiomRule`.  This is the form of evidence
      generate when we solve a constraint, such as `(1 + 2) ~ 3`.
      
      The patch also adds support for built-in type-families, by adding a new
      form of TyCon rhs: `BuiltInSynFamTyCon`.  such built-in type-family
      constructors contain a record with functions that are used by the
      constraint solver to simplify and improve constraints involving the
      built-in function (see `TcInteract`).  The record in defined in `FamInst`.
      
      The type constructors and rules for evaluating the type-level functions
      are in a new module called `TcTypeNats`.
      1f77a534
  15. 02 Aug, 2013 1 commit
  16. 30 May, 2013 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Make 'SPECIALISE instance' work again · 1ed04090
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This is a long-standing regression (Trac #7797), which meant that in
      particular the Eq [Char] instance does not get specialised.
      (The *methods* do, but the dictionary itself doesn't.)  So when you
      call a function
           f :: Eq a => blah
      on a string type (ie a=[Char]), 7.6 passes a dictionary of un-specialised
      methods.
      
      This only matters when calling an overloaded function from a
      specialised context, but that does matter in some programs.  I
      remember (though I cannot find the details) that Nick Frisby discovered
      this to be the source of some pretty solid performanc regresisons.
      
      Anyway it works now. The key change is that a DFunUnfolding now takes
      a form that is both simpler than before (the DFunArg type is eliminated)
      and more general:
      
      data Unfolding
        = ...
        | DFunUnfolding {     -- The Unfolding of a DFunId
          			-- See Note [DFun unfoldings]
            		  	--     df = /\a1..am. \d1..dn. MkD t1 .. tk
                              --                                 (op1 a1..am d1..dn)
           		      	--     	    	      	       	   (op2 a1..am d1..dn)
              df_bndrs :: [Var],      -- The bound variables [a1..m],[d1..dn]
              df_con   :: DataCon,    -- The dictionary data constructor (never a newtype datacon)
              df_args  :: [CoreExpr]  -- Args of the data con: types, superclasses and methods,
          }                           -- in positional order
      
      That in turn allowed me to re-enable the DFunUnfolding specialisation in
      DsBinds.  Lots of details here in TcInstDcls:
      	  Note [SPECIALISE instance pragmas]
      
      I also did some refactoring, in particular to pass the InScopeSet to
      exprIsConApp_maybe (which in turn means it has to go to a RuleFun).
      
      NB: Interface file format has changed!
      1ed04090
  17. 16 Apr, 2013 1 commit
  18. 30 Jan, 2013 1 commit
  19. 02 Jan, 2013 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Define ListSetOps.getNth, and use it · b0c0cae7
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      I was tracking down an error looking like
        Prelude.(!!): index too large
      which is very unhelpful.  This patch replaces at least some uses
      of (!!) in GHC with getNth, which has a more helpful error
      message (with DEBUG anyway)
      b0c0cae7
  20. 22 Dec, 2012 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Implement overlapping type family instances. · 8366792e
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      An ordered, overlapping type family instance is introduced by 'type
      instance
      where', followed by equations. See the new section in the user manual
      (7.7.2.2) for details. The canonical example is Boolean equality at the
      type
      level:
      
      type family Equals (a :: k) (b :: k) :: Bool
      type instance where
        Equals a a = True
        Equals a b = False
      
      A branched family instance, such as this one, checks its equations in
      order
      and applies only the first the matches. As explained in the note
      [Instance
      checking within groups] in FamInstEnv.lhs, we must be careful not to
      simplify,
      say, (Equals Int b) to False, because b might later unify with Int.
      
      This commit includes all of the commits on the overlapping-tyfams
      branch. SPJ
      requested that I combine all my commits over the past several months
      into one
      monolithic commit. The following GHC repos are affected: ghc, testsuite,
      utils/haddock, libraries/template-haskell, and libraries/dph.
      
      Here are some details for the interested:
      
      - The definition of CoAxiom has been moved from TyCon.lhs to a
        new file CoAxiom.lhs. I made this decision because of the
        number of definitions necessary to support BranchList.
      
      - BranchList is a GADT whose type tracks whether it is a
        singleton list or not-necessarily-a-singleton-list. The reason
        I introduced this type is to increase static checking of places
        where GHC code assumes that a FamInst or CoAxiom is indeed a
        singleton. This assumption takes place roughly 10 times
        throughout the code. I was worried that a future change to GHC
        would invalidate the assumption, and GHC might subtly fail to
        do the right thing. By explicitly labeling CoAxioms and
        FamInsts as being Unbranched (singleton) or
        Branched (not-necessarily-singleton), we make this assumption
        explicit and checkable. Furthermore, to enforce the accuracy of
        this label, the list of branches of a CoAxiom or FamInst is
        stored using a BranchList, whose constructors constrain its
        type index appropriately.
      
      I think that the decision to use BranchList is probably the most
      controversial decision I made from a code design point of view.
      Although I provide conversions to/from ordinary lists, it is more
      efficient to use the brList... functions provided in CoAxiom than
      always to convert. The use of these functions does not wander far
      from the core CoAxiom/FamInst logic.
      
      BranchLists are motivated and explained in the note [Branched axioms] in
      CoAxiom.lhs.
      
      - The CoAxiom type has changed significantly. You can see the new
        type in CoAxiom.lhs. It uses a CoAxBranch type to track
        branches of the CoAxiom. Correspondingly various functions
        producing and consuming CoAxioms had to change, including the
        binary layout of interface files.
      
      - To get branched axioms to work correctly, it is important to have a
        notion
        of type "apartness": two types are apart if they cannot unify, and no
        substitution of variables can ever get them to unify, even after type
      family
        simplification. (This is different than the normal failure to unify
      because
        of the type family bit.) This notion in encoded in tcApartTys, in
      Unify.lhs.
        Because apartness is finer-grained than unification, the tcUnifyTys
      now
        calls tcApartTys.
      
      - CoreLinting axioms has been updated, both to reflect the new
        form of CoAxiom and to enforce the apartness rules of branch
        application. The formalization of the new rules is in
        docs/core-spec/core-spec.pdf.
      
      - The FamInst type (in types/FamInstEnv.lhs) has changed
        significantly, paralleling the changes to CoAxiom. Of course,
        this forced minor changes in many files.
      
      - There are several new Notes in FamInstEnv.lhs, including one
        discussing confluent overlap and why we're not doing it.
      
      - lookupFamInstEnv, lookupFamInstEnvConflicts, and
        lookup_fam_inst_env' (the function that actually does the work)
        have all been more-or-less completely rewritten. There is a
        Note [lookup_fam_inst_env' implementation] describing the
        implementation. One of the changes that affects other files is
        to change the type of matches from a pair of (FamInst, [Type])
        to a new datatype (which now includes the index of the matching
        branch). This seemed a better design.
      
      - The TySynInstD constructor in Template Haskell was updated to
        use the new datatype TySynEqn. I also bumped the TH version
        number, requiring changes to DPH cabal files. (That's why the
        DPH repo has an overlapping-tyfams branch.)
      
      - As SPJ requested, I refactored some of the code in HsDecls:
      
       * splitting up TyDecl into SynDecl and DataDecl, correspondingly
         changing HsTyDefn to HsDataDefn (with only one constructor)
      
       * splitting FamInstD into TyFamInstD and DataFamInstD and
         splitting FamInstDecl into DataFamInstDecl and TyFamInstDecl
      
       * making the ClsInstD take a ClsInstDecl, for parallelism with
         InstDecl's other constructors
      
       * changing constructor TyFamily into FamDecl
      
       * creating a FamilyDecl type that stores the details for a family
         declaration; this is useful because FamilyDecls can appear in classes
      but
         other decls cannot
      
       * restricting the associated types and associated type defaults for a
       * class
         to be the new, more restrictive types
      
       * splitting cid_fam_insts into cid_tyfam_insts and cid_datafam_insts,
         according to the new types
      
       * perhaps one or two more that I'm overlooking
      
      None of these changes has far-reaching implications.
      
      - The user manual, section 7.7.2.2, is updated to describe the new type
        family
        instances.
      8366792e
  21. 14 Dec, 2012 1 commit
  22. 09 Oct, 2012 1 commit
    • ian@well-typed.com's avatar
      Make the opt_UF_* static flags dynamic · 0a768bcb
      ian@well-typed.com authored
      I also removed the default values from the "Discounts and thresholds"
      note: most of them were no longer up-to-date.
      
      Along the way I added FloatSuffix to the argument parser, analogous to
      IntSuffix.
      0a768bcb
  23. 28 Sep, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Refactor the handling of kind errors · 9a058b17
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      * Treat kind-equality constraints as *derived* equalities,
        with no evidence.  That is really what they are at the moment.
      
      * Get rid of EvKindCast and friends.
      
      * Postpone kind errors properly to the constraint solver
        (lots of small knock-on effects)
      
      I moved SwapFlag to BasicTypes as well
      9a058b17
  24. 17 Sep, 2012 2 commits
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Implement 'left' and 'right' coercions · af7cc995
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch finally adds 'left' and 'right' coercions back into
      GHC.  Trac #7205 gives the details.
      
      The main change is to add a new constructor to Coercion:
      
        data Coercion
          = ...
          | NthCo  Int         Coercion     -- OLD, still there
          | LRCo   LeftOrRight Coercion     -- NEW
      
        data LeftOrRight = CLeft | CRight
      
      Plus:
        * Similar change to TcCoercion
        * Use LRCo when decomposing AppTys
        * Coercion optimisation needs to handle left/right
      
      The rest is just knock-on effects.
      af7cc995
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Improve the binding location of class methods (I think) · 06832583
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      I've totally forgotten what this patch is fixing, but it's all about
      getting the right source location for class methods.  It's fairly
      minor, but annoying that I can't connect it with a Trac ticket
      06832583
  25. 29 Aug, 2012 1 commit
  26. 14 Jul, 2012 1 commit
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      Implement FastBytes, and use it for MachStr · 7ae1bec5
      Ian Lynagh authored
      This is a first step on the way to refactoring the FastString type.
      
      FastBytes currently has no unique, mainly because there isn't currently
      a nice way to produce them in Binary.
      
      Also, we don't currently do the "Dictionary" thing with FastBytes in
      Binary. I'm not sure whether this is important.
      
      We can change both decisions later, but in the meantime this gets the
      refactoring underway.
      7ae1bec5
  27. 12 Jun, 2012 1 commit
  28. 09 May, 2012 1 commit
  29. 07 May, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Yet another major refactoring of the constraint solver · dd7522c3
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This is the result of Simon and Dimitrios doing a code walk through.
      There is no change in behaviour, but the structure is much better.
      Main changes:
      
      * Given constraints contain an EvTerm not an EvVar
      
      * Correspondingly, TcEvidence is a recursive types that uses
        EvTerms rather than EvVars
      
      * Rename CtFlavor to CtEvidence
      
      * Every CtEvidence has a ctev_pred field.  And use record fields
        consistently for CtEvidence
      
      * The solved-constraint fields of InertSet (namely inert_solved and
        inert_solved_funeqs) contain CtEvidence, not Ct
      
      There is a long cascade of follow-on changes.
      dd7522c3
  30. 04 Mar, 2012 1 commit
  31. 16 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  32. 25 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Iavor S. Diatchki's avatar
      Add support for type-level "strings". · 5851f847
      Iavor S. Diatchki authored
      These are types that look like "this" and "that".
      They are of kind `Symbol`, defined in module `GHC.TypeLits`.
      
      For each type-level symbol `X`, we have a singleton type, `TSymbol X`.
      
      The value of the singleton type can be named with the overloaded
      constant `tSymbol`.  Here is an example:
      
      tSymbol :: TSymbol "Hello"
      5851f847
  33. 19 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      Fix validate · 8bdcc5cf
      Ian Lynagh authored
      This patch defines a flag -fno-warn-pointless-pragmas, and uses it to
      disable some warnings in the containers package.
      
      Along the way, also made a ContainsDynFlags class, and added a
      HasDynFlags instance for IOEnv (and thus TcRnIf and DsM).
      8bdcc5cf
  34. 17 Jan, 2012 1 commit
  35. 12 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Implememt -fdefer-type-errors (Trac #5624) · 5508ada4
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      This patch implements the idea of deferring (most) type errors to
      runtime, instead emitting only a warning at compile time.  The
      basic idea is very simple:
      
       * The on-the-fly unifier in TcUnify never fails; instead if it
         gets stuck it emits a constraint.
      
       * The constraint solver tries to solve the constraints (and is
         entirely unchanged, hooray).
      
       * The remaining, unsolved constraints (if any) are passed to
         TcErrors.reportUnsolved.  With -fdefer-type-errors, instead of
         emitting an error message, TcErrors emits a warning, AND emits
         a binding for the constraint witness, binding it
         to (error "the error message"), via the new form of evidence
         TcEvidence.EvDelayedError.  So, when the program is run,
         when (and only when) that witness is needed, the program will
         crash with the exact same error message that would have been
         given at compile time.
      
      Simple really.  But, needless to say, the exercise forced me
      into some major refactoring.
      
       * TcErrors is almost entirely rewritten
      
       * EvVarX and WantedEvVar have gone away entirely
      
       * ErrUtils is changed a bit:
           * New Severity field in ErrMsg
           * Renamed the type Message to MsgDoc (this change
             touches a lot of files trivially)
      
       * One minor change is that in the constraint solver we try
         NOT to combine insoluble constraints, like Int~Bool, else
         all such type errors get combined together and result in
         only one error message!
      
       * I moved some definitions from TcSMonad to TcRnTypes,
         where they seem to belong more
      5508ada4