1. 23 Jun, 2017 1 commit
  2. 05 Jun, 2017 1 commit
    • Alan Zimmerman's avatar
      Udate hsSyn AST to use Trees that Grow · 8e6ec0fa
      Alan Zimmerman authored
      Summary:
      See https://ghc.haskell.org/trac/ghc/wiki/ImplementingTreesThatGrow
      
      This commit prepares the ground for a full extensible AST, by replacing the type
      parameter for the hsSyn data types with a set of indices into type families,
      
          data GhcPs -- ^ Index for GHC parser output
          data GhcRn -- ^ Index for GHC renamer output
          data GhcTc -- ^ Index for GHC typechecker output
      
      These are now used instead of `RdrName`, `Name` and `Id`/`TcId`/`Var`
      
      Where the original name type is required in a polymorphic context, this is
      accessible via the IdP type family, defined as
      
          type family IdP p
          type instance IdP GhcPs = RdrName
          type instance IdP GhcRn = Name
          type instance IdP GhcTc = Id
      
      These types are declared in the new 'hsSyn/HsExtension.hs' module.
      
      To gain a better understanding of the extension mechanism, it has been applied
      to `HsLit` only, also replacing the `SourceText` fields in them with extension
      types.
      
      To preserve extension generality, a type class is introduced to capture the
      `SourceText` interface, which must be honoured by all of the extension points
      which originally had a `SourceText`.  The class is defined as
      
          class HasSourceText a where
            -- Provide setters to mimic existing constructors
            noSourceText  :: a
            sourceText    :: String -> a
      
            setSourceText :: SourceText -> a
            getSourceText :: a -> SourceText
      
      And the constraint is captured in `SourceTextX`, which is a constraint type
      listing all the extension points that make use of the class.
      
      Updating Haddock submodule to match.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: simonpj, shayan-najd, goldfire, austin, bgamari
      
      Subscribers: rwbarton, thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D3609
      8e6ec0fa
  3. 02 Jun, 2017 1 commit
    • Ryan Scott's avatar
      Use lengthIs and friends in more places · a786b136
      Ryan Scott authored and Ben Gamari's avatar Ben Gamari committed
      While investigating #12545, I discovered several places in the code
      that performed length-checks like so:
      
      ```
      length ts == 4
      ```
      
      This is not ideal, since the length of `ts` could be much longer than 4,
      and we'd be doing way more work than necessary! There are already a slew
      of helper functions in `Util` such as `lengthIs` that are designed to do
      this efficiently, so I found every place where they ought to be used and
      did just that. I also defined a couple more utility functions for list
      length that were common patterns (e.g., `ltLength`).
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: austin, hvr, goldfire, bgamari, simonmar
      
      Reviewed By: bgamari, simonmar
      
      Subscribers: goldfire, rwbarton, thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D3622
      a786b136
  4. 28 May, 2017 1 commit
  5. 09 May, 2017 1 commit
    • Ben Gamari's avatar
      Treat banged bindings as FunBinds · 37299536
      Ben Gamari authored and Ben Gamari's avatar Ben Gamari committed
      This reworks the HsSyn representation to make banged variable patterns
      (e.g. !x = e) be represented as FunBinds instead of PatBinds, adding a flag to
      FunRhs to record the bang.
      
      Fixes #13594.
      
      Reviewers: austin, goldfire, alanz, simonpj
      
      Reviewed By: simonpj
      
      Subscribers: simonpj, rwbarton, thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D3525
      37299536
  6. 08 May, 2017 1 commit
  7. 09 Apr, 2017 1 commit
  8. 14 Mar, 2017 1 commit
    • Richard Eisenberg's avatar
      Fix #13337. · e0c433c8
      Richard Eisenberg authored and Ben Gamari's avatar Ben Gamari committed
      The big change is the introduction of solveSomeEqualities. This
      is just like solveEqualities, but it doesn't fail if there are unsolved
      equalities when it's all done. Anything unsolved is re-emitted. This
      is appropriate if we are not kind-generalizing, so this new form
      is used when decideKindGeneralizationPlan says not to.
      
      We initially thought that any use of solveEqualities would be tied
      to kind generalization, but this isn't true. For example, we need
      to solveEqualities a bunch in the "tc" pass in TcTyClsDecls (which
      is really desugaring). These equalities are all surely going to be
      soluble (if they weren't the "kc" pass would fail), but we still
      need to solve them again. Perhaps if the "kc" pass produced type-
      checked output that is then desugared, solveEqualities really would
      be tied only to kind generalization.
      
      Updates haddock submodule.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate, typecheck/should_compile/T13337
      
      Reviewers: simonpj, bgamari, austin
      
      Reviewed By: simonpj
      
      Subscribers: RyanGlScott, rwbarton, thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D3315
      e0c433c8
  9. 10 Feb, 2017 1 commit
  10. 02 Feb, 2017 1 commit
  11. 26 Jan, 2017 2 commits
    • Ryan Scott's avatar
      Don't unnecessarily qualify TH-converted instances with empty contexts · ad3d2dfa
      Ryan Scott authored
      Summary:
      The addition of rigorous pretty-printer tests
      (499e4382) had the unfortunate
      side-effect of revealing a bug in `hsSyn/Convert.hs` wherein instances are
      _always_ qualified with an instance context, even if the context is empty. This
      led to instances like this:
      
      ```
      instance Foo Int
      ```
      
      being pretty-printed like this!
      
      ```
      instance () => Foo Int
      ```
      
      We can prevent this by checking if the context is empty before adding an
      HsQualTy to the type.
      
      Also does some refactoring around HsForAllTys in `Convert` while I was in town.
      
      Fixes #13183.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: goldfire, bgamari, austin, alanz
      
      Reviewed By: alanz
      
      Subscribers: mpickering, thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D3018
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #13183
      ad3d2dfa
    • Matthew Pickering's avatar
      Template Haskell support for COMPLETE pragmas · 95dc6dc0
      Matthew Pickering authored
      Reviewers: RyanGlScott, austin, goldfire, bgamari
      
      Subscribers: thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D2997
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #13098
      95dc6dc0
  12. 24 Jan, 2017 1 commit
    • Ryan Scott's avatar
      Don't put foralls in front of TH-spliced GADT constructors that don't need them · 9fd87ef8
      Ryan Scott authored
      Summary:
      It turns out that D2974 broke this program
      (see https://phabricator.haskell.org/rGHC729a5e452db5#58801):
      
      ```lang=haskell
      {-# LANGUAGE ConstraintKinds #-}
      {-# LANGUAGE GADTs #-}
      {-# LANGUAGE KindSignatures #-}
      {-# LANGUAGE TemplateHaskell #-}
      {-# OPTIONS_GHC -ddump-splices #-}
      module Bug where
      
      import GHC.Exts (Constraint)
      
      $([d| data Dec13 :: (* -> Constraint) -> * where
              MkDec13 :: c a => a -> Dec13 c
          |])
      ```
      
      This was actually due to a long-standing bug in `hsSyn/Convert` that put
      unnecessary `forall`s in front of GADT constructors that didn't have any
      explicitly quantified type variables.
      
      This cargo-cults the code in `Convert` that handles `ForallT` and adapts
      it to `ForallC`. Fixes #13123 (for real this time).
      
      Test Plan: make test TEST=T13123
      
      Reviewers: goldfire, austin, bgamari
      
      Reviewed By: bgamari
      
      Subscribers: thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D3002
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #13123
      9fd87ef8
  13. 21 Dec, 2016 1 commit
  14. 12 Dec, 2016 1 commit
    • Alan Zimmerman's avatar
      Add infix flag for class and data declarations · 8f6d241a
      Alan Zimmerman authored
      Summary:
      At the moment, data and type declarations using infix formatting produce the
      same AST as those using prefix.
      
      So
      
          type a ++ b = c
      
      and
      
          type (++) a b = c
      
      cannot be distinguished in the parsed source, without looking at the OccName
      details of the constructor being defined.
      
      Having access to the OccName requires an additional constraint which explodes
      out over the entire AST because of its recursive definitions.
      
      In keeping with moving the parsed source to more directly reflect the source
      code as parsed, add a specific flag to the declaration to indicate the fixity,
      as used in a Match now too.
      
      Note: this flag is to capture the fixity used for the lexical definition of the
      type, primarily for use by ppr and ghc-exactprint.
      
      Updates haddock submodule.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: mpickering, goldfire, bgamari, austin
      
      Reviewed By: mpickering
      
      Subscribers: thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D2828
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #12942
      8f6d241a
  15. 09 Dec, 2016 1 commit
    • Ryan Scott's avatar
      Rename TH constructors for deriving strategies · 5349d648
      Ryan Scott authored and Ben Gamari's avatar Ben Gamari committed
      After talking to Richard, he and I concluded that choosing the rather
      common name `Newtype` to represent the corresponding deriving strategy
      in Template Haskell was a poor choice of name. I've opted to rename it
      to something less common (`NewtypeStrategy`) while we still have time. I
      also renamed the corrsponding datatype in the GHC internals so as to
      match it.
      
      Reviewers: austin, goldfire, hvr, bgamari
      
      Reviewed By: bgamari
      
      Subscribers: thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D2814
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #10598
      5349d648
  16. 07 Dec, 2016 1 commit
    • Alan Zimmerman's avatar
      Add HsSyn prettyprinter tests · 499e4382
      Alan Zimmerman authored
      Summary:
      Add prettyprinter tests, which take a file, parse it, pretty print it,
      re-parse the pretty printed version and then compare the original and
      new ASTs (ignoring locations)
      
      Updates haddock submodule to match the AST changes.
      
      There are three issues outstanding
      
      1. Extra parens around a context are not reproduced. This will require an
         AST change and will be done in a separate patch.
      
      2. Currently if an `HsTickPragma` is found, this is not pretty-printed,
         to prevent noise in the output.
      
         I am not sure what the desired behaviour in this case is, so have left
         it as before. Test Ppr047 is marked as expected fail for this.
      
      3. Apart from in a context, the ParsedSource AST keeps all the parens from
         the original source.  Something is happening in the renamer to remove the
         parens around visible type application, causing T12530 to fail, as the
         dumped splice decl is after the renamer.
      
         This needs to be fixed by keeping the parens, but I do not know where they
         are being removed.  I have amended the test to pass, by removing the parens
         in the expected output.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: goldfire, mpickering, simonpj, bgamari, austin
      
      Reviewed By: simonpj, bgamari
      
      Subscribers: simonpj, goldfire, thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D2752
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #3384
      499e4382
  17. 01 Oct, 2016 1 commit
    • Ryan Scott's avatar
      Implement deriving strategies · 9e862765
      Ryan Scott authored and Ben Gamari's avatar Ben Gamari committed
      Allows users to explicitly request which approach to `deriving` to use
      via keywords, e.g.,
      
      ```
      newtype Foo = Foo Bar
        deriving Eq
        deriving stock    Ord
        deriving newtype Show
      ```
      
      Fixes #10598. Updates haddock submodule.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: hvr, kosmikus, goldfire, alanz, bgamari, simonpj, austin,
      erikd, simonmar
      
      Reviewed By: alanz, bgamari, simonpj
      
      Subscribers: thomie, mpickering, oerjan
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D2280
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #10598
      9e862765
  18. 29 Aug, 2016 1 commit
  19. 23 Aug, 2016 1 commit
    • Ryan Scott's avatar
      Template Haskell support for unboxed sums · 613d7455
      Ryan Scott authored and Ben Gamari's avatar Ben Gamari committed
      This adds new constructors `UnboxedSumE`, `UnboxedSumT`, and
      `UnboxedSumP` to represent unboxed sums in Template Haskell.
      
      One thing you can't currently do is, e.g., `reify ''(#||#)`, since I
      don't believe unboxed sum type/data constructors can be written in
      prefix form.  I will look at fixing that as part of #12514.
      
      Fixes #12478.
      
      Test Plan: make test TEST=T12478_{1,2,3}
      
      Reviewers: osa1, goldfire, austin, bgamari
      
      Reviewed By: goldfire, bgamari
      
      Subscribers: thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D2448
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #12478
      613d7455
  20. 22 Aug, 2016 1 commit
  21. 01 Jul, 2016 1 commit
  22. 06 Jun, 2016 1 commit
    • Alan Zimmerman's avatar
      Merge MatchFixity and HsMatchContext · a13cb279
      Alan Zimmerman authored
      Summary:
      MatchFixity was introduced to facilitate use of API Annotations.
      
      HsMatchContext does the same thing with more detail, but is chased
      through all over the place to provide context when processing a Match.
      
      Since we already have MatchFixity in the Match, it may as well provide
      the full context.
      
      updates submodule haddock
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: austin, goldfire, bgamari
      
      Subscribers: thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D2271
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #12105
      
      (cherry picked from commit 306ecad591951521ac3f5888ca8be85bf749d271)
      a13cb279
  23. 12 May, 2016 1 commit
  24. 02 May, 2016 1 commit
    • Facundo Domínguez's avatar
      StaticPointers: Allow closed vars in the static form. · 36d29f7c
      Facundo Domínguez authored
      Summary:
      With this patch closed variables are allowed regardless of whether
      they are bound at the top level or not.
      
      The FloatOut pass is always performed. When optimizations are
      disabled, only expressions that go to the top level are floated.
      Thus, the applications of the StaticPtr data constructor are always
      floated.
      
      The CoreTidy pass makes sure the floated applications appear in the
      symbol table of object files. It also collects the floated bindings
      and inserts them in the static pointer table.
      
      The renamer does not check anymore if free variables appearing in the
      static form are top-level. Instead, the typechecker looks at the
      tct_closed flag to decide if the free variables are closed.
      
      The linter checks that applications of StaticPtr only occur at the
      top of top-level bindings after the FloatOut pass.
      
      The field spInfoName of StaticPtrInfo has been removed. It used to
      contain the name of the top-level binding that contains the StaticPtr
      application. However, this information is no longer available when the
      StaticPtr is constructed, as the binding name is determined now by the
      FloatOut pass.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: goldfire, simonpj, austin, hvr, bgamari
      
      Reviewed By: simonpj
      
      Subscribers: thomie, mpickering, mboes
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D2104
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #11656
      36d29f7c
  25. 17 Apr, 2016 1 commit
  26. 31 Mar, 2016 1 commit
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Refactor in TcMatches · bdd90426
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      * Move the several calls of tauifyMultipleMatches into tcMatches,
        so that it can be called only once, and the invariants are
        clearer
      
      * I discovered in doing this that HsLamCase had a redundant and
        tiresome argument, so I removed it. That in turn allowed some
        modest but nice code simplification
      bdd90426
  27. 15 Mar, 2016 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Fix #11648. · 55577a91
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      We now check that a CUSK is really a CUSK and issue an error if
      it isn't. This also involves more solving and zonking in
      kcHsTyVarBndrs, which was the outright bug reported in #11648.
      
      Test cases: polykinds/T11648{,b}
      
      This updates the haddock submodule.
      
      [skip ci]
      55577a91
  28. 27 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • eir@cis.upenn.edu's avatar
      Refactor the typechecker to use ExpTypes. · 00cbbab3
      eir@cis.upenn.edu authored
      The idea here is described in [wiki:Typechecker]. Briefly,
      this refactor keeps solid track of "synthesis" mode vs
      "checking" in GHC's bidirectional type-checking algorithm.
      When in synthesis mode, the expected type is just an IORef
      to write to.
      
      In addition, this patch does a significant reworking of
      RebindableSyntax, allowing much more freedom in the types
      of the rebindable operators. For example, we can now have
      `negate :: Int -> Bool` and
      `(>>=) :: m a -> (forall x. a x -> m b) -> m b`. The magic
      is in tcSyntaxOp.
      
      This addresses tickets #11397, #11452, and #11458.
      
      Tests:
        typecheck/should_compile/{RebindHR,RebindNegate,T11397,T11458}
        th/T11452
      00cbbab3
  29. 18 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Jan Stolarek's avatar
      Replace calls to `ptext . sLit` with `text` · b8abd852
      Jan Stolarek authored
      Summary:
      In the past the canonical way for constructing an SDoc string literal was the
      composition `ptext . sLit`.  But for some time now we have function `text` that
      does the same.  Plus it has some rules that optimize its runtime behaviour.
      This patch takes all uses of `ptext . sLit` in the compiler and replaces them
      with calls to `text`.  The main benefits of this patch are clener (shorter) code
      and less dependencies between module, because many modules now do not need to
      import `FastString`.  I don't expect any performance benefits - we mostly use
      SDocs to report errors and it seems there is little to be gained here.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: bgamari, austin, goldfire, hvr, alanz
      
      Subscribers: goldfire, thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D1784
      b8abd852
  30. 16 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Alan Zimmerman's avatar
      Work SourceText in for all integer literals · 3a1babd6
      Alan Zimmerman authored
      Summary:
      Certain syntactic elements have integers in them, such as fixity
      specifications, SPECIALISE pragmas and so on.
      
      The lexer will accept mult-radix literals, with arbitrary leading zeros
      in these.
      
      Bring in a SourceText field to each affected AST element to capture the
      original literal text for use with API Annotations.
      
      Affected hsSyn elements are
      
      ```
           -- See note [Pragma source text]
           data Activation = NeverActive
                           | AlwaysActive
                           | ActiveBefore SourceText PhaseNum
                                -- Active only *strictly before* this phase
                           | ActiveAfter SourceText PhaseNum
                                 -- Active in this phase and later
                           deriving( Eq, Data, Typeable )
                                     -- Eq used in comparing rules in HsDecls
      
           data Fixity = Fixity SourceText Int FixityDirection
             -- Note [Pragma source text]
             deriving (Data, Typeable)
       ```
      
      and
      
      ```
            | HsTickPragma         -- A pragma introduced tick
               SourceText           -- Note [Pragma source text] in BasicTypes
               (StringLiteral,(Int,Int),(Int,Int))
                                                -- external span for this tick
               ((SourceText,SourceText),(SourceText,SourceText))
                  -- Source text for the four integers used in the span.
                  -- See note [Pragma source text] in BasicTypes
               (LHsExpr id)
      ```
      
      Updates haddock submodule
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: goldfire, bgamari, austin
      
      Reviewed By: bgamari
      
      Subscribers: thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D1781
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #11430
      3a1babd6
  31. 09 Jan, 2016 1 commit
  32. 06 Jan, 2016 1 commit
  33. 31 Dec, 2015 2 commits
  34. 22 Dec, 2015 3 commits
    • Simon Peyton Jones's avatar
      Refactor named wildcards (again) · 575a98e4
      Simon Peyton Jones authored
      Michal's work on #10982, #11098, refactored the handling of named
      wildcards by making them more like ordinary type variables.
      
      This patch takes the same idea to its logical conclusion, resulting
      in a much tidier, tighter implementation.
      
      Read Note [The wildcard story for types] in HsTypes.
      
      Changes:
      
       * Named wildcards are ordinary type variables, throughout
      
       * HsType no longer has a data constructor for named wildcards
         (was NamedWildCard in HsWildCardInfo).  Named wildcards are
         simply HsTyVars
      
       * Similarly named wildcards disappear from Template Haskell
      
       * I refactored RnTypes to avoid polluting LocalRdrEnv with something
         as narrow as named wildcards.  Instead the named wildcard set is
         carried in RnTyKiEnv.
      
      There is a submodule update for Haddock.
      575a98e4
    • Ryan Scott's avatar
      Rework Template Haskell's handling of strictness · f975b0b1
      Ryan Scott authored and Ben Gamari's avatar Ben Gamari committed
      Currently, Template Haskell's treatment of strictness is not enough to
      cover all possible combinations of unpackedness and strictness. In
      addition, it isn't equipped to deal with new features (such as
      `-XStrictData`) which can change a datatype's fields' strictness during
      compilation.
      
      To address this, I replaced TH's `Strict` datatype with
      `SourceUnpackedness` and `SourceStrictness` (which give the programmer a
      more complete toolkit to configure a datatype field's strictness than
      just `IsStrict`, `IsLazy`, and `Unpack`). I also added the ability to
      reify a constructor fields' strictness post-compilation through the
      `reifyConStrictness` function.
      
      Fixes #10697.
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: simonpj, goldfire, bgamari, austin
      
      Reviewed By: goldfire, bgamari
      
      Subscribers: thomie
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D1603
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #10697
      f975b0b1
    • Alan Zimmerman's avatar
      Make HsAppsType contents Located · ff923954
      Alan Zimmerman authored
      An HsAppInfix can carry a qconop/varop preceded by a SIMPLEQUOTE as a
      Located RdrName.
      
      In this case AnnSimpleQuote is attached to the Located HsAppType.
      
          | SIMPLEQUOTE qconop            {% ams (sLL $1 $> $ HsAppInfix $2)
                                                 [mj AnnSimpleQuote $1] }
          | SIMPLEQUOTE varop             {% ams (sLL $1 $> $ HsAppInfix $2)
                                                 [mj AnnSimpleQuote $1] }
      
      This patch changes
      
          data HsType name
            ...
            | HsAppsTy [HsAppType name]
      
      to
      
          data HsType name
            ...
            | HsAppsTy [LHsAppType name]
      
      so that the annotation is not discarded when it reaches the ParsedSource
      ff923954
  35. 21 Dec, 2015 2 commits
    • Jan Stolarek's avatar
      Add proper GADTs support to Template Haskell · eeecb864
      Jan Stolarek authored
      Until now GADTs were supported in Template Haskell by encoding them using
      normal data types.  This patch adds proper support for representing GADTs
      in TH.
      
      Test Plan: T10828
      
      Reviewers: goldfire, austin, bgamari
      
      Subscribers: thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D1465
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #10828
      eeecb864
    • Alan Zimmerman's avatar
      Add Location to RdrName in FieldOcc · d8ed20c8
      Alan Zimmerman authored
      Summary:
      Post #11019, there have been some new instances of RdrName that are not
      located, in particular
      
      ```#!hs
      data FieldOcc name = FieldOcc { rdrNameFieldOcc  :: RdrName
                                    , selectorFieldOcc :: PostRn name name
                                    }
      
      data AmbiguousFieldOcc name
        = Unambiguous RdrName (PostRn name name)
        | Ambiguous   RdrName (PostTc name name)
        deriving (Typeable)
      ```
      Add locations to them
      
      Updates haddock submodule to match
      
      Test Plan: ./validate
      
      Reviewers: goldfire, hvr, bgamari, austin
      
      Reviewed By: hvr
      
      Subscribers: hvr, thomie, mpickering
      
      Differential Revision: https://phabricator.haskell.org/D1670
      
      GHC Trac Issues: #11258
      d8ed20c8