1. 12 Jan, 2011 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Major refactoring of the type inference engine · 27310213
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch embodies many, many changes to the contraint solver, which
      make it simpler, more robust, and more beautiful.  But it has taken
      me ages to get right. The forcing issue was some obscure programs
      involving recursive dictionaries, but these eventually led to a
      massive refactoring sweep.
      
      Main changes are:
       * No more "frozen errors" in the monad.  Instead "insoluble
         constraints" are now part of the WantedConstraints type.
      
       * The WantedConstraint type is a product of bags, instead of (as
         before) a bag of sums.  This eliminates a good deal of tagging and
         untagging.
      
       * This same WantedConstraints data type is used
           - As the way that constraints are gathered
           - As a field of an implication constraint
           - As both argument and result of solveWanted
           - As the argument to reportUnsolved
      
       * We do not generate any evidence for Derived constraints. They are
         purely there to allow "impovement" by unifying unification
         variables.
      
       * In consequence, nothing is ever *rewritten* by a Derived
         constraint.  This removes, by construction, all the horrible
         potential recursive-dictionary loops that were making us tear our
         hair out.  No more isGoodRecEv search either. Hurrah!
      
       * We add the superclass Derived constraints during canonicalisation,
         after checking for duplicates.  So fewer superclass constraints
         are generated than before.
      
       * Skolem tc-tyvars no longer carry SkolemInfo.  Instead, the
         SkolemInfo lives in the GivenLoc of the Implication, where it
         can be tidied, zonked, and substituted nicely.  This alone is
         a major improvement.
      
       * Tidying is improved, so that we tend to get t1, t2, t3, rather
         than t1, t11, t111, etc
      
         Moreover, unification variables are always printed with a digit
         (thus a0, a1, etc), so that plain 'a' is available for a skolem
         arising from a type signature etc. In this way,
           (a) We quietly say which variables are unification variables,
               for those who know and care
           (b) Types tend to get printed as the user expects.  If he writes
                   f :: a -> a
                   f = ...blah...
               then types involving 'a' get printed with 'a', rather than
               some tidied variant.
      
       * There are significant improvements in error messages, notably
         in the "Cannot deduce X from Y" messages.
      27310213
  2. 15 Dec, 2010 1 commit
  3. 13 Dec, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Fix recursive superclasses (again). Fixes Trac #4809. · a3bab050
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch finally deals with the super-delicate question of
      superclases in possibly-recursive dictionaries.  The key idea
      is the DFun Superclass Invariant (see TcInstDcls):
      
           In the body of a DFun, every superclass argument to the
           returned dictionary is
             either   * one of the arguments of the DFun,
             or       * constant, bound at top level
      
      To establish the invariant, we add new "silent" superclass
      argument(s) to each dfun, so that the dfun does not do superclass
      selection internally.  There's a bit of hoo-ha to make sure that
      we don't print those silent arguments in error messages; a knock
      on effect was a change in interface-file format.
      
      A second change is that instead of the complex and fragile
      "self dictionary binding" in TcInstDcls and TcClassDcl,
      using the same mechanism for existential pattern bindings.
      See Note [Subtle interaction of recursion and overlap] in TcInstDcls
      and Note [Binding when looking up instances] in InstEnv.
      
      Main notes are here:
      
        * Note [Silent Superclass Arguments] in TcInstDcls,
          including the DFun Superclass Invariant
      
      Main code changes are:
      
        * The code for MkId.mkDictFunId and mkDictFunTy
      
        * DFunUnfoldings get a little more complicated;
          their arguments are a new type DFunArg (in CoreSyn)
      
        * No "self" argument in tcInstanceMethod
        * No special tcSimplifySuperClasss
        * No "dependents" argument to EvDFunApp
      
      IMPORTANT
         It turns out that it's quite tricky to generate the right
         DFunUnfolding for a specialised dfun, when you use SPECIALISE
         INSTANCE.  For now I've just commented it out (in DsBinds) but
         that'll lose some optimisation, and I need to get back to
         this.
      a3bab050
  4. 21 Oct, 2010 1 commit
  5. 07 Oct, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Implement auto-specialisation of imported Ids · 92267aa2
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This big-ish patch arranges that if an Id 'f' is 
        * Type-class overloaded 
             f :: Ord a => [a] -> [a]
        * Defined with an INLINABLE pragma
             {-# INLINABLE f #-}
        * Exported from its defining module 'D'
      
      then in any module 'U' that imports D
      
      1. Any call of 'f' at a fixed type will generate 
         (a) a specialised version of f in U
         (b) a RULE that rewrites unspecialised calls to the
             specialised on
      
        e.g. if the call is (f Int dOrdInt xs) then the 
        specialiser will generate
           $sfInt :: [Int] -> [Int]
           $sfInt = <code for f, imported from D, specialised>
           {-# RULE forall d.  f Int d = $sfInt #-}
      
      2. In addition, you can give an explicit {-# SPECIALISE -#}
         pragma for the imported Id
           {-# SPECIALISE f :: [Bool] -> [Bool] #-}
         This too generates a local specialised definition, 
         and the corresponding RULE 
      
      The new RULES are exported from module 'U', so that any module
      importing U will see the specialised versions of 'f', and will
      not re-specialise them.
      
      There's a flag -fwarn-auto-orphan that warns you if the auto-generated
      RULES are orphan rules. It's not in -Wall, mainly to avoid lots of
      error messages with existing packages.
      
      Main implementation changes
      
       - A new flag on a CoreRule to say if it was auto-generated.
         This is persisted across interface files, so there's a small
         change in interface file format.
      
       - Quite a bit of fiddling with plumbing, to get the 
         {-# SPECIALISE #-} pragmas for imported Ids.  In particular, a
         new field tgc_imp_specs in TcGblEnv, to keep the specialise
         pragmas for imported Ids between the typechecker and the desugarer.
      
       - Some new code (although surprisingly little) in Specialise,
         to deal with calls of imported Ids
      92267aa2
  6. 24 Sep, 2010 1 commit
  7. 13 Sep, 2010 1 commit
  8. 07 Jul, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Fix Trac #4127 (and hence #4173) · f87cc9cf
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      The change involves a little refactoring, so that the default
      method Ids are brought into scope earlier, before the value
      declarations are compiled.  (Since a value decl may contain
      an instance decl in a quote.)
      
      See Note [Default method Ids and Template Haskell] in
      TcTyClsDcls.
      f87cc9cf
  9. 25 May, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Refactor (again) the handling of default methods · 78693246
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch fixes Trac #4056, by 
      
       a) tidying up the treatment of default method names
       b) removing the 'module' argument to newTopSrcBinder
      
      The details aren't that interesting, but the result
      is much tidier. The original bug was a 'nameModule' panic,
      caused by trying to find the module of a top-level name.
      But TH quotes generate Internal top-level names that don't
      have a module, and that is generally a good thing.  
      
      Fixing that in turn led to the default-method refactoring,
      which also makes the Name for a default method be handled
      in the same way as other derived names, generated in BuildTyCl
      via a call newImplicitBinder.  Hurrah.
      78693246
  10. 10 Feb, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Keep track of explicit kinding in HsTyVarBndr; plus fix Trac #3845 · 836b1e90
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      To print HsTypes correctly we should remember whether the Kind on
      a HsTyVarBndr came from type inference, or was put there by the
      user.  See Note [Printing KindedTyVars] in HsTypes.  So instead of
      changing a UserTyVar to a KindedTyVar during kind checking, we
      simply add a PostTcKind to the UserTyVar.
      
      The change was provoked by Trac #3830, although other changes
      mean that #3830 gets a diferent and better error message now.
      So this patch is simply doing the Right Thing for the future.
      
      This patch also fixes Trac #3845, which was caused by a *type splice*
      not remembering the free *term variables* mentioned in it.  Result
      was that we build a 'let' when it should have been 'letrec'.
      Hence a new FreeVars field in HsSpliceTy.
      
      While I was at it, I got rid of HsSpliceTyOut and use a PostTcKind
      on HsSpliceTy instead, just like on the UserTyVar.
      836b1e90
  11. 06 Jan, 2010 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Improve the handling of default methods · 77166b17
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      See the long Note [INLINE and default methods].  
      
      This patch changes a couple of data types, with a knock-on effect on
      the format of interface files.  A lot of files get touched, but is a
      relatively minor change.  The main tiresome bit is the extra plumbing
      to communicate default methods between the type checker and the
      desugarer.
      77166b17
  12. 29 Oct, 2009 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      The Big INLINE Patch: totally reorganise way that INLINE pragmas work · 72462499
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch has been a long time in gestation and has, as a
      result, accumulated some extra bits and bobs that are only
      loosely related.  I separated the bits that are easy to split
      off, but the rest comes as one big patch, I'm afraid.
      
      Note that:
       * It comes together with a patch to the 'base' library
       * Interface file formats change slightly, so you need to
         recompile all libraries
      
      The patch is mainly giant tidy-up, driven in part by the
      particular stresses of the Data Parallel Haskell project. I don't
      expect a big performance win for random programs.  Still, here are the
      nofib results, relative to the state of affairs without the patch
      
              Program           Size    Allocs   Runtime   Elapsed
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Min         -12.7%    -14.5%    -17.5%    -17.8%
                  Max          +4.7%    +10.9%     +9.1%     +8.4%
       Geometric Mean          +0.9%     -0.1%     -5.6%     -7.3%
      
      The +10.9% allocation outlier is rewrite, which happens to have a
      very delicate optimisation opportunity involving an interaction
      of CSE and inlining (see nofib/Simon-nofib-notes). The fact that
      the 'before' case found the optimisation is somewhat accidental.
      Runtimes seem to go down, but I never kno wwhether to really trust
      this number.  Binary sizes wobble a bit, but nothing drastic.
      
      
      The Main Ideas are as follows.
      
      InlineRules
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      When you say 
            {-# INLINE f #-}
            f x = <rhs>
      you intend that calls (f e) are replaced by <rhs>[e/x] So we
      should capture (\x.<rhs>) in the Unfolding of 'f', and never meddle
      with it.  Meanwhile, we can optimise <rhs> to our heart's content,
      leaving the original unfolding intact in Unfolding of 'f'.
      
      So the representation of an Unfolding has changed quite a bit
      (see CoreSyn).  An INLINE pragma gives rise to an InlineRule 
      unfolding.  
      
      Moreover, it's only used when 'f' is applied to the
      specified number of arguments; that is, the number of argument on 
      the LHS of the '=' sign in the original source definition. 
      For example, (.) is now defined in the libraries like this
         {-# INLINE (.) #-}
         (.) f g = \x -> f (g x)
      so that it'll inline when applied to two arguments. If 'x' appeared
      on the left, thus
         (.) f g x = f (g x)
      it'd only inline when applied to three arguments.  This slightly-experimental
      change was requested by Roman, but it seems to make sense.
      
      Other associated changes
      
      * Moving the deck chairs in DsBinds, which processes the INLINE pragmas
      
      * In the old system an INLINE pragma made the RHS look like
         (Note InlineMe <rhs>)
        The Note switched off optimisation in <rhs>.  But it was quite
        fragile in corner cases. The new system is more robust, I believe.
        In any case, the InlineMe note has disappeared 
      
      * The workerInfo of an Id has also been combined into its Unfolding,
        so it's no longer a separate field of the IdInfo.
      
      * Many changes in CoreUnfold, esp in callSiteInline, which is the critical
        function that decides which function to inline.  Lots of comments added!
      
      * exprIsConApp_maybe has moved to CoreUnfold, since it's so strongly
        associated with "does this expression unfold to a constructor application".
        It can now do some limited beta reduction too, which Roman found 
        was an important.
      
      Instance declarations
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      It's always been tricky to get the dfuns generated from instance
      declarations to work out well.  This is particularly important in 
      the Data Parallel Haskell project, and I'm now on my fourth attempt,
      more or less.
      
      There is a detailed description in TcInstDcls, particularly in
      Note [How instance declarations are translated].   Roughly speaking
      we now generate a top-level helper function for every method definition
      in an instance declaration, so that the dfun takes a particularly
      stylised form:
        dfun a d1 d2 = MkD (op1 a d1 d2) (op2 a d1 d2) ...etc...
      
      In fact, it's *so* stylised that we never need to unfold a dfun.
      Instead ClassOps have a special rewrite rule that allows us to
      short-cut dictionary selection.  Suppose dfun :: Ord a -> Ord [a]
                                                  d :: Ord a
      Then   
          compare (dfun a d)  -->   compare_list a d 
      in one rewrite, without first inlining the 'compare' selector
      and the body of the dfun.
      
      To support this
      a) ClassOps have a BuiltInRule (see MkId.dictSelRule)
      b) DFuns have a special form of unfolding (CoreSyn.DFunUnfolding)
         which is exploited in CoreUnfold.exprIsConApp_maybe
      
      Implmenting all this required a root-and-branch rework of TcInstDcls
      and bits of TcClassDcl.
      
      
      Default methods
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      If you give an INLINE pragma to a default method, it should be just
      as if you'd written out that code in each instance declaration, including
      the INLINE pragma.  I think that it now *is* so.  As a result, library
      code can be simpler; less duplication.
      
      
      The CONLIKE pragma
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      In the DPH project, Roman found cases where he had
      
         p n k = let x = replicate n k
                 in ...(f x)...(g x)....
      
         {-# RULE f (replicate x) = f_rep x #-}
      
      Normally the RULE would not fire, because doing so involves 
      (in effect) duplicating the redex (replicate n k).  A new
      experimental modifier to the INLINE pragma, {-# INLINE CONLIKE
      replicate #-}, allows you to tell GHC to be prepared to duplicate
      a call of this function if it allows a RULE to fire.
      
      See Note [CONLIKE pragma] in BasicTypes
      
      
      Join points
      ~~~~~~~~~~~
      See Note [Case binders and join points] in Simplify
      
      
      Other refactoring
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      * I moved endPass from CoreLint to CoreMonad, with associated jigglings
      
      * Better pretty-printing of Core
      
      * The top-level RULES (ones that are not rules for locally-defined things)
        are now substituted on every simplifier iteration.  I'm not sure how
        we got away without doing this before.  This entails a bit more plumbing
        in SimplCore.
      
      * The necessary stuff to serialise and deserialise the new
        info across interface files.
      
      * Something about bottoming floats in SetLevels
            Note [Bottoming floats]
      
      * substUnfolding has moved from SimplEnv to CoreSubs, where it belongs
      
      
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Program           Size    Allocs   Runtime   Elapsed
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 anna          +2.4%     -0.5%      0.16      0.17
                 ansi          +2.6%     -0.1%      0.00      0.00
                 atom          -3.8%     -0.0%     -1.0%     -2.5%
               awards          +3.0%     +0.7%      0.00      0.00
               banner          +3.3%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
           bernouilli          +2.7%     +0.0%     -4.6%     -6.9%
                boyer          +2.6%     +0.0%      0.06      0.07
               boyer2          +4.4%     +0.2%      0.01      0.01
                 bspt          +3.2%     +9.6%      0.02      0.02
            cacheprof          +1.4%     -1.0%    -12.2%    -13.6%
             calendar          +2.7%     -1.7%      0.00      0.00
             cichelli          +3.7%     -0.0%      0.13      0.14
              circsim          +3.3%     +0.0%     -2.3%     -9.9%
             clausify          +2.7%     +0.0%      0.05      0.06
        comp_lab_zift          +2.6%     -0.3%     -7.2%     -7.9%
             compress          +3.3%     +0.0%     -8.5%     -9.6%
            compress2          +3.6%     +0.0%    -15.1%    -17.8%
          constraints          +2.7%     -0.6%    -10.0%    -10.7%
         cryptarithm1          +4.5%     +0.0%     -4.7%     -5.7%
         cryptarithm2          +4.3%    -14.5%      0.02      0.02
                  cse          +4.4%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
                eliza          +2.8%     -0.1%      0.00      0.00
                event          +2.6%     -0.0%     -4.9%     -4.4%
               exp3_8          +2.8%     +0.0%     -4.5%     -9.5%
               expert          +2.7%     +0.3%      0.00      0.00
                  fem          -2.0%     +0.6%      0.04      0.04
                  fft          -6.0%     +1.8%      0.05      0.06
                 fft2          -4.8%     +2.7%      0.13      0.14
             fibheaps          +2.6%     -0.6%      0.05      0.05
                 fish          +4.1%     +0.0%      0.03      0.04
                fluid          -2.1%     -0.2%      0.01      0.01
               fulsom          -4.8%     +9.2%     +9.1%     +8.4%
               gamteb          -7.1%     -1.3%      0.10      0.11
                  gcd          +2.7%     +0.0%      0.05      0.05
          gen_regexps          +3.9%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
               genfft          +2.7%     -0.1%      0.05      0.06
                   gg          -2.7%     -0.1%      0.02      0.02
                 grep          +3.2%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
               hidden          -0.5%     +0.0%    -11.9%    -13.3%
                  hpg          -3.0%     -1.8%     +0.0%     -2.4%
                  ida          +2.6%     -1.2%      0.17     -9.0%
                infer          +1.7%     -0.8%      0.08      0.09
              integer          +2.5%     -0.0%     -2.6%     -2.2%
            integrate          -5.0%     +0.0%     -1.3%     -2.9%
              knights          +4.3%     -1.5%      0.01      0.01
                 lcss          +2.5%     -0.1%     -7.5%     -9.4%
                 life          +4.2%     +0.0%     -3.1%     -3.3%
                 lift          +2.4%     -3.2%      0.00      0.00
            listcompr          +4.0%     -1.6%      0.16      0.17
             listcopy          +4.0%     -1.4%      0.17      0.18
             maillist          +4.1%     +0.1%      0.09      0.14
               mandel          +2.9%     +0.0%      0.11      0.12
              mandel2          +4.7%     +0.0%      0.01      0.01
              minimax          +3.8%     -0.0%      0.00      0.00
              mkhprog          +3.2%     -4.2%      0.00      0.00
           multiplier          +2.5%     -0.4%     +0.7%     -1.3%
             nucleic2          -9.3%     +0.0%      0.10      0.10
                 para          +2.9%     +0.1%     -0.7%     -1.2%
            paraffins         -10.4%     +0.0%      0.20     -1.9%
               parser          +3.1%     -0.0%      0.05      0.05
              parstof          +1.9%     -0.0%      0.00      0.01
                  pic          -2.8%     -0.8%      0.01      0.02
                power          +2.1%     +0.1%     -8.5%     -9.0%
               pretty         -12.7%     +0.1%      0.00      0.00
               primes          +2.8%     +0.0%      0.11      0.11
            primetest          +2.5%     -0.0%     -2.1%     -3.1%
               prolog          +3.2%     -7.2%      0.00      0.00
               puzzle          +4.1%     +0.0%     -3.5%     -8.0%
               queens          +2.8%     +0.0%      0.03      0.03
              reptile          +2.2%     -2.2%      0.02      0.02
              rewrite          +3.1%    +10.9%      0.03      0.03
                 rfib          -5.2%     +0.2%      0.03      0.03
                  rsa          +2.6%     +0.0%      0.05      0.06
                  scc          +4.6%     +0.4%      0.00      0.00
                sched          +2.7%     +0.1%      0.03      0.03
                  scs          -2.6%     -0.9%     -9.6%    -11.6%
               simple          -4.0%     +0.4%    -14.6%    -14.9%
                solid          -5.6%     -0.6%     -9.3%    -14.3%
              sorting          +3.8%     +0.0%      0.00      0.00
               sphere          -3.6%     +8.5%      0.15      0.16
               symalg          -1.3%     +0.2%      0.03      0.03
                  tak          +2.7%     +0.0%      0.02      0.02
            transform          +2.0%     -2.9%     -8.0%     -8.8%
             treejoin          +3.1%     +0.0%    -17.5%    -17.8%
            typecheck          +2.9%     -0.3%     -4.6%     -6.6%
              veritas          +3.9%     -0.3%      0.00      0.00
                 wang          -6.2%     +0.0%      0.18     -9.8%
            wave4main         -10.3%     +2.6%     -2.1%     -2.3%
         wheel-sieve1          +2.7%     -0.0%     +0.3%     -0.6%
         wheel-sieve2          +2.7%     +0.0%     -3.7%     -7.5%
                 x2n1          -4.1%     +0.1%      0.03      0.04
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Min         -12.7%    -14.5%    -17.5%    -17.8%
                  Max          +4.7%    +10.9%     +9.1%     +8.4%
       Geometric Mean          +0.9%     -0.1%     -5.6%     -7.3%
      72462499
  13. 24 Jul, 2009 1 commit
  14. 23 Jul, 2009 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Fix Trac #3012: allow more free-wheeling in standalone deriving · aa0c0de9
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      In standalone deriving, we now do *not* check side conditions.
      We simply generate the code and typecheck it.  If there's a type
      error, it's the programmer's problem. 
      
      This means that you can do 'deriving instance Show (T a)', where
      T is a GADT, for example, provided of course that the boilerplate
      code does in fact typecheck.
      
      I put some work into getting a decent error message.  In particular
      if there's a type error in a method, GHC will show the entire code
      for that method (since, after all, the user did not write it).
      Most of the changes are to achieve that goal.
      
      Still to come: changes in the documentation.
      aa0c0de9
  15. 06 Jul, 2009 1 commit
  16. 01 Jul, 2009 1 commit
  17. 16 Dec, 2008 1 commit
    • Simon Marlow's avatar
      Rollback INLINE patches · e79c9ce0
      Simon Marlow authored
      rolling back:
      
      Fri Dec  5 16:54:00 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * Completely new treatment of INLINE pragmas (big patch)
        
        This is a major patch, which changes the way INLINE pragmas work.
        Although lots of files are touched, the net is only +21 lines of
        code -- and I bet that most of those are comments!
        
        HEADS UP: interface file format has changed, so you'll need to
        recompile everything.
        
        There is not much effect on overall performance for nofib, 
        probably because those programs don't make heavy use of INLINE pragmas.
        
                Program           Size    Allocs   Runtime   Elapsed
                    Min         -11.3%     -6.9%     -9.2%     -8.2%
                    Max          -0.1%     +4.6%     +7.5%     +8.9%
         Geometric Mean          -2.2%     -0.2%     -1.0%     -0.8%
        
        (The +4.6% for on allocs is cichelli; see other patch relating to
        -fpass-case-bndr-to-join-points.)
        
        The old INLINE system
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        The old system worked like this. A function with an INLINE pragam
        got a right-hand side which looked like
             f = __inline_me__ (\xy. e)
        The __inline_me__ part was an InlineNote, and was treated specially
        in various ways.  Notably, the simplifier didn't inline inside an
        __inline_me__ note.  
        
        As a result, the code for f itself was pretty crappy. That matters
        if you say (map f xs), because then you execute the code for f,
        rather than inlining a copy at the call site.
        
        The new story: InlineRules
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        The new system removes the InlineMe Note altogether.  Instead there
        is a new constructor InlineRule in CoreSyn.Unfolding.  This is a 
        bit like a RULE, in that it remembers the template to be inlined inside
        the InlineRule.  No simplification or inlining is done on an InlineRule,
        just like RULEs.  
        
        An Id can have an InlineRule *or* a CoreUnfolding (since these are two
        constructors from Unfolding). The simplifier treats them differently:
        
          - An InlineRule is has the substitution applied (like RULES) but 
            is otherwise left undisturbed.
        
          - A CoreUnfolding is updated with the new RHS of the definition,
            on each iteration of the simplifier.
        
        An InlineRule fires regardless of size, but *only* when the function
        is applied to enough arguments.  The "arity" of the rule is specified
        (by the programmer) as the number of args on the LHS of the "=".  So
        it makes a difference whether you say
          	{-# INLINE f #-}
        	f x = \y -> e     or     f x y = e
        This is one of the big new features that InlineRule gives us, and it
        is one that Roman really wanted.
        
        In contrast, a CoreUnfolding can fire when it is applied to fewer
        args than than the function has lambdas, provided the result is small
        enough.
        
        
        Consequential stuff
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        * A 'wrapper' no longer has a WrapperInfo in the IdInfo.  Instead,
          the InlineRule has a field identifying wrappers.
        
        * Of course, IfaceSyn and interface serialisation changes appropriately.
        
        * Making implication constraints inline nicely was a bit fiddly. In
          the end I added a var_inline field to HsBInd.VarBind, which is why
          this patch affects the type checker slightly
        
        * I made some changes to the way in which eta expansion happens in
          CorePrep, mainly to ensure that *arguments* that become let-bound
          are also eta-expanded.  I'm still not too happy with the clarity
          and robustness fo the result.
        
        * We now complain if the programmer gives an INLINE pragma for
          a recursive function (prevsiously we just ignored it).  Reason for
          change: we don't want an InlineRule on a LoopBreaker, because then
          we'd have to check for loop-breaker-hood at occurrence sites (which
          isn't currenlty done).  Some tests need changing as a result.
        
        This patch has been in my tree for quite a while, so there are
        probably some other minor changes.
        
      
          M ./compiler/basicTypes/Id.lhs -11
          M ./compiler/basicTypes/IdInfo.lhs -82
          M ./compiler/basicTypes/MkId.lhs -2 +2
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreFVs.lhs -2 +25
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreLint.lhs -5 +1
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CorePrep.lhs -59 +53
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreSubst.lhs -22 +31
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreSyn.lhs -66 +92
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreUnfold.lhs -112 +112
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreUtils.lhs -185 +184
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/MkExternalCore.lhs -1
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/PprCore.lhs -4 +40
          M ./compiler/deSugar/DsBinds.lhs -70 +118
          M ./compiler/deSugar/DsForeign.lhs -2 +4
          M ./compiler/deSugar/DsMeta.hs -4 +3
          M ./compiler/hsSyn/HsBinds.lhs -3 +3
          M ./compiler/hsSyn/HsUtils.lhs -2 +7
          M ./compiler/iface/BinIface.hs -11 +25
          M ./compiler/iface/IfaceSyn.lhs -13 +21
          M ./compiler/iface/MkIface.lhs -24 +19
          M ./compiler/iface/TcIface.lhs -29 +23
          M ./compiler/main/TidyPgm.lhs -55 +49
          M ./compiler/parser/ParserCore.y -5 +6
          M ./compiler/simplCore/CSE.lhs -2 +1
          M ./compiler/simplCore/FloatIn.lhs -6 +1
          M ./compiler/simplCore/FloatOut.lhs -23
          M ./compiler/simplCore/OccurAnal.lhs -36 +5
          M ./compiler/simplCore/SetLevels.lhs -59 +54
          M ./compiler/simplCore/SimplCore.lhs -48 +52
          M ./compiler/simplCore/SimplEnv.lhs -26 +22
          M ./compiler/simplCore/SimplUtils.lhs -28 +4
          M ./compiler/simplCore/Simplify.lhs -91 +109
          M ./compiler/specialise/Specialise.lhs -15 +18
          M ./compiler/stranal/WorkWrap.lhs -14 +11
          M ./compiler/stranal/WwLib.lhs -2 +2
          M ./compiler/typecheck/Inst.lhs -1 +3
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcBinds.lhs -17 +27
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcClassDcl.lhs -1 +2
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcExpr.lhs -4 +6
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcForeign.lhs -1 +1
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcGenDeriv.lhs -14 +13
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcHsSyn.lhs -3 +2
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcInstDcls.lhs -5 +4
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcRnDriver.lhs -2 +11
          M ./compiler/typecheck/TcSimplify.lhs -10 +17
          M ./compiler/vectorise/VectType.hs +7
      
      Mon Dec  8 12:43:10 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * White space only
      
          M ./compiler/simplCore/Simplify.lhs -2
      
      Mon Dec  8 12:48:40 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * Move simpleOptExpr from CoreUnfold to CoreSubst
      
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreSubst.lhs -1 +87
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreUnfold.lhs -72 +1
      
      Mon Dec  8 17:30:18 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * Use CoreSubst.simpleOptExpr in place of the ad-hoc simpleSubst (reduces code too)
      
          M ./compiler/deSugar/DsBinds.lhs -50 +16
      
      Tue Dec  9 17:03:02 GMT 2008  simonpj@microsoft.com
        * Fix Trac #2861: bogus eta expansion
        
        Urghlhl!  I "tided up" the treatment of the "state hack" in CoreUtils, but
        missed an unexpected interaction with the way that a bottoming function
        simply swallows excess arguments.  There's a long
             Note [State hack and bottoming functions]
        to explain (which accounts for most of the new lines of code).
        
      
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CoreUtils.lhs -16 +53
      
      Mon Dec 15 10:02:21 GMT 2008  Simon Marlow <marlowsd@gmail.com>
        * Revert CorePrep part of "Completely new treatment of INLINE pragmas..."
        
        The original patch said:
        
        * I made some changes to the way in which eta expansion happens in
          CorePrep, mainly to ensure that *arguments* that become let-bound
          are also eta-expanded.  I'm still not too happy with the clarity
          and robustness fo the result.
          
        Unfortunately this change apparently broke some invariants that were
        relied on elsewhere, and in particular lead to panics when compiling
        with profiling on.
        
        Will re-investigate in the new year.
      
          M ./compiler/coreSyn/CorePrep.lhs -53 +58
          M ./configure.ac -1 +1
      
      Mon Dec 15 12:28:51 GMT 2008  Simon Marlow <marlowsd@gmail.com>
        * revert accidental change to configure.ac
      
          M ./configure.ac -1 +1
      e79c9ce0
  18. 05 Dec, 2008 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Completely new treatment of INLINE pragmas (big patch) · d95ce839
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This is a major patch, which changes the way INLINE pragmas work.
      Although lots of files are touched, the net is only +21 lines of
      code -- and I bet that most of those are comments!
      
      HEADS UP: interface file format has changed, so you'll need to
      recompile everything.
      
      There is not much effect on overall performance for nofib, 
      probably because those programs don't make heavy use of INLINE pragmas.
      
              Program           Size    Allocs   Runtime   Elapsed
                  Min         -11.3%     -6.9%     -9.2%     -8.2%
                  Max          -0.1%     +4.6%     +7.5%     +8.9%
       Geometric Mean          -2.2%     -0.2%     -1.0%     -0.8%
      
      (The +4.6% for on allocs is cichelli; see other patch relating to
      -fpass-case-bndr-to-join-points.)
      
      The old INLINE system
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      The old system worked like this. A function with an INLINE pragam
      got a right-hand side which looked like
           f = __inline_me__ (\xy. e)
      The __inline_me__ part was an InlineNote, and was treated specially
      in various ways.  Notably, the simplifier didn't inline inside an
      __inline_me__ note.  
      
      As a result, the code for f itself was pretty crappy. That matters
      if you say (map f xs), because then you execute the code for f,
      rather than inlining a copy at the call site.
      
      The new story: InlineRules
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      The new system removes the InlineMe Note altogether.  Instead there
      is a new constructor InlineRule in CoreSyn.Unfolding.  This is a 
      bit like a RULE, in that it remembers the template to be inlined inside
      the InlineRule.  No simplification or inlining is done on an InlineRule,
      just like RULEs.  
      
      An Id can have an InlineRule *or* a CoreUnfolding (since these are two
      constructors from Unfolding). The simplifier treats them differently:
      
        - An InlineRule is has the substitution applied (like RULES) but 
          is otherwise left undisturbed.
      
        - A CoreUnfolding is updated with the new RHS of the definition,
          on each iteration of the simplifier.
      
      An InlineRule fires regardless of size, but *only* when the function
      is applied to enough arguments.  The "arity" of the rule is specified
      (by the programmer) as the number of args on the LHS of the "=".  So
      it makes a difference whether you say
        	{-# INLINE f #-}
      	f x = \y -> e     or     f x y = e
      This is one of the big new features that InlineRule gives us, and it
      is one that Roman really wanted.
      
      In contrast, a CoreUnfolding can fire when it is applied to fewer
      args than than the function has lambdas, provided the result is small
      enough.
      
      
      Consequential stuff
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      * A 'wrapper' no longer has a WrapperInfo in the IdInfo.  Instead,
        the InlineRule has a field identifying wrappers.
      
      * Of course, IfaceSyn and interface serialisation changes appropriately.
      
      * Making implication constraints inline nicely was a bit fiddly. In
        the end I added a var_inline field to HsBInd.VarBind, which is why
        this patch affects the type checker slightly
      
      * I made some changes to the way in which eta expansion happens in
        CorePrep, mainly to ensure that *arguments* that become let-bound
        are also eta-expanded.  I'm still not too happy with the clarity
        and robustness fo the result.
      
      * We now complain if the programmer gives an INLINE pragma for
        a recursive function (prevsiously we just ignored it).  Reason for
        change: we don't want an InlineRule on a LoopBreaker, because then
        we'd have to check for loop-breaker-hood at occurrence sites (which
        isn't currenlty done).  Some tests need changing as a result.
      
      This patch has been in my tree for quite a while, so there are
      probably some other minor changes.
      d95ce839
  19. 10 Sep, 2008 2 commits
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      More refactoring of instance declarations (fixes Trac #2572) · aaed05e8
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      In refactoring instance declarations I'd taken a short cut over
      scoped type variables, but it wasn't right as #2572 shows.
      
      Fixing it required a significant chunk of further refactoring,
      alas. But it's done!  Quite tidily as it turns out.
      
      The main issue is that when typechecking a default method, we
      need two sets of type variables in scope
      	class C a where
         	  op :: forall b. ...
      	  op = e
      In 'e', *both* 'a' and 'b' are in scope.  But the type of the
      default method has a nested flavour
      	op :: forall a. C a => forall b. ....
      and our normal scoping mechanisms don't bring 'b' into scope.
      (And probably shouldn't.)  
      
      Solution (which is done for instance methods too) is to use
      a local defintion, like this:
      
        $dmop :: forall a. C a => forall b. ....
        $dmop a d = let 
                       op :: forall b. ...
                       op = e
                    in op
      
      and now the scoping works out.  I hope I have now see the
      last of this code for a bit!
      aaed05e8
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      901f574d
  20. 05 Sep, 2008 1 commit
  21. 03 Sep, 2008 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Major change in compilation of instance declarations (fix Trac #955, #2328) · f16dbbbe
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch makes an important change to the way that dictionary
      functions are handled.  Before, they were unconditionally marked
      INLIINE, but all the code written by the user in the instance
      was inside that unconditionally-inlined function.  Result: massive
      code bloat in programs that use complicated instances.
      
      This patch make instances behave rather as if all the methods
      were written in separate definitions.  That dramatically reduces
      bloat.  The new plan is described in TcInstDcls
      	Note [How instance declarations are translated]
      
      Everything validates.  The major code-bloat bug is squashed: in particular
      DoCon is fine now (Trac #2328) and I believe that #955 is also better.
      
      Nofib results:
      
      Binary sizes
              -1 s.d.      +2.5%
              +1 s.d.      +3.1%
              Average      +2.8%
      
      Allocations
              -1 s.d.      -6.4%
              +1 s.d.      +2.5%
              Average      -2.0%
      
      Note that 2% improvement.  Some programs improve by 20% (rewrite)!
      Two get slightly worse: pic (2.1%), and gameteb (3.2%), but all others
      improve or stay the same.
      
      I am not absolutely 100% certain that all the corners are correct; for
      example, when default methods are marked INLINE, are they inlined?  But
      overall it's better.
      
      It's nice that the patch also removes a lot of code.  I deleted some
      out of date comments, but there's something like 100 fewer lines of
      code in the new version!  (In the line counts below, there are a lot
      of new comments.)
      f16dbbbe
  22. 01 Jul, 2008 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Several fixes to 'deriving' including Trac #2378 · 9319fbaf
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      This patch collects several related things together.
      
      * Refactor TcDeriv so that the InstInfo and the method bindings are renamed
        together.  This was messy before, and is cleaner now.  Fixes a bug caused 
        by interaction between the "auxiliary bindings" (which were given 
        Original names before), and stand-alone deriving (which meant that those
        Original names came from a different module). Now the names are purely
        local an ordinary.
      
        To do this, InstInfo is parameterised like much else HsSyn stuff.
      
      * Improve the location info in a dfun, which in turn improves location 
        info for error messages, e.g. overlapping instances
      
      * Make sure that newtype-deriving isn't used for Typeable1 and friends.
        (Typeable was rightly taken care of, but not Typeable1,2, etc.)
      
      * Check for data types in deriving Data, so that you can't do, say,
       	deriving instance Data (IO a)
      
      * Decorate the derived binding with location info from the *instance* 
        rather than from the *tycon*.  Again, this really only matters with
        standalone deriving, but it makes a huge difference there.
      
      I think that's it.  Quite a few error messages change slightly.
      
      If we release 6.8.4, this should go in if possible.
      9319fbaf
  23. 16 Jun, 2008 1 commit
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      More commandline flag improvements · 0f5e104c
      Ian Lynagh authored
      * Allow -ffoo flags to be deprecated
      * Mark some -ffoo flags as deprecated
      * Avoid using deprecated flags in error messages, in the build system, etc
      * Add a flag to en/disable the deprecated flag warning
      0f5e104c
  24. 06 Jun, 2008 2 commits
  25. 21 May, 2008 1 commit
    • simonpj@microsoft.com's avatar
      Fix Trac #1061: refactor handling of default methods · 24f3ffda
      simonpj@microsoft.com authored
      In an instance declaration, omitted methods get a definition that
      uses the default method.  We used to generate source code and feed it
      to the type checker.  But tc199 shows that is a bad idea -- see
      Note [Default methods in instances] in TcClassDcl.
      
      So this patch refactors to insteadl all us to generate the 
      *post* typechecked code directly for default methods.
      24f3ffda
  26. 12 Apr, 2008 1 commit
  27. 17 Jan, 2008 3 commits
  28. 04 Sep, 2007 1 commit
  29. 03 Sep, 2007 1 commit
  30. 01 Sep, 2007 1 commit
  31. 28 Aug, 2007 1 commit
    • chak@cse.unsw.edu.au.'s avatar
      Type checking for type synonym families · 5822cb8d
      chak@cse.unsw.edu.au. authored
      This patch introduces type checking for type families of which associated
      type synonyms are a special case. E.g.
      
              type family Sum n m
      
              type instance Sum Zero n = n
              type instance Sum (Succ n) m = Succ (Sum n m)
      
      where
      
              data Zero       -- empty type
              data Succ n     -- empty type
      
      In addition we support equational constraints of the form:
      
              ty1 ~ ty2
      
      (where ty1 and ty2 are arbitrary tau types) in any context where
      type class constraints are already allowed, e.g.
      
              data Equals a b where
                      Equals :: a ~ b => Equals a b
      
      The above two syntactical extensions are disabled by default. Enable
      with the -XTypeFamilies flag.
      
      For further documentation about the patch, see:
      
              * the master plan
                http://hackage.haskell.org/trac/ghc/wiki/TypeFunctions
      
              * the user-level documentation
                http://haskell.org/haskellwiki/GHC/Indexed_types
      
      The patch is mostly backwards compatible, except for:
      
              * Some error messages have been changed slightly.
      
              * Type checking of GADTs now requires a bit more type declarations:
                not only should the type of a GADT case scrutinee be given, but also
                that of any identifiers used in the branches and the return type.
      
      Please report any unexpected behavior and incomprehensible error message 
      for existing code.
      
      Contributors (code and/or ideas):
              Tom Schrijvers
              Manuel Chakravarty
              Simon Peyton-Jones
              Martin Sulzmann 
      with special thanks to Roman Leshchinskiy
      5822cb8d
  32. 19 Aug, 2007 1 commit
  33. 11 May, 2007 1 commit
  34. 14 Mar, 2007 1 commit
  35. 05 Jan, 2007 1 commit
  36. 10 Nov, 2006 1 commit