1. 14 Sep, 2010 1 commit
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      Remove (most of) the FiniteMap wrapper · e95ee1f7
      Ian Lynagh authored
      We still have
          insertList, insertListWith, deleteList
      which aren't in Data.Map, and
          foldRightWithKey
      which works around the fold(r)WithKey addition and deprecation.
      e95ee1f7
  2. 29 Oct, 2009 1 commit
  3. 20 Jun, 2009 1 commit
  4. 06 Feb, 2009 2 commits
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      8fd6a1ef
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      When generating C, don't pretend functions are data · 497302c4
      Ian Lynagh authored
      We used to generated things like:
          extern StgWordArray (newCAF) __attribute__((aligned (8)));
          ((void (*)(void *))(W_)&newCAF)((void *)R1.w);
      (which is to say, pretend that newCAF is some data, then cast it to a
      function and call it).
      This goes wrong on at least IA64, where:
          A function pointer on the ia64 does not point to the first byte of
          code. Intsead, it points to a structure that describes the function.
          The first quadword in the structure is the address of the first byte
          of code
      so we end up dereferencing function pointers one time too many, and
      segfaulting.
      497302c4
  5. 27 Nov, 2008 1 commit
    • Simon Marlow's avatar
      don't emit CmmComments for now · 1f03870f
      Simon Marlow authored
        - if the string contains */, we need to fix it (demonstrated by 
          building Cabal with -fvia-C)
        - the strings can get quite large, so we probably only want to
          inject comments when some debugging option is on.
      1f03870f
  6. 13 Oct, 2008 2 commits
    • dias@eecs.harvard.edu's avatar
      93d047a1
    • dias@eecs.harvard.edu's avatar
      Big collection of patches for the new codegen branch. · e6243a81
      dias@eecs.harvard.edu authored
      o Fixed bug that emitted the copy-in code for closure entry
        in the wrong place -- at the initialization of the closure.
      o Refactored some of the closure entry code.
      o Added code to check that no LocalRegs are live-in to a procedure
         -- trip up some buggy programs earlier
      o Fixed environment bindings for thunks
         -- we weren't (re)binding the free variables in a thunk
      o Fixed a bug in proc-point splitting that dropped some updates
        to the entry block in a procedure.
      o Fixed improper calls to code that generates CmmLit's for strings
      o New invariant on cg_loc in CgIdInfo: the expression is always tagged
      o Code to load free vars on entry to a thunk was (wrongly) placed before
        the heap check.
      o Some of the StgCmm code was redundantly passing around Id's
        along with CgIdInfo's; no more.
      o Initialize the LocalReg's that point to a closure before allocating and
        initializing the closure itself -- otherwise, we have problems with
        recursive closure bindings
      o BlockEnv and BlockSet types are now abstract.
      o Update frames:
        - push arguments in Old call area
        - keep track of the return sp in the FCode monad
        - keep the return sp in every call, tail call, and return
            (because it might be different at different call sites,
             e.g. tail calls to the gc after a heap check are performed
                  before pushing the update frame)
        - set the sp appropriately on returns and tail calls
      o Reduce call, tail call, and return to a single LastCall node
      o Added slow entry code, using different calling conventions on entry and tail call
      o More fixes to the calling convention code.
        The tricky stuff is all about the closure environment: it must be passed in R1,
        but in non-closures, there is no such argument, so we can't treat all arguments
        the same way: the closure environment is special. Maybe the right step forward
        would be to define a different calling convention for closure arguments.
      o Let-no-escapes need to be emitted out-of-line -- otherwise, we drop code.
      o Respect RTS requirement of word alignment for pointers
        My stack allocation can pack sub-word values into a single word on the stack,
        but it wasn't requiring word-alignment for pointers. It does now,
        by word-aligning both pointer registers and call areas.
      o CmmLint was over-aggresively ruling out non-word-aligned memory references,
        which may be kosher now that we can spill small values into a single word.
      o Wrong label order on a conditional branch when compiling switches.
      o void args weren't dropped in many cases.
        To help prevent this kind of mistake, I defined a NonVoid wrapper,
        which I'm applying only to Id's for now, although there are probably
        other good candidates.
      o A little code refactoring: separate modules for procpoint analysis splitting, 
        stack layout, and building infotables.
      o Stack limit check: insert along with the heap limit check, using a symbolic
        constant (a special CmmLit), then replace it when the stack layout is known.
      o Removed last node: MidAddToContext 
      o Adding block id as a literal: means that the lowering of the calling conventions
        no longer has to produce labels early, which was inhibiting common-block elimination.
        Will also make it easier for the non-procpoint-splitting path.
      o Info tables: don't try to describe the update frame!
      o Over aggressive use of NonVoid!!!!
        Don't drop the non-void args before setting the type of the closure!!!
      o Sanity checking:
        Added a pass to stub dead dead slots on the stack
        (only ~10 lines with the dataflow framework)
      o More sanity checking:
        Check that incoming pointer arguments are non-stubbed.
        Note: these checks are still subject to dead-code removal, but they should
        still be quite helpful.
      o Better sanity checking: why stop at function arguments?
        Instead, in mkAssign, check that _any_ assignment to a pointer type is non-null
        -- the sooner the crash, the easier it is to debug.
        Still need to add the debugging flag to turn these checks on explicitly.
      o Fixed yet another calling convention bug.
        This time, the calls to the GC were wrong. I've added a new convention
        for GC calls and invoked it where appropriate.
        We should really straighten out the calling convention stuff:
          some of the code (and documentation) is spread across the compiler,
          and there's some magical use of the node register that should really
          be handled (not avoided) by calling conventions.
      o Switch bug: the arms in mkCmmLitSwitch weren't returning to a single join point.
      o Environment shadowing problem in Stg->Cmm:
        When a closure f is bound at the top-level, we should not bind f to the
        node register on entry to the closure.
        Why? Because if the body of f contains a let-bound closure g that refers
        to f, we want to make sure that it refers to the static closure for f.
        Normally, this would all be fine, because when we compile a closure,
        we rebind free variables in the environment. But f doesn't look like
        a free variable because it's a static value. So, the binding for f
        remains in the environment when we compile g, inconveniently referring
        to the wrong thing.
        Now, I bind the variable in the local environment only if the closure is not
        bound at the top level. It's still okay to make assumptions about the
        node holding the closure environment; we just won't find the binding
        in the environment, so code that names the closure will now directly
        get the label of the static closure, not the node register holding a
        pointer to the static closure.
      o Don't generate bogus Cmm code containing SRTs during the STG -> Cmm pass!
        The tables made reference to some labels that don't exist when we compute and
        generate the tables in the back end.
      o Safe foreign calls need some special treatment (at least until we have the integrated
        codegen). In particular:
        o they need info tables
        o they are not procpoints -- the successor had better be in the same procedure
        o we cannot (yet) implement the calling conventions early, which means we have
          to carry the calling-conv info all the way to the end
      o We weren't following the old convention when registering a module.
        Now, we use update frames to push any new modules that have to be registered
        and enter the youngest one on the stack.
        We also use the update frame machinery to specify that the return should pop
        the return address off the stack.
      o At each safe foreign call, an infotable must be at the bottom of the stack,
        and the TSO->sp must point to it.
      o More problems with void args in a direct call to a function:
        We were checking the args (minus voids) to check whether the call was saturated,
        which caused problems when the function really wasn't saturated because it
        took an extra void argument.
      o Forgot to distinguish integer != from floating != during Stg->Cmm
      o Updating slotEnv and areaMap to include safe foreign calls
        The dataflow analyses that produce the slotEnv and areaMap give
        results for each basic block, but we also need the results for
        a safe foreign call, which is a middle node.
        After running the dataflow analysis, we have another pass that
        updates the results to includ any safe foreign calls.
      o Added a static flag for the debugging technique that inserts
        instructions to stub dead slots on the stack and crashes when
        a stubbed value is loaded into a pointer-typed LocalReg.
      o C back end expects to see return continuations before their call sites.
        Sorted the flowgraphs appropriately after splitting.
      o PrimOp calling conventions are special -- unlimited registers, no stack
        Yet another calling convention...
      o More void value problems: if the RHS of a case arm is a void-typed variable,
        don't try to return it.
      o When calling some primOp, they may allocate memory; if so, we need to
        do a heap check when we return from the call.
      e6243a81
  7. 14 Aug, 2008 1 commit
    • dias@eecs.harvard.edu's avatar
      Merging in the new codegen branch · 176fa33f
      dias@eecs.harvard.edu authored
      This merge does not turn on the new codegen (which only compiles
      a select few programs at this point),
      but it does introduce some changes to the old code generator.
      
      The high bits:
      1. The Rep Swamp patch is finally here.
         The highlight is that the representation of types at the
         machine level has changed.
         Consequently, this patch contains updates across several back ends.
      2. The new Stg -> Cmm path is here, although it appears to have a
         fair number of bugs lurking.
      3. Many improvements along the CmmCPSZ path, including:
         o stack layout
         o some code for infotables, half of which is right and half wrong
         o proc-point splitting
      176fa33f
  8. 18 Nov, 2008 1 commit
    • Simon Marlow's avatar
      Add optional eager black-holing, with new flag -feager-blackholing · d600bf7a
      Simon Marlow authored
      Eager blackholing can improve parallel performance by reducing the
      chances that two threads perform the same computation.  However, it
      has a cost: one extra memory write per thunk entry.  
      
      To get the best results, any code which may be executed in parallel
      should be compiled with eager blackholing turned on.  But since
      there's a cost for sequential code, we make it optional and turn it on
      for the parallel package only.  It might be a good idea to compile
      applications (or modules) with parallel code in with
      -feager-blackholing.
      
      ToDo: document -feager-blackholing.
      d600bf7a
  9. 29 May, 2008 1 commit
    • dias@eecs.harvard.edu's avatar
      Replacing copyins and copyouts with data-movement instructions · 0d80489c
      dias@eecs.harvard.edu authored
      o Moved BlockId stuff to a new file to avoid module recursion
      o Defined stack areas for parameter-passing locations and spill slots
      o Part way through replacing copy in and copy out nodes
        - added movement instructions for stack pointer
        - added movement instructions for call and return parameters
          (but not with the proper calling conventions)
      o Inserting spills and reloads for proc points is now procpoint-aware
        (it was relying on the presence of a CopyIn node as a proxy for
         procpoint knowledge)
      o Changed ZipDataflow to expect AGraphs (instead of being polymorphic in
         the type of graph)
      0d80489c
  10. 14 May, 2008 1 commit
    • Simon Marlow's avatar
      FIX #2276: foreign import stdcall "&foo" doesn't work · bca74f3e
      Simon Marlow authored
      This turned out not to be too hard, just a matter of figuring out the
      correct argument list size by peeking inside FunPtr's type argument,
      and in the C backend we have to emit an appropriate prototype for the label.
      bca74f3e
  11. 12 May, 2008 2 commits
  12. 03 May, 2008 2 commits
  13. 23 Apr, 2008 1 commit
  14. 12 Apr, 2008 1 commit
  15. 09 Apr, 2008 1 commit
  16. 02 Apr, 2008 1 commit
    • Simon Marlow's avatar
      Do not #include external header files when compiling via C · c245355e
      Simon Marlow authored
      This has several advantages:
      
       - -fvia-C is consistent with -fasm with respect to FFI declarations:
         both bind to the ABI, not the API.
      
       - foreign calls can now be inlined freely across module boundaries, since
         a header file is not required when compiling the call.
      
       - bootstrapping via C will be more reliable, because this difference
         in behavour between the two backends has been removed.
      
      There is one disadvantage:
      
       - we get no checking by the C compiler that the FFI declaration
         is correct.
      
      So now, the c-includes field in a .cabal file is always ignored by
      GHC, as are header files specified in an FFI declaration.  This was
      previously the case only for -fasm compilations, now it is also the
      case for -fvia-C too.
      c245355e
  17. 29 Mar, 2008 1 commit
  18. 06 Feb, 2008 1 commit
  19. 04 Jan, 2008 1 commit
  20. 08 Nov, 2007 1 commit
  21. 21 Sep, 2007 1 commit
  22. 07 Sep, 2007 1 commit
    • nr@eecs.harvard.edu's avatar
      a good deal of salutory renaming · fd8d0411
      nr@eecs.harvard.edu authored
      I've renamed a number of type and data constructors within Cmm so that
      the names used in the compiler may more closely reflect the C--
      specification 2.1.  I've done a bit of other renaming as well.
      Highlights:
      
        CmmFormal and CmmActual now bear a CmmKind (which for now is a
                                                    MachHint as before)
        CmmFormals = [CmmFormal] and CmmActuals = [CmmActual]
        
        suitable changes have been made to both code and nonterminals in the
        Cmm parser (which is as yet untested)
      
        For reasons I don't understand, parts of the code generator use a
        sequence of 'formal parameters' with no C-- kinds.  For these we now
        have the types
          type CmmFormalWithoutKind   = LocalReg
          type CmmFormalsWithoutKinds = [CmmFormalWithoutKind]
      
        A great many appearances of (Tau, MachHint) have been simplified to
        the appropriate CmmFormal or CmmActual, though I'm sure there are
        more opportunities.
      
        Kind and its data constructors are now renamed to
           data GCKind = GCKindPtr | GCKindNonPtr 
        to avoid confusion with the Kind used in the type checker and with CmmKind.
      
      Finally, in a somewhat unrelated bit (and in honor of Simon PJ, who
      thought of the name), the Whalley/Davidson 'transaction limit' is now
      called 'OptimizationFuel' with the net effect that there are no longer
      two unrelated uses of the abbreviation 'tx'.
      
      fd8d0411
  23. 05 Sep, 2007 1 commit
    • nr@eecs.harvard.edu's avatar
      change of representation for GenCmm, GenCmmTop, CmmProc · 16dc208a
      nr@eecs.harvard.edu authored
      The type parameter to a C-- procedure now represents a control-flow
      graph, not a single instruction.  The newtype ListGraph preserves the 
      current representation while enabling other representations and a
      sensible way of prettyprinting.  Except for a few changes in the
      prettyprinter the new compiler binary should be bit-for-bit identical
      to the old.
      16dc208a
  24. 04 Sep, 2007 1 commit
  25. 03 Sep, 2007 1 commit
  26. 01 Sep, 2007 1 commit
  27. 20 Aug, 2007 1 commit
  28. 09 Aug, 2007 1 commit
  29. 31 Jul, 2007 1 commit
    • Clemens Fruhwirth's avatar
      Change the strategy to determine dynamic data access · 81b2276f
      Clemens Fruhwirth authored
      Instead of attaching the information whether a Label is going to be
      accessed dynamically or not (distinction between IdLabel/DynLabel and
      additional flags in ModuleInitLabel and PlainModuleInitLabel), we hand
      dflags through the CmmOpt monad and the NatM monad. Before calling
      labelDynamic in PositionIndependentCode, we extract thisPackage from
      dflags and supply the current package to labelDynamic, so it can take
      this information into account instead of extracting it from the labels
      itself. This simplifies a lot of code in codeGen that just hands
      through this_pkg.
      81b2276f
  30. 27 Jul, 2007 1 commit
    • Simon Marlow's avatar
      Pointer Tagging · 6015a94f
      Simon Marlow authored
        
      This patch implements pointer tagging as per our ICFP'07 paper "Faster
      laziness using dynamic pointer tagging".  It improves performance by
      10-15% for most workloads, including GHC itself.
      
      The original patches were by Alexey Rodriguez Yakushev
      <mrchebas@gmail.com>, with additions and improvements by me.  I've
      re-recorded the development as a single patch.
      
      The basic idea is this: we use the low 2 bits of a pointer to a heap
      object (3 bits on a 64-bit architecture) to encode some information
      about the object pointed to.  For a constructor, we encode the "tag"
      of the constructor (e.g. True vs. False), for a function closure its
      arity.  This enables some decisions to be made without dereferencing
      the pointer, which speeds up some common operations.  In particular it
      enables us to avoid costly indirect jumps in many cases.
      
      More information in the commentary:
      
      http://hackage.haskell.org/trac/ghc/wiki/Commentary/Rts/HaskellExecution/PointerTagging
      6015a94f
  31. 18 Jul, 2007 1 commit
    • Ian Lynagh's avatar
      Fixes for the unreg build · 48fb2b52
      Ian Lynagh authored
      * Fix code output order when printing C so things are defined before
        they are used.
      * Generate _ret rather than _entry functions for INFO_TABLE_RET.
      * Use "ASSIGN_BaseReg" rather than "BaseReg =".
      48fb2b52
  32. 27 Jun, 2007 4 commits
  33. 25 May, 2007 1 commit
    • Michael D. Adams's avatar
      Moved global register saving from the backend to codeGen · bd3a364d
      Michael D. Adams authored
      This frees the Cmm data type from keeping a list of live global registers
      in CmmCall which helps prepare for the CPS conversion phase.
      
      CPS conversion does its own liveness analysis and takes input that should
      not directly refer to parameter registers (e.g. R1, F5, D3, L2).  Since
      these are the only things which could occur in the live global register
      list, CPS conversion makes that field of the CmmCall constructor obsolite.
      
      Once the CPS conversion pass is fully implemented, global register saving
      will move from codeGen into the CPS pass.  Until then, this patch
      is worth scrutinizing and testing to ensure it doesn't cause any performance
      or correctness problems as the code passed to the backends by the CPS
      converting will look very similar to the code that this patch makes codeGen
      pass to the backend.
      bd3a364d