When implementing Quick Look I'd failed to remember that overloaded labels, like #foo, should be treated as a "head", so that they can be instantiated with Visible Type Application. This caused #19154 (closed).
A very similar ticket covers overloaded literals: #19167 (closed).
This patch fixes both problems, but (annoyingly, albeit temporarily) in two different ways.
I dealt with overloaded labels by buying fully into the Rebindable Syntax approach described in GHC.Hs.Expr Note [Rebindable syntax and HsExpansion].
There is a good overview in GHC.Rename.Expr Note [Handling overloaded and rebindable constructs]. That module contains much of the payload for this patch.
Overloaded labels are expanded in the renamer, fixing #19154 (closed). See Note [Overloaded labels] in GHC.Rename.Expr.
Left and right sections used to have special code paths in the typechecker and desugarer. Now we just expand them in the renamer. This is harder than it sounds. See GHC.Rename.Expr Note [Left and right sections].
Infix operator applications are expanded in the typechecker, specifically in GHC.Tc.Gen.App.splitHsApps. See Note [Desugar OpApp in the typechecker] in that module
ExplicitLists are expanded in the renamer, when (and only when) OverloadedLists is on.
HsIf is expanded in the renamer when (and only when) RebindableSyntax is on. Reason: the coverage checker treats HsIf specially. Maybe we could instead expand it unconditionally, and fix up the coverage checker, but I did not attempt that.
Overloaded literals, like numbers (3, 4.2) and strings with OverloadedStrings, were not working correctly with explicit type applications (see #19167 (closed)). Ideally I'd also expand them in the renamer, like the stuff above, but I drew back on that because they can occur in HsPat as well, and I did not want to to do the HsExpanded thing for patterns.
But they can now be the "head" of an application in the typechecker, and hence something like ("foo" @T) works now. See GHC.Tc.Gen.Head.tcInferOverLit. It's also done a bit more elegantly, rather than by constructing a new HsExpr and re-invoking the typechecker. There is some refactoring around tcShortCutLit.
Ultimately there is more to do here, following the Rebindable Syntax story.
There are a lot of knock-on effects:
HsOverLabel and ExplicitList no longer need funny (Maybe SyntaxExpr) fields to support rebindable syntax -- good!
HsOverLabel, OpApp, SectionL, SectionR all become impossible in the output of the typecheker, GhcTc; so we set their extension fields to Void. See GHC.Hs.Expr Note [Constructor cannot occur]
Template Haskell quotes for HsExpanded is a bit tricky. See Note [Quotation and rebindable syntax] in GHC.HsToCore.Quote.
In GHC.HsToCore.Match.viewLExprEq, which groups equal HsExprs for the purpose of pattern-match overlap checking, I found that dictionary evidence for the same type could have two different names. Easily fixed by comparing types not names.
I did quite a bit of annoying fiddling around in GHC.Tc.Gen.Head and GHC.Tc.Gen.App to get error message locations and contexts right, esp in splitHsApps, and the HsExprArg type. Tiresome and not very illuminating. But at least the tricky, higher order, Rebuilder function is gone.
Some refactoring in GHC.Tc.Utils.Monad around contexts and locations for rebindable syntax.